The Daily Herald from Provo, Utah on April 13, 1975 · Page 1
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April 13, 1975

The Daily Herald from Provo, Utah · Page 1

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Provo, Utah
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Sunday, April 13, 1975
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IMH:\ Amusements Business-Stocks Comics Editorial Obituaries Society Sports 20-21 2«-27 54 50-51 4 37-48 11-18 UlvVIIIIK Mostly sunny and a little warmer today for the Prove to Logan area; highs near 64 today; probability of showers near zero. 102ND YEAR, NO. 119 PROVO, UTAH, SUNDAY, APRIL 13,1975 $3.00 PER MONTH - PRICE 25 CENTS Evacuated by U.S. Marines Most Americans Leave Cambodia Fall of Capital to Reds Appears Imminent By United Press International The United States abandoned Cambodia Saturday. U.S. Marines hauled down the Stars and Stripes and evacuated most remaining Americans from the country as Communist-led insurgents closed in on Phnom Penh. The fall of the capital itself appeared imminent, sealing Cambodia's fate as the first country won by the Communists in the Indochina War. Three dozen Marine helicopters, protected by 20 circling U.S. warplanes and defying rebel rockets, swept into a soccer field to pickup Americans, Cambodians and other nationalities and take them to the carrier Okinawa circling off the coast. Among them were U.S. Ambassador to Cambodia John Gunther Dean and acting Cambodian president Saukham Khoy. The 70-minute airlift, dubbed "Operation Eagle Pull," signaled the end of a massive, five- year U.S. effort to keep the Communist-led Khmer Rouge from taking power in Cambodia. The decision to pull out apparently was made Friday evening and was ordered by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger. The insurgents had battled their way to within 2'^ miles of the heart of the city, and the military situation was on the verge of collapse. In Washington, the Pentagon said 276 persons, including 82 .Americans and 159 Cambodians, were evacuated. Others were Filipino, Spanish, Swedish, British, Canadian and Italian. A U.S. Embassy spokesman in Bangkok said a handful of American newsmen remained behind. A UPI Cambodian correspondent filing from Phnom Penh after the evacuation said rebel gunners hit the soccer field with rockets during the pullout, killing one Cambodian civilian and wounding another. Prime Minister Long Boret remained in the beseiged capital and told the nation Saturday night he had formed a "revolutionary committee" to run the country and search for peace. "We must stop this flow of Cambodian blood and try to find a peaceful solution," he said. But the military situation deteriorated hourly. The rebels closed in on Pochentong Airport and the United States halted its airlift of food and ammunition —Cambodia's one remaining link with the outside world. In Peking, Prince Norodom Sihanouk, ousted as Cambodia's chief of state in March, 1970, weeks before Phnom Penh joined the Indochina war, said Saturday he had rejected a U.S. invitation to return to Phnom Penh to form a new government. Sihanouk, in exile in Peking for several years, said Washington's invitation was contained in a note to the chief of the U.S. mission in Peking, George Bush, handed him Friday night. As the U.S. Embassy in Phnom Penh closed for the last time, security officer Sidney Telford of Newport, Vt., checked to see that no classified documents had been left behind. "It went like clockwork, "he said. "It was the saddest clock(Contained on Page 2) for Cambodia Ford Renews Aid Request A HELPING HAND is offered Leigh Street, 4, by Karl Kelsch of the Provo Elks Lodge. Leigh was born with an incomplete spine, deformed legs and little pelvic bone. After seven operations she is able to move about and the Elks are helping to pay the astronomical medical bills accumulated. Crippled Child Gets Holt Agency Aid From Local Elks Swam P ed With Calls ByLYNNTILTON Four years ago, tiny Leigh Street was born with deformed legs, about one-half of her backbone and little bone in the pelvic region. Today, thanks to her determination, medical science and the assistance of groups such as the Provo Elks Lodge, she is able to move about. The daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George Street of Altamont, Duchesne County, Leigh is one of 75-100 persons suffering from this defect, Mr. Street said. Her mother said the child has undergone seven operations and will be able to walk on her own with the assistance of crutches. "They had to amputate her misshapen legs in order to make the spine. Leigh has artificial legs and can walk with someone holding on," she explained. She added that doctors feel she will be the most independently mobile with the use of crutches. Mr. Street added that Leigh was born with water on the brain, but a brain tap at four months of age removed the excess fluid. "Often, people born with Leigh's problem are also retarded. This is not the case with Leigh. She can read a little and is mentally the age of a six-year-old," Mrs. Street said. Leigh is the 1975 Duchesne County Poster Child for the March of Dimes. She has a younger brother and her father is an independent trucker. Karl Kelsch, Provo Elks Lodge No. 849's chairman of major projects, stated the Elks, statewide, are helping to pay the astronomical medical bills accumulated since Leigh's birth. "We are not the only ones helping Leigh," Mr. Kelsch said, declining to discuss the amount of aid the fraternal organization will give. "We have several projects that we finance on a local, statewide and nationwide basis," he explained. Mr. Kelsch added that the Elks work with handicapped people in various locales as well as sponsor an annual Christmas project for area residents who need assistance. He added that individuals who would like to help with Leigh's medical bills may contact him or call at the lodge for further information. Because of recent developments in Vietnam and the evacuation of orphans to the United States and other countries, Holt Adoption Agency of Eugene, Ore., has been swamped with phone calls and requests for adoption information. "We are answering 400 calls per hour and the telephone's recorded message is intercepting another 600 calls an hour. It's incredible," said Wayne Gutherie, public relations director, in a recent telephone interview with the Herald. "We have been swamped.. Because our phones have been constantly busy, people deluged (Contained on Page 2) WASHINGTON (UPI) President Ford, apparently surprised at the decision of Cambodia's leaders to remain in Phnom Penh, renewed his request Saturday for emergency military aid to Cambodia. A top presidential aide, who declined to be identified for publication, said Ford expected the major Cambodian government leades to flee with the .Americans and felt obliged to renew his urgent aid reqest when Turks Form Coalition Government ANKARA (UPI) — Suleyman Demirel returned to power in Turkey Saturday as head of a conservative coalition government four years after he was ousted as premier by the armed forces. His approval touched off a brawl in parliament. The approval of Demirel's government —by a four-vote national assembly margin — brought to an end Turkey's six- month-old government crisis. The 450-seat assembly voted 222 to 218 in favor of the Demirel govenment. There were two abstentions and four absentees. Three seats are vacant. It was the longest government crisis in Turkey's history. Police and troops took extraordinary security measures after a telephoned bomb threat against the National Assembly building. Fighting broke out among the national asemblymen immediately after the result of •the vote of confidence was announced. Fitnesses said members of the opposition Democratic party traded blows with former party members who resigned last month and voted for the Demirel government. Doctors said Kemal Guven, president of the assembly, suffered a mild heart attack. he learned they had stayed behind. Press Secretary Ron Nessen restated Ford's aid request- and said it had never been withrawn —when he briefed newsmen hours after the last Americans had been airlifed out of Phnom Penh under guard of U.S. Marines. Nessen said the President was relieved at the success of the lightning evacuation but was concerned at reports he had given Cambodia up for lost. "The President still hopes that the Congress will act quickly to approve assistance to Cambodia, "he said. In his foreign policy speech Thursday, Ford did not renew his request for $222 millon in extra military aide to Cambodia. He scolded Congress for refusing to provide it and said: "I regret to say that as of this evening it may be soon too late." Nessen said Ford did not mean to leave the impression he was withdrawing the request. On the contrary, he said, Ford meant to point out "the urgency of the need" and still wants to do "whatever is possible" to maintain Cambodia's neutrality and independence. Just before Ford's address Thursday, administration offi- (ContiunedonPage2) Cambodians Will Resist Red Forces WASHINGTON UPI - The Cambodian Embassy said today closing of the American Embassy in Phnom Pehn and evacuation of virtually ail American citizens has not changed the Cambodian government's detemination to reach a political settlement with the Khmer Rouge insurgents. In a brief statement, the embassy said the government still sought a cease-fire and negotiations to end the conflict. THAILAND ^.'••^.••. CAMBODIA UTAPA0 Alt BASE O 8AIQON UTH VIETNAM Gulf of Siom U.S.S. Okinawa AMERICAN HELICOPTERS guarded by warplanes and marines with orders to shoot if necessary flew most remaining Americans out of Phnom Penh to Utapao Airbase in Thialand Saturday. The helicopters were from the carrier Okinawa, stationed in the Gulf of Siam 70 miles from the Cambodian capital. (UPI Telcphoto) Communists Pin Down South Viet Army Units SAIGON (UPI) -Communist troops pinned down two government relief forces outside the embattled province capital of Xuan Loc Saturday and street fighting raged inside the city on Saigon's defense perimeter. Long-range 85mm artillery also struck Xuan Loc, 38 miles northeast of Saigon on Highway 1, but the city remained in government hands. Saigon television showed films of heavy street fighting with commentators saying they were taken Saturday and that the Communists later were driven out. Xuan Loc is considered a major test of the South Vietnamese military's ability to survive after the disastrous defeats sustained last month when the Communists overran the northern and central regions of the country and began driving toward Saigon. Field officers said a 3,000- man brigade of elite paratroopers was trapped Saturday morning three miles south of Xuan Loc in a French-owned rubber plantation which had been the major employer in Long Khanh province. The paratroopers were airdropped behind enemy lines Friday stripping Saigon of half its defensive troops, in a desperate move to stop the Communist drive on the capital. A second government unit was stalled by heavy fire nine miles east of Zuan Loc and unable to fight its way through entrenched Communist forces, field reports said. The Russian-made 85mm artillery pounding Zuan Loc itself was of the type used in the 1954 defeat of the French at Dien BienPhu. Southwest of Saigon, Communist troops Saturday overran the main training base of the government's 9th division across the Bassac River from Can Tho, a city of 170,000, in the vital Mekong Delta, on whose rice supplies Saigon largely depends. Loss of the Cai Von training center put Can Tho, South Vietnam's seventh largest city, within range of Communist mortar fire. Col. Vo Don Giang, deputy leader of the Viet Cong military delegation in Saigon, told his weekly news conference Saturday he could not rule out a direct Communist attack on the capital. "I would like to reiterate that the People's Revolutionary Committee of the Saigon-Gia Dinh (province) area has issued an appeal for the people to launch uprisings," Giang told about 120 reporters and cameramen jammed into a conference room at the Viet Cong compound on Tan Son Nhut Air Base. Officials charged with the possible evacuation of Americans from Saigon were working Saturday with helicopter code-named "Papa Whiskey" in setting up landing zones around the capital. Inflation Declines Below 10% Figure WASHINGTON (UPI) - Double-digit inflation has been left behind, at least for now, and government economists say the easier price trends look firm enough to hold inflation below 10 per cent for the year. "The first quarter (January to March) may well mark the transition between double digit and single digit inflation," the Commerce Department's latest "Survey of Current Business" says. President Ford's Council on Wage and Price Stability issued an even more optimistic fore- Thousands Flee From Florida Flood BONIFAY, FLA. (UPI) -The rain-bloated Chotawhatchee River, on its worst rampage since 1929, spared the levee at Geneva, Ala., Saturday but then swept into the Florida Panhandle, routing at least 1,400 persons from their homes. The river, normally about 100 yards wide, swelled to a width of two miles and a depth of 17 12 feet along the border between Washington and Holmes counties in northwest Florida Saturday, and was still rising. Eighty National Guardsmen, Marine Reservists, Sheriffs' deputies and Red Cross and Civil Defense volunteers worked during the day evacuating residents from the path of the swirling, muddy-red waters. Mrs. Lois Candy, a Holmes County civil defense volunteer, said up to 1,200 persons were removed from rural homes in the towns of Caryville and Westviile. Twenty-five homes in Caryville were partially under water, she said. U.S. 90, the main highway linking Pensacola with Tallahassee, was closed between Defuniak Springs and Bonifay and traffic was being re-routed on the still incomplete Interstate 5, Tink Brown, dispatcher for the Holmes County sheriff, said. She also reported two state highways dosed by the flooding. Deputy Sheriff Kenneth Rowe of Washington County said up to 200 persons had been removed from homes in that county. A flood crest at Bonifay of 20 to 23 feet was expected by early Sunday, authorities said. Flood stage on the river is 12 feet, Mrs. Gandy said the flooding was expected to exceed that of the record flood of 1929 flood "by 1 to 4 feet." The 1929 crest was 19 feet. The current flooding was triggered by 17 inches of rain in three days in parts of Alabama. One person was killed and about 100 families driven from their homes as the flood crest swept through that state and damage was counted in the millions of dollars. Officials called on Gov. George C. Wallace to seek federal disaster assistance. A levee protecting the south Alabama town of Geneva, population 4,000, was threatened during the night, but national guardsmen succeeded in reinforcing the levee wth sandbags, and it held. "It's good, it's safe," said Geneva Police Chief Charlie Woolen, referring to the levee.. He said the worst was over for Alabama, "it's all gone down stream." Officials at Vicksburg, Miss., likewise reported conditions improving. They said the Mississippi River, which has inundated thousands of acres and driven several hundred people from their homes during recent weeks, had crested at Vicksburg four-tenths of a foot below earlier predictions. cast last week, saying: "If crops are good, the annual rate of increase in the Consumer Price Index could be as low as 6 per cent by the fourth quarter (October to December) of 1975." That's the rosiest forecast by any government group to date. The official optimism is grounded in the fact that various price indexes have lately been rising at the slowest rates in a longtime. The wholesale price index, for example, has actually dropped for three straight months due to falling prices for raw agricultural products and processed foods. That is bad news for farmers but good news for most other Americans, who have been battered. by two years of extraordinary increases in the cost of living. Consumer prices are still going up, as they almost always do, but at a much slower rate than before. The retail cost of goods and services has been rising at the slowest rate since late 1973, when inflation was in the single digit range. Energy is an unknown factor, and Ford's conservation plan would boost national energy price levels a full 2 per cent.

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