The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on July 27, 1969 · Page 91
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July 27, 1969

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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 91

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Des Moines, Iowa
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Sunday, July 27, 1969
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ire in,;. Device 'Reads' Chops in Live Hegs NATIONAL HAMPSHIRE •^ leaders are enthusiastic about (lie use of new electron 1 c and photographic equipment which in a matter of seconds can record information about the mealiness of live hogs. The technique combines the use of the Sonoray meat-measuring machine and a fast-development camera. lakHtUaamlMt*, tech- nlclais record ti photo- graphs the loin-eye er rib area of Me Hi* keg, as wen as three backfat tteat- nrementi and • tarn-fat measveneRt If It's tested. The system Irtrfdenwked "An-Scan", and was demonstrated last, week at the thirty-first National Hampshire Meat Hog Conference in Des Moines, where breeders from 21 states lined up their certified litters and carcass hog contest entries. These hogs were photographed and meat 'readings taken through use of the,new machine, and then the animals were dispatched to the slaughtering plant where meat scientists took measurements of the carcasses. The results of this big test — the first broad effort to doublecheck the new device by examining hogs with varying farm and genetic backgrounds — were encouraging to the Hampshire breed leaders who set up the detailed experiment. Based upon the preliminary findings in comparing the pork carcass data with the electronic and photographic readings taken on the live hogs, the experiment was termed a success by the officials. However, more involved study and comparisons of the test will be made to- determine the effectiveness of the new live-hog meat measuring device. "We think this system has tremendous potential," commented Harold Boucher, ex- e c u t i v e secretary of the Hampshire Swine Registry, Peoria, 111. v DOUCHER explained that ** the device combines the use of the Sonoray machine — which electronically measures the amount of fat near the skin of an animal — with the use of the 60-second camera. In other words, the device can measure the distance from the epidermis of an animal to the first layer of muscle (in the case of the hog, the backfat region is REGISTER PHOTO A Hampshire barrow owned by Dale Westre (wearing hat) of Lehigh is put to the electronic test as breed executive secretary Harold Boucher (left) of Peoria, HI., mans tne controls. At right is Stan Urban of Prophetstown, HI., applying the device to the Westre hog. Yellow Leaf Blight Hits Corn in Northeast Iowa ASG Gommitteemen Propose Farm Program Changes By Charlie Nettles (RiflMW «t*W Writer) 117EST UNION, 14.. - A serious outbreak of yellow leaf blight occurred this spring in corn fields in northern Iowa counties, according to James E. Reynolds, extension plant pathologist at Iowa State University. Reynolds conducted a one- day clinic here recently on farms where the disease has been found to assist farmers in recognizing the corn disorder. Early symptoms of the fungus disease include a white •tippling of the lower leaves. These leaves later turn yellow, then brown and die. The end reiolt Is said to be similar u appearance to potas- •ium deficiency. This is the disease that caused concern in northeastern Iowa and also in Wisconsin, Minnesota, Pennsyl- vania and other states in 1968. "Warm weather will arrest the disease," Reynolds said, "but a recurrence is possible in the fall if cool, rainy weather should persist. "If a yellow blight outbreak occurs," he continued, "one result may be corn maturing earlier than it would otherwise, resulting in small, shriveled kernels. YIELD LOSSES in four * fields in Wisconsin with yellow blight last year showed reductions in grain yield from 30 to 50 per cent. The disease is caused by the fungus, Phyllosticta zeae, and according to Reynolds, has slowed down some since temperatures have risen above the 80-degree level. Yellow blight is believed to be spread by wind and splashing rain, and over- wintering of the fungus is apparently in plant residues. Plant pathologists think the carryover of innoculum is greater when minimum til- lage is used and a great deal of plant residue is left on the soil surface. Some farmers with fields affected by the disease have blamed herbicides for the damage. But state personnel are quick to point out that damages from the two sources are not related, There seems to be some difference in susceptibility to the disease among corn hybrids, but plant scientists have found no hybrids that are completely resistant. "We've seen no resistance to the disease in the corn hybrids we've observed," Reynolds said. "And outbreaks of the disease have generally been worse in fields that were in corn the preceeding year." Very little yellow blight has been reported in fields planted to soybeans in 1968. Extension personnel say that farmers should not be , overly alarmed about yellow leaf blight, but should make close observations in fields that are abnormal in color. •THE NATIONAL Association 1 of Farmer Elected ASC. Committeemen met in Wasti- ington, D.C., recently to present proposals which they feel should become part of the administration's farm program when the present program expires. A spokesman for the group said the proposals do not represent the entire range of concern of the board, but are only those upon which unanimous agreement was reached. Over 120 committeemen from 30 states attended the meeting. Those attending from .Iowa were Thayer Anderson , Shenandoab; Ambrose Cahalan, Dougherty; Dave Ellerman, Dallas Center; and Earl Sievers, Avoca. Following are the six proposals presented: (1) We oppose, any long- range land easement program that would give the participating farmers an economic advantage over nonparticipating farmers. We fee) that the burden of reducing the whole agricultural plant should be shared as equitably as possible by all farmers. (2) We feel that the decision which has resulted in discouraging the expansion of farm storage and handling facilities will result in many Leffler Accepts New Position •i«ISTM PHOTO »Y MAURICE HORNER Yellow blight starts with white stippling; leaves later turn brown aad die. BELMOND, IA. - Appointment of Allan T- Leffler, a native lowan who is well known in m i d w estem a g r {'cultural circles, to the new position o f product service manager with the ACCO Seed Division of Anderson, C 1 a y t o n & Co., has been announced by the firm's marketing director, Don Bunnell. Leffler has been doing graduate work at Iowa State University. At the same time, he held the position of coordinator of the agri-business operations program at the Des Moines Community College at Ankeny, la. He was for 15 years employed by Pioneer Hi-Bred Cora Co. of Des Moines, and once worked in the U.S. Soil Conservation Service. measured), and on Into the loin or rib area. "This machlM I* more accurate than the backfat probe techniqve used by some breeders on live animj mentedtone Har cial. The backfat probe, used for several years In hogs, Involves the insertion nf n small, metal, calibrated device Into the backfat of the animal. The device Is pushed Into the live pig until It hits the muscle. The distance from skin to muscle Indicates the farmers not being able to take advantage of the CCC loans. We urge the Secretary of Agriculture to work towards restoring this program to its original proportions. (3) Current high Interest rates are having disastrous effects upon farmers and obviously bear the heaviest on those farmers who can least sustain it. We urge the Secretary to explore areas of relief in this matter. (4) We respectfully urge the Secretary to reveal at the earliest possible date the general philosophy of his administration towards farm problems and his proposals for solving those problems so that our association might have time to make a meaningful evaluation of them. (5) We ask the Secretary to keep the public reminded of the fact that the benefits of a continuing conservation program do not accrue solely to t h e farmer, but rather, through his joint effort with the government, benefit all people. (6) Finally, we wish to express our highest esteem of the Secretary and our deepest desire for-his administration to be successful in moving agriculture towards its fair share of our national prosperity. Will Feed Moon Dust to Insects WASHINGTON, D.C. (AP) — A three-man team of Agriculture Department scientists plans to feed part of the moon to insects, including houseflies and cockroaches, in tests of lunar material retrieved by Apollo 11 astronauts. Flies and cockroaches were selected because they are commonly found throughout the world, Dr. A. B. Park, a liaison official for the space program, told newsmen. Lunar material also will be dusted 'on plants to see if it causes any ill effects, Park said. Plants to be checked include a weed, spinach, cabbage, lettuce, corn, flax, cucumbers, soybeans, wheat and rice. Park said some of these plants will be treated with the material at maturity, while others will be tested as seedlings or during germination. HOGS- Please (urn In Page 2 CearrttM, m», D«i MOMM Rttttttr ind Trlbun* e»m»»nr Section* - July 27,1969 E COLO ONE OOLOfi Co-op Bought $750,000 Storage for $160,000 By Ario Jacobson (Rtglittr Staff Wrlttr) rjlLMORE CITY, lA.-Grain elevators looming above the trees pinpoint the spots where agricultural interests are focused — in Iowa and thro ughout the g r e'a t plains. Chances are that any elevator within sight in a the M»H 300 wide area Humboldt- straddling Pocahontas county line belongs to the Farmers Co-operative Co., a 1,400-membcr group that takes in four communities in this area. The co-op has facilities here, and at nearby Bradgate, Rolfe and Pioneer. One of the most imposing facilities is the old cement plant, just north of Gilmore City, the geographic center of the co-op's territory. Two buildings at the 27- acre site, purchased by the co-op last year at a cost of $160,000. hiivc a grain storage capacity of 800.000 bushels. The largest structure, with a capacity of fiOO.OOO bushels, is niiide up of (ho old cement towers consisting of 24 connect ing silo.s 150 feet high and 20 feel in diameter. The other, holding 200.000 bushels, is a rectangular flat building, 45 feet wide and 160 feet long, resembling an old fortress Built for cement storage, il reportedly never was used for that purpose. The cement plant, located in the midst of extensive limestone deposits that are still being mined, was erected in 1917. It maintained a work force of about 200 until it closed in 1930. 'THE BUILDINGS sat empty and were used mostly by climbing youngsters m the area until 1946 when the site was purchased by an Omaha firm that leased the plant to Cargill for 15 years. Scrogg's Grain Co. of Ma- warden leased the facilities from 1961 through 1964, and the buildings sat empty from then until Farmer's Co-Op purchased them a year ago. Although many of the, cement-handling facilities were still operable, along with improvements installed by later owners, the co-op obtained a $260,000 loan from the Omaha Hank for Co-Operatives to finance the purchase and improvement of the facilities. Charles W. Anderson, the co-op manager, estimated it would cost $750,000 to build as much concrete grain storage today. To build it with walls up to three feet thick, as it is constructed, would cost up to $2 million, he estimates. Renovation of the site has included a 2000-bushcl-per- liour grain dryer. The storage facility is served by a spur track of the Milwaukee and St. Ixniis railroad. A modern house on the property has been remodeled to serve as general offices of the co-operative, which were formerly located at Bradgate. The purchase gives the coop a total grain storage capacity of three million bushels. , REGISTER PHOTO Chuck Anderson stands in front of the old cement storage "fortress" which now is used for grain storage. Farm Crime Is on the Rise; What Can You Do About It? By Richard K. Martinson IN MISSOURI, a small truck * crept through a pasture to a cattle pen. Rustlers tore down two fence gates and used them to load five Hereford calves valued at $750. In Minnesota, twenty cattle were driven from a farmer's pasture to an abandoned barn nearby. A team of sheriffs, deputies and highway patrolmen acting on a telephone tip recovered the cattle and arrested two rustling suspects. Mississippi authorities were called to a Farm lo investigate a tractor theft. They discovered that in addition, all of the farm household furnishings — including the rugs from the floors -had been stolen while the owner was out of state. Ex-convicts using a van- truck had stolen the goods which were later recovered in North Carolina. Today's upsurge in urban crime across the United States has triggered a corresponding increase in rural crime. Theft arid vandalism cost the American farmer and livestock raiser millions of dollars a year. The exact cost cannot be determined on a national level since few states keep separate records of livestock thefts and other types of rural crimes. . One state which does keep comprehensive statistics is Mississippi. The following information is from the last biennual report of the Miss i s s i p p i Livestock Bureau which covers the period from July 1, 196:), through June 30, 1965. No. No. Re- Thefts Stolen covered Cattle ...1300 792 Horses & Mules . , 36 32 Hogs ...... \93 33 Sheep & Goats . \2S 15 » Farm Implements « 25 Saddles & Bridles.. 1\ 13 Although many that cattle rustling died out with the open range, it's still a serious problem to cattle raisers. Organized rustling rings have been discovered operating in Oregon, Oklahoma and Texas. A TOP TARGET of the *• rustler is young calves. A North Dakota Stockmen Association official reports that most of the cattle stolen in that state are newborn calves, still unbranded. The most common type of cattle theft today involves the "meat hunter" who drives remote rural roads after dark until he locates a beef animal. He shoots the animal 'with a .22 caliber rifle, then either hauls it to his car or butchers it on the spot, "This so-called 'roadside slaughter' ", warns Carson Hubbard, Chief of California's Lifestock Identification Bureau, "is one of the greatest problems facing the cattle industry today". What can be don* to discourage livestock theft? Cattle bran ling is still the biggest single deterrent to cattle rustling. In Western states, brands are registered with a state brand board. Brands are checked by inspectors whenever cattle are sold or moved out of state. Another group of states — including Minnesota and Iowa — now provide for state registration of brands, but do not CRIME- Please turn to Pagt 2

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