The News from Frederick, Maryland on December 1, 1951 · Page 3
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The News from Frederick, Maryland · Page 3

Frederick, Maryland
Issue Date:
Saturday, December 1, 1951
Page 3
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McFarland Acquitted Failure to prove that the man charged "with operating an automobile under the influence of alcohol i was the driver of the car, lost the State's case before Magistrate Wilbur F, Sheffield in People's Night Court' Friday. Robert McFarland. Frederick Route-1 was found not-guilty both of drunken and reckless driving charged November 14 by Trooper D. A. Tucker on information of three State game wardens. · A welter of -evidence alleging nocturnal rabbit-hunting, hunting from the top of a moving vehicle and throwing away of twelve-gauge shotguns with the throwers disclaiming ownership, confused the issue thoroughly. McFarland, defended by Edwin F Nikirk pleaded not guilty to both traffic charges. Game wardens admitted no citation had been placed -for game violations and · could not positively identify the defendant as having been the driver of the car. Defense counsel secured a directed verdict without putting a witness on the stand. State Keeps Weapons Two shotguns seized toy the wardens were held by the State however, on the grounds their ownership had been disclaimed by the three men in the car halted along the Johnsville-Daysville road. One was found in a ditch near the halted car the other gun was taken from a man beside the car. The incident happened about midnight. Both Regional Game Warden Benjamin F. Phebus and Deputy Glenn Butts testified that Me Farland was in the seat on the driver's ·side of the car when they caught up to the suspected machine but could not say they saw him driving. They both testified he was intoxi- As'a deputy sheriff, Butts placed Me Farland under arrest and Trooper Tucker was called to jail the man on charges enumerated. Drivers Acquitted In a lengthy hearing on traffic citations following an accident near Jug Bridge early Sunday morning, Bradford Summers, Takoma Park, charged with reckless driving and Mary McKim Crane. Ijamsville, charged with failure to yield right of way, were jointly found not guilty. Summers was defended by James Me Sherry and Miss Crane had as counsel. Edwin F. Nikirk. The cases were tried jointly being charges resulting from the same accident. State witness Ray McMahon, general delivery Frederick, appeared on crutches, his right leg in a cast, while Mr. and Mrs. Summers both had wounds over their right eyes from the crash. McMahon's injuries were the result of another collision at the same site when an automobile hit him, off the road. Acquittal of Summers was largely on the testimony of McMahon, a" passenger in the Takoma Park man's car. that Miss, Crane's car lights were not observed and the car not even seen until almost the moment of impact. McMahon's testimony also cleared Miss Crane of failure to surrender right of way, when the witness said her machine was in a proper lane for east-bound traffic when struck from the rear after coming out of the Linganore road onto Route 40 east. Motorist Fined $26.45 out of the accident, another case of reckless driving, against George Charles Quinn, Bal- timre was prosecuted by "Trooper Tucker, with the defendant being fined and paying S26.45. It was in this auto-pedestrian crash, McMahon was hurt. Trooper Tucker said while he was investigating the Summers- Crane collision and having put out flares; he heard a car approaching the first accident site with unabated speed. Then the trooper heard the impact of a machine on a body and saw Quinn's car continue about 300 feet before stopping. Testimony was that McMahon. standing off the road was hit by Quinn's west-bound automobile in swerving off the highway in an arc. Defendant said he had seen the first flare but thought it only signified "men working, so I stepped on the gas" He claimed McMahon was struck by the rear fender of his car. Cross-gossip and c r o s s-c o m- plaints between Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Atkins and Mr. and Mrs. i Mehrl Haines,, Middletown neighbors resulted in amicable settlement 'of differences when after .taking testimony in an altercation at the Haines home Thursday night. Magistrate Sheffield ordered the assault and battery case against the Atkinses held open, admonished the complainants they abetted the trouble by interfering in family affairs and Defense Counsel Nikirk acted as mediator for the four neighbors to restore j amity. John Henry Gray, colored. Lime Kiln, was sentenced to 60-days in jail in" default of S100 fine on con- vicition of drunkenness. Mill Pond House Example Of 16th Century Construction FRONT ELEVATION--Facing the south. Mill Pond House presents an interesting front door frame to the visitor. The transom does not reach the outer edge of the jamb. Once protected by a porch, clapboard over the doorway has been preserved from tht elements to show original construction methods. REAR ENTRANCE--From the north, Mill Pond House's back door is seen and above it an opening with a diagonal jamb, the purpose of which has not been determined. At the eastern end in the timber section are to be seen the sturdy uprights, still sound though uncovered by deteriorating outside boarding. ^_ TIMBER ON MASONRY--The western end of Mill Pond House presents an interesting example of the wattle and daub building technique of an earlier century. Unique in Maryland's list of old edifices. Mill Pond House, near Harmony Grove, has excited the interests of many antiquarians It is thought to be the only example in the state of some building techniques popular in England and in this country in the 16th and 17th centuries. · The house is part of the Tasker's Chance holding, and now is owned by Miss Eleanor W. Houck. A mill, long ago razed, once stood near the house. Although the mill race has been filled in and plowed over, the house retains its original name. Tracing the history of the 10-acre tract, William M. Storm found that Mill Pond was conveyed by Daniel Dulany to a certain Jacob Stoner July 28, 1746. The house fronted on a road, closed 50 years ago, which once connected the Frederick- Woodsboro Turnpike and the Frederick-Emmitsburg Turnpike Miss Houck's mother, a daughter of Dr Andrew D. Worman, was born in the house. The following description of Mill Pond House, prepared by Mrs. F. Earle Shriner. was read by Mr. Storm at a recent meeting of the historical Society: "Mill Pond House" stands bare and barren in the middle of a plowed field. It is built of masonry, timber framing, wattle and daub. This construction is very old but it is new to most Americans be- cause there are so few buildings o this type standing in the Umtet States todaj'. A report from the "Historic American Building Sur vey" in the Library of Congress states they have "none recordec from the State of Maryland." This medieval style of architecture was at its heighth in England during th Sixteenth and Seventeenth centuries. To find a house of this early period still standing m Frederick County today is, indeed, interesting At the time of the 'establishing of the first settlements in this coun try. there were five methods o building construction being used in England. They were the palisade the puncheon, the cruck, all tim ber framing and the half and hal house. As interesting as each one of these methods is, it is the las one with which we are concernec since that is the one used at "Mil Pond House." It is known tha this method of building was uset in Virginia before 1620, and i marks the transition from al Imber houst to tht ill masonry louse. Henry Chandle* Forman, Chief Architect of the Jamestown Archaeological Project for the United States Department of the Interior, md whose ancestors lived in earl- est Jamestown and St. Mary's City, has disclosed many interest- ng" facts about these two parly pioneer towns. Surprisingly, they had many points in common. Even hough Jamestown was founded 27 rears before St. Mary's City, they ·cached the peak of their development about the same time and each vad approximately sixty buildings at the heighth of its prosperity. 5ach town was a capital and in each;case the seat of government was moved to another town. Each used the same methods of building, the same style of architecture, the medieval style of England. !n his book "James Town and St. Mary's ity" he speaks of them as "English towns inhabited by English men with clay pipes and English women with flaxen hair." As was the case in the Jamestown houses, Mill Pond is two stories and a igarret, or as it was called in Cose days, "a corn loft," high. Methods Of Construction The palisade and puncheon methods of construction were very extravagant of material and as the great forests of England began to show signs of being depleted, experiments proved the timber-framed and half-and-half house to be a great saving in lumber. In the timber-framed house vertical posts were widely spaced on sills, connected by a plate and reinforced by diagonal braces, all securely pegged together with wooden pegs. In the half-and-half house the second story and "corn loft" were constructed of timber framing set upon the first story walls of masonry. In the half timber work the spaces between the framing had to be filled in and many methods and materials were used for this purpose, brick nogging, plaster, wattle and daub, clapboards, etc. It is the wattle and daub filling that is used at Mill Pond House. In William Strachey's writings of about 161011 he refers to the use of wattle and daub in Jamestown. The wattle and daub filling was made by weaving, as in basket work; small twiggs about as thick as a man's finger, and securing them between the framing timbers These wattles were then daubec over, inside and out, with a plastei made of lime, loam and straw. All this is easily discernible at "Mill Pond House." from the interior. The exterior is covered with clapboards This, too, was done at a very early date to protect the plaster from the elements. At Mil Pond House one small section of its covering is different from the rest. It is wide shipslap with beat and is apparently the original covering Not only in Maryland and Virginia was this type of construction found, but in Pennsylvania also G. Edwin Brumbaugh, who has restored many historic buildings for the State of Pennsylvania, state? in a paper he prepared for the "Pennsylvania German Society' that "few people realize that rca half timber work was done in Perm sylvania. so completely do we as sociate it with Gothic and med ieval structures in Europe." H goes on to'say that "On the south east slope of Oley Valley is the venerable Moravian Meeting house and school erected in 1742. This house is one of the very few remaining half-timber houses in Penn sylvania, if not the only one." Colonial Building Habits Just as local factors in England --stona quarries in Cotswolds-- brick clay in East Anglin and grea forests in Shropshire, Cheshire, and Lancashire--affected English architecture, so American regional conditions affected colonial b u i l d i n g Due to the vast stands of virgin timber found in New England, the half timber constructions were the chief method of building in tha section. New England has preserved more of its half timber houses than any other section o" our country. Qvitt a number have seen restored and turned into museums. A visit to one of them jives one an understanding and nsight into the early life of the colonies that is to be had in no other way. Mill Pond House stands on a bundation of native stone. Under lalf the it has been excavated and a stone vaulted room is still n fair condition, Excavations at Jamestown prove that brick vaulted cellars were used there. 1 All he early tidewater masonry construction in Maryland and Virginia was of brick, stone not being available. The masonry work at Mill ?ond House is all native stone. This is understandable when one earns that a stone quarry is just across the Tuscarora. Pennsylvania had these stone vaulted cellars also. They were called in that state "root cellars." One hears them spoken of as wine cellars and slave dungeons but it one opinion that they were used as .storage for anything that needed a cool, constant temperature for its preservation. Unfortunately the windows of "Mill Pond House" are missing. What they were originally is pure conjecture. Photographs exist that show the openings filled with double hung sash, but were they the original? The diamond or square paned casement with lead camcs belonged to this Myle of architecture, but we have records of "gillitine windows." as the double hung windows were called before they were fitted with cords and eights, being used in Williamsburg during the sixteen hundreds. Thatched Roof Dangerous Thatched roofs were used on this type in England, and undoubtedly were used on the early settlers' houses in this country. They posed such a fire hazard, however, that they were soon discontinued in favor of a less inflammable material. Wooden shingles, plain tiles, and pan tiles of clay, and a crude slate were all used at St Mary's City. Slate now covers Mill Pond House. Was slate the original covering? A center hall runs through the house. In this hall is a large fireplace two feet wide Behind the fire place wall are two rooms, one a p p a r e n t l y a parlor and the other perhaps a bedroom. The hall wall opposite the fireplace being only a few feet from the grate fire makes one wonder if it were put there When the house was built or if the house plan followed the one suggested by William Penn to his settlers and known as the Quaker plan, in which one entered the main, or keeping room, with a large fireplace t h a t had, as in t h i s case, two smaller rooms behind the fireplace wall. Another Indication that the hall might have been partitioned off at a later date is the fact that the existing room has a small corner fireplace which might have been added at the same time as the p a r t i t i o n , to heat the new room The corner fireplace, incidentally, was introduced by the Swiss settlers and one can trace their migration-; by this feature. The first floor exterior walls being of n a t i v e stone are q u i t e thick The non-bearing p a i t i t i o n s are very thin. They are made of wide board*, hand made 1*th.t. hand made nails and plastered- The parlor is a fair size with deep Jambs, a fireplace, interesting trim nnd plastered-In chair rail. The mantle has been removed. The front door has one splayed Jamb «ml M small transom above the door trim w h i c h docs not come to within six inches of the t r i m on either side of the frame. This transom has small panes and delicate muntions and perhaps oHiglnnl glass. Enclosed Spiral Stair The enclosed spiral stair beside the large chimney has rectangular treads framed into a dressed tree trunk or spar that reaches to the garret. The risers are set diagonally on the treads to form t r i a n g u l a r winders, the remainder of the treads projecting at the back of the risers. The second floor exterior walls are half timber filled with wattle and daub. Where the plaster has Jallen off the walls show the twigs and sticks woven together holding n filling of straw and clay. The daubing is scratched over in designs, some places in diamond or lozentfe patterns, and some places in squares. All floor joists are tree t r u n k ' skinned and levelled on two sides. The heavy plank flooring is about fourteen inches wide. Between the second story floor and the first story celling is f i l l e d with straw nnd clay, a method of i n s u l a t i n g much used in the seventeenth century in England. A very unusual window in the upstairs hall has one diagonal j a m b to accommodate the timber f r a m i n g The window and door frames are heavy, some being mortised and pegged, some mitered. The timber woik In the garret is superb. The room f r a m i n g if of heavy timbers, mortised nnd pegged. The gables are of h n l f timber, wattle nnd daub. Such n rare bit of early Amer- icanna deserves to be recorded In D R U ID THEATKE mi D A M A S C U S , MD. SATURDAY, DEC. 1st 4 'AL JENNINGS OF OKLAHOMA" Dan Duryea Gale Storm plus "KATIE DID IT" Ann Blyth Mark Stevens Selected Short C'artoon l.iiffit Ni-ws Shows: 5:45 Continuous SUNDAY MONDAY, DEO. 2nd A 3rd "Across The Wide Missouri" (In Tcchnldolor) Clark Gable John llntllnk Srlpclfd Slinil Carloon L:tt*t New Shows: S u n -- il:flO, 5:07. 7:11, »:2l Mnn.--1:15. !:22 Waxy varieties of American grain sorghum are used in the manufacture of a special type of starch. IMPERIAL BRUNSWICK · PHONE 3431 Sat. Mat. 12:45 P. M. Eve. From. 6:45 PEC. 1st- MAT. EVE. · 2 FEATURES · MONTE HALE Paul Hurst · Claudia Barrett "THE OLD FRONTIER" At 11:20--7:20--10:20 · MTJSICOMEDY CO-HIT · "HIT PARADE OF 1951" JOHN CARROLL MARIE MCDONALD At *:20--8:20 Only) · EXTRA · Starts Today 1st Chap. New Serial "DON DAREDEVIL RIDES AGAIN" At 12:50--8:50--9:50 Sun. 9 P. M. Only Mon76-45, 8:45 DENNIS VIRGINIA GENE MORGAN · MAYO · NELSON 'PAINTING THE CLOUDS WITH SUNSHINE' (COLOR BY TECHNICOLOR) HOSPITAL BOTTLED SA8 Serrio* GAS IS · FASTER · COOLER Kitchen · CLEANER · CHEAPER FREDERICK BOTTLED GAS CO. 410 N. Market Street Phone 1684-W TQDAY JOIN HOSPITAL AID REMEMBER Christmas is only a few weeks away Don't let the lack of cash spoil your holiday plans. See us now to get $50 to $250 or more for your many extra Holiday expenses. You can jret the money.quickly and easily, on just your signature, car, or other security. Fast, courteous, private service. -COME IN OE PHONE ANY TIME-RITCHIE ASSOCIATES FINANCE CORPORATION 2 East Church St. Frederick, Maryland Telephone 2100 ARMSTRONG'S FLOG COVERINGS Residential -- Commercial -- Industrial LINOLEUM -- ASPHALT -- RUBBER -- CORK -- LINOTILB EXPERIENCED MECHANICS WAXING -- Free Estimates -- SANDING FISHER'S APPLIANCES "KtTCHEtf SPECMALISTS* 13 E.Patrick St. Phone 151 TELEVISION SALES AND SERVICE PHILCO MOTOROLA ZENITH REASONABLY PRICED INSTALLATIONS H O M E OWNED MELVIN M. ENGLE BUDGET TERMS Back of Post Office, N. Carroll St R O M E OPERATED Phone 80 !! BIG-AS-TEXAS TECHNICOLOR MUSICAL! Another grand entertainment from th* studio that gave you "THE GREAT CARUSO" and "SHOW BOAT" Starring Esther SKELTON Paula RAMOND Ann MILLER KeenanWYNN om Tully Th* Nw«. Frederick. Md., Saturday. December 1, 1951 ELEVEN At The Opera House City Opera House be«ln« ts schedule next week with "Two Tickets To Biouclway", a techni- color musical g l a i r i n g Tony Mar- In, J a n e t Lciyh and Eddie Btack- iii. It w i l l be shown Sunday through Wednesday. Dunns the remainder of the week the thctiter has booked: Thursday only--"Reunion In {eno" with M a i k Stevens and P»KSy Dow, Friday nnd Saturday--Stage and screen .show. On the stage. Bud Vlessner and his Skyliners and ,Vilrl B i l l ' Tucker. Hollywood's original sound man. On the sctecn, Big Gusher' 1 s t a r r i n g W a y n e Moris. Court News Equity Harold Elmer Rice vs M a r y 3oloics Rice, bill of complaint for absolute divorce. Marriage Uronves Robert L. Draper. 21. 420 West Patrick street, and Janice V. Shnnk- e, 38, 21 E:asl All Saints street, both .his city. Howard L. Burnham, 21. Randallstown, and H, Louise Cole, 20, Pikesville. James A. Stevens, 22. Frederick Route 1, and .Patricia Jeanne Shull, 22, Thomas avenue, this city. Two persons between 16 and 21 jo to prison every day hey are xmable to pay fines, ac- ·ordiiiK to estimates. the Architectural Archives of Maryland. Any architect mteiesled in the early medieval a r c h i t e c t u r e of Maryland w i l l f i n d tmu-h of interest and x'lilue In this old house. At The Tivoli Ether Williams, Red Skelton and Howard Keel are the stars of a new technicolor musical, "Texas Carnival", which will be the main attraction at the Tivoli theater next we'k, Sunday through Wednesday. The supporting cast includes Ann Miller, Kecnan Wynn, Paula Raymond and Tom Tully. The schedule jtor the remainder of the week calls for' Thursday and Friday --· "The Tanks Are Coming" with Steve Cochran, Philip Carey and Marl Aldon. Starling Saturday--"Across The Wide Missouri" Un technicolor) with Clark Gable, Ricardo Montalban. John Hodiak, Adolphe Men- jou, Jack Holt and J. Carrol Naish. OLDEST INDUSTRY New England fishing is America's oldest industry. It represents an asset of $100,000,000 annually and provides 700,000,000 pounds of edible fish each year for the nation's food stocks. GIVE STAMPS FOR CHRISTMAS Scott, Whitman, White Ace, Minkus, Grossman Albums AT THE KEY STAMP CO. 116-A E. Patrlrk St. Hrs. 3:30-8:30 Wk. Hays--Sat. fl-9 FOE THE THINGS YOU WANT OR WEEP to'cms up'to $1500 GENERAL ACCEPTANCE CORPORA.TTON 244 No, Market, at Third Telephone Frederick 2791 LAST TIMES TODAY C». Z E^V "CROSSWINDS" Tucker Sunday - Monday - Tuesday - Wednesday TODAY'-- CONTINUOUS 11 A. M. TO n P. M Starring 1 TONY MARTIN -JANET LEIGH ORIA DeHAVEN -EDDIE BFJACKE1 ANN MILLER screenplay by SID SILVERS HAL KANTER JEWS PA PER I NF/WSPAPFEJ

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