Page 6 article text (OCR)
FREEPORT JOURNAL-STANDARD .Published daily except Sunday and six legal holidays By The Freeport Journal-Standard Publishing Company AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER MONDAY, JULY 1, 1968 Toward A U.S.-Soviet Detente Now that the Soviet Union has given its approval, the world's two superpowers may soon begin discussions on the possibility of limiting nuclear weapons, slowing the arms race, and ultimately easing world tensions. After several weeks of waiting, the Russians responded to President Johnson's offer to initiate talks on restraint in missile production. Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko told the semi-annual session of the Supreme Soviet that his government "is ready to enter an exchange of opinions" on "the mutual limitation and later reduction of strategic weapons, both offensive and defensive, including antimissile missiles." The Soviet response comes at a crucial time in the development of nuclear weapons by both nations. The United States Senate voted Tuesday to join the House of Representatives in authorizing a "thin" antiballistic missile system (AMB). This thin AMB system is designed to protect the nation against the missiles of Communist China, and there was bitter debate late in 1967 about the development of a "thick" system to protect the country from Russian missiles. Former Defense Secretary McNamara recommended a "thin" system only, but it is now admitted by many senators that the "thin" system is only a prelude to the "thick" system. In addition to outlays of millions of tax dollars, the "thick" system would likely encourage the Soviets to construct a system of their own, thereby increasing rather than decreasing tensions. The Russians response also comes shortly after the President's request for Soviet help in ending the Vietnam war, and it indicates a willingness of both nations at least to eliminate the cloud of nuclear halocaust which hangs over the world, a step towards more cooperation between the two nations. The arms race is an outgrowth of Cold War diplomacy of the Fifties, and for both countries it has symbolized the construction of security against the other. The Cold War grew out of mutual fears of the United States and Russia, with each branding the other an aggressor nation. The spiraling stockpile of nuclear weapons has been an attempt to show the other that nuclear war can only mean destruction for both sides. In the past few years, however, American officials have come to recognize a change in the world- order, and the resulting change in U.S.-Soviet relations. The hard-line, Cold Warrior talk of John Foster Dulles has been replaced by pleas for mutual cooperation on the part of the two nations to prevent an outbreak of nuclear war. The results have been obvious. The two nations have agreed, through the United Nations, to keep outer space a sanctuary for exploration, not for weapons deployment, and they have agreed to limit the spread of nuclear weapons to other countries of the world. In addition, the two have agreed to establish consulates in respective nations. Now they are agreeing to talk about the prospects of ending the arms race, and not only the two superpowers, but the entire world will benefit if a mutual relaxation results. Tfie Truth, Sir? Not The Truth! Soccer on television has not exactly stirred Americans in great numbers, despite the fact that it is probably the world's most popular sport. But a recent incident involving the Columbia Broadcasting System and the announcer for its soccer telecasts, Danny Blanchflower, is of some interest. Mr. Blanchflower, an Englishman, believed that his role was one of reporter, not promoter for a product to be marketed. As the Saturday Review has pointed out in a number of editorials in its communication section over the past year, such a concept is hardly acceptable in the world of American television. Baseball, football, hockey and basketball to the network officials are nothing more than a product lucrative because popular with vast numbers of American males and therefore to sponsors. Mr. Blanchflower was fired because when he thought someone made a bad play on the soccer field, he said so. The network officials told him he should not talk about bad plays and instead simply praise good plays, an ideal that would appeal to "positive thinking," but not to those who prefer more candor and honesty. The public and press gave the Blanchflower approach a good deal of praise, but the concept, despite the praise, gave CBS officials only the jitters. Writing in Sports Illustrated, Mr. Blanchflower said: Sports TV does not have the same critical faculty as sports journalism. The TV companies are co-promoters. They have to sell their product to the sponsors and to the viewers. I have been told by producers on both sides of the Atlantic not to say that a game was bad when it had been obvious to everyone that it was bad. I always tried to explain why, believing the reasons were more interesting than lies about it ... In time, television's attitude can do sport great harm. It can undermine its values and lead to the worship of false idols . . . The boy must be informed of the difference between aimless movement and good action. The picture should be given an honest definition by the commentator. Mr. Blanchflower's attitude is remarkably mature. But then maturity and television too seldom mix very well. That may explain why so many fall asleep in front of the television and snooze right through everything, including the precious commercials. Poof! There Goes The Wizard Alabama's Gov. George Wallace is playing a rough brand of image politics. ABC television network's newsmen photographed Gov. Wallace shaking hands with Robert Shelton, Imperial Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan at a fund-raising dinner in Alabama last week. The Imperial Wizard, according to the ABC account, had joined a reception line without Wallace's knowledge and walked up and shook hands while the television cameras were on the governor. This disturbed Mr. Wallace, who has said he does not welcome the support of the Klan. Thus, one of Gov. Wallace's personal bodyguards seized and destroyed the ABC news film, evidently at the direct order of their boss, who found this wizard not very wonderful. As a matter of political reality, it is difficult to see why Mr. Wallace was so upset. A large number of his backers would have been encouraged to see their hero doing what they believe is right anyway. It is, of course, unfair to suggest that Gov. Wallace or most of his followers are racists. It must be admitted, however, that a large number of people with racist and segregationist sentiments form the core of his support. In any case, one cannot help but wonder if Gov. Wallace is the only one who needs a protective shield. The newsmen may feel they could use one, too, at least for their cameras. "0! Mon General! Thou Swell!' MAX LERNER The End Of Gau///sm Charles de Gaulle's landslide victory, in the first election round, was not a glorious but an inglorious one because the method he used in gaining it was to split an already split country almost beyond healing. History moves in devious and surprising ways to absurd results. Who would have said three months ago that this weary old regime, which had outstayed its welcome and had everyone against it, would have renewed its franchise and entrenched itself in power again? Yet that has happened. How? Most commentaries say it was because of the cynical way that De Gaulle made an about-turn and invoked cold- war, anti - Communist slogans against his^ opponents. That is true, yet not true enough. I'm not interested in why De Gaulle used these slogans: the supreme cynic and supreme Machiavellian among all heads of state is capable of any maneuver, whether subtle or creakingly obvious. The real question to ask is why the French people listened to the slogans and fell for so obvious a strategy. French Scared, Outraged It was because they were scared and outraged by the student barricades and the general strike. De Gaulle did • not achieve this electoral victory. It was handed to him on a platter. Historians will say that those who opposed and despised De Gaulle most bestowed the victory on him by the very intensity with which, in attacking his power, they seemed to be reaching beyond his power to overturn not a regime but a whole society. I recall writing from Paris, during what seemed a phase of near triumph for the student- worker rebels, that everything would depend on three puzzles: Could the government count on the police?; Could the Communists control their runaway worker segments?; How would the provinces react? The answers came quickly. The police held, the Communist machine also held and the prov- Looking Backward Into The Files Of Freeport Newspapers ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO Some young men of this city perfected an organization to be known as "True Lights." We noticed a long procession of children bearing banners, proceed up Exchange Street, and learned they were the Sunday scholars of the German Catholic Church who had a picnic at Greenwood Gardens. The Lena post office is to be removed to M. Weaver's new building near the railroad. A more central location, or one more easy of access, could not be found in town. The pulpit of First Church was adorned with a number of handsome bouquets, one composed of lilies was expressly noticed and appropriate for the occasion as Rev. Mr. Carey took for his text, "Consider the Lilies of the Field. FIFTY YEARS AGO Sauerkraut is now to be known as "Liberty Cabbage." Miss A. Eleanor Balles recently accepted a government position at Rock Island Arsenal, where her brother L. J. Balles is also employed. The Masonic Bodies dedicated their Service Flag of 687 blue stars and a single gold star. It was a solemn service with Gov. Frank 0. Lowden as orator. The "Old Colony Building," erected by the German Insurance Company in 1897 and occupied by its home office until the company retired from business in 1906, since which time the ownership changed several times, was purchased from its present owner, a wealthy Chicago oriental rug dealer, by F. M. Gund, Western Manager of the United States Fire and North River Insurance Company, which are associated with Crum and Forster interests. The building will continue as a general office building. It is a three-story stone and brick structure, an excellent piece of 'architecture and one of the finest buildings in our city. TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO Carroll County Supervisors appropriated $300 to the 4-H Clubs of the county for the year. Attorney Mary Margaret (Peggy) Shaw will serve as an American Red Cross worker for foreign service. Mrs. Ramona Hartwig Hunt, home service adviser, will talk on "Food Preservation" and explain a "home made" dehydrator, and demonstrate how carrots, rhubarb, asparagus, and other vegetables are dehydrated in six hours. The triangle near the Junior High School is a rare beauty spot with flowers flourishing iri that hedged garden plot, planted by the Freeport Garden Club. Inside the hedge are borders of pink and white peonies, masses of yellow lilies and many rare irises. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Elmer Schirmer was named Governor of District 213 of Rotary International. Fred Jephson was chosen by the Freeport District Ministerial Association as Dean of the School of Christian Life and Service School. Mrs. John W. Barrett is assistant to the Dean. William A. Schirmer opens the Schirmer Realty Company, and will share space with the Schirmer Insurance Agency, 6 W. Main. inces recoiled from the vision of disorder that events in Paris had opened up. The articulate minority of the French people — the students and worker militants, the teachers, the new scientific estate — had its passionate moment. But in every society there is a vast silent majority which finds its voice when a crisis is long protracted. Violence Lost Sanction Some of the silent went along with the rebels for a time, especially when their cause seemed just and the police brutal. Both in France and America we have seen violence sanctioned by the people when it is a protest against festering injustices and when governmental power (police, National Guard) overreacts. But when the violence goes beyond the just demand and aims at a totally new power structure, or doesn't know when to stop — as happened later in Paris — the violence loses its sanction from the people, and the governmental power regains its sanction. The silent people, who are always the final force, found their voice in the election that De Gaulle called. He has proved the beneficiary of their fear and anger, and better men than he have proved the victims. Enter Counterrevolution There is a traditional name for what has happened and for the way De Gaulle has deployed and exploited the emotions of the large, silent mass of people. It is counterrevolution. It might be better to call it simply recoil politics. In an age of tumultuous change like ours, there are some changes which are like a swift current, but a strong society with enlightened leaders can ride it. But when change becomes too stormy to be ridden, or too frightening in its methods to be accepted, you get a recoil back to the familiar and stable. De Gaulle, whatever his faults, was the familiar and stable. He is likely to hold on to his newly increased power until the end of his presidential term. Will he then be able to pass on the succession to Georges Pompidou? No one can say, although Pompidou has emerged from the whole ordeal with added prestige. My own guess is that De Gaulle will now have to mute some of his always grandiose and sometimes downright silly international adventures, including his unreasoning anti- Americanism. He will have enough problems at home to occupy him. In one sense, this is the end of Gaullism—in the sense that he must confront internal splits in France for which his past achievements and qualities do not particularly fit him. France today is as tragically split as America, perhaps more so. But with this difference: Lyndon Johnson gave up office to help heal the splits, while De Gaulle has regained power by methods which can only deepen them. <0 1B68, Lot Angeles Times DREW PEARSON TV Gets Rich WASHINGTON - Sen. Margaret Chase Smith, the lady from Maine, has stepped in where Sen. Tom Dodd, D-Conn., dropped the ball in regard to the relation between juvenile delinquency and the movies which, in turn, 'end up on television. She has a bill, now before the Senate Commerce Committee, asking for a Senate Committee to watch the movies and their effect on the millions of people who view televised crime in their homes. Meanwhile the radio-TV industry has been watching with apprehension whom its long-time friend, President Johnson, will appoint to the upcoming vacancy on the Federal Communications Commission. This is an agency set up to regulate the nation's airways, which under the law belong to the American people, but which have become a means of making millions for the few who lease them — rent free. FCC Lethargic Instead of regulating the airways, the FCC has become the most lethargic commission in Washington. It eats out of the hand of industry and takes its cue from network spokesman Sol Taishoff, publisher of Broadcasting Magazine. President Johnson so far has appointed two FCC commissioners, one of them, Nick Johnson, a live wire; the other, Jerry Wadsworth, a charming misfit who goes to sleep in commission meetings. On one occasion, all the commissioners had left the hearing room when commissioner Ken Cox thoughtfully walked back to wake up his peacefully sleeping colleague. Otherwise Wadsworth would have continued snoozing in an otherwise empty room. President Johnson is a close pal of Dr. Frank Stanton, head of CBS, while NBC's Gen. Pavid Sarnoff has been a frequent White House guest. It will be interesting to see whether the President goes against his old friends on Madison Avenue by appointing a really' forthright FCC commissioner. TV Crime Profitable If the FCC should acquire courage, it could go far to discourage crime and violence on the home screen by a very simple expedient — limiting profits. Crime and violence are featured only because they win high audience ratings and attract big-paying sponsors. We have a letter from former Sen. Clarence Dill of Washington, author of the federal communications act of 1934 which created the FCC. Dill is specific on this point. "The commission has the power to limit the profits of radio and television stations," writes the senator who wrote the law giving the FCC its power; "The FCC has limited the profits of the telephone company to 7 per cent. And the Supreme Court quite recently decided that the FCC has control of the telephone cable business by which programs are distributed. It is in the public interest to stop this profiteering of the airwaves under the authority of FCC licenses." TV Profits Fantastic Dill might have pointed out, too, that the electric utility companies which are given permits to build dams on American streams are limited by public utility commissions to 6 or 7 per cent profit. The airwaves are easier to harness, and the profits fantastic. They are so fantastic that the networks have trouble finding outlets for their cash. CBS, for instance, has become the owner of the New York Yankees, "My Fair Lady," a guitar company and an automated education company. Radio Corporation of America, according to its chairman, Gen. Sarnoff, totaled record sales in 1967 of $3 billion, of which NBC was responsible for part. "I am happy to report," said Sarnoff, "that 1967 was NBC's most successful year in sales and profits." The Storer Broadcasting Company, a profitable chain, has acquired Northeast Airlines; while RKO-General, another wealthy combine, owns Frontier Airlines. RKO-General is so affluent and so far-flung that the Justice Department finally brought an antitrust suit against it. The suit shows that RKO subsidiaries operate 125 theaters, plus community antenna TV in 29 communities, an extensive microwave business, and a background of music operation serving the Southwest. FCC Sleeps RKO also operates an outdoor advertising company in the Pittsburgh area, leases TV receivers and other equipment to around 20,000 hotels and hospitals in the northeast, and owns A. M. Byers, largest wrought iron company in the United States. This company, in turn, is engaged in the investment and bottling businesses. The parent RKO is itself owned by the General Tire and Rubber Company which also owns Aerojet, the company manufacturing the Polaris Missile. General Tire has net tire sales of around $235 million annually, plus sales of polyvinyl rosins, chloride rosins, vinyl plastics, and various military and industrial rubber products. Still unmentio'ned are the radio and TV stations which RKO owns directly — the maximum that the law permits. Yet the lethargic FCC has not lifted a finger to probe the many ramifications of this TV-theatrical-industrial empire and its effect on the nation's thinking. LBJ Must Act Other agencies of government, for instance the Justice Department, have been more alert. The Federal Trade Commission has also intervened in regard to harmful TV cigaret advertising. The FCC meanwhile has continued to be the tail-wagging friend of the networks. The day will come when a congressional committee will investigate the FCC and its favoritism toward certain broadcasters, the crime it has encouraged, and its pandering to profits at the expense of the public. It will ask why one commissioner goes to sleep publicly, the others privately. President Johnson will have to shake up the FCC with another courageous, live-wire commissioner to support Nick Johnson, or his record will be no better than the others. And the public, because of his family TV holdings, will deal with him harshly. ID 1868, By Bell-McClure Syndicate Why Laws Are Needed Editor Journal-Standard: Guns don't kill people; people kill people. Cars don't kill people, but careless drivers do. Sixty years ago few laws regulated the use of cars. First came car licenses. Years later, in the 1930s, came drivers licenses, and still later, drivers' tests. Now even driver education is often required. Liability insurance is partly compulsory. Driving privileges can be revoked for misuse of cars and severe penalties inflicted on those who drive after revocation. A check of the records of violent deaths will show that both cars and guns are among the most dangerous of dangerous instruments in America. Though cars are much more a necessity and are more strictly regulated, objectors to car rules seem less vocal than objectors to gun rules. It's hard to measure the effectiveness of car regulations. I suspect they eliminate some, but not all, poor drivers, and force caution on some careless drivers some of the time. I suspect also that a majority of drivers would be competent, responsible and courteous without such rules. We all know that laws alone do not make people competent, responsible and courteous. But people do not always follow the golden rule. So until that rule is universal, we may have to make do with imperfect manmade rules governing the use, by people, of dangerous instruments. ROBERT W. WEISSMILLEB Mount Carroll MARQUIS CHILDS Policymakers In Washington Grimly Optimistic On Vietnam WASHINGTON — Out of the welter of speculation and rumor over what appears to be an intensified war in Vietnam as against the prolonged and thus far fruitless negotiations in Paris two convictions emerge at the highest level of civilian authority. First is the belief based on a review of the whole range of intelligence documents that Hanoi has decided the war cannot be won. Second is the conviction growing out of a review of all available figures, screened as realistically as possible against the optimism of field commanders, that the adversary cannot sustain their present losses for an indefinite period. Related to this is the fact that since the end of May there has been some dropoff in the rate of infiltration. Why this is so and to what extent is not yet known. Hard Fighting Ahead It must be stressed that this is not the kind of facile optimism that has all too often come from high-ranking Americans in Saigon. For with this appraisal goes a realization that there will likely be hard fighting ahead for an indeterminate time. The infiltration from the north into the south was a record for May, with an estimated 29,000 moving down the jungle trails through Laos and Cambodia despite the sustained air attack on the Vietnamese panhandle from the 19th parallel southward. But of this number 26,000 were replacements, with only 3,000 constituting new troops. The body count as put out by American headquarters in Saigon has been such a dubious measurement that all figures in this area are regarded with skepticism. But among those most skeptical in the past the following is considered a close approximation of the facts. While American losses in May averaged 500 a week the enemy average was 5,000, with a total for the month of not less than 25,000. Why Casualties High The reason for the high American casualty rate is plain enough. Instead of as in the past striking at an American force and then melting away into the jungle of the delta or in the mountain hideouts in the First Corps area, the adversary stood and fought. The strategy was obviously aimed at the Paris talks, with a show of strength and unacceptably high American casualties bringing quick concessions from the United States negotiating team. The same objective is behind the mortar attacks on Saigon that have resulted in such a fearful civilian toll. If the world could be convinced that the South Vietnamese government was in a hopeless position and the capital vulnerable to constant attack the war would have to be concluded on terms dictated by the North. While South Vietnamese men, women and children have fallen under the mortar fire, much ot it directed at the Chinese area of Cholon oy a grim irony only one American casualty has resulted from these attacks. If North Vietnam was bent on a massive show of strength aimed at the Paris talks so American critics of the Vietnam war have been in yi £ g ' 0 W3 M, the United states command in Saigon Not a Uttle of this criticism has been based on a dispatch to the Chicago Daily News from South Vietnam, citing an American ?n !SS,f ireCl ' V » CalHng f ° r what was, in effect" an all-out assault on the enemy . U.S. May Stiffen' The interpretation of that directive at the highest civilian level here - it may be merlly L r nh " allZa ! ion ~ is 1 ulte differ ent from the emphasis pu on ,t in the news dispatch. THe Nnrfh v- ™ tlcl P ated »* determination of the North Vietnamese forces to stand and fight In effect, the directive said: Let's accent the allene period * the P Var 6 goes, were reacting a resolvl uhetth alihough ai me start that the oniy purpose of the tTend Th! W h aS l ° g * America " w to end all bombing and other acts of war Hanoi may believe that the November electfon with S« P f S ' dent r" brin « a rad *al change with, perhaps even American withdrawal The eep division in the Democratic Parkas shown in the primaries must encourage this belief. But as the Paris talks are prolonged and attitudes harden the end result could be quite the opposite. (D 1908, by United I'eucure Syndicate, lac.