The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on May 10, 1970 · Page 7
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May 10, 1970

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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 7

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Sunday, May 10, 1970
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0« Maine* Sunday R^ Coiuboy Fiats West Is Fat, Lazy B$ CliaHes Hfltiitger t> Th« L« An«l«s Times JELM, WYCKj— Even in the vast open spaces 6f Wyoming where; cowpunching Is still the biggest thing going, ft%ear-6ld Phil Rathbun Is .called the last of his breed. "This whole country at one Mme was cfawlin' with itinerant - ranch— hattdsr-like- 'Old Phil 1 ," says Ted Burnstad, 65, sheriff of Wyoming's Albany CountyT "But they're all gone. All except 'Old Phil'." Rathbun, caretaker of the -- 3,000-aere Erlcson R miles southwest of Laramie,, is one of the oldest active . cowboyi In the land. *• •;, "Cowpokes got different customs nowadays," he says. ^They're more mechanic than «bwpuncher. They wear wrist patches, fancy shirts. «-, "I useta ride my horse futher In a day than most of them so- called modern cowboys ride in six months." "Old Phil" never earned more* than 1 $3 a day, even at his peak. $60 Was Good * "If I wasmakin' $30 to $60 a /month, I thought I was doin' 'ftrettv good." he says Chat's furnishin' everything but •flhe cattle — furnishin' my own 3u>rses, my own food. < Of Icburse, I always stayed in the •!Bunkhouse for nothin'." r Rathbun has lived in bunk- rftouses all his life. Never has •Jived in a home. ; "Never want to either," he -says. The old cowboy greets visitors at the door of the 98-year. old log cabin bunkhouse he has called home the last few years.' Gene May Hold Clue to Cancer, Aging) Evolution C&tifinmd ftdfti page world Jot the. past Flfst, the Nitt ported achieving few the 1 ,1 frst test-tube isolation- of certain chemical factors that spark life in mamfrialian cells. / _ And second, ttiey Incorporated those 1 factors into a cell-free brew that enables them to study systematically "individual mammalian, biochemical life processes for the first time outside of living cells. - With-sueh a-system-the-NIH scientists can study fine points in the synthesis of life's most vital constituents: Protein* a -practical point of view, they plan to use this system to biochemically "dissect" [enetie-diseasesrone-by In this way, they may be biochernlsUf ot Ihe; National Heart atidf titfig Jnstitute of Nlfi. tfjs jtf^era Jt*:tif. David A". Shaffite, Dr. Jeffrey > Gilbert ftnd Dr. Philip: M. Prichafd. ' . fhelf, W6rk pttts Wamnia- Has — of Immaft ••» bIMhe- mlcal genetics at about the Stage that microftal genetics had fcached a 1 little over eight years—jsg«--1%ar=was := when two other NIH scientists '— Dr.Marshall W. Nfrenberg and Dr* J. llefiricfi Matthaei able to- identify that cause the crucial defects disease, symp- Phil Rathbun The last of His Breed Security, he laughs and asks "What's that?" He says pushin' cows is nothing like it was when he- was young. "We ran .old Texas cows — long-legged, slender, half-wild animals. That was before fences came along and when we branded on the open range. Cows were easier to push along in those days. "Cattle.now is fat and lazy — just like most people. "We were tough like the animals we trailed." Gen Bradley for Cambodia Step CARLISLE, PA. (AP) - Gen. Omar N. Bradley said Friday that American action in Cam bodia will set back the. ability of the enemy'to launch attacks by "six to eight months and maybe toms_and find biochemically weak spots which might be vul- nerablejo medical attack. ' Study of Anemia Already the scientists have egun this sort of biochemical issection on a human genetic Jsease called beta thalas- emia, a fatal anemia that usu- lly kills early in life. The scientific team is led by He tosses some wood onto the one y par fire, unties his heavy leather! Bradley defended Presiden chaps and throws them over an j Nixon's Decision to attack posi old chair. '"' - : -"" u " dl " "• " w ~ "You can come In here •-with dirty feet. Bring your 'horse In here. Hell, I don't " care. It don't matter none. I've ridden my horse In here . more than once when I've been half shot." : , "Old Phil" knows nothing about his parents. "All I know'd Is Hived in an orphanage not far from the JBrooklyn Bridge In New York -until I was 6 or 7. Then sornX 'body took a bunch of us orphan ,; kids .West. • / i" "I remember goingx^ a little ,;.pld red schoolhouse above a "creek in a place called Oxbow in Nebraska^for a coupla years, Then I took off arid came to • Cheyenne:" Calf Upholstery 4'rayed "Way Out West" car- cowboy drawings cabin walls. Calf : hides drape old chairs and an ^ancient iron bed. £ "Old Phil" doesn't own a car. ^He has never married. ~- "Never was in the notion," Che_says. "Oh, I been in love ,Tdrice or twice. But she never me to the altar." tions in Cambodia, saying: "The Communists ha ve consideret Laos, Vietnam' and Cambodja one war ever since they began using this area for attacks on South Vietnam." / Asked by newsmen whethe American militaryfaction- migh be extended intb Red China, the 77-year-old ,Hve-star general re plied thatr^'the internal ( disorde within/China would malfe foolish for them to risk war wit .the United States." v %-ffiftcfi Anderson, head stones in the science of genetics < ture — essentially, a string of of tfte JettioiH oft^ humaniupto/1iow. ", isOb-units otfour Kinds, called First was the discovery, injnudeotides, linked together in 1866, by an Austfiain nffonV the fofm of a double helix, or named Gregor Mendel T that he- twisted ladder shape, reditary traits >are transmitted! • from parent to offspring, in indi- .vidual "packets," later to be called "gene's." : ~— The second-milestone-was the discovery, in 1941, by Dr. George W. Bea'dle and Dr. Ed- free, -protein-synthesizing sys tem from bacteria. One immediate consequence of that achievement was What became known as "the breaking of the genetic code." DNA Acids According to the genetic code, sequences of those four DNA sub-units, taken"three at a time, correspond to protein sub- tity of chemical factors that trigger the translation of the gene's cAded message into protein. It was three of these essential "initiation" factors that the NIH scientists Isolated and now can use in the study of various genetic disease states. . Or some other defects further on in the protein-Synthesizing machinery may be at fault in a units, called ( amino-acids. ( 'In ward L. Taturn, then of Stan- lh is way, a 'gene's chain: of ford University, that genes act ; DNA sub-units can specify the .particular genetic disease. 4>y^-piTOlHe1rif= ; spl5ciafts!ed==pK^{ s ^quenceo|. amino-acids in a tcin'molecules, called enzymes, i protein and, as a consequence, ., .. . determine that protein's unique discovery, which won | structure and ? unction as 4an That discovery, which won a Nobel prize in 1958, was of syntftMfing , rtachlftefy might tfc mtwHfiiea* by manipulating that system with drugs. f inailyj the new work has" already given ifeatef insight irita the process by which life evolved oh earth.''" ~DT; Anderson's group- has fontld, f«f example, that certain of the mammalian pro- tefn initiation factors they have isolated can be replaced ffr therte8fctttb«-^rfth-*htitl«P= factors taken from bacterial cells. This means that certain com- -.1-. ei a nonei pme m iro, was or . A defect M^^^?^^fM^MUsM T ^ 1 ^ a - inu t a tion enzymes mediate most of the ( | c f ec tj ve chemical reactions In a cell; thereby endowing it with properties known collectively "The genetic code constitutes a i down in sort of chemical "language of | scientists as "life." The third milestone i l .m Last year Dr. Anderson showed it is possible to alter j the sort of biochemical imbal- in a gene, ance that might result from portents of man's cells today irttttationr-ean-cause-i such defects. He hopes to use. were established .at the very this approach against the fatal; earliest stages of organic evolu- anemia, beta thalassemia, by tion ancl have remained cssen- tfying to increase the rate of or absent enzymes, resulting often in death, or a hereditary disease. Medical science has no wayi was laid of i yet of treating genetic diseases! synthesis of a part by a group from the Rockefeller life," according to which in-i Institute, headed by Dr. Oswald „ _ Structions are ''written" in-the IT. Aver y- The y demonstrated agenetic defect by finding ways! molecular structure of the he-j that the hereditary material - to modify abnormalities in the! reditary material for determin-lthe stuff that genes are made synt hesi<3 of the .crucial protein i ing the form and function of all of - was a substance called Uenzyme) that a defective gene; .. . ... >, , . ' rlnnwrt*infintisilnin nnttf ni* TiMA I _ _ . . . ° ^ejt,catr_ying_h.emQglobin_moler. fects at the level of the gene.icule that is produced in However, scientists may be; deficient quantities in the blood able to ameliorate the effects ofiof victims of the disorder. living things. Five Milestones The discovery and .deciphering of the genetic code, which won Dr. Nirenberg and two other scientists a Nobel prize in 1968, is generally regarded as one of the five major milc- deoxyribonucleic acis, or DNA. | Finally, in 1953, Dr. James D, Watson and Dr. Francis H. C. Crick of the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, England, produced the fourth milestone, which was awarded a Nobel prize nine years later. This was the description of DNA's struc- specifies. The search for such Seize Mart jut Worth $700,000 \ SAN ANTONIO. TEX. (AP) to —Officers seized 350 pounds of see whether some forms of can- Chicago-bound marijuana val- ...cer may involve a defect.in the 1 ued at nearly $700,000 at retail Dr. Link With Cancer Anderson hopes also .protein initiation process and! prices Saturday. Seven men , new _. ,J e f. °" thccontrol , 0 | hence might be treatable at! and two teen-age girls were ar- human genetic disease is what the new NIH system now makes possible. For example, some genetic diseases may result from defects in the quality or quan- this level. And he wants to look) rested. In an apparently unre- into the possibility that certain i lated case late Thursday, offi- immunological or allergic reac-i cers confiscated 92 pounds of lions in the body and the! heroin worth $25 million at re- aging process itself are caused j tail value. Four persons were by defects in cells' protein-i charged. - Plan to Dismiss Air Controllers MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. (AP — A spokesman for the Federa Aviation Administration sai Friday 19 air controllers wh participated in the "sick-out between Mar. 25 and Apr. 2 i Minnesota, the Dakotas, Wisconsin and Montana have been designated for dismissal. Robert 0. Ziegler, manager jfor the FAA's five-state area, : said another 80 controllers involved in the sick-out have been designated for suspension for periods_equivalent to the time they were away from their jobs. That's as far as. we've gone today," ' Ziegler said. "We're Asked if he is getting Social!still reviewing the record." 1/V.Y. Police Head, Lindsay T; Meet oh Workers' Attack 7; NEW YORK, N.Y..(AP) - Police Commissioner Howard R. £ Leary and his top-ranking officers met privately with Mayor John -~V. Lindsay Saturday amid charges that police were negligent in ^protecting peate demonstrators against an fraullby " "^ "construction workers and others niear. City Hi" «1 About 70 persons wera^n-j ~ " jured when the helmeted work;: ers, swinging crowbars and ; clubs, waded ftrough a crowd —of protesters and attacked stu- - "dents in the lobby of nearby Pace College, smashing windows and furniture. Although City Hall sources said police bad been warned of a .possible confrontation a day earlier, Leary issued a statement saying his department had "no reason to anticipate major violence or disorder." He said only six regular offi- ,; cers were on duty when the *; workers first arrived, chanting patriotic slogans and, at one -point, attempting to enter City «Hall. Police were overpowered ?J and unable to make arrests, he gence" on the part of police, Leonard N. .Cohen, deputy boroagb president of Manhattan, said Saturday he was prepared to testify at any Investigation that "police, front my observation, stood by and negligently permitted this to Jtappcn in tbeii pieseuce."- meeting- Saturday. * L i n d s a y ' said some police «- "failed to perform their duty" ^ ia the Friday incident. Ljadsay said ifcere were "obviously extenuating circum: - stances" that made it difficult .», for police to control the crowd. £But he said that did not "alter ^the fact ti«t a roving band of 3^500 construction workers were -^allowed to move at will . . . ^beating up people all along the .. 3£ Lindsay called the violence *•• "appalling," and said Leary * would take prompt disciplinary ~ action against any policeman negligent in proteefej| I demonstrators. the C b a r | i B g "gross negli- , In a letter to Lindsay and other city officials', Cohen said he "shrieked" to police- ing on the City Hall steps to follow the workers when they charged, toward Pace College. "But the police didn't do it,' he said. "They saw men run ning to the entrance of the col lege but during the whole peri od they refused to send men. ''While some construction workers were doing battle. a Pace College, others i were mingling witti the police and a^l o them were/ laughing," Cohen said. "The construction worker and the police had literal!} joined ranks." Cohen said other worker then "began to beat up kids and very brutally," near Cit> Hall. "I shrieked to the polic again, but they didn't do any thing until some youths wer very seriously bit." Cohen said when police began to break up the fights — "after about three minutes" — on) about 15 or 20 of the 150 police rushed to the area were involved. 6 TV NEWS RegularJ399.95, ^Big PietumColor TV That's Also »n FM/AM Radio .-.,..- • t • 18-inch diagonal measure picture TV • FM/AM radio has AFC for drift-free FM Have everything: Color TV, FM and AM radio in one cabinet. Automatic keyed gain control and automatic chroma control minimize annoying picture flutter and color pulsations. VHF and UHF antennas. Etched, tinted glass reduces glare. Attractive wood-grain plastic cabinet. Sale Price good thru Saturday, May 16. Buy on Sears Easy Payment Plan SHOP AT SEARS AND SAVE Satisfaction Guaranteed -• Spars CBA18, ftOZBVCg AND CO. AMES 624 Laiicoki Way Phone 233-2960 Awes, lows MARSHALL™WN NEWTON -ItSvET^Maifl St. 122 N-Secoad Ave. E Phone 753-4201 Phone 792-lftOO la. N KM ton, la 4323 Fleur Drive Phone 285-0414 i Dee Moines, la. EASTGATE E. 14th and Eudid Phone 265-42S6 Deg Moines, la. MERLE HAY PLAZA 4000 Merle Hay Rd. Phone 2764911 Deg Moiues, la.

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