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Racine, Wisconsin Sunday, July 18, 1965 Good Move to 'Unify' County One of the purposes of forming a county-wide study committee would be to attempt to avoid inter-municipality conflicts of "the Georgetown-Mt. Pleasant- Elmwood Park-Racine type," according to County Board member Richard LaFave, chairman of the board's Planning Committee. This purpose alone would make creation of the committee worthwhile. The conflict mentioned has cost a lot of money, wasted time, and needlessly hurt relations between the City of Racine and adjoining municipalities. But a permanent committee of this t^^pe could be useful in other ways. It could keep all the cities, towns and villages aware of what each was doing, plamiing or thinking. It could thus promote better understanding, not only among officials of the various governments, but the people who elect them. It could help to forestall, or solve, mutual problems that might overlap in units of the count}-. It would tend to bring to light, and perhaps correct, any local government officials who might be pursuing a narrow line of thinking or policy detrimental to its neighbors and the country as a whole. * =i! * First meeting arranged b}' the County Board Planning Committee will be in the Dover Town Hall, next Tuesday, between representatives of the seven towns west of 1-94, and mmeber^ of the Greater Racine Area Committee. (This is the group which succeeded last fall in getting the City of Racine, Village of Elmwood Park and Town of Mt. Pleasant to the conference table last fall, though no permanent solution resulted from the meetings.) Selection of this first meeting site and conferees is appropriate because somehow the dounty has become divided, in many minds, into two distinct parts—the area west of Highway 1-94 and the area east of it. Also that one of the parts is definitely, wholly and permanently rural, while the other is urban. All this, of course, is fallacious. All parts of the county, whether they be east, west, north or south of 1-94 or any other highway, support a common government, which draws taxes from all of us and spends money for services to all of us, Housing developments are spreading so rapidly that what is a corn field today may be a subdivision tomorrow. Industry is spreading, too, and cars have so shrunk distances that hundreds of workers from one ai'ea in the county are employed in another. No longer can a sharp line be drawn, with "rural" on one side and "urban" on the other. =i: * * We hope that when representatives of all sections of the county have had the opportunity to meet and discuss the proposed study committee, that they will strongly support it. Then we hope that the County Board will give it prompt approval and provide whatever funds are necessary to carjy on the work. THE TROUBLE WITH A CITIZEN ARMY Rhythm on the Road If a needle moving over bumps in a plastic disk can make music, why can't automobile tires whirling over a highway do the same? That is apparently the analogy that has inspired Robert Latus, a resourceful post office clerk in Hartford, Mich., to write to the Michigan Highway Department suggesting that engineers build roads that would play simple melodies. One way to do it, he thinks, would be to use steel mesh close to the surface, but designed so that it produced harmony instead of annoying hum. As for music, he suggests the National Anthem at state •boundaries and school songs near colleges. The idea opens up a whole realm of possibilities, both frightening and hopeful. It is frightening to think what it would be like if the composers of musical commercials were ever let loose to permeate the pavement. Our worries over the billboard blight would pale into insignificance in comparison. * * On the other hand, consider the boon it could mean to safety. Handel's "Largo," might be much more effective in slowing traffic at curves than an}' number of warning signs. "The Dead March from Saul" could be used to alert drivers to a dangerous intersection. On the straightaway, something like the "Light Cavalry Overture" would help maintain the pace of traffic. Speeders .could still speed, but they would have to put up with a lot of gibble-gabble from the highway—not to mention the wail of a police siren as a finale. William S. White Big Red Landing Means 'First Team' Is Fighting White Plan with Serious Objections *** *** H<!|<* New U.S. MUitary Idea in Viet Nam Frye Toivard Freedom^ Truth in ISews The Communist Party in Russia has attacked traditional censorship of the Soviet press and failure of news media to inform the public, more promptly and fully, about what's going on at home and abroad. This is welcome from our standpoint for two reasons: First, it's an admission that Free World radio broadcasts are effectively reaching behind the Iron Curtain and have broken the monopoly by which the Kremlin once controlled all that people of the Soviet Union read and heard. Second, when those people are in- foi-med, their leaders must take that knowledge into account, and in such a society there's a tendency against rashness or perfidy by the leadership in its relation with other nations, such as we have sometimes seen in Russia. Undoubtedly, media in the Soviet Union will continue to slant news in favor of the government, whenever possible. But they cannot consistently lie, or ignore events which occur there or in the rest of the world—not when people can get the information from the outside. It's part of a trend away from absolute dictatorship in the Communist mold, and toward dissemination of news in the way of democracies. This is good for the Soviet people—and for U.S. Robert M. Hutchins Need Practical Proposals for Changing Universities probably could not define. The American university has been adequately described moted only for research, why teach? If the curriculum is a mess, and there is nobody to teach you anyway, why learn? And how can 30,000 souls, all highly specialized and all going off in different directions, I practice togetherness? We need some practical When the citizens of Cali-jproposals for changing the by all kinds'of people. It isUornia can flock to their type-; American university in such lnpr.nv nnriPrstood that '''"^^'^ ''^"^ out lettci 's to a way that it will make sense, row generally understo^^^^^^ ^^-^^^ threatening a tax if H J ,,kes sense, it may com- il r farinrvi^^'"'''^ because the university mand the allegiance of pro- fnr thp nroH,,; experiencing some mternarfessors, students and the pub- Hnn nf HparPP; difficulties, wc scc how fariji^, ,f ^ .ontinues in its coh- L HpnLitfr^nfi^'^^ confusion has gone. The fusion, resounding e x p r e s- funds for sci- entitle re- Hutchins search and a home - away from-home for a d 0 1 e scents. Since these activities, however meritorious in themselves, are unrelated, the confusion within and without the university has reached such proportions as to endanger its prosperity, perhaps even its existence. Tax Strike Threat When a regent of the University of California can say in open meeting that members of the faculty of that great seat of learning should be required to state their belief in the capitalistic system, we see that he has the adolescents on his mind. He has, of course, forgotten that the teachers who are relied on to grind out the degrees and the investigators who are supposed to produce the research would deeply resent being asked to express their adherence to a system the regent himself By William R. Frye UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.— In the search for an answer to the frustration of Viet Nam —a way to end the war without risking uncontrolled escalation — attention is turning to a military project so far discussed largely in private. The idea is that American ground troops should physically interdict the so-called "Ho Chi Minh trail" —that is, that they should seize and hold a strip of territory across the narrow neck of 'Viet Nam and Laos through which Communist supplies and manpower now flow. All the guerrillas' overland supply lines run north and south through this narrow neck. An American-held zone running east and west across them, just below the 17th Parallel, would tend to throttle the Viet Cong, or at least reduce the scale and effectiveness of its operations, even if the zone were not totally impenetrable. The military purpose of the bombing of North Viet Nam was to reduce or cut off the flow of supplies. It has not fully succeeded. The argument now is that the job must be done on the ground—and, as at present, at sea. Difficult Terrain This would not be a small undertaking. The terrain is extremely difficult. At least 100,000 men would be needed, perhaps more. Most of the manpower would probably have to be American and Korean, since the South Vietnamese Army has been severely weakened by casualties and desertions, and Saigon will not accept Nationalist Chinese troops. President Johnson appeared to be testing the domestic reaction to a major troop increase this past week when he hinted at possible reserve call-ups and bigger draft calls. Some officials have feared a popular back-lash if the American involvement is materially increased. But there is an even more serious non-military objection. of Laos fall to the Communists would be disastrous psychologically. So the United States would have to be ready to step in from Thailand and hold whatever part of Laos was to be kept out of Communist hands. Interdicting the Ho Chi Minh trail is, therefore, not merely a question of quarantining the narrow neck of Indo-China. It would lead to, and inevitably involve, enforcing a partition of Laos as well. The theatre of active hostilities in Southeast Asia would be expanded accordingly. To spell out the difficulties is not to say that the task cannot, or will not, be undertaken. Major Decision It has been, and is being, debated seriously in Washington and Saigon. It will be one of the first major policy decisions in which the new United States ambassador, Henry Cabot Lodge, will be involved. There has been speculation that the dispatch of marines to Danang, near the 17th Parallel, prepared the way for such an action. This speculation was strengthened when the marines began fanning out in widening circliss for "perimeter defense." Moscow, curiously enough, has appeared to hint at endorsement of the idea. Soviet diplomats in London called in correspondents last month and wondered aloud whether such a zone of quarantine might not be a logical thing for the United States to impose. There has never been an adequate explanation of this curious Soviet demarche. Perhaps the Kremlin was sending up a diplomatic balloon, hoping for informative reactions. Perhaps Moscow genuinely thought this would be the least dangerous channel of escalation for the war to take. Moscow shares with Washington at least two Viet Nam objectives: to limit the extension of Red Chinese power, and to avoid a major Soviet- American military confrontation. It is entirely possible that roving ambassador W. Averell Harriman was in Moscow this past week in an effort to find out, among other things, just what the Kremlin did have in mind. At any rate, whether Moscow approves or not, no one here will be surprised if a lot more is heard of the plan. Reading a Columnist's Mail With Tex Reynolds Need to Suffer 'Growing Pains' Dear Tex: I have heard so much nonsense about kids growing up too fast today ^Ll'cietlre ^Vppos^^o 'rllS ^'vices '"''""'^^ ^" f"^r"^ hold a strip of smoothly. Efficient operation °7nwn,vr fpu , ,1^'°^"" ""M becomes the standard hyJy'l'',Zj''^^^^ which the university's claimsilX IV.ttZl Tf ^"'"k-ln'^ally aggres.sion, and despite can be measured. 'miL "^'^^ make it possible for the What we have had on the other side is oratory. We are told that the American university is the principal ornament of our country, that its independence must be guaranteed! and that its income should be increased. If it suggested that professors are not in residence, that teachers are not! teaching, that students are not learning and that the intellectual community has disintegrated, the answer is to exhort professors to stay home, I American university to become what it ought to be. Do You Know the provocation would be sure to touch off major international repercussions. Prince Souvanna Phouma, I the Laotian prime minister, would not be likely to acquiesce, at least in public. De- Q—When does "summer"lspi>e much de facto co-opera occur in the Antarctic? tion with the West, he has A —Between October andiclung to a posture of formal teachers to teach, students toi March. Mfi Q—What is the origin the word "good-bye?" A—It is a contraction "God be with ye." * * * Q—What American college of learn and everybody to prac-j. lor university was founded by tice togetherness. Practical Proposals But the fact is. unless the American university is drastically altered, none of these things can happen. If you are rewarded for traveling, why stay home? If you are pro- „ pope? A—The Catholic University of America at Washington, D.C., founded in 1889 by Pope Leo XIII. Q—Who is called the "Uncrowned King of England?" A—Oliver Cromwell, strong man of England in the 1600s. jneutrality. For him to authorize an American, occupation of I of a part of his territory would be for him to become j legally a belligerent. Moreover, with or without Souvanna Phouma's authorization, an American "invasion" of Laos would be sure to be taken by the Communists, who themselves have long held a part of the country, as a pretext for a sweep south to the Mekong and to Vientiane, the capital. Nothing but American power stands in the way of such a sweep. To let the rest that I'm ill! The trouble as far as I can see, lies in the fact that these kids don't grow up. They take all the privileges of adulthood without the maturity and good sense to use them properly. The 'teens of today need to suffer a little — maybe a lot. They believe being adult consists of drinking, smoking, staying out late, and taking orders from no one. Life isn't easy, but for their whole lives they've been pampered and given in to. They're in for quite a shock. As they get jobs, and are forced to accept responsibility, they'll break under the strain. These kids need discipline, guidance, and understanding — in that order! They must be made to find themselves and institute beliefs strong enough to carry them through life. In other words, they must have their turns at "growing pains" before they expect to become capable adults and enjoy the privileges of adulthood. —WOMAN OBSERVER. * * * Advice on How to 'Cook Husbands' A good many husbands are entirely spoiled by mLsman- agement in cooking, and so are not tender and good. Some women keep them too constantly in hot water; others freeze them, others roast them, others put them in a stew, and others keep them constantly in a pickle. See that the linen in which he is wrapped is white and nicely mended, with the required number of strings and buttons. Don't keep him in the kettle by force; he will stay there himself if proper care is taken. If he suptters or fizzes do not be anxious. Some husbands do this; add a little sugar in the form of what confectioners call kisses, but no vinegar or pepper on any account. A little spice improves him, but it must be used with judgment. Do not try him with anything sharp to see if he is becoming tender. Stir him gently the while, lest he stay too long in the kettle and become flat and tasteless. If thus treated you will find him very digestible, agreeing nicely with you, and he will keep as long as you want. —FROM DANISH BROTHERHOOD PAPER, Via Mrs. Kenneth L. Peterson, 700 Wolff St. t. * * The Hand of God I see the mountains God has carved Of stone with his own hand. I look with wonder at the glories That grace our lovely land. The myriad trees are garbed In brilliant greens, stately and trim. The ferns and flowers kiss the earth And breathe in life from Him. I look above, I look below, And where ere my eye can see Are the wonders God has placed here In His vast eternity. I ponder and I wonder, But no longer shall I doubt That the hand of God, the sculptor Is everywhere about. —MRS. CATHERINE LLOYD NEILSON, Union Grove WASHINGTON — To thousands of middle -aged men who remember the Big Red from long ago—in the Wadis of North Africa, in the harsh brush of Normandy — the landing of the First Division in South Viet Nam means it is real war there at last. For the Big Red One was also the peerless one on the Western Front in the Second World War — and those who knew her know they don't put in the first team unless the game has become a big one. The First was the elite cutting edge, along with the Third Armored Division, of the finest corps of the finest army ever sent into the field by the United States. The corps was the Seventh Corps of J. Layton (Lightning Joe) Collins. The army above was the First Army of Courtney Hodges, the forgotten general to those here at home because of the flamboyance of Gen. George S. Patton and his Third Army. Hodges all the same was the general who did more to destroy Hitler's troops than any other officer who ever commanded an army. The Big Red One was first into North Africa and first onto the bloody sands of Omaha Beach in France on D- Day, and first nearly everywhere in those. old but not forgotten days. The division was commanded then by Clarence Huebner, a general who had come up from the ranks. Knew the Reason Huebner did not trouble himself with amateurism; so the division ran no precious seminars on why we are really here and why we must hate the Germans and all that rubbish. The division knew why it was there; it was there to fight, and it did. Her casualties were storied; long before she had fought her way across France and Belgium and into Germany she had lost three times more men than her total original strength. When she was ordered to attack Aachen, the first major German city to fall to Allied arms, she had left precisely 28 per cent of her force to hurl against that bastion of stone and steel and deep concrete bunkers. She had been promised "clouds of air cover." These she never got. But the Big Red was long accustomed to the reality that when they sent her in, they simply had to have the objective and they depended on her to take it, come what might. So, she took Aachen, and much beyond. ^And after each day's action an uncomfortable number of her comrades — an uncomfortable number even for the Big Red One — were left behind, never to answer another muster, never again to eat the splendid chow for which the Big Red One was famous all over the front. (The Big Red One also knew how to drink well. But that is a tale of out of school.) Because the old man was a great fighting pro, nothing was so close to his heart as the absolute necessity that his men should feed well. The Big Red ate hot meals not just back at danger forward, the divisional command post, but right up to the last exposed point of the firing line. Incident Recalled Once, in a town in Germany, a captain was eating from a war mess kit brought up by a runner while Nazi sniper bullets were chipping the masonry of the corner barn behind which he was peering for an opening to go forward into the street. His command at the moment was precisely three other men — riflemen inching forward with their Mis blazing while a squad of Germans was inching backward with their guns blazing, too. Upon this scene the Old Man suddenly appeared. "Captain," he demanded, "have your men eaten yet?" "I don't know, sir, but they have their food with them up this street here. See, sir?" "Yeah," said Huebner, "I see it; but damn it, they haven't eaten yet. Put that mess kit down and put your foot into it, captain." "Yes, sir," said the captain. And he did. This was the Big Red One, a division of death if ever there was one, but a division also of a martial honor, of a mutual compassion and loyalty among its incomparably fierce but also incomparably gentle men that still catches at the throat in memory, and always will. Looking Backward 40 YEARS AGO July 18, 1925 — Maximum Minimum '^ Fred Nelson, Racine's champion elevator operator, estimated he had traveled about 23,400 miles during his nine years at the controls at Zahns. A Racine man was fined $200 on a charge of mayhem after hitting hotel proprietor Isadore Silver in the face, biting police detective Yanny and catching a blow on the jaw from officer Lester McEachern, which gave the latter a fractured right hand. No reading available. 30 YEARS AGO July 18, 1935 — Maximum 97; Minimum 65. Plans were started for a statewide campaign aimed at electing Vilas Whaley of Racine as national commander of the American Legion. Delegates to the Wisconsin State Federation of Labor convention debated whether to woo the Wisconsin Industrial Union of Racine. Earl Gere and Irvin Oneson were named co-chairmen of a massed chorus for the music festival at Washington Park on Aug. 7. 20 YEARS AGO July 18, 1945 — Maximum 79; Minimum 56. Lt. Vitas Thomas, new owner of the yacht Gloriant, said the ship would enter the Chicago-to-Mackinac race in hopes of gaining a third first place. About 30 residents of the 13th ward protested to the City Council a plan to locate many demountable federal public houses on the' vacant school site on 21st St. So They Say We cannot wait until all nations learn to behave—for bad behavior armed with nuclear weapons is the danger we must try to prevent. —Sen Robert Kennedy, D- N.Y. * * * In my opinion, it is premature to compare space, as some journalists do, to a picnic ground. —Lt. Col. Alexei Leonov, first man to "walk" in space. eMakikiK lac "Dadd^ I've got this terrible urge t|> drive just lilce j^ou!"