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AMERICANS "Starts the Day On the South Plains" LUBBOCK MORNING Twentieth Year, No. 102 12 Pages Today Lubiwck, TexasjTuesday, March 24, 1942 •' • • -. (AP) Meant "Associated Press" North Australia TT O O U ci» i mi ---'»» ^» * * * • * * * 4, * «, .» «, * ^ .„ ^ ^ U .b. SubaSmkThree Jap Merchant Ships, Dama Enemy Warship Y "^ ™"— - **««* Probably Sunk, Navy Discloses Two Nipponese Freighters Are Also Attacked •mASHINGTON^MaVch' 23. — IT United States submarines, making Japanese waters their hunting grounds, have sunk three more of the.enemy's merchant ships, attacked' and "probably sunk", a combatant ship and damaged two freighters, the Navy reported tonight. The communique ran. the • score or Japanese ships announced officially as destroyed or damaged by American and Australian action since the start of the war to 183. Surface ships, airplanes and submarines accounted for them. 'An undetermined number of vessels also was sunk by'the Dutch.- Of the American-Australian total of 183, the .United States Navy has sunk or damaged 118 vessels. The latter figure breaks down as follows: Combatant ships Sunk or Believed Sunk 35 Damaged _- ig .Non-Combatant ships" Sunk 43 Believed Sunk 14. Damaged I~~__~_Ill •^M ^,7 com munique tonight said that the combatant ship probably sunk was a destroyer or antisubmarine vessel, indicating that one American submarine skipper turned the tables on the : Japanese The merchant ships sunk were Knh C n-? ed a l* 7 > 00 °- ton - tanker, a 6,000-ton ship, and . a 5,000-tdn .freighter.;,_:__.-. ..^i^'.-;.'.-^ ".-" \ Increasing Frequehcy The succinct phrase, "United btates submarines operating in Japanese waters," has. appeared with increasing frequency-in recent weeks in the terse Navy announcements. It suggests American undersea "boats are lurking hard by the sealanes from big Japanese ports, stalking and picking off Nipponese ships outward bound with war supplies and troops or inbound for fresh loads. In addition to this campaign of attrition against the troop and cargo carriers, the American skippers get an occasional shot at a' warship convoying the freighters. (Turn to Page 4, Column 2, Please) U. S. SEIZES RAILWAY — George-P. McNeaf.Jr., Peoria, 111., president of the Toledo Peoria and Western railroad which was seized by government to end strike tieup of defense traffic. Price Ceilings Are Announced (By The Associated PresO WASHINGTON, March 23 — The Office of Price Administration tonight put price ceilings on eight major '-"scarcity"- articles refrigerators, typewriters, vacuum cleaners, washing machines, ironers, radios, phonographs and cooking and heating stoves—rto check a * • e?V* «•* T..-.' * TnC"l.«E: ' a "sharp 1 movement. The price inflationary price action, broadest vet taken by OPA. covered the principal items whose manufacture has been ordered halted or curtailed in order to convert the industries to war production and conserve critical materials. Most Draslic Agent It was OPA's greatest incursion into the field of retail price control. Moreover, the orders also set maximum prices on wholesale marketing and in two instances _ vacuum cleaners and typewriters — lids were put on manufacturers' prices. The ceilings apply only to -new articles, not to used ones. Of six of the articles — typewriters, domestic washing machines, ironing machines, phonographs, radio receiving sets, and domestic healing and cooking stoves and ranges _ the -prices decrees were 60 - d a y "temporary orders," pegging prices at the level of last Thursday. March 19. The two permanent price ceilings applied to household vacuum cleaners and attachments and to household mechanical refrigerators. In these instances the ceilings were fixed at the manufac- ' turers' recommended lists. retail price ALVEAR DIES BUENOS AIRES. March 23 (f, —Marcelo de Alvcar, 74. former president of Argentina, died to- m'gM. Four Killed As Midland Army Plane Crashes (By The Associated Press) ODESSA, March 23—Four fliers from the Midland Army flying school were killed today in the crash of .their-":plarie i: V-^t.--"£ bombing, practice - target -"field'- 'it miles from the school. Victims were- two flying officers and two cadets. They were Second Lieutenants William M Bolton from Griffin, Ga., and Robert W. Ingle of Maltoon, I1L- and Cadets William Talmadge Halstead, jr., of Lake City, Fla and Oliver R. Harja of Iromvood" Mich. • They were the field's first ca<=- ualties, and the cadets were members off the school's second class. . Crash Investigated .Ingle, 25, .was' the son of Mrs Esther. M. Ingle, 1517 Marshall Ave.'j Mattoon. Bolton, 24, was the son of Mrs. H. A. Bolton, sr., Macon Route, Route B, Griffin! Halstead, 22, was the son of Mr. and Mrs. William T. Halstead, 125 E Duvall St., Lake City; Harja, 27 was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Antero Harja, 111 South Beech street, Ironwood. A board of officers from the bombardier college was investigating cause of the crash of the AT-ll bombardier training, plane Ingle was a graduate of the University of Illinois and received tas commission at Kelly field. He was the pilot and had had more than 500 hours .in the air Before entering the Army he was an engineer with the Illinois highway department. Bolton came here from Randolph field, where he received his commission. He was a graduate of Georgia Tech and was a bombardier instructor. Red-Faced ParroSmen Find Stolen Auto BALTIMORE, March 23. (.*) _ Six red-faced patrolmen were hauled up on the carpet when the police .commissioner heard about this: A Baltimore attorney lost his car last January. He notified the police, but nothing came of if finally a stranger telephoned and asked, "Do you know where your car is?" "No," the lawyer answered Well," .the stranger said, "it's been juot two months that your car has been sitting on Ellamont street, near North avenue Better come and get it." H was there, all right. The citizen had grown tired of seeing the car sitting at the curb, checked number, called the Both Management And Labor Warned Donald M. Nelson Of WPB Demands All Obstacles To Maximum Output Be Ousted AcrjTAr/-,rr,^,, T A ° N ' 'By Th« Associated Press) 23 ~ Amid ™ increasing clamo: at th "Yoi, You production For one thing, Nelson told a meeting of CIO leaders labor le duration extra pay for Sunday and holiday work a regular work \veek. . ™«;w» v,= - r ' f the . war P r ° ducti °n chief said, it must eliminate any possible bas.s for charges that union restrictions retard production Letter From Roosevelt .'ill police your own organizations in that respect," he said see to it that all such restrictions are removed and that no •p worker anywhere does less than his best for fear that his union will punish him." The CIO meeting was assembled by President Philip Murray pri rnarily for the purpose of mapping SUPPORT GRANTED WASHINGTON. Starch a:!. on—The movement to alter the icaje-hour law received p o w erful support toni*bl «hen Speaker Kajburn expressed the opinion Ihe time-and-h*!f pav should begin jkder 48 hours. Instead of 40 as at present. He eave his views In ondorsiny » provision In a resolution sdoptrd yes- lerdajr during a mass raettinc in Dal- je opposition to the various pending proposals for labor legislation. _ To Murray, President Roosevelt sent a letter recalling that in recent years workers had "gained new privileges and reaffirmed old Boy Breaks Down— Lad Wishes To See Where He Shot Dad I B.r The Associated Pressl A THENS, March 23.—David -^ Waldo Rogers, - 12-year- old boy who told Sheriff Jess Sweeten he wanted to "g 0 to the burying to see where 1 hit him" when he shot his father to death Saturday, got his' wish today. Deputy Sheriff Homer Williams took the lad to funeral services for G. M. Rogers, 69 who was slain by a .22 calibre bullet as he sat milking after he had whipped his son with a fly swatter. He finally broke down at the funeral, however, when he .saw- his "father in - the casket - . a .Gd_JU>ld_his mother, "I didn't want to kill Papa, but-I-krTew ' what I was doing." . "He jumped five feet in the air when the bullet hit him. I thought he was going over the cow," Sheriff Sweeten quoted the boy. The boy's sister, 9-year-old .Helen Loreia who -was shot when she tried to snatch the u tc '.M Vas re P° rt ed improved but still m a dangerous condition at an Athens hospital. Another sister, 16-year-old Lennie, said David 'is a pretty good kid arid -is not responsible. She added she "ran like the devil" when the boy shot The sheriff said a doctor who examined the boy declared him to be sane. the license owner. Tune In 1340 Kilocycles KFYO Avalsrtche-Journal Station New Method Is Found For Arousing Audience DTJRANT, Okla., March 23. «P) —A Durant woman, asked to review a book at a club meeting, solvea the problem of keeping cr audience awake. She removed the fluid from several eggs and when a man in the iront row dozed, she hurled the empty shelis at him The audience ducked and scrambled iso one dozed thereafter. RIGHT TOGETHER HARRISBURG .March 23. MV- Last year Helen and Mona Chive sisters, were married in a double ceremony. Second Lubbock Oil Field Seen Lubbock , county's second oil rielfl appeared assured Monday as Stanolind Oil and Gas com-" panys No. 1 J. F. Stinnett logged irosity and oil saturation in the Clear Fork lower Permian dolomite. The well went into the porous stained zone at 4,685 feet The 'irst core was cut from 4,711-25 feet recovering 13 feet of an*hy- ciritic dolomite with oil saturation and scattered bleeding. The next core from 4,725-40 feet was fully recovered and was described as anhy'dntic dolomite slightly stained with oil but also bleeding oil and water. Coring Ahead Stanolind was coring ahead in he test and pulled core at 4,755 feet No. 1 Stinnett is more than six miles southeast >f the first producer in the county, >ee C. Harrison and associates of lUbbock No. 1 rights." Would Lose Rights . 'If we lose this war," Mr. Roosevelt said, "they and all the rest of our American liberties will be lost. ... "With rights and privileges go responsibilities. We are learning m the hard days of.war what is some_limes overlooked in the easj 'da-ys of-peTcer'that' "liberty-" and freedom belong only to men and women who earn.them, and that none of the values which make me in America worth living can be retained except by people who will give everything and do everything to keep them." • The CIO "meeting went on record m favor of wage increases and guarantees of union security. The latter expresisons, as usually "defined, means a contract provision calling ,for a union shop (one in which all employes must join the union) or maintenance of membership (a requirement that em- ployes joining .the union must, as a condition to continued employ(Turn to Page 4, Column 1. Please) Cripps To Try To Unify India By H. R. STIMSON Associated Press Staff Writer NEW DELHI, India, March 23 —Britain's emissary, Sir Stafford Cripps, arriving tonight as the •great friend" of an India surprisingly become the frontier with the Axis, began today a whirlwind campaign to unify the country's discordant millions on a program oi freedom and self-defense. Sir Stafford came by plane frcm Karachi and in a few polished but pungent statements to a press conference lost no time in making clear that ,he considered his mission urgent. Two-Week Visit Explaining that, he planned to stay but two weeks, he said he noped that his conferences with an extraordinary varietv of Indian leader s h i p would bring „?""£ ^ ec ' sio " s " which would Lubbock No. 1 W. G. Nairn Permit the Indian peonle to "as estate three and one half miles Isociate themselves fully and frpp northeast of the city. !y, not only with &•«?£,£!£ aortheast of the city. Oil men kept a close \vatch on developments in the Two cores were run Sunday and a third one Monday, the last one showing a tighter formation than the first two. The first core, pulled at one o'clock Sunday morning from 4.711-24 feet showed porosity but a second core pulled at B o'clock Sunday morning from 4,724-39 feet showed a (Turn to Page 4, Column 7, Please) not rmiT/ ,,--*u /K .J y v lth Greal Britain the other dominions, but al^o with our great Allies, Russia, China and the United States ... to pre(Turn to Page 4, Column 4, Please) TESTIFIES—Robert . Guthrie former dollar-a-year chief of WPBs clothing and leather section, is shown at a hearing of a House committee. See story below. * .* * . Resignation Of Gufhrie ..Said AidToWPB (By The Associated Press) • WASHINGTON, March 23. — Two War Production hoard officials whose actions had been criticized by Robert R. Guthrie following his resignation from a WPB executive post" March 14, told a House military sub-committee today that Guthrie's departure improved WPB efficiency. They .were J. A. Rice, dollar-a- year textile consultant in the division of purchases, and Kenneth Marriner, a wool consultant-who said hisf application: to.ibe-"changed from-a-non-compensatory status to that of " dollar-a-year man fi is in the process of being accepted." -.Disagreements Airsd - • : ' Guthrie had testified that both Xice and Marringer had disagreed with his wool and textile conservation program and had been fac- ors in his decision to resign as lead of the clothing, textiles and eather goods branch. "I don't question for one moment Guthrie's desire "to" help he war effort," Rice told the committee investigating circumstances of the resignation. "I do think that diuerences of opinion were creating difficulties." These differences, he added, did not involve any question" of good faith' and to his knowledge did not impede the war effort. "Case Can Rest" Asked whether the situation had changed since Guthrie left, Mar- ••inger said: "It's like the sunshine after it's been raining." "As far as I'm concerned, the case can rest," interposed Rep- Fenton (R-Pa). Rice said there had been "a great dea! of dissatisfaction on the >art of the commodity men" in -ruthrie's branch and "a great deal H difference of opinions" on maters of policy. Guthrie's resigna- lon, he added, eliminated these differences and the textile branch is working smoothly today." Australian Girls And U.S. Soldiers Wed BRISBANE. Australia, Tuesday larch 24. W>>-The wedding of nore than 20 Australian girls to .* *— «*icII in inc p3St iG\v /eeks has led to talk in some uarters of action to discourage he tendency to marry i n haste. Religious leaders are inclined o deprecate the marriages be- ause "* —'---• • • - - hips Workable Sales Tax Program Is Given Study Three Members Of House Committee •Call For Plan (By The Associated Prc ssi WASHINGTON, March 23. — 'I Three members of the House ways and means committee have asKed congressional tax experts to prepare at once a "workable 1 President Roosevelt lias asked Rep. Disney (D-Okla) said he was one of three who askecl such others dW " Ot dfsclose Many committee members have advocated some sort of sales tax rather than such sharp increases m individual and. corporation tax rates as were recommended three weeks ago by Secretary Mor- 'enthau. . ^ejection Is Asked At today's committee hearings three oil state witnesses asked rejection of Morgenthau's recommendations for elimination of the present oil depeletion allowance Under that provision, oil operators can deduct from t^x?Wn •'•»come up to 27 1/2 per 'cent "of then- gross income and up to 50 per cent of their net income, as a depletion allowance fF ?£V e , r Sen - Thom as P. Gore of Oklahoma said that -the government now proposed to increase the income tax rates and double the one and one-half cent a gallon gasoline tax and, in addition, -remove the , depletion allowance . ; _The depletion allowance is : an integral part of ....the_.Iinancia structure of these oil. companies,' he said "To tear it out might bung the whole- structure "tumbling down about your ears in a momem._of supreme catastrophe." Elimination Suggested A Hardey, chairman State Mineral , T of the Louisiana board was testifying, Disney suggested that elimination of the de- Metion allowance might prove a serious handicap to wildcatting and hurt the "little fellow." Hardey agreed and said that he change rmght prove a serious landicap to new discoveries and we. might lose part of the' 19.- OOO.uOO barrels of visible supply" of .oil. Harold B. Fell, Ardmore, Okla., to Page 4, Column 3, Please)' of extremely brief court- TO SPEAK HOUSTON, March 23. •Dr. icardo Alfaro, former president f Panama, will be guest speaker Lpnl ID as a feature of the ob- ervance here of Pan American "eek. Mercury Climbs To New Peak For 1942 • The mercury -spurted up to nearly 82 degrees Monday to put the official seal on spring, which i arrived only Saturday. i The SI.7 degrees recorded by the | IT. S. Weather bureau at Texas Technological college was the highest since last fall. Low temperature there Monday morning was 43 degrees. Don L. Jones, superintendent of the state experiment sub-station said Saturday's 20-degree minimum was believed to have done little damage to frv.it Today, both gave birth to son, | only a 5 and blooms. The low tto tree buds point last Eight Italian Transports, Two Subs, Troopship Sunk •TVThs .i-.-.t.cisif.dPrc.Mi . <•„„„.,,- •*• , T ONDON. March 23.-Bri- J - J tish submarines have destroyed two Italian submarines, one troopship and efght other transports within view of humiliated Fascists on the shores of Italy and Albania, the admiralty announced today even while Axis forces were striking with indifferent success at a British convoy elsewhere in the MediW- ranean. The largest individual haul for the four- British submarines engaged was credited to Comdr. J. W. Linton, who sank six Jorge ichrxiners—one • of them flying the Nazi flag —and a motorship jammed with trr,op?. Disdaining the use of torpedoes, Linton sur- faced his submarine »nd dc-- troyed all seven vessels with gunfire. Another British submarine sank the brand new 1,461.- ton Italian submarine Am- miraslm MJJJ O off Sa io Point Calabria, southern Italy, under the gaze of persons gathered on shore. "While His Majesty's sub- msr-.ne ivas engaged in pick- ma up survivors she was subjected to ineffccrual mac- hincgun five from land," the admiralty reported. The second Italian submarine, of the 778-ton Ar- gonnuta cla^s, was torpedoed and sunk in the southern approaches to the Straits of Me-ssir.a. wh-.ch separate the Italian mainland from Sicily. Red Air Power Blasts Germans By EDDIE GILMORE Associated Press Staff Writer MOSCOW, March 23— Moderating weather has brought a jurst of aerial warfare in which he Soviet air force, reinforced by American-made Aircobra fighter-, destroyed 278 German planes 'ince March 15. the Russians announced tonight. T o n i ghfs Soviet communique aid 26 German craft-were downed yesterday and three near Moscow today, while a supplement to this announcement listed 249 Nazi aircraft .destroyed in the March 10-21 period. Soviet losses from March 15 through yesterday were listed at 88 craft. Emphasis was shifted to the air fighting as both the morning and night communiques today reported "no substantial changes" in positions on the land front. Resistance Stif/ent A stiffening o£ German resistance was indicated all along the line but in one sector of the Leningrad front th'e Russians reported 3,800 Germans were killed and 30 blockhouses and machinegun nests were destroyed in two davs of fighting. Tfee morning communique, reporting no important change in positions overnight, told of par- licuJarly heavy fighting on the Kalinin front, between Moscow and Leningrad and west of the capita). The Germans declared that their troops were on the offensive along some parts of the front and that they were successful in repulsing Soviet assaults. In fighting presumably on the central front, the Nazi high command said that in the last two days '.he Ruisians had lost "several thousand riead and a number of i-.ris- oncrs.'' . Heavy Blows Dealt Enemy By Allies In Last Four Days Most Of Action Is In Air; 50 Nipponese '/; Planes Reported Downed .Over Week End '"' By C. YATES McDANIEL Associated Press SJaff Writer M ET r>/^Ttr>xTi-> •— "" w ; .™e« oian wmer LLBOURNE, Australia, March 23 — In the face of tvJ 1 1?7 i° SSeS in l licte <* b >' Powerful Allied counter-action destro >' ed u fo u dt i 50 enemy planes in loui days the Japanese command hurled its bomber squadrons today at the whole of the northern Australian defense penphery and Allied pilots replied with 'far-ran*. ing attacks upon enemy bases above the mainland V\ yndham, on the western Australian mainland, was • under assault for 10 minutes by a medium force of. enemy bombers and to the east Port Moresby on southern New Guinea, an advanced Allied position which the Japanese lor days had sought in vain to reduce, was attacked by 19 heavy bombers which dropped 67 bombs. Airdrome Is Target '. • Again, it appeared, the Port Moresby airdrome was the target. Four Japanese fighters dipped to 200 feet with their -K -K . . MacArthur Tells Correspondents Of Pacific War OAT CHOP HURT AUSTIN". March 23. WV-Just returned from a trip over the tr-, Agriculture Commissioner - E. McDonald today estimated Pv r ment of ;he ' rexa s oat crop art been destroyer! hy green bu«s and prcdiclert a bad grasshopper infestation this year. HAUGLAND .. Associated Press-Staff .\Vriler... • UNITED STA TES ARMY H E A D Q U A RTEHS, Australia, March 23—With .confidence and deep feeling, Gen. Douglas MacArthur spent two hours today in giving news correspondents a complete acc9unt of the Pacific war situation/ The conference was "off the record," but all the* 50 correspondents agreed that the supreme commander left nothing to Lhe imagination as he strode to and fro in a makeshift press Headquarters and dealt out the i facts. Mentions Treacheries MacArthur spoke for most of the time with statesmanlike calm 1 and with a precision of expression, but his face contorted as he mentioned cruelty and treacher> of the Japanese foe. In emphasizing his intensity of feeling against the "devils" accused of atrocities on Allied nationals, the general shook his index finger. While sparing nothing of the stark realities of the situation, he declared his unbounded faith in the cause of the United Nations. Good Thinker, Speaker The impression made on Aus- ralian news, men by the slim, teen-eyed American genei-al was ypified by this account from the vlelbourne Herald's correspondent; ''He is not only a. first-class hinkcr but a fine speaker. "It would be a pity if duly were o preclude Australia from hear- ng him. He was the sort of news Australia wants to hear. "When you meet him you rcal- ze how he infused the mixed 'hHippinc force with an heroic ighting spirit, for he will obvi- •usly be unhappy until he returns in triumph to drive out the invader. "I can not ?ay what MacArlhur said, but none who heard could fail to be heartened not only by what he said but also by the way lio «rr>;/^ it " machineguns. and cannon blazing, and'i-an into a steel barrage. One plane swerved sharply, crashed into a hill and bounced 20 yards up on its side. The. pilot ~-was '~ hurled more than 400 feet. A second plane was believed destroyed. ' Immiediately before, bombers had attacked their objectives in two waves of ten and -nine machines. Many high explosives and Scatter bombs were dropped/but the. damage was believed f slight. . • - - - • : The xvctent of the raid, together with Jhe'.,kn own heavy. losassOhe : -". "• Japanese, have suffered in recent weeks, indicated the enemy had built extensive air power in New Guinea and might be- expecting' ; to use it for an air base against the mainland. - . .... Fighter Is Shot. Down Earlier, the rear 'gunner of an Allied reconnaissance plane over th<i invaded island of Timor had shot down a Japanese fighter plane attempting an interception; Thus the day brought three more ptobabje enemy losses to aid to the previous grand total of 44 run up by all Allied action from-Fri- v day onward through Sunday. ITotal Allied losses for this same tabulated; they period were riot he said it. MacArthur also conferred at (Turn .to Page 4, Column 6, PleaseJ San Angela Man Takes Name Of MacArthur SAN AN'GELO. March 23. MV- Charley Huticc discovered today he really hadn't had a name for all his 20 years, ?o when he had it recorded officially ho took part of Gen. MacArthur's name as weli. He was assembling papers for enlistment in the Navy and found that althoxign a birth certificate was filed for a son born to his parents on the date of his birth, no name had been filled in for the child. Hudcc, who didn't have a middle name, made his name Charles Arthur ifor the great American general) Hiulcc in filling out the corrected birth certificate at the county clerk's office. were not large, however.) .Timor likewise was the scene of one of the now almost unending series of Allied counter-attacks. thqjj Japanese-held city of Dili having been bombed there during the day in a follow-up of week- (Turn.to Page 4. Column 3. Please) Frenship Residents Buy Defense Bonds Pledges for purchase of more than $0,000 worth of defense savings bonds were made Monday- night at a community meeting in Frenship Rural High school. Lieut. J. E. McDanicl, chaplain at Lubbock Army Flying school,, and D. B. Williamson, chairman, of a bonds committee in Wolfforth community, spoke. The audience sang patriotic songs. Bonds totaling S700 and stamps aggregating $50 were sold. SENTENCED TO DIE LONDON, March 23. (/P>—Another Netherlander has boen sentenced to death by German occupation authorities on charges of sabotaging railway trains and committing arson during a Netherlands blackout a year ago, Aneta news agency reported today. Uncle Ef Says: CREDIT GROUP TO MEET FORT WORTH, March 23. «P> •—More than 300 delegates representing 410 credit unions in Texas are expected Friday and Saturday for the annual convention of the Texas credit union league. Since to really fight best to win the war, we ought to wake \ wp*each morning wit ,h a bigger and belter hate against our enemies, wonder if it wouldn't be a Rood idea to balance the scales with 3 little more kindness to our friends — and an extra pat of affection to the family wouldn't hurt. THE WEATHER WEST TEXAS — Not quit so cool car?.v Tuesday. Quite warm again Tuesday afternoon. NEW MEXICO: Not quite so cold early Tuesday; wanu again Tuesday afternoon. . - " LOC.«. WEATHER. '..r. 1 ,. Cnittd Slated Weartw fiiroint Tex« 'ferhnntociui .Colltye SUtloa : Teaip-rnlure «l 1 a.-'tn, 6» dejrcu, ?e S«sterd»»- SI *• •"