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Vietnam Report Dedicated to the Progress And Growth of Central Utah Friday, April 11, 1975, THE HERALD, Provo, Utah-Page 17 Support for Death Penalty Indications point to strong support of capital punishment despite the setback it suffered in a U.S. Supreme Court ruling a few years ago. A recent California poll showed death penalty approval has grown from 49 per cent in 1965 to 74 per cent this year. In the nine years the poll has been taken, figures indicate a steady upswing in pro-capital punishment sentiment. In Utah, two small surveys made by Sen. Ernest H. Dean of American Fork, president of the Utah Senate indicate strong support. Sampling 200 person in his own senatorial district in Utah County in a random phone book poll, Mr. Dean found 114 husbands approved the death law to 12 against, with the remainder having no opinion. With the women it was 103 for and 26 against. Results were similar in a Salt Lake senatorial district polled, Mr. Dean said. Utah, of course, has a new death penalty law, passed after the supreme court ruling. Basically the Utah law makes first degree murder a capital offense and provides for a bifurcated or two-stage hearing — the first to determine guilt or innocence and the second to determine punishment. The jury renders the verdict and makes a recommendation on sentence after a separate hearing on this, with broader latitude on evidence the defendant may introduce. Many other states also have passed death laws, according to the Utah attorney general's office. Currently the North Carolina statute is under challenge in the Fowler vs. North Carolina case. Utah, among other states, is filing an "amicus curaie" brief supporting North Carolina. The law in that state is more strict than Utahs, subjecting a broader range of crimes to the death penalty. The "Murder One" section of Utah's law lists these types of homicides as capital offenses: Homicide committed by a convict under prison sentence; multiple homicides; if the act creates great risk of death to someone other than the victim; if the defendant is engaged in commiting a robbery, rape and other serious crimes at the time; if homicide is committed to avoid arrest or to effect an escape from custody; if committed for monetary gain; if the defendant previously has been convicted of first or second degree murder; and if the victim is a child under 12 when the crime results from physical abuse or neglect. The upsurge in violent crime in the past few years undoubtedly has helped influence strong current support of capital punishment. Concern frequently is expressed over protection from violent crime; over the number of crimes by previously - convicted people who have been parolled quickly; the high percentage of unsolved crimes; and a fear that under high court rulings the criminals' rights might take precedence over concern for the public's rights. In any event, it would appear a 3-1 preponderance in California in favor of the death penalty and the strong Utah support cited, can be interpreted as a manifestation of demand for strong, aggressive action to turn the tide of rising crime. So They Say "A secular democratic Palestinian state means that I am again a minority living in a country that is not mine." —Israeli author A.B. Yehoshua *>x-x*:#:*: ; :*: ; x;:*:8^ !£ g I Off *l*0 RAJ** Bythe Off the Beat Herald Staff OBSCENE CALL, NO DOUBT The secretary in the Provo City attorney's office knows full well what happens when a computer goes haywire. Recently, the city's vaunted phone system went beserk. She kept getting rings on all of the office lines, but, alas, no one was there. Perhaps remembering the recently- passed pornography and obscenity ordinance, she noted, "I think it must have been an obscene phone caller trying to get his courage up." — R.B. * * * ADOPTION DERBY With the increased interest in Vietnamese orphans, the Holt Adoption Agency in Eugene, Ore. and Friends of Children in Vietnam, Denver, Colo, have been deluged with mail and phone calls. So deluged are they, the Herald has been unable to get through to them for information on an article concerning adoption requirements set by the agencies for Utah families to adopt a Vietnamese child. As soon as contact is made with the over-worked agencies, an article outlining those requirements will be published in the Herald. - LYNN TILTON. * * » BOARD DIGNITY COLLAPSES Nebo School Board members were diligently working their way through a detailed agenda that was carefully numbered for clarity. District Supt. Joe A. Reidhead was reporting on item 2-K and in time stopped talking. Board President Vernon Tipton said, "Go to L, Superintendent." After a delayed reaction, the entire board broke up, laughing. - L.T. * « t RISING ABOVE CROWD It has been said of women that they follow the latest trend in fashion like "a bunch of sheep." And it might be true. Take the case of the good-looking brainy blonde who rarely had a date in the small town where she grew up. One of her main problems was the fact that she was not only smarter than most of the boys, but she was also taller. Then she went away to college and obtained a degree. Meantime she met a guy - a tall guy — and married him. She. brought him home to meet the town, and relatives held an open house for the couple. The bride was still a beauty — but was she ever tall! There she stood in the receiving line on a pair of six inch platform shoes, which made her about two inches higher than her husband. Maybe some people just become accustomed to rising above the crowd — or just maybe females are like sheep, as they say. - RENEE NELSON * * * HO-HUM WEATHER Amidst news stories received from national weather bureau sources which claimed there would be a warming trend in the immediate future, reporter Lynn Tilton looked out the window at the early April snow flurry, which is getting to be a common morning occurrence. "Sometimes I think I'm living in a cliche," he said. - J.M.Y. * * * QUAKE'S 'GOOD' EFFECT If earthquakes can have any good effects, the one which just came close, appears to be having a therapeutic result in at least one city. On instructions of Provo Mayor Russell D. Grange, city officials are gearing up for a disaster. For some time, the mayor has been interested in improving the city's capacity to be self sustaining in a disaster and in being able to keep fire, ambulance and police operators on the air. A civil defense hospital setup is stored in the basement but no-one in the city seems to be sure how to get it into operation. The mayor has instructed his administrative assistant and Policeman Ralph Amott, civil defense coordinator for the city, to start gathering data and make plans to handle a disaster in the city. This isn't just a post earthquake activity, but there is an air of missionary zeal in the effort just now. - R.M. *'*.." WISDOM OR WIT Erasers are correctors' items ... Antique lovers go where the auction is... Clothes that make a women often break a man ... Matrimony bonds are no good unless the interest is kept up ... The marriage license bureau is a bureau of kissing persons. Over-Reaction Aids Commie Invaders DhMbuttd by t.A. Timti Syndlrol. Ronald Reagan Conservation and Public Most Americans are conservationists and environmentalists to some extent. Few want to see our scenic wonders spoiled, our waters polluted, our natural resources wasted. Yet, from time to time, some environmentalists go overboard in efforts to protect a view, preserve a recreational area or save the natural habitat of the native American mosquito. Take, for instance, the case of the Trident base at Bangor, Wash. Trident is the follow-on to the Polaris and Poseidon missile systems. Basically, it consists of a multiwarhead, 4,000-mile (eventually 6,000-mile) missile launched from a nuclear submarine cruising beneath the surface of the ocean. The Navy Department declares that a Trident base must be located in the Pacific because it "gives the Soviets another whole ocean to worry about." It goes on to say that strategically there is no alternative in the Pacific to the Bangor location. For most Americans that would be enough. Few would object to construction of a desperately needed national defense base anywhere, especially when every effort is made (as it is in the case of Trident) to minimize its impact on the surrounding environment. And especially, also, when such a base will provide much-needed jobs in a state where joblessness is high. Yet, an organization called Concerned About Trident (CAT) has been formed specifically for the purpose of halting construction of the Trident base on the grounds that the Navy has failed to comply with the National Environmental Policy Act. To this end CAT has brought suit in federal court. Its avowed aim is to preserve the pristine beauty of the Bangor area at all costs, including the defense of the United States. Well, fortunately, it looks as if CAT is not going to be successful. A major reason is the involvement in the suit on the side of the Navy of a small, relatevely new public interest law firm, the Pacific Legal Foundation (PLF). PLF has made some devastating points against CAT. Among them are" 1. That CAT is merely a corporate shell founded solely for the purpose of stopping in the courts the construction of the base. 2. That, the actual people behind the suit have yet to be disclosed. 3. That undisclosed persons or organizations are funding the suit "by laundering funds to plaintiffs' attorneys through various tax exempt charitable organizations in possible violation of Internal Revenue Service guidelines." 4. That there are serious legal questions regarding CAT's right to sue. Although the suit is still in the courts, federal Judge George L. Hart has already denied a motion for preliminary injunction to stop construction, largely on points made by PLF. PLF lawyers are now confident of final victory for the Navy. This, alone, will be good enough reason to cheer for Americans who worry, with much justification, that America is falling behind the Soviet Union in defense capabilities. Another good reason is the discovery that at least one public interest law firm is working on behalf of the public instead of, as so often is the case with such firms, working for left-wing special interest groups at the expense of the public. I will come back to the subject of the Pacific Legal Foundation in other columns. It is chalking up quite a record. By STANLEY KARNOW WASHINGTON, D.C. Underlying the debacle in Vietnam is a chain of excessive reactions by the Ford administration and by President Nguyen Van Thieu's government in Saigon to a Communist threat that was nowhere as serious as it was made out to be. In other words, both the White House and the Saigon regimes magnified a potential Communist menace, and, in so doing, contributed to the demoralization of the South Vietnamese army. The result has been the headlong flight by South Vietnamese troops from positions they probably could have held. And their flight triggered a panic among the population of South Vietnam's northern provinces. So the current crisis in Vietnam was largely psychological in its origins, and the Communists have been able to take advantage of the collapse in morale to make gains that far exceeded their expectations. To understand this episode it is necessary to reach back to the struggle that has been going on here in Washington between President Ford and Congress over the pursuit of foreign policy. Part of this dispute has involved the question of additional aid to the Thieu regime. The Ford administration has, in my estimation, made this a key battle in its fight against Congress. It was in many ways a foolish battle, for the Saigon regime had ample money and military equipment to hold its own against the Communists — at least for some time to come. This would later come to light when it was revealed that the South Vietnamese army abandoned more than $1 billion in material as it fled from the northern provinces. But President Ford, in his dispute with Congress, deliberately sought to create the impression that the Saigon regime was hanging on the edge of a precipice and would go over the brink unless Capitol Hill came forth with supplementary assistance. This impression of imminent danger, which was plainly exaggerated, infected Thieu with the concern that he was in fact in serious trouble. More significantly, his army rapidly began to fear that it faced an immediate cutoff of help. Therefore, when Thieu quite sensibly ordered a withdrawal of his forces from South Vietnam's highland provinces a few weeks ago, they pulled out in disorderly fashion, leaving behind an arsenal of weapons that could have been useful to them afterward. At the same time, the notion that the United States was about to drop them alarmed South Vietnamese soldiers and civilians elsewhere throughout the country, and that touched off their stampede. Thus the Communists moved into a vacuum in strategic places like Hue and Da Nang, and, in a sense, they have been taking over South Vietnam by default. My guess is that they are surprised by the success they have had. What makes all this so tragic is that the United States could have taken a different approach to the Vietnam situation. Instead of raising alarmist cries, it could have worked to seek a political solution in South Vietnam. The Paris agreement of January, 1973, called for negotiations between the Thieu regime and the Communists. But Thieu refused to negotiate because he feared that any sign of conciliation on his part would indicate his weakness. He stubbornly chose to hold out against the Communists in the belief that the United States would continue to provide him with unlimited support. The Ford administration should have used its aid to Thieu as a lever to pressure him into seeking some kind of compromise with the Communists under the terms of the Paris agreement. But the United States instead allowed him to indulge in his intransigence. The price being paid for that blindness are the thousands of refugees now pouring southward. And if American credibility has been tarnished in the process, the fault lies in the upper echelons of Washington and Saigon. Paul Harvey U.S. Flood Underplayed Remember When From Herald files, as compiled by Lynn Tilton 10 YEARS AGO April 11,1965 A United Steelworkers Union power play between David J. McDonald and I.W. Abel over-shadowed the usual steel industry contract negotiations as the conflict reached its most torrid level. It was doubted an accord with the industry could be reached by the May 1 strike deadline. Karl Thalman, Mrs. Victor J. Oidroyd and Dalian Pack were honored by the Literary Section of the Women's Council in Provo for their artistic achievements and contributions to the community. . .Mrs. Don Tree was chosen president of the garden club in American Fork. 25 YEARS AGO April 11,1950 Four survivors of a plane mishap were found safe on rafts in the Caribbean, but at least 40 persons were counted dead or missing in air and marine accidents over the weekend. Among the missing were two New England fishing vessels carrying 18 men who were missing in the wake of a violent snow and wind storm off the coast of Massachusetts. The Provo Shrine Club honored Sam Perlman, a charter member of the group and leader in Central Utah's aid to the Intel-mountain Shriners crippled children hospital. Frank J. Bampton was the club president, according to the article. Bananas were 15 cents a pound, tuna fish was 22 cents for a 2'/2 can and coffee was 69 cents a pound. 40 YEARS AGO April 11,1935 A thick dust pall over eight states but appeared to be thinning. Visibility from central Missouri to Tucumcari, N.M., was listed as zero-zero most of the way and families had to flee their homes as farms were ruined by the storm. In Provo it was announced Harold Bachman of Wheaton, 111, would be the judge for the high school band contest to be held in Provo. He gained recognition during World War I as leader of the 116th Engineer's band. He was bandmaster at Wheaton college at the time. Golf bulls cost 19 cents each, an alarm clock was 97 cents and playing cards were 18 cents a deck with an electric curling iron selling for 49 cents. On April 19 the worst of the Mississippi flood crest will swamp New Orleans. I saw this flood coming or I'd have been surprised by it — and therein lies a tale. I was flying from my home-base city, Chicago, toward a speaking engagement at Harding College in Arkansas on April 3 when I looked out and looked down and was amazed. South of St. Louis and over toward Memphis, the White River looked like the Mississippi and the Mississippi looked like Lake Superior. And I, a newsman, had been mostly unaware. Man alive! If what was happening to Arkansas ever happened to New York, the anguished cries for help would monopolize the media, scare Washington witless and turn our nation's pockets inside out. At a drop of a postseason snowflake, Chicago runs up a white flag and hollers so loud you can hear it in Timbuktu. Yet here is all this suffering and deprivation spread over millions of acres of Middle America, with enough acres of soybean cropland underwater to have worldwide impact, and our national news media had hardly noticed. While the big multiriver washout was yet unnoticed nationally, one of them, the Mississippi, was already overflowing 6 million acres from southern Illinois to the Gulf. It was backing up into its BARBS By PHIL PASTORET Add to collective loan managers. tributaries — the Yazoo, the Black, Little Red and others — pushing them out of bed, turning whole counties into lakes. Upriver, an additional 11 inches of spring snow was melting fast. Our U.S. Army Engineers were wrestling with an agonizing Hobson's choice. They knew this would be worse than the big flood of 73 which cost property and crops worth a billion dollars. Mississippi's flood reservoirs were already overfull. Unless they opened upriver spillways and diverted some of the water, an intolerable crest topping 19 feet would submerge much of Baton Rouge and New Orleans. Either way it meant devastation for large populated areas. This was the degree of desperation which had already developed the first week of this month while — except in our midland valleys — our nation's eyes were diverted to Vietnam evacuation and economic speculation and basketball. In the flood plains of Middle America, there are per-acre fewer newsmen seeking to outshout one another for attention. Is New York City really that much close to Indochina than it is to the United States? Eventually the New York-based news media got to the flood scene with their cameras, but the share of their concern for homefolks remains less, and somehow less genuine —and I resent that. ((c) 1975, Los Angeles Times) Berry's World your dictionary nouns: A "no" of of If one had all the beds in which George Washington is alleged to have slept, he could open an antique furniture store. © 1975 t>y NEA "You're the first crude oil man I've met and / don't think you're the LEAST bit crude!"