The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on May 10, 1970 · Page 14
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May 10, 1970

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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 14

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Des Moines, Iowa
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Sunday, May 10, 1970
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Page 14
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REGISTER PHOTO BY GEORGE CEOLLA Getting Nosey at the Circus • Cindy Owens, 6, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Edward Owens of 5525 N.W. Sixtieth Place, gets a close-up look at the Za-Ga-Zig Clowns at the Shrine Circus before the children's matinee Saturday at Veterans Memorial Auditorium in Des Moines. She's touching the real nose of Bob Frisk of Polk City while Norman Long of 5916 Jordan Drive urges her on. The circus will conclude its visit with performances at 1:30 and 6 p.m. today. ; Ruling Due Today on Closing U of I STRIKE TALKS STALL IN IOWA Little progress has been reported in settling the 40-day-old series at building trades strikes that have idled more than, $f25 l #brth o'f Iowa construe tron projects. Builders and union officials adrriit they negotiations are far apart in where some con- strudtioti workers are demanding raises of up to $1.^5 sin hour. The Quid Cities Builders Council, announced Saturday that Ironworkers onion mcm- Jiers had ratified a new contract that will give them raiseVoj $2 an hoar over the next twtr^ycars. Davenport Bricklayers are to Some Businessmen Carry Losses, ~ /fow P<J0e One himself and his Spouse and a $10 credit for e^cti .dependent; For many taxpayers, especially- those earning less than $6,000 a year,-the credits come close to wiping out any tax debt to the; stale, Forst said, i In addition, Forst said, many poor and retired people, knowing they would have to pay no state tax, filed returns so they could get the sales tax credit. None of this, though, explains why a man earning $150,000, or 089 paid a total of *2.4 million in taxes;'the other 27,846 paid no state* incothe tax. »* fbrreport reveals these other figures: \ . ' 117 persons had adjusted gross Incomes of more than $150,000; 261 we?e between $106,dflO and $150,000; '510 were between , rt ° 5tate tax " decide this week-"" whether to tie A™ accept a settlement worked out! even * ] ^ m ^ fByTnelFunion leaders anchttnj FoFbusinessrhen, Forst said, tractors. " jthe reason could be that they The settlements — the onlyiwere^carrying forward losses ones in the state in a week— won't necessarily stoppages because end work STUDENTS- Page One hours after Boyd spoke to the students.. Fire Chief Dean Bebee said .he suspects arsorj, but has no proof. The Iowa Student Senate, in a special meeting Saturday morning, urged closing the university for the rest of the semester to prevent further violence and insure safety. < Boyd met with students, faculty and administrators most of the day to discuss the possibility of closing the school. No decision was made, Boyd said, A decision is expected today. About 100 persons staged a Jin here or something." march-on-Boyd^s-house-Fridayi—He-wasn't-aware-that-abrratr night, stopping and sitting on|400 guardsmen were standing the sidewalk in front of thelby in Iowa City along with of picket lines set up by cement masons who are still on strike. Earlier settlementsgave construction workers raises ranging from 50 cents an' hour for laborers at Iowa City and Dubuque to $1 an hour for cement finishers and operating engineers. Major projects idled at Sioux City include additions to two hospitals and a new city parking ramp. The'Des Moines strike,' by Laborers local 177,^has_clpseiLi house. As. the' protest meetings continued Saturday night, most of the 20,000 students on campus remained aloof, studying for final examinations. Several students at Iowa City were so engrossed in studies they scarcely knew the demonstrations were in progress. A chemistry student, tolc. Saturday that the rhetoric building was destroyed by fire, replied that "if all- this keeps up, they might send the National Guard entire route. some 200 highway • patrolmen and several sheriff's deputies. At Ames, Iowa State's annual Veishea parade went off in close to normal fashion. However, unrest on campus earlier caused four high school bands — -. Nevada, Dike, Atlantic and Hoover of Des Moines — to cancel. Organizers of the parade had banned carrying of weapons. The Navy ROTC color guard, marching without guns, was applauded by spectators along the down jobs in the capital city and 10 surrounding counties. Construction work is continuing in some cities, including Cedar Rapids, where only the winters union is on strike. Du- Duque roofers are also striking, 3ut the walkout has not affected much construction there. The Campus Controversy on Merits of ROTC Programs Student ROTC programs at the nation's universities have been a focal point of student anti-war protests. President Willard Boyd of the University of Iowa canceled Governor's Day ROTC activities Satur_day because of the threat of protest violence. Boyd told student protesters the faculty will d after "student consultation," whether to drop the ROTC program. V A onetime newspaperman, David Schoenbaum is associate "professor of history at Iowa City and lias been studying the ROTC program for the last 15 months.. By David Schoenbaum ; IOWA CITY, IA. — Born in the midst of one civil war, Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) programs on hundreds of campuses currently fine themselves in the midst of another. At Kent State University where anti-RQTC feeling has left a bloody benchmark, stu dents fired ROTC facilities two days before' National Guardsmen fired en them. Since last week, the Kent State tragedy and U,S. policy in Indochina have supersedes ROTC as. the prune focus of student disaffection. But as issue piled on issue, ROTC was never far behind. Gen. Leonard Wood, the program approached its modern form in World War I. Like the;U.S. military itself, it maintained a shadowy existence between the ^wars, bloomed in World War n, and struck roots as a seemingly hardy perennial thereafter. Last year it was estimated that Army ROTC units at 268 colleges commissioned about 16,000 new second lieutenants. A By comparison, West Point e^ 1 ... _._ '' _ > I commissioned 750. ROTC represented nearly I Sharply aiviaea aoout tKe program's merits, University of Iowa students and faculty were virtually unanimous on one point:: ROTC is neither worth killing nor being killed for. " University President Willarc Boyd accordingly canceled the annual Governor's Day presen tation of awards to the year's outstanding ROTC cadets. So far as university sources could half of all active duty Army officers commissioned. According to Pentagon projections, ROTC's share was ultimately to reach as high as 80 per cent. Thrift, Politics^ The case for ROTC combines thrift and politics. According to some recent estimates, training an ROTC lieutenant costs $4,320. An officers training school (OCS) lieutenant costs $5,320 to $8,406. A West Point lieutenant coste $47,136. ROTC also . represents an economy .in time. OCS for college graduates, an alternative urged by_sqme ROTC opponents, would have the practical disadvantage of ^extending the cadet's current two to four years of active duty by at least a-year, ' But the political premise is the heart of the matter. "All things considered,. and how ever one goes about it, a large Army in the midst of a democratic people will always be a great danger," the French visitor Alexis de Tocqueville observed incurred ^ver the last five-year period. Businessmen, he explained, are permitteoljo "average their losses" sb\they don't get the tax deductions all in one year. But for most middle and up- p e r-m i d d 1 e income people, Forst said, there are two main reasons for not paying state income taxes: They have large deductions from interest, medical expenses or taxes paid to the federal government. They live in Iowa but earn their money in another state, such as Nebraska or Illinois, and pay taxes to that state. This is a tax credit in Iowa and most other states. The Revenue Department's report, incidentally, shows that 53,935 non-residents filed. Iowa tax returns. Of that number 26,- and $100',00 and between $50,000 1,857 and $75,000 wef e $75,000. |1,6()0 Income • On the other end of the scale, 155,000 persons —.the largest single bracket — said they earned between .$1,000 and $2,000, and 132,834 persons listed incemes of between $2,000 and $3,000. The'Targest number of middle-income people' — 103,711 — fall into the $10,000 to $15,000 range. Listed by occupational groups, the report shows the following: Occupation Art, Paid Taxej Taxej (performer.}., artists, writer radio and TV occupation) uslness 47,441 14,443 (accountant, banker, offlc Total Paid M»y |. Local Seciion Des Mpin«s Sunday fte§istef !*V a*. CADCO English Accent .We have one of the most complete selections of EnglisMtacI^ and clothing in the midwest. Come in and browse—you'll be surprised and delighted with our completely stocked shop. • English clothing 1t.H4.ni manaper. itore owniri _,and operators) Cl ? r9 . v , . "^k. 2 ' 7S3 (mlhlster, father. Cleri (typist, ittnographtr; , file.clerk, receptionist) 14,3X3 3,235,454 Commercial Drlvr 15,80? _.Jvers Domestic _(mald. lanltprT Farrner and Farm 3,595 (doctor, dentist, nurse, veterinarian, undertaker, etc.) — ,ewlf» 17,077 -—irer 67,S2» Hltarv 14,383 56,650 4M37 7.1«0 4,263,: 8S7,' • English saddles, bridles • English hunting accessories • Training equipment " Cadco horse health products SEE English fashions by the Horse 'n Rider Shoppe at'9:30 a.m. Wednesday on the Mary Brubaker show on KRNT-TV! SEE English fashions from our shop in Younkers window this weekl -DON'T MISS the Charity Horse Show this Thursday through Sunday! roucft flnd Firemen 3,004 Professional 10,993 (enolneer, lawyer. scientist, etc.) Public Official 54,557 Retired 32,573 Salesman 26.106 Skilled iind Semi. Skilled 297,159 59,651 (carpenter, bricklayer, electrician, factory worker, store clerk, bartender, waitress, etc.) Students 18,067 39,892 ;eacner» . 25,876 3,537 219 -1,046 7,387 74,799 4,973 349,052 3.232,286 6,4i 3,1 4.1: 0,8M 2,152 7,966 CAOCO Unemployed tali 36 ,31,134,437 414,526 ! 1,224,465 1102,895^05 ' Horse^n Rider Shoppe 3700 Dennis. Drive DCS Moines, ^Towa 50322 Ph. (515) 278^065 New, enlarged shoppe — in the red barn-behind the Ponderosa steak house on Douglas in Urbartdale. Write for our catalog / Dealer inquiries invited \ establish, it was the first-SUfiLrr cancellation in the ceremony's^ 16 89-year history. Citizen-Officers Controversy is hardly new to the program. But the program in his classic "Democracy in America" in 1834. "The most effective means of reducing this danger is to reduce the Army." Tocqueville wrote, "but this is a remedy not given all peoples to use." For those to whom it was not, Tocqueville suggested an alternative. "The remedy for the classmates save by his unl- 'orm. The current class of Army ROTC .seniors lists 26 different liberal art^ majors, including English, French, Chinese, anthropology and music. Critics call them naive or opportunists. But no one who knows them can accuse them of a surfeit of idealism. The gung-ho cadet is a rare exception, viewed even by fellow cadets with indifference if not suspicion. While academic credit has played a marginal role, and a $50 monthly "retainer" for juniors and seniors is welcome, the draft is the crucial factor in most cadets' decision. If ROTC itself is a problem, a volunteer awny is probably its most 'direct and conclusive practical solution. Meanwhile, ROTC's opponents advance on two fronts. Academic critics censure the program's off-campus'directioh, the poverty of its curriculum, and the inadequacy of its staff. Nervously conciliatory after .ROTC's expulsion from prestigious eastern campuses last year, the Pentagon has met the academic criticism with, con? cessions to local control and course planning. The University of Iowa 'exercises a veto over ROTC staff, •has moved to drop most academic credit for the program, and encouraged transfer of policy-oriented courses •— for instance in international, relations vices of the Army lies not in Army itself, but in the country," he contended. "The itself is hardly new. ' In principle, ROTC — like the National Guard — is as old as the Second Amendment guarantee of the citizen's r-ighj; to bear arms. In practice, it derives from that eminently | general spirit of the nation, penetrating the particular spirit of the Army, tempers the opinions and desires that the military engenders; or, by the irre- sistibte force of public opinion, represses #»em." ; American piece of the Morrill Act of created the legislation, 18K, which Grant Col;, ujcludiog Iowa State. SMfferUttle HOTC opponents challenge Tocqueville's_ prescription. Citizen officers, they argue, are still officers, no worse, but also no better, than any others. But University of Iowa ex& effect, the citwen-student, I perieoce tends at least to vindi- -the presumptive citizen-farmer, '. businessman or engineer, was •also to be a citizen-officer in a -H»ttWlT3r«toae low-bate relationship to its ioMers is a kind Of national tradiHfm ^* **^^^w*imp ^*.^nqpr^*w*P m Uader fee kadmiiip of cate TocqueviUe's diagnosis: citizen officers are also citizens, no more, but also no less, than any others. Campus folklore notwith- giaqdiag. the Iowa €ity cadet differs little from his male — to regular academic departments. Political Principle But opponents increasingly view the academic critique as a garland of fig leaves. Behind them, as they see it, Is an issue of political principle. They op- posa the war in Vietnam. They therefore oppose the army that fights it. They therefore oppose the program thartrsins the Army's officers. , They therefore oppose the university that houses the training program. Defenders of the program reply that a duly elected government in Washington majkes policy. A duly elected congress underwrites it. The military does what its civilian leaders ask of it. This is -what Americans have traditionally their military to do, mid incidentally one of the reasons ROTC exists. Supporters caution against tossing out the ROTC baby with toe antiwar batb. Above ail, they warn against mistaking uoi- formed syrobol for political substance. New lower rates on out-of-state direct dialed calls. 1. EVENING CALLS: 75* or less. 2. WEEKEND CALLS: 65* or less. 3. WEEKDAY CALLS: $1.25 or less. Out-of-state long distance rates are now at their lowest level ever. Special around-the-clock savings are available on most out-of-state calls you direct dial yourself. 1. EVENING CALLS. Station-to- station rates on out-of-state calls yoydirect dial yourself from 5 p.m. to 11 p.m. Sunday through Friday are 75£ or less, plus tax, for three- minute calls anywhere in the continental U.S. except Alaska. you direct dial yourself horn 8 a.m. to 11 p.m. Saturday and 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday are now 65^ or less, plus,tax, for three-minute calls anywhere in the continental U.S. except Alaska. Call on weekends before the Sunday evening "rush tinental U.S. except Alaska,. NEW ONE-MINUTE RATE ON LATE-NIGHT AND EARLY- MORNING CALLS. From 11p.m. to 8 a.m., seven days a week, you can make a one-minute station call for or less, plus tax, Tor out-of- anywhere in the continental U.S. except Alaska. Each additional minute is only 2(ty or less, plus tax. 3. WEEKDAY CALLS. Station-to- station rates on.out-bf-state calls you direct dialyourself from 8 a.m. The above rates apply only on to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday calls you dial yourself and not on are $1.25 or less, plus tax, for three- calls requiring the services of an 2. WEEKEND CALLS. Station-to station rates qn out-of-state calls minute calls anywhere in the con- operator. LONG DISTANCE RATES FOR STATION CALLS oufrof-rtate to anywhere hi the continental U.S. except Alaska Operator-handled calls Direct Di»l calls Savings en Direct Dial calls

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