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4 A THE BAYTOW1S SUN Wednesday, December 1 ^EDITORIAL Nuclear Threat Gets Attention Of Bishops The spectacle of the nation's Roman Catholic bishops solemnly debating the morality of nuclear weapons and strategy would have seemed incongruous, even a few years ago. The Catholic hierarchy in this country traditionally supported a strong military predicated on the inherent moral right of self-defense. And the choice of what weapons and strategy were best suited to ensure that defense was traditionally left to the nation's duly constituted military and political authority. Not so today if the bishops' recent debates in Washington are any guide. A "peace" lobby led b Seattle's Archbishop Raymond G. Hunthausen urged the bishops to endorse unilateral nuclear disarmament, even if it left the Soviet Union as the only superpower with a nuclear arsenal. Although only a minority of bishops seem prepared to support such obvious folly, a majority is likely to vote next spring for a pastoral letter endorsing a nuclear freeze and questioning the morality of a strategy of nuclear deterrence. A draft of the proposed pastoral letter under debate by the bishops condemns the threat to use nuclear weapons. It cannot have escaped the bishops' notice that the very threat they would condemn is all that makes a nuclear deterrent credible. What could be more obvious than the fact that the possession of nuclear weapons as a deterrent to war would fail to deter the moment the possessor of those weapons renounces their use under any circumstances? That is precisely why every American president since the dawn of the nuclear age has found it necessary to indicate publicly that a nuclear attack upon the United States would be answered in kind. And because that threat has been deemed credible by the Soviets, the possession of nuclear weapons in American hands has contributed decisively to the prevention of another world war for nearly 40 years now. Renouncing that threat would be no service to the cause of peace or, we might add, of freedom including the religious liberty that should be of special concern to the bishops. There are, to be sure, plenty of legitimate moral issues involved in the whole question of nuclear weapons and nuclear strategy. Too few are being addressed by the bishops. Was it moral, for example, for successive American administrations from Lyndon Johnson's through Jimmy Carter's to deliberately deny the American people any protection from nuclear attack? Is it moral for today's peace lobby to oppose even the rudimentary civil defense measures proposed by the Reagan administration? Is it moral, or even intelligent, to advocate a nuclear freeze with the Soviets at a time when the relative strength of the American nuclear deterrent is at its lowest point in history? Is it especially moral to oppose, as many of the bishops do implicitly, research and development work on antiballistic missile defenses that might someday render the American nuclear deterrent and perhaps cities as well virtually invulnerable to attack? We heard too little out of the bishops' debate in Washington that suggested these issues received anything approaching equal consideration with the various calls for disarmament. Nor, did we hear much support for the Reagan administration's policy of attempting to negotiate arms reduction agreements from a position of strength rather than weakness. The nation's Catholic bishops have an enormous moral responsibility to reach conclusions on questions of nuclear weapons and doctrine that actually strengthen the cause of peace and freedom. We regret to say that much of what came out of the bishops' recent annual conference threatens to accomplish the opposite. Berry's World "MY SON — THE SHORT-TERM OPTIMIZER!' Jiaptotoft Leon Brown. Fred Hornberger f red Hartrnon Editor and Publisher Assistant to Publisher Editor and Publisher. 1950 1974 (Chairman of Board Southern Newspapers, Inc ) EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT . - . Managing Editor As* ;^ir?fe Managing Editor ADVERTISING OEPAtTMiNT Display Advertising Manager Wanda Orton Lynn Hughes Mike Graxiola fon ' f<la "' n ' : '"" OMh '' B '"'"»" T<.. 0i p os , Oft.r c . 77'.,20i,r>,leriheAci 0 lCon<;r,« 0 iMo,ch3 1879 >>.t>l.lhrr) nllrmonnt Mr,n,lrjy through F,.<|,, v ^nd Sundon 01 I JO 1 Memor.,,1 Dr.ve ir> Boylown Tp.en PO Bo. 90 Bt,»io.n ;;b?0 Su W n*'t S,,W..p,.,,,, R U I,. % B, f o.,,e,. 4^ Jb p P , mon.K $i I 00 no- yea', s.nalr top, p,,cc. 20 c.nt, cvcnret] noiitjnnllv l>v Cooi'i-ii Puhlieotion-* I Of TIM IHOCItTf• ftni TW A«« (0 ,crt P,,..i :•. ,o,,,l«| P. t l lj41v ,|» I,, Ihc „»• lo, ,cp u bl.col.on o any newt d.^pnlrhfl CWd.Wd lo .1 W r.^ othrr., S r tr»rt,f|.,l ,n Ih.i pnprr onrt lural n.-ws at %pooi<woi,4 or.g.n p,.h ihf^ herein R.ghtt o( n> |iu blirat>oo ol o> n'hrr mover here n ore alia rose'.crl The Haytawn 5i.n rero.ni nalionall krpwn ^ytidcfoles «hoK »nle>t' byl,r»-. %'->'ipl ere mecj throurjhouT the nr-%papp« There Off- hrtie* *hsn rhcve OMititfvrfo nol r«f1ccl Th" Son's vrewpO"" Jack Ahderson Pipeline Embargo Doomed WASHINGTON - President Reagan's pipeline embargo was doomed from the start. The Russians, in league with our West European allies — the French, West Germans and Italians — outmaneuvered the White House at every step of the year-long international power play. Soviet trade officials brought unprecedented pressure on the West Europeans, who of course were not all that reluctant to make a few million francs, marks or lire by undercutting the Reagan administration's sanctions. The evidence — secret contracts signed by European companies to sell the Soviets the machines and material they needed to build the pipeline that will bring Siberian natural gas to Western Europe — has been seen by my associate Dale Van Atta. White House and intelligence sources provided details of the Kremlin's successful strategy. Here's the story: The Russians knew they would need the superior Western equipment to build the pipeline. They also knew that a U.S. embargo would be the likely response to a Soviet crackdown in Poland. But the Polish situation was getting dangerously out of hand in the late summer and fall of 1981. So the Soviets had to make sure of their pipeline supplies from the West before they took action in Poland that might lead to a U.S. embargo. They met their deadline — just barely. On Oct. 22, 1981, the Soviet pur- chasing agency, Machinoimport, announced a contract with the French firm of Alsthom- Atlantique for 40 spare General Elecuic rotors. Ronald Reagan's one-time employer makes the best rotors in the world, and the Soviets were obviously hedging their bets against a U.S. embargo that would block the GE equipment at its source. In November and early December, while the situation in Poland continued to deteriorate, the Russians worked frantically to get their final contracts with the West signed. Representatives of Creusot-Loire, another French company, arrived in Moscow for high-level negotiations for $250 million worth of chiller plants on Bee. 12. On Dec. 13, mai cial law- was declared in Poland. On Dec. 14, the negotiations with Creusot-Loire were successfully concluded. Two weeks later, as the Russians had guessed, Reagan announced the embargo on sale of pipeline equipment to the Soviet Union. As the White House soon learned, it was too late. So in June, at the economic summit in Versailles, Reagan made an impassioned plea to the allied leaders to support the U.S. sanctions. Then- Chancellor Helmut Schmidt of West Germany didn't even look at Reagan, but gazed out the window at the gardens. When the allied leaders failed to support the U.S. position, a furious Reagan responded later that mouth by extending the em- bargo to European affiliates of American companies. But here, too, the Russians were way ahead of him. Two things had happened. First, the Soviets had insisted on dealing directly with subcontractors. This meant the Russians would be able to apply penalties for non-delivery directly on the subcontractors, who could thus be counted on to add their weight to the anti-embargo lobbying effort. Even more important was the Russians' insistence on rewriting the so-called "force majeure" contract clause that absolves a supplier of responsibility if it is prevented from delivery by "prohibition of export or import, or any other circumstances beyond the reasonable control oi the parties." The rewritten force majeure clause appears'in the 100-page- plus contract the Russians signed with Creusot-Loire and the German firm of Mannesmann. The . escape clause duly covered the standard "fire, floods, earthquake, typhoon, epidemics (and) military operations of any character. . .such as war." But the standard reference to "prohibition of export" or other governmental action was deleted. In fact, the contract went further in another clause and required the supplier to offer the Russians alternatives if export licenses couldn't be obtained. Footnote: Sources say an Italian company, Nuovo Pignone, signed a secret agreement with the Russians to supply 33 turbins Bob Wagman New Right Big Loser WASHINGTON (NBA) — The mark of a professional politician is his ability to turn every seeming defeat into a victory, or at least to attempt to — and that's what the New Right is doing in the aftermath of Campaign '82. Most observers have decided that the election results dealt a major blow to the New Right, and especially to the National Conservative Political Action Committee (NCPAC). Depending on which account you read or hear, NCPAC, it is said, won only one — or, at best, two — of the 15 to 35 campaigns in which it was involved. Not so, says NCPAC chairman Terry Dolan. In fact, says Dolan, Campaign '82 was a "significant victory" for NCPAC — and he tries to prove his point through an almost-breath-taking manipulation of statistics. In a guest column in The Washington Post, Dolan claimed that "the overall winning record of NCPAC (this November) was 70 percent." He then noted that, in various stories, the Post reported different win records for NCPAC: 1-9,1-14 and 1-17. Dolan called this an exampie of the "distortions" being perpetrated against NCPAC by the "big media," and he condemned the "big media" for their "extraordinary lack of balance, absence of Judgment and vulgarization of... the business of gathering and reporting the news fairly and accurately." WJust is the truth? Did NCPAC, ••me! the New Right in general, suf- '••r -.: nvij-H- setback at the polls te yoar, or dkt they score the •victory Dolan claims? The answer depends on how you keep score. At different times during the campaign, especially in the early stages, NCPAC's "hit lists" targeted a number of senators and representatives for defeat. As the campaign moved along, many of these names were dropped when it became clear that they would win re-election easily. As many as 20 senators and 35 representatives were named as NCPAC targets at various times. However, NCPAC forgot many — like Ted Kennedy, Pat Moynihan and Howard Metzenbaum in Ohio — when it became apparent that they were so far ahead that they had become impossible to catch. At the same time, NCPAC made perfunctory contributions to many campaigns, including those of virtually all the Republican incumbents, many of whom easily won re-election. Therefore Dolan is able to argue that NCPAC was "involved" in 252 races and that the candidates they "supported" won in 179, giving NCPAC a "winning percentage of 71 percent." But, in saying this, Dolan is equating a $1,000 contribution to a Republican incumbent running without opposition with the $750,000 or so that NCPAC spent trying to defeat Maryland Sen. Paul Sarbanes, or the half-million dollars It spent to defeat Ted Ken- nedy, or the quarter-million each that it spent trying to defeat Robert Byrd, or Rep. Jim Wright, or Sen. John Melcher or Sen. Lloyd Bentsen, all of whom won re-election handily — to say the least. Although final expenditure figures are not in, it appears that NCPAC spent more than $25,000 in perhaps 30 Senate and House races. The only "victories" NCPAC won were the defeat of Howard Cannon in Nevada and the Trible election in Virginia — which depends on whether NCPAC spent enough money late in the Trible-Davis Senate race to move it into this category. Thus, among its target races, NCPAC was 2 for 30 at best. In fact, it seems that the New Right's defeat was worse than the numbers would indicate. Many of the Republicans who won reelection ifi the Senate were moderates, such as Weicker, Heinz and Danforth. Had these moderates lost, the Republican Party would haye moved more to the right — but the results have put the moderates in the GOP in a much.stronger position. Moreover, the thin margin of victory by many Republicans, and the clear centrist mood of the nation, probably will lead to a much more moderate approach by IT any Republicans, such as Howard Baker and Bob Dole. Bible Verse "FOR THE Lord to good; his mercy Is everlasting, and hi* truth en- dureth to all generations." Psalms 100:5 without their Ge rotors — which could then be added when, as the Kremlin correctly anticipated, Reagan lifted the embargo. CLEANUP CATCH-22: Since 1972, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration has been promising to set minimal sanitation standards for migrant farm workers — pure drinking water, toilets and wash-up facilities. But the agency kept dragging its feet. Meanwhile, migrant workers continue to suffer from dehydration, heat stroke, contamination of their food by pesticides and a host of diseases traceable to the filthy conditions in which they work. When farm worker advocates took OSHA to court, officials testified that it would take another • five years to study the problem. An outraged judge accused them of bad faith, and ordered them to speed things up. In July, OSHA , agreed to "make a good faith effort to publish a proposed standard within 15-18 months." Yet OSHA's recent agenda of regulations in process did not include field sanitation. "Just an oversight," a spokesman told my reporter James Crawford. He said a "risk assessment" would be undertaken within six to 12 months. The catch is that because the health hazards are so obvious, migrant workers' clinics don't bother to gather much information about them. But without such data, OSHA will have more excuses to stall on the standards. From Sun Files How 'Swede' It Was For UTIn 1952 From The Baytown Sun files, this is the way it was 40 and 30 and 20 years ago: DEC. 1,1942 Pictured on the front page today are Mrs. Gordon Farnerl, soprano soloist with the Tri-City Little Symphony, and Marsh Howard, baritone soloist. The barn at the O. Hasty home on Coady Road is destroyed by fire. The barn had been filled with 450 bales of hay and contained a two-horse wagon. New directors elected in the Goose Creek Chamber of Commerce are Mose Sumner, O T Manning, Webb Greer, Joe Reid and A.L. Banks. Mrs. Charles Boyer, Tri-Cities pianist, will play at the weekly concert at the Houston Art Museum. Matthew Heiman, son of Mr. and Mrs. G.G. Heiman of Baytown, has been accepted for training in the Army Air Corps. Pvt. Claude Meadows Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs. C.E. Meadows, receives basic Army Air Corps training at Kearnes, Utah. DEC. 1,1952 Tom "Swede" Stolhandske is named today on the All-Southwest Conference team of the Associated Press. The University of Texas star and former Gander earlier this week became Baytown's first All-American. Gander football stars on the All- District team picked by the Port Arthur News are Dick Cooke, Mike Hensley, L.A. Bergeron Fred Ernst, Gerald Orton, Tommy Gentry, Ken Daw and Louis DelHomme. New directors elected in the Baytown Chamber of Commerce for three-year terms are Bert Black, Gordon L. Famed, Thad Felton, L.C. Ferguson, Lloyd T. Jones, Max Nuttall, Wilton \. Roper, L.G. Sanders and Robert Strickland. DEC. 1,1962 Pictured on Page 8 are Baytown semi-finalists in the Harris County youth scholarship contest They were recognized at the Baytown Optimist Club Youth Appreciation Banquet. Included are Elisabeth Alleman, Nancy Gilmore, Sharon Martin, Katina King, Willie Sherrell Hooper, .George Perkins, Alan Erwin, Robert Peacock, Paul Quinton and Daniel Leon Waddell. Mickey Keith and Melanie Dee Masterson, children of Mr. and Mrs. R.K. Masterson, 905 S. Seventh, are celebrating their birthdays this week with a visit to Captain Bob on KPRC-TV. Grandparents are Mr. and Mrs. E.L. Masterson, Highlands, and Mr. and Mrs. w.C. Jackson, Baytown.