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THE MORNING AVALANCHE Lubbock, Texas, Wednesday, March 18, ,1942 4343 Fo? The Avalanche-Journal Off<eo MORNING AVALANCHE ' "Starts The Day On The South Plains" Pur.itshea ever) morning except Sunday and Monday and consolidated on Sunday morning only 111 the Sunday Avalanche- .^ourn»i by the Avalanche-Journal Publishing Company, Inc.. 1211 .Texas Avenue. Believe It Or Not—By Robert Ripley •"":• SUBSCRIPTION RATES Byi'met! only: One year $5.95. six months (3.15. tbrai months $2.00 ana one month 70t. By carrier only: Per month 7ec: ComDlnation Avalanche and Journal $1.25 per month. '; - ' CHAS. A. GUY /rt^SSBo PARKER E. PROOTY Editor and Publisher <B ?isSt* w General Manager Chas. W. RUltff, Managing Editor It'ls not the intention to cast reflection upon the character of aayoue knowingly, and it through error we should, the management will appreciate navlng our attention called to tame and wllj eladly correct any erroneous statement raade. An Independent Democrat'..; newspaper supporting in Its editorial columns the principles which it believes to aa right and opposing those questions which It Believes to be wrong, regardless o! party politic* publishing the r.en-s fairly and Impartially *t al! tunes. MFMBER OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Pre.ss is exclusively entitled to the use for puu- ticatica of al' news dispatches credited io It. or not otherwise credited In this paper. anC also the local naws published herein. Entered as Second-Clkss Mall Matter at the Postofflce at Lubbock, Texas, according to provisions of the Act ot Congress of March 6. 1879. and under the ruling of the Postmaster-General. Member of Aucciated Press Full Leas:d Wire Service OUR PLEDGE YA/'E pleuge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands; One Notion, Indivisible, with Liberty and Justice for all. We All Can Help MacArthur /T\HE most exhilirating stimulant possible I to imagine for United Nations' • morale in the Far East right now was Tuesday's announcement that Gen. Douglas MacArthur had reached Australia to assume the United Nations' supreme command in that vital sector of the war. He is, by general agreement, the most dynamic personality produced on either side thus far in this war. None appeals so irresistably to the imagination. None has accomplished so much with so little. He is the one man, and the only man, who could be elevated to his new position without 1 dissent or reservation in any quarter. Some might term him the "people's choice" as supreme commander-—and some might question whether it is an asset to such a commander to be the "people's choice." But in this case it is important. It guarantees more unity and more enthusiasm in the support of the new leader by peoples -of diverse nationalities among whom rivalries and jealousies are natural. Everything General MacArthur has done in the war has tended to intensify admiration of him. That even has included his departure from the Philippines. He stuck with his boys there until everyone could see that the best possible service he might render to them, as well as to the cause as a whole, would be to assume th'e supreme command. It is a safe bet that the boys in the Philippines are more hopeful right now of eventual rescue than they have been in weeks. It is a safe bet that they feel that Douglas MacArthur will save them if any man on earth can. Obviously, all this imposes a terrific load upon General MacArthur. It may be a load too heavy to expect any man to carry. He is" 1 in the unfair position where miracles not merely are expected. If he doesn't perform miracles—miracles beyond the capacity, perhaps, of any miracle- maker—the disappointment is apt to be keen. General MacArthur is, of course, aware of all this. Possibly the best service that those who follow can render their leader now is not to expect too much. Certainly they must not expect, much less demand, the impossible. They must recognize that a great leader isn't enough in a. war like this. He must have a great team. The utmost of .both great leader and great team will be required if eventual victory is to be achieved. The leader has proved his greatness. Will the team— which includes all of us—prove worthy of the leader? WAS AN INDIAN OP BRAZIL MRS. CHARLES STEFFENS S pence v, Iowa WAS BORN ON MAY ftAY HER HUSBAND WAS BORM OM HALLOWEEN THEV WERE MARRIED ON ARMISTICE DAY 1ST SON 00RN WASHINGTON'S BIRTHDAY •2.HB SON BORN XM'AS DAY DAUGKTCR BORN NEW YEAR'S.gA AMERICA WASNAMED BY AN OBSCURE GERMAN PROFESSOR IN A FRENCH COLLEGE FOR AN ITALIAN NAVIGATOR OFTHEK1N&OF PORTUGAL A 90 FT. ELM TREE GROWS UP THRU THE BUILDIN& HOW AMERICA WAS NAMED »ra SraAotc. let, "VttU eitu EXPLANATION OF CARTOON Tfin«r King nad f i> t v. Ame »g° Vespucci, an Italian who was a navigator in the service of of Portugal when he made his fourth trip to the New World in 1503. Vespucci wrote a report of this voyage and sent it to a school friend at his home town o£ Florence. This letter was published and a Latin translation of it was seen by Professor Martin Waldseemuller a German teacher of cosmography at St. Die in France. The professor, who was writing a book on cosmograohy ?.' . the , tlme > first named the newly-discovered continent America in honor of Amerigo Vespucci and bmCV AmeFi of By ELEANOR ATTERBURY Chapter 14 Crusoe's Dock Tomorrov.- did come, of course. For Sharon it came spilling sunshine lavishly through the narrow windows of her bedroom, promising a brilliant spring Sunday fashioned ' " long, leisurely coast. A completely recovered Tom appeared at her dooV soon after eleven, eagerness scrawled plainly in his big smile. "Do you get prettier especially for a drive down the Something Must Be Wrong A MORNING AVALANCHE headline •ft- Tuesday read: "Seven Convicts Escape .Prison." It related to the break of seven long-term convicts from Texas state prison farm. the Ferguson The news item caused a Lubbock county officer to remark ruefully: "Looks like they let 'em get away as fast as we can put 'em in." He recalled, as most newspaper readers will recall, a somewhat similar headline about another prison break only a few -A'eeks ago; and still another prison break headline before that; and another before that; and on back almost as far as one might choose to go. The prison breaks usually have been followed by excuses.that have sounded plausable. Doubtless some of the excuses have had merit. But, too obviously for argument, something is radically wrong with any prison system m which one break follows another in seemingly an unending procession. Yet this hf.s happened in the Texas system. Few Texans are in position to know what may be wrong. It isn't to be expected that they would know how to remedy the situation that may exist. But they do know that those who are employed to keep convicts in prison are failing in their job. Their common sense tells them that one logical approach to the problem might be a general house-cleaning so as to replace those .who aren't doing the job with others who will. The One Minute Sermon O my God, 'I trust in thee: let. me not be ashamed, let not mine enemies triumph over me,—Psalms 25; 2. every day?" he demanded while his g 1 a n ce appreciated the crisp smartness of the lime green hat that matched her dress. "Or do I just forget overnight what a knockout you are." "And have you kissed the Blarney stone?" she retorted, thrilled in spite of her determination not to be, "or do you lie awake nights thinking up pretty speeches like that?" "I lie a\vake nights thinking up pretty speeches, and then when I see you, I forget them, all," he confessed with such apparent sincerity she almost believed him —almost! "Now don't tell me that Goodwin writes you sonnets every morning dedicated to your gorgeous eyes or the dimple in your chin, because if you do," and he scowled savagely, i'you ruin the day for me." Sharon laughed. "Nothing could ruin this gorgeous day," she insisted as he helped her into the car. A few hours later, she had cause to remember that laughing remark, to wonder at the irony of her having said that of this particular day.' But the first hours of driving down the peninsula, across the hills toward the coast, really were delightful. Noon found them refreshed but starving at a little wayside inn. The Caves, a sign announced, and the balding, paunchy proprietor assured them he specialized in fried oysters and creamed codfish. They took the oysters and a hot- lie of good Reisling and sat at a narrow table, by the window where they could watch the breakers roll into white froth just below. As before, Sharon found herself thoroughly enjoying the day, oiten forgetting that, she and Tom were ?s he'd expressed it, playing for goals at opposite ends of the field. Today his smiling good-nature held no hint of the probing conversation at the Hospital. She might have been a favorite girlfriend, she thought ".yatching him now, rather than a part of the opposition! "Let's walk novoi onto the beach," Tom suggested when they'd finished their coffee anc cigarettes. But the beach dropped too steeply right there, so they drove down a rutted side-road that beckonec enchantingly. It led them far from the highway, down through windswept cypress trees and then back to a wide, sandy beach. Hidden Cove "Here we are," Tom said and stopped the car. "This is magni- ficient." The sand was firmly packed along the water's edge and Sharon drew long draughts of the ke^ salty air into her lungs as they v-alked along. It was still too early in the season for summer visitors J so toe beach was deserted excep !or a few gulls and a stray mon- ;rel that romped into the water, marking wildly when a breaker overtook him. Tom whistled at him. "Here, boy," and threw a bit o£ driftwood for him to chase. The little terrier raced after it, delighted. Brought the stick back, dropped it proudly at Tom's feet. "More? Well, here you go." Tom threw it again, this time farther up the beach. After that, the little dog attached himself as one of the party, wore himself and Tom out chasing the stick, begging that it be '.hrown again and again. Finally, as if it had been a game of follow-the-leader, they rounded a point on the shoreline, found themselves in a small cove. "What a pretty little cove," Sharon exclaimed as they scrambled around the narrow beach at the foot of the cliffs, picked their way among the wet rocks up to the tiny apron of white sand. And, like a string to the apron, a narrow dock crossed the sand, pushed out into the water. "A perfect, natural harbor," Tom said. "And so well hidden by those long cliffs you could sail past the mouth a hundred times and never notice.this was here." "Someone noticed it," Sharon observed, pointing to the long dock, "and it looks as if they'd gone off and left it again, she added as they got near enough the pier to see the weather beaten planks, the rotting timbers. "This dock hasn't been abandoned long," Tom muttered, poking around under the pilings. "In fact, looks as if some of it had been repaired rather recently. See, the new wood's not even discolored yet." "It's a wonderful spot for a summer home." Sharon looked up at the deeply wooded slopes slanting straight down to the floor of the little cove. "Beautiful, secluded,—a perfect spot for a honeymoon." "Or—" Tom grinned,' "a bootlegger! I'll bet there's a beautiful rip-tide here, too," he added watching the water roll up onto tho sand, then slide back again "Looks like pretty steep slope here. That probably accounts for the dearth of summer homes." "It certainly is deserted. I wonder who would bother to repair this old dock?" "Robinson Crusoe, maybe," Tom suggested glibly. "Let's look around. Game for a little exploring?" "Sure. You take the right side and I'll take the left and two rifle shots means you've tracked the /i a lives in the dus)." Tom shook his head. "We'd better not divide our forces. You might get lost!" "Nonsense. Besides, if I discover buried treasure, I prefer to have all the credit myself.'' "Okay. Have it your way. If you want any help in carrying off your loot, just holler—like this." Tom threw back his head, let out a roar that echoed furiously up the narrow canyon. The little dog barked wild approval. 'Til beat you to that flat rock.' Sharon challenged and scrambled up the rocky slope into the wooded valley wall. . The Cache The little dcg acted as stlf-ap- pointed guide. Bouncing alo^ ahead, he stopped to wait only long enough for her to catch up Then he was off again, following some trail of his own inventing. Or at least it seemed so at first. After a while, the trail actually became a trail. One that had been used fairly recently. Grass broken under some footprints was still green. Someone had walked along here within the last hour or so. Sharon hesitated. After all, it was rather foolhardy, her rushing off into strange country alone like this. What if she met the "someone" whose footprints she saw? Well, what if 'she did? she shrugged, started on again. After all she and Dennis had "explored" thoroughly when as youngsters they'd spent summers on the coast. And they'd never met anything more dangerous than a native fisherman at that! Besides, Tom would never let her forget it if she turned the yellow feather and called fo-rhelp. Ahead of her, the little dog sniffed his way along busily. All of a sudden he whined softly, stopped short. Sharon stopped to look, too. . There, not fifty yards away, was a small cabin. What a strange place for a summer cabin. Sharon thought instantly. So small and so well concealed in shrubbery that if it hadn't been for the little dog, she'd undoubtedly-have passecl by without seeing it. "It must be terribly dreary and damp in there." She spoke her thought aloud and the sound of her own voice startled her. ' Once again, she was tempted to call to Tom. Probably he would The National Whirligig The News Behind The News WASHINGTON By Ray Tucker TJENRY L. STIMSON'S resignation from the cab- J-J- inet is considered s. sure thing by his colleagues. In fact it is understood here that he has submitted a farewell letter, to the White House and that he and the Chief Executive are merely awaiting the opportune moment to let the nation in on the secret. The War secretary's inspection of the Panama Canal Zone's defenses may be his last important official act although in a certain sense his fortified flight to that area was only a gesture. He met no fire on the trip but he is under a heavy barrage on the home front, even more so than the 65-year-old Navy secretary, Frank Knox. Both men, in the public's mind, were'appointed' for political reasons. Neither has demonstrated aptitude for the greatest task ever imposed on two Americans. The general belief is that Mr. Roosevelt, an adroit politician, will- drop them from the embattled ship of state. Several men have been mentioned as Stimson's successor. FDR's selection of a new war director will supply a tip on the President's attitude toward his critics. The three most prominently mentioned are Colonel William J. Donovan. Representative James W. Wadsworth of New Yuri? and Undersecretary Robert P. Patterson. If the Chief wants to make a hit with the people and the Congress, he will appoint the Empire State member of the House, who knows the Army from A to Z. But he probably will not. * « + LATE: Here is a story which General George C Marshall, Chief of Staff, ought to read. Although a local and minor matter, it may serve to explain why the United States is waging a waiting and defensive war. Twenty Washington boys recently enlisted. Some quit good jobs, while others left collegiate classrooms because of a natural urge to sign up. They passed their physical examinations, • they gol their parents' permission to enroll and they were told to show up at the recruiting station for transportation ^to Camp Lee, Virginia, at 8 o'clock sharp the next morning. They were warned that they "were in the Army now" and any delay in their early appearance for oath-taking would be held against them. Their parents arose soon after midnight under Roosevelt time to provide them with a final, farewell, bang-up breakfast. The youngsters, eager and expectant and a bit tense, were delivered at the military center long before the appointed hour Then it developed that the only officer authorizec to swear them in and put them on the bus for camp had gone AWOL for the day. So the crusading 20 sat around until late in the afternoon before they were transported to the next stop before the battlefield. The kids thought it was a good joke But their more thoughtful parents don't, and the writer is the father of one of those 20 bovs. * * * TRIAL: The pro-Langcr movement in the Senate reflects the depth of Congressional bitterness to ward .the White House and represents both personally and politically Capitol Hill's revolt agains executive domination of all three branches of the government. The demonstration is anti-Roosevel rather than pro-Langer. Opponents of the move to unseat the Ncrlh Dakota senator are Republicans and Democrats, lib erals and conservatives, New Dealers and anti reform members. In-their fight against the attemp to oust the "problem chief" of Nonpartisan League politics, they have nothing in common except a secret resentment against FDR's insistence on over riding and overruling the legislative arm They cannot fight the President on the foreign fron because they would be open to the charge that they are unpatriotic so they sock him .'" tbe domestic solar plexus. Side Glances—By Galbraiih ;6Qeit.lS4i.By NEA SERVICE. IMC. T. H. KEft. U.tl 3-17 'You put two whole spoons of sugar in your teal Father says that's the• same as sabotage!" Here And There In Texas may or may not be installed But it is not Langer who is on The lawmaker after a close vote. ____ trial behind the scenes. It is Franklin IX Roosevelt and the issues motivating the senatorial judges involves the administration's conduct of the war to the present moment. So the decision on the seemingly unimportant seating episode will have national and international implications. * * * RESPONSE: Winston Churchill, the President's old pal, has been no friend of the White House in recent days. Should there be a new showdown in parliament over Winnie's management of the stru°- gle smart Washingtonians will' not be surprised if American influence, both financial and military were tossed into the scales in favor of Sir Stafford' ' like to explore place too. this queer little Then, on second thought, she decided to have the first look herself. The one door was locked but around at the side, a rusty hinge on a window gave easily under pressure from a stout stick. It creaked painfully as she opened it and shower of dust and the putrid odor of rotten fish greeted her. "Ugh." she muttered, held her hand over her nose. Through the gloom, she just barely discerned the nets and coils of rope. Just a fisherman's shack, she decided, and would have closed the window. Then, the inquisitive little dog bounded past her, through the opened window and into the cabin. "Come here, sir. Here." But he though it was another game, and snatched rope in his mouth, an end worried growling and tuggirg at it furiously. "Come here!" He came—and brought the rope with him, trailing a pile of fishnet behind. And then she sav: it! The box that had laid hidden under that pile of fishing gear. One box first —then she saw another—and a third. Dozens of them piled end to end, filling one side of the cabin's one room. AH of them bore the same label. Sierra Steel Manufacturing company. All of them looked exactly like the boxes she'd seen loaded into trucks at Ihe plant, trucks destined for the Los Angeles Air- .piane factories.' All of them — the realization dawned swiftly—were exactly as they had come from the p'lant. And without counting the boxes, she knew there were exactly one (Continued on Comic Page) He was a buddy of 'Harry L. - Hopkins, Cohen and "Bill" Harrimarv in London Churchill has got FDR into a peck of trouble In order to win a vote of confidence for himself ?,° m -? ™? eks a S°> the Prime minister persuaded the White House to send a miniature AEF to northern Ireland. Our military strategists call it the "wrong way Army." They think it should have been dispatched to Java or Australia to stop the Japs The British boss,- under the fire of criticism, revamped his cabinet, which Mr. Roosevelt refuses to do despite similar pressure from Maine to California Lastly the premier has not gone along with our President s noble and expedient demand that India be given dominion status right now The U S ! ea £% - ns £u ed Chiang Kai-shek's missionary trip to.Delni. That attempt to arouse 400 million people the democracies, after the fiascoes in y, Burma and Java, was one of the most statesmanlike moves an American President ever made But Churchill's only response—and this is significant—was to send Sir Stafford Cripps to the eastern nation as a special envoy. «£" L £,2;i?_ e SS™** ***** have b «n P^ced Mi< *? lson . newspaperman anr- H . n and prjzed Democratic publicist since the days of Raskob-Smith control of the national committee. The erstwhile great "Charley" has become a jour- By BRACK CURRY Associated Press Staff Writer rpEXAS' 10,000 little business- J- men are edging nearer all- out participation in the nation's blossoming war production program. Climaxing many months of endeavor to obtain defense and war orders from prime contractors .and government procurement agencies, the men who run the state's small businesses are carrying their fight to Washington. Promoted by patriotic motives and by the- desire for economic survival in the pulsating transition to a war economy, the little businessmen will ask their congressional representatives and the War Production Board for orders to help boost the nation's output of vital war materials, * * * Congressmen Are Helpful They want contracts from government agencies or from prime contractors struggling under backlogs of government orders. Armed with specific data on what they can produce and how quickly they can produce, the committee of representative small businessmen now in Washington doesn't propose to turn Texasward again until it gets contracts. The Texas congressional delegation "is strong, enough to make our demands known to the War Production board," says Chairman Walter Dillard of the Citizens Industrial De- .fense committee. Though caustic criticism of the federal government's methods of contracting for war production marked a recent meeting of more than 100 representatives of small manufacturing firms at Austin, Texas' small shop owners predict their factories soon will be humming under the impetus of new war orders. Action currently is under way in Congress and in the Department of Justice in Washington to ameliorate injustices of the war production program which have hamstrung thousands of little businessmen throughout the nation. Gov. Coke Stevenson and responsible officials in Washington have sounded the knell of official concern over the plight of small plant owners. * * * i "JWTAIN criticism of federal meth- *•'•>- ods was expressed at the Austin meeting by H. A. Wittlitf, San Antonio pecan shelling machine manufacturer, who declared: nalistic nonentity. NEW YORK By Albert N - -r-.A^r V TDADLY nicked mcome taxpayers twinge when •*-» they pay mounting food costs. Worried bureaucrats warn that we must strain every muscle to supply toilers for our increasing Victory Program. But so far nothing has been done by the government to solve a domestic labor problem ia which two men now do the work of one and the added expense 33 borne by the victimized customer For example: A truck of perishable vegetables arrives in New York from Dixie A union rule compels the driver to sit idle while another person unloads the product and collects $1.35 an hour for Th i « ? Southerner willingly would do The latter also may hold a members card but he is disqualified because only those from a Manhattan organization can touch the stuff. When a motor vehicle bringing flour reaches the city limits the operator must be shoved aside and a fresh pilot takes over who guides the auto to its proper destination even though the original man at the wheel knows the streets as well as a native. The extra gets $9 for a duty which the other could have done If a machine brings— say— 300 packages of frui and 200 of them are sold to a jobbed, labor contract terms prohibit the receiver from sending the boxes to the purrhaser in the same conveyance He must unload and hire an extra truck to hau the shipment Many believe that this is a wicked duplication of jobs which, even if it had some peacetime justification, is reskless waste of manpower and consumers' money in these days of war (Copyright McCIure Newspaper Syndicate) - Colleges do their best, but no method has v e boon devised whereby a truckload of learning can be loaded onto a whcllbarrow brain. The world is in such a mess now we doubt if a newly-hatched college grauate. given blanket au thority, could straighten it out in less than 30 days It's pretty hard to fool people. They usually know how you stand, no matter how you lie. can't get Texas to we 'I cannot understand why a big enough man in sign defense manufacturing contracts. We still have to go to Washington." Others complained that amounts listed in government contracts were too large for small manufac- urers and that information, concerning bidding was difficult to obtain. In answer to a question, C. J. Hampton of Houston, state difec- • :or of contract distribution for :he federal War Production board, said the board had not empowered .ts agents in Texas to sign • contracts for the government. * * * s Stevenson Has Idea Most of the businessmen— cumulatively representing a tremendous industrial potential—asserted they would do all in their power to aid in working out a solution to war problems. Rising to the defense of Texas little businessmen against the twin threats of priorities restrictions and the manner of awarding contracts, Gov. Coke Stevenson urges that "the small manufacturer be kept going to provide a basis for rebuilding a peacetime economy after the war termintes. "All the manufacturing industries in the country' employing less than 20.men do not use five per cent of "our industrial raw materials," he said. "When a war" ends, nature repairs the ravaged fields and makes the'furrows green again, but nature will not repair or rebuild the small plant. Only the hand of man can do that. "So we should keep them going, if at all possible. Let's give them that five per cent" * * .* "DEFLECTING Washington sen- -^ timent in favor of enlisting small businesses in the nation's military unit" to represent concerns which can not afford a Washington office to keep them informed about government activities. . . • The unit will represent small business men before the departments, Thursman Arnold, assistant attorney general in charge of the anti-trust division, told a house appropriations subcommittee. Independent business people" Arnold said, "are going to be more and more, through nobody's fault, crushed under the weight of ref- lations as to pooling. Everyone knows that the big fellow can understand the regulations and thl r*M S , w f, y throu g h them, but less fellov -' '~s absolutely help"We define a small business man as anybody who can not afford an office in Washington to keep track of these things . . ."• The Senate's Committe on .Small Business lias reported that an "utterly ruthless" attitude by defense officials has helped bring small business face to face with "wholesale bankruptcy" from- which it could be rescued only by being given "a. definite and effective voice in the administration ot the war effort." Funny Business 'It's my husband's favorite cheese—I wouldn't let him keep it in the refrlgeratorl"