Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois on July 1, 1968 · Page 1
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July 1, 1968

Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois · Page 1

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Freeport, Illinois
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Monday, July 1, 1968
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Fair And Cooler Tonight And Tuesday J21st Year - 28 Pages FREEPORT JOURNAL-STANDARD Area Towns Mark Centennials Sec Pngcs 10, U ASSOCIATED PRESS NEW YORK TIMES NEWS SERVICE f ILLINOIS", MONDAY," JULYT, 1968~ MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS TOTAL NET PAID CIRCULATION 20,000 PRICE TEN CENTS ^^^^^^^ , • •• —— -•• ™. - - — - , , , ,_ • —--. — «««,••. •»*•* aivtvvv • "^I^^IB* • M»| ^ Xtfl«| ^ I ^J Soviets Agree To Arms talks American Airliner Held By Russians WASHINGTON (AP) - An airliner carrying 214 U.S. serv icemen to Vietnam is being held today on a Soviet island in the Pacific Ocean after being forcec to land by MIG fighters. The chartered DC-8 was on its way to Vietnam from McChord Air Base in Seattle, Wash., Sunday when, the U.S. government said, it strayed off course and was forced to land on Iturup Island, a part of the Kurile chain in the northern Pacific. The State Department immediately contacted the Soviet embassy in Washington and urged the quick release of the plane, its passengers and the 17 crewmen. Plane Tracked A Japanese air force radar station said it began tracking the plane at 6:30 p.m. CDT Sunday and warned the pilot he was on a course that would cross the Soviet-held island. The pilot replied, "We cannot alter our course," Japanese sources said, indicating the plane already was under MIG escort. The. sources said the plane was. tracked another five minutes before it disappeared from radar screens at a position about 30 miles south of Iturup Island. U.S. Ambassador Llewellyn E. Thompson said in Moscow he was told by. Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin and First Deputy Foreign Minister Vasily V. Kuznetsov the incident is under investigation. The Pentagon said the pilot of the chartered Sea board-World Airlines jet, Joseph Tosolini, talked by radio with another American aircraft during the incident. Reports Interception According to the Pentagon, he pilot of the Seaboard plane •eported about 7:20 p.m. that WIG fighters had intercepted him and was forcing him to land at what appeared to be a MIG >ase on an island. At 7:39 p.m., the Pentagon said, the Seaboard plane ra-jesses. dioed that it had landed without injury to anyone on board and without damage to the plane. The last transmission was at 7:42 p.m. when the pilot reported he had shut off his engines, the Pentagon said. Plane Off Course The Defense Department, in announcing that the plane had been forced to land, said the aircraft, chartered from Seaboard by the Military Airlift Command, had strayed off its course enroute to Yokota, Japan. In New York, headquarters for Seaboard-World, a "pokes- man for the charter line said the crew had flown the route several times and "we don't see how it could have been off course, unless there were some extraordinary factors." Seaboard identified the rest of the crew as Henry Treger, copilot; Earl Scott, flight engineer and Lawrence Guernon, navigator. The plane also carried severa in-flight checkers and steward Gau//isfs Capture Election; Sweeping Changes Ahead PARIS (AP) France's biggest election landslide in 49 years President Charles de Gaulle had a mandate today to repair the economic damage of weeks of labor and social strife and to carry out a sweeping reform of France's industrial and educational systems. The voters in the final round Sunday of the two-stage National Assembly elections gave the Gaullists and their allies a majority of more than 200 seats in the 487-seat legislature. The Gaullists and their allies, the Independent Republicans, together have a majority of 219 seats. In addition 11 independent rightists were elected and at least some of them may pledge backing to the government. If all did so, the majority would rise to 241 seats. Setback To Communists There has been no such landslide in French parliamentary history since the 1919 victory of a nationalist coalition. It was Shannon Man, Daughter Die In Crash MOUNT CARROLL — A deer was blamed for. a one-car accident south of here which took the lives of two members of a family and injured a third Sunday night. Dead are Robert Johnson, 26, Shannon, and his two year-old daughter, Debbie. Admitted to Savanna City Hospital was Johnson's wife, Nancy, 23, who reportedly sustained a broken left arm and is suffering from shock. Witnesses in cars traveling behind Johnson, who was northbound on Illinois 78, '> miles south of Mount Carroll, said a deer jumped in front of Johnson's car. Johnson swerved to avoid hitting the deer. The car left the road and struck a tree. The Johnson family, formerly of Savanna, moved to Shannon about a year ago. The bodies are at Frank Funeral Home in Mount Carroll. Funeral arrangements had not been made by this morning. (See picture on market page.) — After also a crushing setback, to th. Communists and other opposi tion forces. Premier Georges Pompidou said the election results showee "defensive reaction" of the peo pie "against totalitarianism.' The campaign talk of Gaullism of "totalitarian communism,' coming after the great studen and labor upheaval in May brought an overwhelming re sponse from the middle class But Pompidou warned that the government still faces "difficul ties which are going to be enormous, difficulties that arise from the crisis and which we must now try to overcome. Student disorders in the Latin Quarter of Paris Saturday and Sunday nights were a reminder of the problems facing the regime. One of them is reform of the antiquated educational system, promised students after their rebellion in May touched off riots, disorders and three weeks of industrial strikes which paralyzed economic life. Wage Problem Another majqr problem is the bill for widespread wage increases granted to end the strikes. The wage hikes also threaten inflation and higher prices which in turn would bring demands for still more in the pay envelopes. Pompidou and De Gaulle have given no details of their future program to combat these problems. But they did hope that the proportions of the election victory would help restore international confidence in French stability and halt the run on the franc which has been cutting into the government's resources for weeks. Results of the first-round voting on June 23, in which a majority was required for election, the assembly. But there was no anticipation of the overwhelming proportions the victory took Interior Minister Raymond Marcellin announced that the Gaullist Democratic Union foi the Republic, the UDR won 299 seats in the assembly, or a majority or 111 without any allies. Independent Republicans Win IB addition, the Independent Republicans, who have always supported the Gaullists although differing at times on matter of policy, won 53 seats. There were also 11 independent rightists elected, and a number of them may pledge their support to the Gaullists when the new assembly meets July 11. Against this impressive array, the opposition could only muster 122 elected. This included 33 Communists, a loss of 40 seats; 57 members of the non-Communist Leftist Federation, a loss of 81; the centrist party Party of Progress and Modern Democracy 29, a loss of 10, and three independent leftists. Ballotting in two Pacific is- and districts to complete the assembly will be held later this month. They p-re Tahiti and Wallis and Fortuna islands. Rev. Mr. Fry To Initiate Court Action By DURRELL M. KREISHER CHICAGO (AP) - The Rev. John R. Fry says "it is safe to assume" he will initiate court action to refute charges made against him last week during the Senate, investigation of a federally funded job training program for youth gang members. He claimed during a news conference Sunday that he can provide documentary evidence in defense of himself and the program "in a setting where proper rules of evidence prevail." The Rev. Mr. Fry is the pastor of the First Presbyterian Church on the South Side..He was a key target of the hearings last week before the permanent Senate Investigations subcommittee headed by Sen. John L. McClellan, D-Ark. The hearings resume today. Panel Is Probing Grant McClellan's panel is probing the $927,341 grant by the Office of Economic Opportunity to The Woodlawn Organization (TWO), a community action group, to provide education and job training for members of two Negro youth gangs. George "Watusi" Rose, a former leader in the Blackstone Rangers gang, accused the minister of encouraging gang members in criminal activities, permitting weapons storage and marijuana parties in the church arid passing on a murder order from the gang's leader. The Rev. Mr. Fry denied the charges during the hearing and accused Rose of "multiple perjury." To Announce Action He told the news conference. We have documentary evidence which we will present in a setting where the proper rules of jvidenee prevail." He said his awyer will announce the nature of the legal action he will take after the hearings end in Wash- "ngton. The minister said cancellation of the job training program involving the gangs could provoke [hetto violence. "We are going to continue to mount an effort in Chicago, Illinois and the nation, to point out he potentially destructive remits of cessation of this pro- jram," he said. "As a result of the TWO proj- !ct there has been a great de- rease in violence in Wood- awn," he added. "I would ex- ect a renewal of this violence f the program is ended." LBJ Signs Nuclear Pact »t officials wiVh IT with U. left, speaks with Soviet Premier Alexei Grechko and British Ambassador Sir Geoffrey Har- Moscow today. Ambassador Thompson said Soviet ... _,- let territory Sunday of a U.S. commercial ietliner aboard is under investigation.—AP Photofax. B52s Rip Enemy In North, South Plane Flight Successful MARIETTA, Ga. (AP) - The uccessful flight of the world's liggest airplane proves there are practically no limits to con- truction of bigger planes, says ""oni May, president of Lock- eed-Georgia Co. But he says he world isn't ready for them. the Air Force. Basically, it is a military plane, but the design can be changed to make it a commercial airplane. May said, "We have preliminary plans for airplanes weighing over a million pounds. But it is fairly clear that the world is Thfe C5 Galaxy flew its first not quite ready for a commer- est flight Sunday. Although 'cial airplane of this size " lere were minor troubles, the, The C5 will carry 350 troops Vir Force and Lockheed-Geor-land all of their equipment This !Lr.?, lled the flight highly suc -i° ne weighed 497,000 pounds on I takeoff but is designed for more essful. indicaied a Gau,,,* maior Hy in me a „ being deveioped fo,|S By GEORGE ESPER SAIGON (AP) - America B52 bombers raided North Viet nam today for the first time . nearly two months and als dropped thousands of tons of ex plosives on secret Viet Con t bases in the provinces aroun Saigon. ' Twenty-five of the U.S. Ai Force's biggest bomber streaked over the northern hal of the demilitarized zone anc thfj southernmost part of Nortl Vietnam to bomb coastal artil lety sites which have been shell ing U.S. destroyers and cruisers operating off the coast. The key strike inside North Vietnam was around Cape Lay 11 miles above the allied base a Gio Linh. The B52s last attacked inside North Vietnam on May 9. Hit Enemy Concentrations The big bombers also kept on pounding enemy concentrations outside Saigon as part of the campaign against a major new attack expected on the capital Police sources said they hac resh intelligence reports thai the Communist command has ordered Viet Cong and North Vietnamese regulars to regroup at secret bases in the area, some as far as 75 miles away rom the capital, to prepare for a full-scale attack this month. Ten of the eight-jet bombers attacked some of the enemy's 'argest base camps in Tay Ninh, a longtime Viet Cong stronghold along the Cambodian border 47 miles northwest of Saigon. Military strategists consider Tay Ninh a potential springboard for the third offensive against Saigon. Fifteen B52s pounded other camps in Hau Nghia and Binh Duong provinces, which form a border triangle with Tay Ninh northwest of the city. Another 16 bombers hammered enemy troop concentra- sion reportedly the headquarters of tions. Pilots reported their the North Vietnamese 5th Divi- bombs destroyed three furnaces srnn 57>miW ft™, c ai «_ i an( j. damaged & , argfr buildingi an electrical substation and two other furnaces;; . ••' The new intelligence reports Saigon. Planes Strike At Troops In the day of unusually heavy air attacks, U.S. Marine fighter- bombers strafed and bombed North Vietnamese troops threatening Marine infantrymen and engineers dismantling the Khe Sanh combat base in the northwest corner of South Vietnam. Forty enemy troops were reported killed three miles southeast of the base. U.S. fighter-bombers also flew 139 missions against North Vietnam's southern panhandle Sunday. The heaviest strikes were against a construction material plant believed to be turning out material for coastal defense batteries and other fortifica- WASHINGTON (AP)— Pres ident Johnson announced todaj that the United States and the Soviet Union have agreed ti start talks "in the nearest fu ture" on limiting offensive ant defensive nuclear missile sys terns. Johnson chose the occasion o the signing of the historic nu clear Nonproliferation Treaty a the White House to make his an nouncement. White House officials reportec 51 nations were joining the pact to ban the spread of atomi weapons. Signing ceremonies were con ducted also in London and Mos cow. Seek International Talks Hours before President John son spoke, Soviet Premier Alex ei N. Kosykin announced i Moscow that the Soviet Unio wants to hold international talk on disarmament, including halt in the manufacture of nu — clear weapons and reduction nuclear weapon stockpiles. Kosygin also proposed discus sions on limitation and reduc tion of "means of delivery strategic weapons." The premier attacked th United States. He said the nee to eliminate foreign militar bases, one of the Russian pro posals, "is convincingly prove by the continued aggressive wa of the U.S.A. in Vietnam." Wilson Lauds Treaty In London, Prime Ministe enemy, forces attacking \ limillsl sinnnfnX _ f i f _ -t_ said Saigon would consist of infan'- trymen, sappers and an artillery regiment equipped with rockets, recoilless rifles and mortars. These would be ordered to seize sensitive government installations. Cadres Slip Into Saigon The reports said a number of Viet Cong cadres already have slipped into Saigon to coordinate underground antigovernment forces and make lists of political leaders, security and police agents marked for arrest or as- SEE BACK OF 1ST SECTION the treaty: "The .most impp; tant measure of arms contrt and disarmament on whic agreement has yet bee reached.'" Wislon pledged that Britai would continue "with renewe confidence and renewed hope t work for further advances i disarmament." Johnson, in hi remarks, referred to the Ion, U.S. effort to start discussion on cutting back the costly nu clear arms race. Moscow ha< indicated last Thursday that thi Soviets were finally ready foi such talks. "At this moment of achieve University Of California * Demonstration Broken Up BERKELEY, Calif. (AP) - A curfew virtually sealed off this University of California community during the night after po- ice broke up a mass demon(ration, freeing Mayor Walter Johnson from a hostile crowd. Johnson was pushed and spat ipon by some who recognized him after.he had gone to the gathering of 1,000 to 1,500 to as- ess the situation, It was after his encounter vitli the crowd at the Civic Ceii- er Park about 300 yards from lily Hall that the 7 p.m.-to 6- .m. curfew was extended from 56-block area to the entire ity. Arrests Police arrested 50 to 60 per- disturbing the peace to looting, resisting arrest and carrying illegal weapons. There were no reports of injuries during the night but police said 31 demonstrators and 11 officers had been injured on the tions in Long Khanh province, ons on charges ranging from In Today's Paper Page Amusements 24 Church news 20 Classified 25, 26 & 27 Comics 24 Editorials f> & 7 Local 4, 5 & 25 Markets 35 Obituaries .j Radio & TV 24 Sports 15 & 16 Weddings 8 previous two nights of demonstrations. The dusk-to-dawn curfew sealed off the community ol 120,000 to all except those who could show reason for entering. Police Chief William Beal said most of those arrested were not from Berkeley and to his knowledge no students from the University of California at Berkeley were taken into custody. Police Reinforced Police reinforced by 450 state highway patrolmen, with units from nearby cities standing by, broke up a demonstration that had formed at Civic Center just outside the curfew area. There were no reports oi teargas used, as had been the case New Tactics Reason For Khe Sanh Loss Ru RAH nr»r>rrr\M . . . ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^& in (he more violent clashes on SEE BACK OF 1ST SECTION ment and hope, ' the President laid, "I am gratified to be able .0 report and announce to the world a significant agreement- an agreement I have actively sought and worked for since January 1964. "Agreement has been reached Between the governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United States to enter in the nearest future into discussions on the limitation and reduction of both offensive strategic nuclear weapons delivery systems and systems of defense against ballistic missiles. Date For Talks Not Set Administration authorities said the exact time and place or the opening of U.S.-Sovict talks on curbing their missile and antiballistic missile competition has not been set, nor has the composition of the respective negotiating delegations been decided on. This question is still being worked out in diplomatic exchanges. Secretary of State Dean Rusk urn- U-S- disarma ment chief William C. Foster were tapped for the honor of signing the nonproliferation treaty for the United States. The President predicted that virtually all of the countries of the globe will join the pact. Ample Support . The 51 signers in Washington indicated more than ample support to bring the treaty into force. The pact becomes effec- •tiv$4ipon fatiHcatiofrby 40 non- niiclear states plus the three nu- Qlear sponsors-The United States, Britain and Russia. Whether the U.S.-Soviet talks on missile curbs will ever reach agreement in treaty form is yet unknown. The authorities likened the missile talks to the Paris talks on Vietnam in that, as they put t, the opposing sides have finally agreed to go into a serious negotiating phaSe on a most :ntical issue facing them and he world. They said the U.S.-Soviet agreement is to hold talks be- 'ween the two super-powers, •ather than in a multination fo- •um. They declined to speculate vhether the discussions might be held in Washington, Geneva elsewhere. Refuse Speculation They refused also to speculate why the Soviets, through a peech by Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko last Thursday, hose this time to agree on the alks. They said the original U.S. proposal dated back to a ohnson letter to Soviet Premir S. Khrushchev in Janu- ry 1964, replying to a Decem- er 1963 Khrushchev letter . The proposals put forth by Ko- ygin at Moscow today were de- cribed by White House aulhori- es as the conventional Soviet. st for the 17-nation disarma- nent parley which resumes its essions in mid-July. U.S. ana- indicated (hey did not see luch new in the Soviet items, lost of which have been dis- ussed at length in past meet- igs. Eventually 100 or so nations —with the significant exceptions Weather Forecast NORTHWEST ILLINOIS Fair and cooler tonight, lows 55-62. Partly sunny and cooler Tuesday, highs in the 70s. Sunrise, 5:19. Sunset, 8:29. Unofficial temperature at 1 p.m., 70 degrees. By BOB IIORTON WASHINGTON (AP) - Military officers from the Joint Chiefs of Staff on down cited everything from psychology to infiltration to the possibility of a great victory as reason for holding Khe Sanh. Now the Marine outpost below South Vietnam's demilitarized zone is being dismantled in an abrupt change in tactics for defense of the country's northernmost provinces. The U.S., Command in announcing abandonment of the base put emphasis on "a new concept of mobile warfare" to be used in the five-province 1st Corps area. Earlier Emphasis Different Earlier this year the empha- sis was on something quite different. Gen. Harold K. Johnson, Army chief of staff, told the Senate Armed Services Committee Feb. 16, when Khe Sanh raised the specter of an U.S. defeat comparable to the French Loss at Dien Bien Phu: "Since Khe Sanh is a part of Vietnam—and no one of whom I am aware has any idea of giving up a part of South Vietnam —it seems to me that we should not pay the price twice by giving it up and then having to retake it." As recently as June 24 Gen. Earle G. Wheeler, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, recalled his own memorandum to President Johnson on Jan. 29, saying the chiefs "have reviewed the situation at K.he Sanh and concur with Gen. William C. Westmoreland's assessment of the situation. They rec- News Analysis ommended that we maintain our position at Khe Sanh." Westmoreland, then commander in Vietnam, will become Army chief of staff in July. In an Associated Press interview March 20, Gen. Leonard M. Chapman, commandant of the Marine Corps, which was entrusted with Khe Sunn's fate, said: "It has several significant values to us, most important of which is that it sits astride north-south and east-west routes into the northern province ... It's a severe disadvantage to them for us to hold Khe Sanh. I think that is the material advantage. Of course, there is also the psychological aspect of the thing as it is now built up." Former Commander Comments At a May 24 Pentagon news conference, Marine Col. David M. Lownds, who commanded the base during the months of siege, said: "There's been much said about the desirability of defending Khe Sanh. Naturally I wouldn't want to get into any of the ramifications of how strategic decisions are made. 1 do know that certainly it must have been considered important if the North Vietnamese would have put the number of forces around it that they did ..." Estimates of the numbers of North Vietnamese surrounding Khe Sanh at the height of (he battle ranged from 20,000 to 40,000. According to Pentagon figures, 199 Marines died at Khe Sanh and another 1,600 were wounded between Jan. 20 and April 1. Enemy Loses 10,000 Men The North Vietnamese, by Pentagon count, lost "in excess of 10,000" dead during the same period. The North Vietnamese poured in thousands o£ artillery and mortar shells but in turn were subjected to an unprecedented U.S. air bombardment campaign. Col. Lownds told Pentagon newsmen he never felt Khe Sanh was being used as bait to lure the North Vietnamese into a trap but he acknowledged there had been a decision at high levels to m;ike the situation what he termed "a set-piece battle." (Jen. Wheeler said in a speech at Westbury, N.Y., Monday night: "Gen. Westmoreland's Khe San,n cmpaign plan as he told me before the fact was to let the enemy commit himself and then beat him to death with uirpuvver." junior atomic powers France id Red China-are expected to itify the landmark treaty to irb the spread of mit-lour weapons. The pact goes into force when ratified by 40 governments, including the Hire nuclear sponsors; Great Hrilain Iho United States and the Soviet Union. Develop First ICBM The significance of the- jili. sence of China as underline I when it was reported Sunday in Moscow that the Red Cliincsu have developed their first inter, continental ballistics missile?. The unofficial and unconfirmed reports Indicated Iho missile had no I. lictcii tested but was ready for trial ii.se. The development, increases flic nuclear capability of the |' e . king government., which claims it has an atomic nrsenul indud- ing u hydrogen bomb. Johnson sot off speculation regarding an arms race curb Saturday when be. told « Nua\\vll\t>, SEE BACK OF 1ST SECTION

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