The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on August 31, 1975 · Page 19
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August 31, 1975

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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 19

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Sunday, August 31, 1975
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liMTARY Kennedy deaf to pleas Witch o*Wtshi*$ton By CLA1K MOLLENMOFF WASHINGTON, D. C. - It is unfortunatei that Senator Edward M. Kennedy did inot follow through on an |lnvestlg«t i o n the firing two Indian lealth Serv- nurses ter they tet- i«d before Senate MOLLINMOpt) The nurses - Valerie Koeter of Davenport, la., and Sandra Kramer of Annapolis, Md. - told Kennedy's subcommittee on administrative practices that they were fired after complaining to Congress about substandard health services Navajo Indians were receiving at the Indian Health Service hospital at Shiprock, N.M. They were told that Kennedy wished to expose the problems government em- ployes face in bringing wrongdoing to light when it reflects unfavorably upon their superiors. Call for now laws Koster and Kramer heard Kennedy declare that new laws must be passed to "provide new and needed protection for federal employes who provide lawfully disclosable information to the Congress, the press, or the public." He declared that the activities at the CIA labeled as "plainly .unlawful" by the Rockefeller Commission could not have taken place if there had been proper legislative oversight, with testimony from truthful federal employes. Kennedy added, "We should ask ourselves why none of the thousands of honest, loyal, and sensitive federal employes who knew or suspected misconduct did not stand up and say, 'Stop! This is wrong.' And why none of them at the time were willing to tell the Congress and the American people what was happening." Eager to testify Koster and Kramer were eager to testify on the lack of due process in firing them after they had tried to get the hospital director, Dr. Lu Vern Husen, and the area director, Dr. Marlene Haffner, to take some action to improve conditions. They expected that they would be protected if they were accurate in their testimony on conditions in the hospital, and on the illegal manner in which their case had been handled by the Indian Health Service. They hoped also that the interest of Kennedy's committee would result in the Indian Health Service acknowledging publicly that they had been right, admitting that Haffner and Husen were wrong, and restoring them to duty at Shiprock. They had hoped, too, that the attention would force the Indian Health Service to give them at least a part of the pay for the time they had been off the payroll to fight the wrongful discharge. The Indian Health Service director, Dr. Emery Johnson, told this reporter and the staff of the Kennedy committee that the Indian Health Service had been wrong in the manner in which it handled the nurses' complaints. Some stallinf After Johnson and his deputy director, H. V, Chadwick, said they would put those views in a letter to the Kennedy committee and to Representative Edward Mez- vinsky (Dem., la.), who had been critical of the handling of the case, they then engaged in bureaucratic stalling. Husen and Haffner were not to be subjected to any criticism or disciplinary action, but were to be permitted to correct the case. Haffner's correction was a reluctant rehiring of the nurses, but with transfer from the Shiprock facility because of the problems the case had caused. Haffner would admit no wrong on her part, and clearly considered herself victorious over Kramer and Koster. The Kennedy subcommittee, after a few feeble protests, acquiesced in the firing of the nurses because they were protesting the transfer and did not report to their new duty stations by Aug. 8 Kennedy and bis staff rejected the nurses' suggestion to call Johnson, Haffner or Husen and to have them -justify this final firing. Kramer and^Koster are now back in the quagmire of regular civil service procedures with an appeal of their discharge. Disappointed Somewhat disillusioned with Kennedy and his staff, they again are pleading that they are being fired because they "will not accept lying and incompetence" in the Indian Health Service. At this stage it appears that the case will be just one more demonstration of why more honest government officials do not stick their necks out on illegal and questionable acts by their superiors. It is difficult to tell whether the ineffectiveness in protecting Koster and Kramer was caused by Kennedy's lack of courage or by a lack of experience on the part of his subcommittee staff in dealing with the Indian Health Service bureaucracy. It could be a little of both. Watch on Washington is a weekly commentary on people and events in the nation's capital by the chief of The Register's Washington Bureau. Glen Campbell has top single NEW YORK, N.Y. (AP) Here are the top record hits for the week ending Sept. 6 as they appear in this week's issue of Billboard magazine: TOP SINGLIS 1. RHINESTONE COWBOY — Glm Campbill, ClPllol. 2. FALUN' IN LOVE — Hamilton, Jot Prink and Mavnoldi, Playboy. 3. GET DOWN TONIGHT — K.C. and Iht Sunihlni Band, TK. 4. AT SEVENTEEN — Jiflls Ian, Columbia. 5. HOW SWEET IT IS (To . Bt Lovtd by You) — Jamti Taylor, Wirnir Brolhtrt. 6 JIVE TALKIN' — Bet GUI, RSO. 7. FAME — David Bowl*' RCA. 1. FIGHT THE POWER (Part 1) — Itley Brolhan, T-Nack. ?. COULD IT BE MAGIC — Barry M»nilow, ArliU. 10. ONE OF THESE NIGHTS — Tht Elgin, Asylum. TOP ALBUMS • 1 JEFFERSON STARSHIP — Rtd Odonus, Grunl. 2. ELTON JOHN — Captain Fantat- tic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy, MCA. 0. JANis IAN - Bilwain Iht Lln»i, Columbia 4 THE EAGLES - Ona of Thtlt Nmhls. Asylum 5. I5L.EY BROTHERS — Tht Heal Is on Featuring Fight Iht Powtr, T- Neck. ' GREATEST 7. BOB DYLAN AND THE BAND — Tin Bascmcnl Tapis, Columbia. «. AVERAGE WHITE BAND — Cut Iho Cake, Atlantic. 9. EARTH, WIND AND FIRE — That'* Iht Way of the World, Columbia. 10. OHIO PLAYERS - Honey, Mtr- cury. COUNTRY SINGLES 1. FEELIN'S — Lortlta Lynn and Conway Twllly, MCA. ~2. RHINESTONE COWBOY — Glen Campbtll, Capitol. 3. THE FIRST TIME — Frudlt Hart, Capllol. 4. WOMAN IN THE BACK OF MY MIND — Mtl Till!}, MOM. 5. LOVE IN THE HOT AFTERNOON — Gin* Watson, Cpaitoi. 6 I'LL GO TO MY GRAVE LOVING YOU — Slaller Brother*. Mercury. A BANDY THE RODEO CLOWN — W ,°* BLUE "YES CRYING IN THE RAIN — Wllll* Ntlion, Columbia. 9. IF I COULD ONLY WIN YOU LOVE — Emmylou Harris, Reprisi. 10. LOVE THE BLUES AND THE BOOGIE WOOGIE — Billy (Crash) Crtddock, ABC. IAJY LISTSNINft 1. SOLITAIRE — C»ri»nlef>, A&M. 2. THE PROUD ONE — Osmonds, Kolob. . J. I BELIEVE THERE'S NOTHING STRONGER THAN OUR LOVE — Paul AnKa and Odla Coatis, unlltd Arllsls. 4. HOW SWEET IT IS (To B* Lovtd by You) — Jamil Taylor, Warntr Brothers. 5. FALUN' IN LOVE — Hamilton, Jo* Frank and RavnoJdi, Playboy. a. I'M SORRY — John D*nv*r, 7. ' I BELIEVE I'M GONNA LOE YOU — Frank Sinatra, Reprisi. I. AT SEVENTEEN — Janli Ian, Columbia. >. DAISY JANE — Amarlca, Warn- tr Brothers. 10. DANCE WITH ME - Orleans, Asylum. SOUL SINGLES 1. HOW LONG (Balcha 1 Got • Chick on tht Sid*) — Pointer Sisters, ABC- BkJi Thumb. 2. YOUR LOVE — Graham Central Station, Warner Brolhari. 3. GET DOWN TONIGHT — K. C. •nd Iht Sunthlnt Band, TK. 4. IT ONLY TAKES A CHOICE — Tiop. a. DREAMING A DREAM — Crown Halohl* Affair, DaLII*. 7. MAKE ME FEEL LIKE A WOMAN — Jtcklt Moor*, Kayvtllt. I. DREAM MERCHANT — NtW •Irth, Sudden. ». GET THE CREAM OFF THE TOP — Eddlt Ktfldrkki, Tamla. 10. THE PHONE'S BEEN JUMPING ALL DAY - Jlinnlt RtynoWs, Casablanca. Dallas Opera's 1975 Season DALLAS, TEX. (AP) The Dallas Civic Opera will present four operas during its 1975 season, starting Oct. 31 with Offenbach's "Tales of Hoffmann" sung in French. There will be repeat performances Nov. 2 and 4. Donizetti's "Anna Bolena," to be sung in Italian, will be heard Nov. 12, 14 and 16. Soprano Renata Scotto will sing the title role with bass Ruggiero Raimondi as Enrico. Puccini's "Madama Butterfly," sung in Italian, will be presented Nov. 23, 25 and 28. Tenor Jon Vickers and soprano Roberta Knie will take the title roles of Wagner's "Tristan und Isolde" Dec. 6. 9 and 13. Greatest American? DES MOINES SUNDAY REGISTER A By ROBERT J, DONOVAN jm LM *mm» Tinw Sevareid, who George C. Marshall WASHINGTON, D.C.- Who is, or was, the greatest mod-' ern American? Who in the Twentieth Century, for example, possessed, pre-eminently, the character, wisdom, righteousness and personal force that the country could exalt as the ideals for contemporary leaders? General agreement on a particular man or woman would be impossible, especially when the century is still only at the three-quarters mark. Nevertheless one man more than any other who comes to mind was perceived as being great, or being close to greatness, by his contemporaries, and he may well command the nearest thing there is to a con- census about the greatest modern American. The question was raised recently by Eric Sevareid's televised interview with John J. McCloy, long considered the high priest of the mythical American establishment. McCloy was at various times adviser to four Presidents, head of the World Bank,-chairman of the Chase National Bank, assistant secretary of war, United States high commissioner to Germany and a member of leading New York law firms. One man There was one man, he told , ... "came as close, if not closer, to touching the mantle of freitnen than anybody I've ever come in contact with...." Many distinguished persons have said much the same thing about this one man. ' In 194? the then president of Harvard, James B. Conant, said the only American who could be compared with the man was George Washington. Douglas Southall Freeman, the biographer, agreed. "The more I see and talk to him," President Harry Truman noted in a diary, "the more certain I am that he's the great one of the age." Soldier and statesman The man was George C. Marshall, soldier and states' man, who died in 1959. Hailed by Winston Churchill as "the toie organizer of victory" in World War II, Marshall was general of the Army, wartime Army chief of staff, later secretary of State, secretary of Defense and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for the Marshall Plan, the program of American assistance that helped .put Europe back on its feet after the war. "Marshall," writes his biographer, Forrest C. Pogue, "not only helped to name or personally did name the key commanders of the Army and Army Air Forces in World War II, but he also carried the primary role in deliberations of the Combined (British and American) Chiefs of Staff and the Joint Chiefs of Staff councils." Perhaps Marshall's greatest single influence on strategy was insisting on the cross- channel attack on Europe that led to the Normandy invasion. So dogged were the battles he had to wage in Allied councils against the British, who preferred a Mediterranean strategy, that it cost him the great role in history that fell instead to Dwight Eisenhower, Marshall's own choice. Stubbornness President Franklin D. Roosevelt feared that he could not bring the British to agree on a unified command for Europe under the stubborn Marshall. Marshall took the decision like * good soldier and from Washington watched the glory go to his subordinates in the field, like Eisenhower and Douglas MacArthur. Marshall's first great dlplo- matic role after the war was • failure, but a failure that was foredoomed. Reluctantly responding to Truman's appeal, he went to China to try to prevent civil war by bringing Chiang Kai-shek's nationalists and the Communists into a coalition government. When Marshall set to work in 1948 he found unbridled distrust between the two sides, which had been in conflict for more than a decade. Each still hoped to control China. Under Marshall's guidance, a truce was arranged and a National Assembly called to adopt a new constitution. The efforts came unravelled, however, in fighting for possession of Manchuria. Marshall could not control Chiang.. Marshall was recalled at his own request, and Truman appointed him secretary of State. The Marshall Plan was a synthesis of ideas, shaped largely by George F. Kennao, William L. Clayton and Acheson, serving under Marshall in the State Department. Marshall bequeathed to the world no solutions for civil rights, civil liberties, inflation, crime, over-population, morality, pollution, housing, reading comprehension, energy, neurosis and other such concerns of the late Twentieth Century. Perhaps the reverence for Marshall will be largely confined to those who shared in his efforts to defeat the Axis powers and to make the United States the leading nation of the world in the days that followed — a wicked goal to many intellectuals today. Why should anyone, except cold-war warriors like Tru- man, Acheson and McCloy, be impressed by Marshall? Simile reasons Only for a few simple reasons. He was our greatest soldier when we needed one. Furthermore he was • military man who disliked militarism and defended civilian supremacy. When Truman asked the advice of Marahill, then secretary of Defense, if MacArthur should be removed for Insubordination, Marshall advised him to do so. Marshall Was incorruptible, a man of great personal force, partly concealed by a calm manner and soft voice. He dominated cabinets. He- moved allies. He was trusted by Congress as, in all probability, no other man ever has been. He swayed Presidents, even though he never was one himself. Elective office is the prime road to fame in democracies, but election is not necessarily a proof of greatness — too often the opposite. Most of the great men of history — philosophers, explorers, scientists, poets, teachers, composers, military leaders and founders of great religions — never ran for anything. If Marshall had wanted to be President, it is a fairly sure bet that he could have been. 'But lack of partisanship was one of his qualities. When Marshall appointed Kennan head of the State Department's Policy Planning Staff at a critical time, he instructed him: "Avoid trivia." That was the essence of George Marshall. He was a strong man completely lacking in trivia. Is he then, as Truman believed, "the great one of the age?" For those of us who observed him in action it is difficult to- decide who should take precedence over him. In any case he will be a standard against whom other candidates for greatness will have to be tested. •y DANIEL MOTHERLAND («> CMMM IcMMt MMNr Nff HONG KONG - The Pathet Lao takeover of Vientiane, which brings Laos under complete Communist control, is certain to cause new apprehensions just across the river In neighboring Thailand. In the past two months Thailand has succeeded in establishing diplomatic relations with China, but its relations with Laos have deteriorated steadily. •initiates closed Last month Thailand was forced to close its three consulates in Laos after the Lao government announced that it no longer could guarantee the security of the consular personnel. There have been numerous shooting incidents along the Mekong River border between the two countries. The most recent trouble involved the arrest of two Thai military attaches who were accused by the Laotians of being spies. Some Thai officials tend to see the North Vietnamese behind the deterioration of relations with Laos. North Vietnam is clearly the dominant foreign power in Laos, ' having played a decisive role in advising, supporting, and Sometimes fighting for the Pathet Lao in the war years. Representatives of both North and South Vietnam visited Thailand several months ago, and seemingly cordial talks took place. But the Vietnamese have increased their propaganda attacks on Thailand recently, and an expected visit to Vietnam by the Thai foreign minister appears to have been postponed. Mitt plans? Some American intelligence analysts as well as some of the more conservative members of the Thai government are convinced that North Vietnam has detailed plans to work through Laos to give heavy support to the Thai insurgents in north and northeast Thailand. The Laotians, however, have plenty of reasons of their own for being hostile toward the Selassie's historical role By GEOFFREY GODSELL (c) Christian ScMnct Mtnlttr-N*w» Swvlct BOSTON, MASS. — Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, who died Aug. 27 under house arrest in one of the former royal palaces in Ethiopia, was for. long the conscience of Africa — and at the same time an often lonely but central figure on the world stage in the mid-Twentieth Century. More than any other man, he made modern Ethiopia, guaranteed its resurgence after the interlude of Italian conquest in the Mussolini years, held it together thereafter and sponsored the development of an educated, forward-looking elite. Deposed by elite Yet it was largely this elite that turned on him last year. deposed and humiliated him, leaving him to spend his last months as an ailing octogenarian under guard in one of the royal homes. It was the emperor's brave defiance of Mussolini's invading armies, his appeal before the League of Nations in 19S5 and his prescient warning of the consequences of giving in to expansionist dictators that first made him a world figure. He spent the years of Italian occupation in exile in Britain, returning to his capital in 1941 with a British force committed to the elimination of the Italian presence from East Africa. Western esteem Thereafter, Africa revered him and the Western world — guilty perhaps at having abandoned him to a European invader in 193S — treated him with no less esteem. Although an autocrat, he •was in many ways an almost mystically inspiring figure. This writer, twice received by the emperor in Addis Ababa in the 1950s, can confirm the observation of others that this diminutive, yet dignified, man never failed to leave, at the height of his powers, an almost awesome impression. There was a poignancy about the later years of his life. His standing in Africa brought to Addis Ababa after World War II the headquarters of both the Organization of African Unity and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. Yet by the beginning of this decade, it was apparent that his grip was slipping. The traditional title "Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah," and his traditional descent from King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba no longer were enough to command respect from the younger generations. But for all his being the greatest modernizer in Ethiopia in this age, he was not modern enough for what he had called forth. Tradition and kingship were part of him — and of those on whom he moat closely depended for support Outside that Haile Selassie narrow circle, there was a growing number of younger men impatient for revolution of authority and a share of it. Those of them with guat — in the armed services — gradually made their year and for Emperor Haile Selassie, nearly 60 years of power came to an end Thais, without any prompting from the North Vietnamese. Thousands of Thai irregular troops fought in Laos under the direction of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The irregulars have been withdrawn from Laos. But the-Laotians are highly mistrustful of what the Thai and US. governments plan to do with the thousands of mountain tribesmen who once fought under the CIA and in recent months fled to Thailand. The Laotian government says that Bangkok wants to use them for subversion in Laos. Thai Foreign Minister Chatl- chai Choohayan said that the Thai government intended to ask six "top listed" Lao rightists who had fled to Thailand to leave Thailand as soon as possible in order to prevent misunderstanding between the two countries. But Lao animosity toward Thailand goes far beyond recent events. The Thai have always treated the Lao as poor country cousins. The Mekong River towns of Laos have long depended on Thailand for food and supplies, and Thai businessmen have charged dearly for their services. Both Vietnam and Thailand have long histories of encroaching on Laotian territory. Now that all of Laos is definitely allied with Vietnam, it should come as no surprise that it is attempting in every way to make itself more independent of the Thais. ' The Lao foreign minister, Phoumi Vongyichit, with whom Thai diplomats had a good working relationship, went on indefinite "sick leave" 'last month, leaving the Thais to deal with a replacement who is considered to be less conciliatory. Plea capital move Lao officials have let it be known that plans are being considered, meantime, to move the government capital from Vientiane to a location in the interior of Laos. According to one Lao official, Vientiane, on the banks of the Mekong, is simply too close to Thailand. The Thai, or Siamese as they were then called, devastated Vientiane with considerable ease in the early Nineteenth Century, and this apparently has not been forgotten. Waltz king is 85 VIENNA, AUSTRIA (AP) Robert Stolz, a disciple of Johan Strauss and the last of the great waltz kings of Vienna, was 95 on Aug. 25. One of his 2,000 songs is "Two Hearts in Three-Quarter Time." He Is still at work. The big marigold winner FLISTA WOOOROFFI By FLEETA BROWNELL The biggest and most widely discussed award ever offered to amateur gardeners was won this week when $10,000 was paid by the W. Atlee Burpee Seed Co, of v Pennsylva- nia'' Iowa and California to Mrs. Alice Vonk of Sully, Ia>| {or a truly white marigold. Good size and "white as a petunia" were part of the specifications. Through the years of the contest the Burpee people themselves worked at breeding out the yellow and made their own best results available through seeds to amateurs. But now the white marigold has been found, and a far cry it is from the early breeding results I recall at the company's Lompoc, Calif., greenhouses. The absence of yellow left a flower with no color at all (like a negative number!) and certainly not white, just a little bit pinkish, to my eyes. Just what we'll do with white marigolds, I'm not quite sure. But they do exist. And for the novelty alone, WOODROFFE we'll put them on our seed lists. Certainly, there'll be double the interest where these new white marigolds are grown with the gorgeous new delphinium strain — Melissa Hope Hybrids, These, although perennials, have been in flower now for several weeks from seeds started early indoors. In all delphinium colors from white and faint lavender to IT'S TIME TO: • Order roots of new peonies, hemerocallis and Oriental Poppies. • Find a place for a few Madonna Lily bulbs. • Shorten unwanted shrub branches. • Edge lawns again for a trim look. • Lift unripe melons and pumpkins out of the mud. • Empty rain water promptly from containers lacking drainage holes — ornamental citrus and tomato plants can drown. deep vibrant blues and to the deepest, most gorgeous indigo-blue-violets, they are notable for the size and colorings of their "bees" — those central tufts peculiar to delphinium blossoms. Some of these approach a diameter of two inches. Now race These Melissa Hope Delphiniums are a new race — sturdier and shorter than older strains. And, during this — their first summer here —' they have shown that they like Iowa, even this freaky summer! Except for early losses to foraging rabbits, my trial plants (in mixed colorings) have been a joy, especially near the Cyclone Hybrid Impatiens variety Orange Chiffon and close by the new roses Cathedral (Floribunda) and Yankee Doodle (Hybrid Tea) in mellow apricot were putting on their third act. And these royally handsome delphiniums have been just as splendid with Cyclone Hybrid variety Blue Velvet and, still later, standing back of Marigold Moon-shot's dark greenformal hummocks and 20-carat gold flowers. Another beguiling twosome among the garden newcomers and still blooming, although less lavishly now, are the great new pansy Imperial Blue (a '75 medal winner in the All-America Seed Trials) and the newest and reddest Nugget Marigold now scheduled for '76 sales. A short row of the Melissa Hope Del- phiniums back of them adds distinction along with neighboring clumps of pure white Harden phlox — a garden grouping that, like Topsy — "Just grew!" Portable color One of the smartest buys of this week and neit any of us can make will be chrysanthemum plants already heavily budded. These are our best insurance for portable color for the weeks ahead. And, if sheltered against frost, their colors can be enjoyed well into October. The chrysanthemum plants now ready for sale and intended for container display may or may not be varieties of reliable winter hardiness in Iowa. But don't let that stop you. You can always gamble and, lacking a cold frame, can try over-wintering your favorite container-grown mum plants by half-burying them, after killing frosts come, in a well-drained spot. Blanket well with a couple of inches of topsoil and top that with a good thickness of frosted annuals. Any mid-Iowa lawn now again greening up but spotted with spreading mats of such intrusive weeds as the juicy purslane, the spotted spurge, dandelions, and the infamous wire-grass needs some very personal attention. After slicing below weed crowns, lift their tops off and dispose of them where their seeds won't drop. Also, have a supply of good bluegrass seed at the ready — to drop into each hole just forcibly vacated. California bulbs Caution: If you have family or friends who garden in Southern California and who offer you bulbs of their "pink Lilies" when the blooms are prettiest, don't confuse these look-alikes with the Hall's Hardy Amaryllis (Lycoris squamigera) described here last week. The California bulbs are almost certain to be Amaryllis belladonna. While these can be grown here if special precautions are taken, the bulbs are not winter-hardy in Iowa. The same is true of their gorgeous early flowering anemones. Far better that we order and plant bulbs of early flowering tulips such as the T. Greigi group. Those come through our winters after fall planting with leave* marked with chocolate lines and brilliant scarlet flowers with basal decorations of gold and startling black. Nothing tops them! Wholesale listings of Evergreen and Hardwood Seedlings, Landscape Ornamentals, Ground Covers and many money-saving Specials. Start Planning Now! Order Early! Name Address- City State -Z'P- MUSSER FORESTS •« 44H INDIANA, PA, 14701

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