The Decatur Daily Review from Decatur, Illinois on August 18, 1950 · Page 42
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The Decatur Daily Review from Decatur, Illinois · Page 42

Decatur, Illinois
Issue Date:
Friday, August 18, 1950
Page 42
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PAGE SIX THE DECATUR REVIEW Fridar, Aujrust 18, 195a THE DECATUR REVIEW 'The Community Paper" Off-Street Parking Delays While city and Association of Commerce oificials name committee after committee to investigate ways of obtaining badly needed additional parking facilities for Decatur, local firms are solving their own problems. The Mueller Co. is the latest to do so. It will move four houses in the 500 block West Cerro Gordo street to provide a parking area. The Mueller Co., of course, is not in the downtown business district, but its aggressive action toward easing its parking problem is typical of Decatur merchants who are tired of waiting for the city or A. of C. to act A parking committee has been named by the A. of C, but has done little since its organization. The city planning committee outlined a plan for obtaining off-street parking for the downtown area through merchant co-operation. It took this group two years to draw this plan. Now, the A. of C. committee says that such off-street facilities should be owned by the city. This, it is said, is to assure continued use of parking lots. So, there is a conflict in the proposals. What does the city say? It is waiting for the outcome of a case now being reviewed by the Supreme court, which will decide whether cities can issue bonds to buy land for parking lots. In the meantime, farsighted merchants and industries which can wait no longer are taking forceful action. And, until the city or A. of C. takes aggressive action, Decatur's lucrative retail business will continue to be driven to city-edge areas where parking facilities are available. Answer Is Compulsory Training It has taken another conflict to convince them of the need, but defense officials are swinging over to the idea of universal military training. Defense Secretary Louis Johnson has proposed a bill which would provide for compulsory training of young men between the ages of 17 and 20. It would establish an independent commission to direct the program. The trainee, under the proposed measure, would receive a monthly allowance of $30. If he is the chief support of his family, he would be allowed $50 a month for one dependent' and $65 for two or more dependents. To be fair with the defense officials, it must be said that some of them have advocated U. M. T. after each war. They broached the subject in 1920, following World War I, ' but were beaten down by the concerted efforts of such conservatives as Sen. Hiram Johnson and Sen. Kenneth McKellar. McKcllar, for one, contended the plan was wasteful and unnecessary when millions of men trained in war were available for defense, and was unwise when the country was laboring under a mountain of debt. It cropped up again following World War II, but opposition led by Sen. Robert Taft, who denounced all plans for such training as wasteful, obsolete and un-American, defeated the move again. Added to this opposition to universal military training are the sentimental reasons held by parents who simply can't understand why their boys must be subjected to a year or so of camp training. It takes away their fcedom to obtain schooling and job experience, they reason. However that may be, this latest conflict is evidence that a standing army is going to be necessary for a long time to come, and the easy and fair way to obtain it is through compulsory training. If a young man knows he must endure a year or so of training, he can fit it into his schooling and career knowing all the time that he is being treated as an equal with other men of his age.' This time, surely, we should be convinced that universal military training is the only way to preparedness. It is the simplest and most painless way of keeping this country strong in an uncertain world which may again erupt without warning as it did in Korea last June 25. Just Folks Packaged Plows From CARE For nearly five years CARE, a United States agency for foreign relief, has been sending abroad food paid for by American donors. Last year, CARE also undertook to supply books and other educational matter to foreign readers. Now, the Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe has a new type of aid. It is one-man wheel plows which are to go to small farmers of Pakistan and India. The single-wheel plow is designed so it can be hitched to a bullock. Neatly packaged and easily assembled, one plow can be sent for the same $10 price which buys a 224-pound food ration package. Food, of course, can be appreciated by the needy; books probably not so much. But a new plow is something which both the receiver and the giver can understand and appreciate. It will have a long life and Americans who designate that their CARE packages be plows will have the satisfaction they are contributing to the economic life of those small areas.- There is meat in the food packages, but a richer, more satisfying meat in giving something as substantial as a plow. Plans for Korea Like the first instruction in the ancient recipe for hasenpfeffer "First catch the rabbit" talk of what to do with Korea after the shooting sounds premature, but it is not too soon to think about it. When the United Nations forces repel the Red invaders and, in spite of repeated reverses, they will inevitably it will be up to the United Nations to decide the best method of re-uniting that bloody peninsula under one government. Originally, the North Koreans were ordered by the U. N. to cease fire and get back on their side of the 38th parallel. But Warren R. Austin. United States delegate to the Security Council, gives a hint of what may be the future of Korea when he says the United States favors a plan that would give' the Korean people "restoration of freedom and opportunity to govern themselves and enjoy security throughout the whole peninsula. When the authority of the United Nations is established the tenor of recent events decrees it must be re-established some plan for creating a new Korea must be evolved. If possible, the plan should be amenable to By EDGAR A. GUEST EMPTY HOUSE Wooden horse is in the hall. Lonely as can be. Now the times I go to call None to climb my knee. Little feet no longer race Round about at play. Very quiet seems the place. Terry's gone away! ' Toys that used to lie about Now are in a box. I can walk the floor without Stepping on his blocks. .. Little bus and truck and car - In the corner stay. Lonesome, just as I, they are. Terry's gone away! Only grown-up talk to hear. Strange it seems to be. Just his father sitting near Gossiping with me. "Restful to be left alone," Did I hear you say? , Dreary 'til a month has flown! Terry's gone away! . . (Copyright, 1950) Russia, but that is not a requisite. If it can be made tolerable to Russia, well and good, but if it proves intolerable to Russia, well, that is alright, too. A considerable part of any victory is occupation and control of the nation after the shooting is finished. It should be a planned victory, instead of a hit and miss occupation which has caused trouble in Germany and, somewhat, in Japan. While the soldiers of the United Nations strive for the victory which eventually will be theirs, the diplomats should agree upon a plan to re-establish the republic of Korea which existed only one year before it was shattered It is not too soon for planning. Our military forces were caught unawares on June 25;' our peacetime strategists should not be caught lacking on the unknown date when the fighting ceases. - Decatur Day by Day Ten Years Ago 1944 Al Bell, farm director for radio station WSOY has resigned to join the staff of KMBC Kansas City, Mo. Maj. Carl J. Meacham of Decatur, commander of the 2nd battalion of the 130 infantry regiment, was one of 24 Illinois National Guard officers promoted to the rank of lieutenant cojonel. Miss Genevieve Waples, science instructor at the Decatur and Macon County hospital and one of two women taking part in an efficiency air flight advertising the state fair, won a special woman's award for flying. An unmasked bandit, armed with a long-barreled pistol, obtained about $450 in a daring daylight holdup at the Decatur News agency office In the 'rear of 130 East Wood street. Twenty Years Age 193 Decatur had the eighth lowest infant mortality record for all cities of the state in 1929, according to figures issued. Decatur lost 53 out of 1,000 infants. Lowest record was Oak Park's, which was 29 out of 1,000. . Wabash shop employes have called off their annual picnic and will use the money they saved for it about $1.000 to .relieve families who have suffered from the cutting of forces. ' Miss Margaret McLeod of Chisholm, Minn., began work as children's librarian at the public library. She succeeds Miss Helen Parker who went to Des Moines. Thirty Years Ago 1920 There are 120 tents up at Woodbine Chautauqua and the 57 cottages on the grounds are filled for the Chautauqua opening tomorrow. Sells Floto circus will be in Decatur Aug. .30. The First Methodist church is asking for the return of Rev. F. A. Havighurst as pastor. Sugar dropped to 22 cents a pound and retailers expect it to be down to 14 cents by October. Fifty Years Ago 1900 Four Decatur churches, St John's Episcopal, English Lutheran, Church Street Christian and Congregational, were all without pastors. Shirt -waists for men were just becoming a fad and the first Decatur man made his appearance on the street with one. Many pedestrians laughed. The wearer was a young man about 18. The waist was of the type worn by children with broad white sailor collar, turned down over the shoulder, and broad white cuffs. Doctors Who Should Serve By JAMES MARLOW Of The' Associated Press - Washington, Aug. IS There are enough doctors in the armed forces' reserves to fill any need for them under the present rate of expanding the army, navy and airforce. There are not enough in the re serves if we get into war wiin Russia, for then the need for doctors would be enormous. They'd have to be drafted or otherwise forced into military service. . Some reservist doctors are being called now. Last Friday the army alone ordered 734 reservists into uniform. .The army first tried to get some of the reservists to volun teer. - . It sent a letter to 3,000 reservist doctors but only to young men holding ranks no higher than lieutenant and captain asking them to volunteer. The army received only 200 answers to its 3,000 letters. And only 30 of those answering volun teered for active duty. From Other Editors SENATORS VS. ISSUES From Washington Post Six Senators, participating in a wire-service roundup, agree that the Korean situation has changed the character, and possibly the outlook, of the coming congressional elections. The six, chosen impartially from both parties, say that domestic issues are out the window, and that the only issues of consequence to the public are those arising from Korea. Accordingly the six report with varying degrees of seeming candor, that they have formed rapid plans to shift their electioneering approach. Whether this means a change in tactics as well as subject matter, however, is another matter. Typical of the Republican approach is Senator Capehart'sL Cape hart says a principal issue will be that "it is unfortunate that we have been led by such people as Secretary Acheson." Typical of the Democratic approach is that of Senator Myers, who says a principal issue will be that "those who opposed military programs are loudest now in criticism of lack of preparedness." If these are any guide, or unless events catch up with them, it will probably be wning-ding, or you're another. as usual. This failure to get volunteers points up a problem which the army and the American Medical association consider a moral obli gation on some doctors to go into uniform. The ones they have in mind are those who, during the war, re ceived all or some of their medical training at government expense but had no active service and never joined the reserves. In 1943 when no one knew how long the war might last or how many doctors eventually might be needed Congress created a program to help medical students get their education. Under this, medical students got their tuition and school expenses paid by the government. In addi tion, they were given a first class private's pay every month. (The army part of this program was called the army specialized training program (ASTP). The navy's was. the V-12 program. To avoid confusion and save space, only the army's problems are mentioned in this story although everything said here applies equally to the navy.) So long as they continued their studies satisfactorily, these ASTP students were draft-proof. When they finished, they were supposed to go into service. About 13,500 finished their studies under ASTP. One thousand of them were disqualified for military service for physical reasons. The remaining 12,500 joined the army or air force. But When the war ended in 1945. Congress discontinued the ASTP Droeram. There were then 4,500 medical .students who, having re ceived government neip, were tuu in school. Tjtpr some of them may have dropped out of school. Others went on and finished at their own ex-oense. But the noint about them is this: They had received some of their education at government expense. Some of them ioined the reserves and may be called up now.' Many didn't. The army and the Ameri can Medical association uunk those who didn't loin the reserves have a moral obligation to step forward now and oav off their debt to Uncle Sam by joining up. Teachers View British Schools Tfnr Vnrk. Auff. 18 (AP) TJritlcVi xrhonlx art tougher than nnr and th saddle is used more often there, said teachers returning alter a year s wont in Britain wnen thev arrived aboard the liner Wash ington yesterday. The teachers, who tauent m Bri tain under the exchange teacher program, were Elsie Hawk, Peoria, ni.; Lindsay Rhea, Bristol, Tenn, and Irene Smith ol Ann ATDor, Miu Smith said a 12-vear-old Britsn pupu naa to iaxe sucn advanced courses as algebra, geometry and a foreign language. She also said students taxe aigeDra, nnmotrr anil arithmetic at the one time while in the U. S. these courses are .taken step by step. "ThfT use the strans remilariy. " csiri Mii HiwV. "hwr here we relT more on self -discipline. We never use the switch in Peoria." They agreed that educational de- vmanris r Rritish children are about a year" in advance of those in America. However, they said they liked American methods bet ter. Taft Demands People Be Told Defense Plans Cleveland, Aug. 17 (AP) The Administration and the army should tell the American people how they plan to meet the threat of war with Russia, U. S. Sen. Rob ert A. Taft declared today. "My chief criticism of the Administration." the Republican lead er said, "is that I don't think they have a plan and know where they are going. And tney naven i 101a the people. J "Let the government and army tell us exactly what we face. How do we fight? Where do we fight? How many men will be needed?" Taft spoke to a service clubs luncheon audience of about SCO prior to appearing tonight at rally in which Ohio Republicans will launch formally their 1K0 cam paign. Lights of New York IF NECESSARY, lovely Ruth Roman could make her living by working as a knife thrower in a circus or vaudeville.' It might be a little dangerous at first for the one at whom she threw the knives, she admitted across a luncheon table, but she'd soon get the hang of it again. Miss Roman, whose latest Warner Bros, picture is "Three Secrets' in which she co-stars with Eleanor Parker and Pat NeaL was born in Boston. Her parents owned a carnival at Revere Beach, near that city. Her mother was a dancer and her father acted as barker for the show. As a very little girl, . Ruth be came friendly with the performers and learned a lot of professional secrets, such as how the fire eater kept from getting burned, etc. 'But knife throwing intrigued her most. So she practised with kitchen cut lery until she really became proficient. MISS ROMAN'S father died when she was 8 years old Her mother sold the carnival and retired to private life since she did not care for show business. Neither did Ruth's two older sisters, Ann and Eve. It was dif ferent with Ruth show business was really in her blood While attending the William Blackstone School and the Girls High School in Boston, she played roles in various dramatic productions, first as a child actress and later as an ingenue. From school plays. she branched out to appear in various little theaters in and around Boston. After she had completed high school, she won a little theater competition and received a scholarship in the Bishop Lee Dramatic School. Next she joined the New England Repertory Co., then the Elizabeth Peabody Players. Churchill Describes 'The Terrible Facts' Declares Europe Has Breathing Space of Two Years to Create Defense By WALTER LIPPMAXV LAST Friday, in the Council of Europe at Strasbourg, Mr. Churchill f described again -the terrible facts" that "the Soviet forces in Europe, met-sured in active I I fj V 1-?. For we shall be deterred fromr The "terrible facts" about the striking with atomic bombs at the enormous superiority of the Soviet Russian cities because of the help-; forces in Europe must be looked at leesness of London. Paris, Brussels,; with the ' knowledge that in Asia Frankfurt in face of Russian atomic the ratio against us is even greater, bombs. ! We are outnumbered. The Com- This is, I believe, the bare bones munist orbit is bigger than the At-of the argument as to why the lantic community. It has more rapid increase of the defensive : soldiers, and they are quite as divisions, in air! power in Western Europe is so im-j willing to die in battle as the force and in portant. j soldiers of the non-Communist armored vehicles, outnumber the forces of the Western union by at i world. Lippi seven to one." He went on to say that "in my judgment we have a breathing space." He put the breathing space at two years. If in that brief time "we can create a it - : .... I : A - A .... . ... Imperative as it is to raise the willing to see things as . they ( arc ! of the Atlantic corn- then we must say that the military, - ib, plans of the Atlantic powers in-1,' least six or!uan ourse ves-give no assur- - ... ance, ana indeed not mucn nope, .... , .... " ,., thaTa trustworthy system of de- P01!1'"1 ,dcas t0 the m,Utary fense will exist in Europe by 1952.1 realiues- Even if we suppose that the! The Atlantic community is out-obvious difficulties are overcome, j numbered by the Communist orbit. the fact is that the Soviet reserves i In that predicament the classic. AFTER TOURING New England summer theaters for five seasons. Miss Roman, whose bair is red brown, her eyes brown, her height, five feet four and a half inches and who weighs a very well distributed 120 pounds, believed that she was ready for Broadway. So she left the old family home on Charles street in Boston, where her mother and sisters still live, and came on to New York. Her arrival here caused no commotion in theatrical circles But she didn't go back to Boston. Instead Ruth (her real name is Ruth Roman), applied for a place in the Copacabana chorus line and was turned down on the ground that she was not pretty enough. But she did get a job at the Copa as a cigaret girl. Next, she became a hatcheck girl at the Versailles. She worked as a model for artists- who illustrated detective stories. While she was searching, she was saving. So at the end of four years, she had money enough to go to Hollywood. . . t . j against the Communisi Tinon? " P .StX we shall have "the best chance of!that their ratio of superiority can, lor the ; smaller coalition i to con- De maintained wiinout amicuny. u c n " - a final settlement by negotiation with the Soviet on the basis of our strength and not of our weakness."! The breathing space of two years is. of course, an estimate of the time it would take the Soviet to accumulate an atomic stockpile sufficiently big to overawe, because it is sufficient to devastate, the industrial centers of Western Europe and of the British Isles. If I understand him correctly. Mr. Churchill believes, however, that the atomic threat to Western Europe can be neutralized by the much larger American stockpile if Western Europe is able to defend; itself with against invasion. will take the Russians much less;0 divide its opponents. time to transport new divisions intoj That is why the course which we Europe than it will take Western ; are following, largely because of Europe to train and equip new i internal political pressure, is so divisions. , j tragically dangerous to the vital Nevertheless, could the great : interests of the Ifnited States and bulk of the military power of the. of the Atlantic community. For Atlantic community be concentrated for the defense of the At- what we are doing is to make it easy for the Russians to induce the lantic community, there would bej Chinese to adhere to the Kremlin, no reason to despair. There would and we are identifying ourselves indeed be much reason for confi-jwith armed opposition to the great dence. j masses of Asia and to most of their We can make it so difficult to ' intellectual and spiritual leaders. invade Europe, we can make it so ieanuuy dangerous ana expensive conventional arms an invasion, that the proba-j IN HOLLYWOOD, Miss Roman found herself in a theatrical boarding' house which occupied Wallace Reid's old home. Again, she pounded the pavements just as she had in New York and with the same results. In her spare time, she wrote a story, based on her boarding house experiences, titled, "The House of the Seven Garbos." The story was bought by an editor as was her story "The Whip Song." She took numerous screen tests and nothing happened In a short space of time, she had four agents. Then her luck turned and she got some small parts. She became a serial queen for Universal, playing the role of The White Butterfly," jungle queen who was immortal. Then David O. Selznik saw an old test she had made for Paramount and signed her. NATURALLY, Miss Roman was elated But Selznik was busy with "Duel in the Sun," and for two years nothing happened. Then her contract was severed and she went with Paramount. Again nothing happened. But along came a good role in "The Window." That was followed by the role of the wife in "The Champion" which brought her a long-term contract with Warner Bros. In a year, she made eight pictures for Warner Bros, three of Which have not yet been released She does not know what her next picture will be ad at the time we talked, was not greatly concerned. In fact, she was somewhat elated she was about to go back to Boston to visit her mother and sisters. L. L. STEVENSON Take My Word for It By FRANK COLBY ' Readers Forum Wood. Wisconsin: How do you pronounce the name Trygve Lie? F. B. A. The accepted Anglicized pronunciation is: TRIG-vuh LEE. Milwaukee: Is the ' masculine fiance pronounced FEE-ahnss? G. R. A. Never. The masculine fiance and the feminine fiancee are pronounced alike. The English pronunciation is: fee-aha-SAY. .Los Angeles: In discussing the word haberdasher, 6'ou say, "In England, a haberdashery is a store where small wares are sold" And what, pray, is the meaning of the Briticism 'small wares'? J. G. A. Small wares are any small, inexpensive items such as pins, needles, thread, tape, .linens, trimmings, and small articles of clothing. North Hollywood: Please give the accepted pronunciation of Worcestershire (sauce). Mrs. W. R. B. A. Say: WOOS-ter-shear; or: WOOS-ter-sher (the "oo" as in "wood"). Cincinnati: You say English sailors are called "limeys" because lime juice is prescribed on ships as a preventive of scurvy. But according " to Clark, Fitzpatrick. and Smith, in "Science On The March" (Houghton Mifflin), the sailors are called limeys from Limehouse, a district in the East End of London. D. McN. A. Sorry to disagree with the Messrs. Clark, Fitzpatrick, and Smith; but the origin given by me is to be found in any good dictionary. Los Angeles: What is the correct pronunciation of the word research. I maintain that the accent is on the second syllable; O T. - A. The noun is: REE-search; orL less frequently: ree-SEARCH. The verb! is: ree-SEARCH; or. less frequently: REE-teatch. From E. W. T.: Please tell us bow to pronounce "isolate." Answer: The Standard American pronunciation is:. EYE-suh-late. Some dictionaries show "ISS-uh-late" as second choice, but it is seldom heard nowadays . 'The "f is also long in isolationist; EYE-uh-LAY'shun-ist. The theory would seem to be something like this: suppose American atomic weapons are 100 and Russian are 25. Then a purely atomic war is unlikely. For while the Russians can do fearful damage with their 25, they will suffer more damage from our 100. On the other hand we cannot consider a preventive strike because the re taliatory force of the Soviet's 25 j enough to defend the Atlantic com' would be so fearfuL But in fact there are also the conventional forces where the ratio of power in Russia's favor is about as 100 is to Europe's 15. If this disparity persists, then when Russia has the atomic weapons to knock out Western Europe, it can invade Western Europe with its armies. I Apainst the advice and iudrment of our European allies and of the bility is that the invasion would ! strongest and the best of our dis-not be attempted But to do that 1 interested friends in Asia, we have there must be in Europe and inimade ' impossible for ourselves America a will to resist based on l the on'y course by which the deep conviction among the; w, could ""P 10 reduce the fearful peoples of Europe and the Amer-Iids against us. That is to refuse icas that their whole militarv ef-lt0 regard China as a Russian fort is dedicated to the defense of Satellite and to treat the govern-their own lands and of their own mont in Peking as if it were, so civilization, and to nothing else. that il may have lne chance and The whole military potential of "1" reason to become, an inde- the Atlantic community should be 1 penaem cnincse government. For only if and when the historio munit. But it is not enough to divisions of national interest with-do a lot more than that It is not ; in the Communist orbit assert enough to suppress revolution all , themselves, can there be again over Asia. If the forces of the ; some kind of balance , of power in Atlantic community are dispersed the world. Only then can the At-all over the globe, there will be . lantic community hope to find neither the necessary forces nor tha' security against the armed hordes human conviction to defend our! of Eurasia, own civilization. (Copyricht 19".(H Washington Merry-Go-Round Political Pals Help Hoodlums Defy Law Immigration. Authorities Powerless Against Underworld's Elite JACK ANDERSON and FRED BLUMENTHAL . Washington i The most glaring weakness in our law-enforcement system is the way underworld hoodlums are able to thumb their noses at the authoritieswith the help of 'political pals. For example, take the case of Silvestro Carolla, notorious New Orleans racketeer and big shot in the black hand ' underworld so ciety. When Carolla was convicted on a narcotics rap in 1936. im migration authorities tried to de port him to his native Italy. However, they found themselves up against the old political run- around. Year after year. Congressman Jimmy Morrison of Louisiana introduced a stccession of bills to keep Carolla in this country. Though this held or Carolla's de portation for a decade, he was finally kicked out and flew home to Italy in style. But he stayed only six months, and then was ordered back to Mexico by Lucky Luciano, former vice lord of New York City and international boss of the "black hand" The next thing immigration auth orities knew, Carolla. was operating out of Tia Juana, Mexico, and slipping over the border to New Orleans by plane. Once again the authorities nailed him which puts them right back where they started. Note Another notorious racketeer whose deportation has been held up is Orlando Portale of Detroit. His political pull comes from Sen. Homer Ferguson. Michigan Republican, who has introduced a bill to keep Portale in this country. Capital Chaff Worried mothers can't stop their 17-year-old sons who have enlisted in the national guard from being shipped to Korea. Thouch the regular army, navy and air force won't take 17-year-olds without parental permission, no waiver is needed for them to join the national guard. Missouri's elfish Sen. ' Forrest Donnell has been beating the political drums about crime and corruption in Kansas City. Yet the Missourian, while governor, granted a pardon to Charles Gargotta, the strong-arm racketeer who was murdered with political boss Charles Binaggio. Sen, Lister Hill. Alabama Democrat, hasn't accepted a lecture fee since coming to the Senate, though Election Results During War Opinions Vary on Political Effect of Korea By BERTRAM BENEDICT -In Editorial Research Reports How will the hostilities in Korea affect the congressional elections on Nov. 7? Washington opinions vary widely. There are those who argue that the Democrats will be helped because the Administration acted promptly and decisively, because voters rally around an Administra tion in power during ' a foreign crisis, and because the military ac tion against a Soviet satellite has dispelled the charges of pro-Communist sentiments in the State de-. partment. There are those who argue that the Republicans will be helped be cause the outbreak of hostilities dis credited the Administration's whole Far Eastern policy, because the initial defeats showed the Defense department inadequately prepared. and because any active partisan campaigning by President Truman would be regarded as unseemly if the war is still in progress at election time. And there are those who argue that the Korean hostilities have politically weakened certain members of Congress regardless of party and thus will affect individuals rather than parties Nov. 7. Preceding war-time elections give little clew. In 1898, the war with Spain was over before the midterm elections for Congress were held The Republicans, the party in power, gained seven Senate seats, but despite their success ful conduct of the war lost 21 House seats. The mid-term elections of 1S18 were held when victory In World War I was assured: Election day came six days before the Armistice, j The Democrats were in power. , They lost six Senate and 19 House seats (as compared with the election of 1916) and control of both houses. Yet no one knows how those 1918 elections would have gone if Presi-.dent Wilson had not made the mis take of asking the voters, 12 days before the elections, to vote for Democrats. The President agreed that the Republicans had supported the war effort wholeheartedly but he said a "Republican Congress would divide the leadership" and "this is no time for. . . divided leadership." The appeal was denounced as placing party above patriotism, and it allowed the Republicans to take off all wraps in attacking the Administration. The country was at war at the mid-term elections of 1942 and the presidential election of 1944. Again the Democrats were in power. In 1942, with the tide of battle barely begun to turn in the Far East. the Democrats lost nine Senate and 45 House seats. However, their majority in the Senate had been no less than 36, so that some losses there were only to be expected. In the House the Democrats had had a majority of 99. and retained control only by a narrow margin. In 1950 a loss of nine Democratic seats in the Senate, as in 1942. would give the Republicans a majority of six there. A loss of 45 House seats, as in 1942. would mean a practically even division in the House. some speakers' bureaus still advertise him. Senate Majority Leader Scott Lucas, and Minority LcacJcr Ken Wherry are riding around in rundown limousines because their colleague. Sen. Allen Bllender of Louisiana, is blocking the money to buy new ones. Hindu newspapers are printing cartoons of Uncle Sam, covered with ooir.-ir signs, sitting on a pile of surplus wheat while an emaciated Indian pleads vainly for food. Reason is that the State depart ment won't spare 60 million bushels of surplus wheat to avert famine in India. Senate crime probers 'are complaining that they get no cooperation from the F.B.I. The monumental job of publishing the Nuromburg war trial records will be complete! by December. Tragic fact is the books won"t be distributed in Germany, where they'd do the most good. Men who sell wire-tapping equipment estimate Washington has at least 12,000 electronic recorders capable of recording telephone conversations. Some firms give free wire-tapping lessons upon request. President Truman has told his staff he will veto the Mundt-Nixon bill, "if it costs me a million votes." Truman considers the controversial measure a dangerous threat to civil liberties. While Larry Norstad. the air force's No. 2 general, was visiting the Far East recently. Re person ally inspected the front lines in Korea to get the ground soldiers view of army-air force teamwork. Spotting Communists The unidentified government bigwig who developed a new technique for spotting Communists almost causing G-boss Edgar Hoover to turn in his badge was former Assistant Secretary of State Will Clayton, the big cotton man. The story goes that G O.P. Senators Styles Bridges of New Hampshire and Homer Ferguson of Michigan phoned Clayton to inquire about a girl secretary, who had been denied access to top-secret files of the State department. Clayton replied that he knew of no such ban on the young lady, but added that he was positive she was "not a Communist." "How do you know she isn't?" he was asked. "I looked her straight In the eye and asked her and she said 'no'," responded Clayton. Impressive Handshake Genial William "Fishbait" Miller, doorkeeper of the House, is a great favorite with children, especially those of his Sunday school class at the Fountain Memorial Baptist church in Washington. After each seryice Miller stands outside the church and shakes bands with the youngsters. One little three-year-old girl, who had just attended her first Sunday school, rushed home to tell her father all about it." - "Guess what, Daddyr she exclaimed 1 got to shake hands with God."

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