The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on August 30, 1975 · Page 2
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August 30, 1975

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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 2

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Saturday, August 30, 1975
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WORLD REPORT The Des Moincs Register • Augf, 30,1975 FEARED NEW ATTACKS ON COMMUNISTS PORTUGAL Conrittwed from Pope One panrled to include him as well as A/pvedo, Gomes and Gen. Otelo Saralva de Carvalho, the sprnrity chief. The change in the power structure takes Goiicaives" out of the middle of the political controversy raging over his premiership, but puts him at the top of the armed forces movement, second only to Gomes. The appointment of Axevedo and Goncalves will have to be ratified by the Armed Forces Movement's of 240 officers and men. which acts as a sort of military legislature. The assembly, which will probably meet early next week, is controlled by pro-Goncalves officers. Goncalves became premier 1,1 months ago, He headed the fourth and the fifth provisional governments, and led the country into a dizzying revolutionary path which frightened the urban middle-class and aroused conservative northerners into a wave of violence against Communists. Communist Stance Communist Secregary General Alvaro Cunhal, who had worked closely with Goncalves, reportedly told President Costa Gomes that his party would not fight to keep Goncalves as premier. But Cunhal asked for guarantees that the Communist Party would be able to operate freely and be protected against violence. Friday night Ctinhal 1 V »* »« WIREPHOTO (AP) 3RD WORLD EASES STAND ON ISRAEL LIMA, PERU (AP) - Third World foreign ministers reached a last-minute compromise softening a demand for Dublin nursing home _ He Wfls punishment of Israel and spent 192 and had been in failing the final; hours of a nonaligned health for several years. The Eamon de Valera-profile of an Irish leader and hero Eamon de Valera, who led the fight for Irish independence from Britain half a century ago and became president of the Irish Republic, died Friday in a Proposal rejected Portugal's Communist party leader Alvaro Cunhal speaks in Lisbon Thursday evening calling for a peace meeting of all factions to resolve the fate of Communist-backed Premier Vasco Goncalves. The country's biggest political party, the Socialists, rejected the proposal. ry for (Joncalves. Corvacho had been temporarily suspended as military chief of the northern provinces after officers in the region voted against him for his alleged pro-Communism. Friday night's demonstrators presented a petition asking that called (officers who voted against Coron all military factions involved j vacho be purged, in the dispute and all politlrall parties to hold a conference in order to appeared CLARK ENDS ANGOLA VISIT LUANDA, ANGOLA (AP) Senator Richard C. Clark, avoid civil war. He to be worried that ^ if .Goncalves was deposed the!" Communists would suffer even greater attacks. A united revolutionary front of Communists, allies and unaffiliated Marxists, meanwhile, appeared to have collapsed over the way Communists took over a demonstration here in Lisbon earlier this week. Violating an agreement with revolutionary Marxist groups in the front, the Communists turned the rally into a pro-Goncalves affair. Communists held a demonstration Friday night in the northern city of Oporto, where anti-Communism is strong. A1- Hhough violence had been expected, there were no incidents. Communists and leftists turned out to greet the return to Oporto of Brigadier General Eurico Corvacho, who was restored to command of the northern region in anther victo- Convict taken by officers GHENT, BELGIUM (AP) An armed convict who locked himself and his wife in the office of the warden of Ghent prison and demanded freedom was overpowered Friday by police who said he tried unsuccessfully to commit suicide. Daniel Verhcugen, 24, stabbed himself in the stomach with a knife as stale police stormed the office after throwing tear gas grenades inside, a spokesman said. China visit over TOKYO. JAPAN (AP) - A! U.S. congressional delegation led by Representative John R. Arrd-e-r-s-o-n—('Rep—111.) left Shanghai for home Friday after completing a visit, to China. Peking's official Hsinhua news agency reported. Bonn tells austerity plan to try to end recession BONN, WEST GERMANY I (AP) — The West German government presented a four-year austerity plan Friday, utilizing long-range budget cuts and tax increases in an attempt to end the country's worst recession since World War II. [Although West Germany has tfie strongest economy in Western Europe, the government gave notice it intended fo take severaL unpopular moves to straighten its finances ami set the stage for economic growth. Deficits Cited Finance Minister Hans Apel announced the program that aims to trim annual federal deficits from $16.4 billion dollars this year to $4.fi billion by 1979. Last year's deficit was only $3.5 billion. The 1976 budget would be cut from a projected $68.8 billion to $67.2 billion, compared with this year's $64.6 budget, an increase of 4.1 per cent that would barely cover price rises. This year's budget represents a 16.5 per cent increase over 1974. Other Changes Further surprises, which some observers said could hurt Chancellor Helmut Schmidt's reelection hopes in late 1976, include: e An immediate froe/.e on employment of government officials and the abolishment of 1,000 civil service posts. e An increase in unemployment insurance contributions by all worker^ from 2 lo 3 per cent next year for a maximum monthly contribution of about $12.40. • Government premiums on private savings, including home building incentives, will be slashed by up to 25 per cent. Farmers will lose benefits including certain freight I cost, reimbursements and revaluation adjustments. In addition, Apel said, planned federal and state government spending on jointly financed projects will be cut by 10 per cent. Ministries falling victim to the spending cuts included foreign aid, whose 197(5 ex-i would he M.9 per' la.), chairman of the Senate subcommittee for African affairs, ended a brief visit to Angola Friday and said the United States "ought to remain neutralV in the bloody struggle among three liberation movements. "Our interference here would not be welcomed and I suspect would not be fruitful," Clark said. "I hope that we will show a positive attitude toward Angola," he added, citing as a first step the U.S. agreement to airlift Portuguese refugees to Lisbon. Clark said that he had met the leaders of all three liberation movements: Agostinho Neto of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA); Holden Roberto of the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA), and Jona Savimbi of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (Unita). He said the meetings were to better .understand the principles of the three movements and to get a better idea of their military strength. The three movements are fighting on over the vast territory in a bid for supremacy before Portugal grants independence Nov. 11. conference Friday dealing with the burgeoning conflict between rich and poor nations. Conference sources said the political committee, after long debate, adopted a formula on Israel resembling that achieved in Uganda at the Organization of Africa Unity summit. A resolution will warn Israel that she can be deprived of her United Nations seat, they said. As in Uganda, a militant Arab demand for a resolution recommending expulsion from the United Nations was shelved. Militants Sidetracked The issue had limited the hours that could be devoted by delegates of 81 nations to issues that are generating an atmosphere of confrontation with the industrial world. The conference has been notable for its virtually unanimous condemnations of "imperialism, colonialism and new- colonialism." The majority of the nations of, the poorer world represented here only recently colonies. After five days of sessions that often lasted through the night, the nonaligned bloc appeared to have reached only preliminary agreement on pressing economic matters before them. U.N. Session The meeting was preliminary to a special United Nations General Assembly session which will take up the same issues and consider a Lima declaration. The special session is a prelude to the regular thirtieth assembly session. Despite a show of unity, particularly in their attitude toward the United States as leader of the rich nations, the delegations of Africans, Asians and Latin Americans were reported to have had abundant differences of their own to straighten out. Some of the bigger nations tended to be much more moderate in their postures toward the West and to exhibit more patience than did other nations newly emerged from colonialism, many of them under one or another form of military dictatorship. The influence of the bigger, more moderate nations played a large part in convincing the 19-nation Arab bloc to recognize the "realities," one diplomat said. The reality was, he added, that the rules of the United Nations would make this sort of effort to expel Israel illegal under the charter. following is a profile of de Valera's turbulent public "life. By PATRICK O'DONOVAN © 1»7I London Oburvtr LONDON, ENGLAND - He" was a towering and commanding man. His face was long and pale and he had steeled himself government turned to the Irish question. Lloyd George Talks Lloyd George invited de Valera to London. The formal negotiations opened in Downing Street. De Valera, the head of govern- and slowly with care, not to make an impression, but so that he might be precisely understood and therefore agreed with. His clothes were timeless and black. He was once the preoccupation of British politics and journalism, a mysterious and potent figure, malignant to some and messianic to others. The clearest outline of his shadow remains in Northern Ireland where the passions that worked on his life still ferment. Acquainted With Death He was acquainted ..with death, ,with the death of his friends and enemies and, for long periods, with the probability of his own. Few Western European leaders had such claims on their people and yet there are old men in Ireland who can scarcely bring themselves to mention his name. His story is encrusted with the sort of controversy that reaches down to the issues for which men go outTo die and to kill'. De Valera's love of Ireland, a nationlism built on the defiant little country's long history of oppression, poverty and failure to unite itself, was the driving force of his life. Born in NeW York He came to it ' strangely enough. He was born in New York in 1882. His Spanish father was an obscure musician and his grandfather had been a prosperous sugar planter in Cuba. His mother was Irish but played no great part in his life. His father died early, and one of his mother's brothers, Patrick Coll, took him home and brought him up in County Limerick. Patrick Coll, was a small farmer and a nationalist, who brought love. up de Valera with De Valera went to university and emerged as a teacher of mathematics. He was highly political. He met his wife, Sinead, in Irish language classes. She bore him five sons and two daughters. It was a close knit and disciplined family and she. ruled gently at home, coped with poverty and avoided public life. The alism language led and in 1913 to nation- the lanky teacher joined the Irish Volun- leers, /an underground army that drilled and practiced street fighting in secret. De Valera was a captain at the age of 31. Fifty thousand Irishmen died in World War I, but de Valera believed in the hard saying of Roger Casement, who was executed by the British: "Ireland has no blood to give any land or any cause but that of Ireland." So he was part of the 1916 Easter Rising which" was the beginning of the end of British rule and the beginning of the de Valera story. He commanded a small detachment at Bo- flour mill. This doirti- the road into Dublin British reinforcements land's nated that used. The mill was a large, gaunt, many-windowed building. He ran up the Irish tricolor on a neighboring building to attract artillery fire and barricaded his windows with sacks of flour. Stood Off British He was attacked by a unit of the British Sherwood Foresters, who were raw and untrained. They lost 234 men killed and wounded. Six of the 14 Volunteers in the mill were killed. They were shelled inaccurately by a gunboat, but resisted for six days and were the last of the armed insurgents to surrender. De Valera surrendered with a cold pride that impressed the men who fought him and he was tried 11 days later. Twelve of the leaders had already been executed but perhaps because he could claim American citizenship, his death sentence was commuted to penal servitude for life. He was released soon after, in 1917, on a general am nesty that was designed to please the new American allies. "Great Survivor" De Valera came out of prison survivor of the was elected to as the great uprising. He Westminster as Sinn Fein (i.e. uncompromising nationalist) MP. But the elected Sinn Fein ^members did not go to London, they met in their own Dail (Parliament) in Dublin and of this de Valera was elected President. When the war with Germany was safely over, the British ment, chose not to attend and sent a delegation in his stead. It proved a decision of unmitigated disaster. The Irish delegation had instructions to get a republic, they were also told to get Dublin's approval before signing.. The British would not countenance anything but Irish allegiance to the British Crown. The Irish were threatened in the end with "hostilities on a scale never hitherto undertaken against Ireland." And they were given an ultimatum of a few hours. The Irish signed without consulting de Valera or Dublin. The Settlement The settlement they got was home rule, Dominion status without the right to secede, a representative of the Crown in Dublin Castle who appointed judges aiid could veto legislation, and access for the Royal Navy to, certain ports. Legislators would take an oath of allegiance to the Crown and the" border with the North would be settled by an independent commission. "~ The first news of this came to de Valera like the news of a defeat that extinguished hope. The treaty was approved by the Irish Parliament and many fight-weary Irish wanted it so, but de Valera and the Irish Republicans viewed it as illegal and traitorous. Disorder followed and another small war ensued, but it was inevitably defeated. De Valera was imprisoned for awhile during this period. Out of prison he was still an elected member of the Dail. He founded a new party, Fianna Fail, but he refused the oath — "to be faithful to H.M. King George V, his heirs and successors," until 1927. In 1932 he was President of the Executive Council, in fact Prime Minister. In 1938, he got the British to abandon their claims, even in war, to the use of the Treaty Ports. There was a financial settlement between the coun- tries. But there remained Partition. ' , He ruled Ireland, very personally, from 1932 to 1948 and again twice more, with cautious, consolidating policies. Since the early 1950s he had been all but blind, with a pinpoint vision that allowed him to cross a room, but not to read. Effect on British Empire The hatreds he aroused were very Irish hatreds, springing from passions as strong as the will to live. No one could dismiss his courage or single mindedness. His stage was a small one, but within this limitation, he was one of the great men of the West. His example began the erosion of the Empire and changed the nature of the Commonwealth. He left an indelible mark on his time and all the Irish everywhere will remember him as long as they keep any sort of separate identity. I n Washington President Ford expressed "profound regret" Friday over the death of de Valera, who he said had been for a half century "a symbol of Ireland's ideals and aspirations." Mr. Ford said that he "also,, personified the ties of kinship and friendship between Ireland the United States. Together with the Irish people, we mourn his passing." Urges stronger Japanese army © mi Wiihlnflton Port TOKYO, JAPAN - Japan's s e 1 f-defense adequate strengthened tasks more forces are and should in- be to share defense fairly with the, United States, U.S. Defense Secretary James R. Schlesinger said Friday. Because of "aging equipment" and shortage of ammunition and supplies, the 233,000*' strong military forces are incapable of fulfilling their mission to defend the Japanese is- Schlesinger said. He lands, called the force that nevertheless a nucleus 1 ," incorporated . . "a high degree of professional expertise." "At the present time, however," Schlesinger told a Tokyo press conference, "it is not sufficiently ample to fulfill the mission." ADVIIinUMENT Soviets promise more Viet aid TOKYO, .JAPAN (AP) - The Soviet Union Friday promised more support for North Vietnam, Hanoi's official Vietnam cent below this year's $L4 oil- Nc , ws A ^ nc y said ,lion, education ' and science, UU . said rM ; S - S°l°me.ntsev, I down 10.2 per cent, economics, | c ? a '™. an of «« .Soviet Council down 8.fi per cent, and regional ° JJm.sters, made the remark planning/cut by 75 per cent. ? the ' naueura lon offa s ° viet i s , u ,., i J y<. V.IIL. | financed mausoleum for Presi- Annual increase rates in the ; d ent Ho Chi Minn, budget would be kept down to 3| Solomentsev said "the Soviet per cent in 1977, 7 per cent in j Union will continue her support 1970 nnd 5.4 per cent in 1979. Apel said the "incisive and If you think you can't afford a new home, Be Surprised! WITH ONLY 5% DOWN, YOU PAY JUST $236 PER MONTH, PRINCIPAL AND INTEREST TO LIVE IN A HOME LIKE THIS. x r -\ . !.; ••" •-' <"••"" '•" '•• .•'..y*- > sometimes painful decisions" were forced on the government by the impact of worldwide recession. in all fields for the Vietnamese! people in peaceful socialist con-! struction, in the rehabilitation i and development of Vietnam's! economy, and in the conduct of; new reforms." i SRJCKS34STVIK OF MAME BRAND andBOOTSP 4-353 MERLE HAYRCAD ia MiiExim OF I-do You con buy this home in VILLAGE PARK by Skogman for $34,950 with a down payment of just $1750, and pay only $236 principal and interest per month ($33,200 loan, 30 years, 7'/i% interest, 360 monthly payments). NO DOWN PAYMENT FOR VETERAN! A veteran can buy a $34,950 home without putting a penny down — and pay only $249 principal and interest per month $34,950 loan, 30 years, 7%% interest, 360-payments. MORE GOOD NEWS! Virtually all veterans have had G.I. loan privileges reinstated, even though previously used. You probably qualify for a second G.I. Loan. A NEW HOME IS YOUR BEST INVESTMENT TODAY! Not only are the monthly payments surprisingly low — but you continue to build equity in your home as the months go by. Also you can claim your mortgage interest and your property taxes as income tax deductions. And last, but not least, you will receive the benefits from all increases in the value of your home. THE VILLAGE PARK NEIGHBORHOOD IS SOMETHING SPECIAL Quiet winding streets away from traffic yet absolutely convenient to shopping, schools, theatres, go|f, restaurants and cross-town streets that bring the entire Des Moines area within minutes driving time. BE SURPRISED! Visit Village Park by Skogman today and get all the facts on the advantages of buying ypur new home now. DIRECTIONS Take the second Ankeny Exit (1ft Street) off 1-35 or Highway 69 to lit Street turn We»t ToVIII»geP«rk. Models Open Sunday thru Friday 1 til 8 Saturday 1 til 6. Call 964-2922 Village Park ANKENY, IOWA 964-2922 "WHY DO THE HEATHEN RAGE?" Psalm 2 and Acts 4:25 ' The following selections are from the 3rd chapter of Genesis beginning with the 7 verse: "And the eyes of them both •were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. — ; And the Lord God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou? And he said, 1 heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I wast naked; and I hid myself. And He said, Who told thee that that thou wast naked?, lias thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not cat? And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat. — And the Lord God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field — Unto the woman He said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shilt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee. , And unto Adam He said, — Cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shall thou cat of it all the days of thy life — In the sweat of thy face shall thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken — Unto Adam also and to his wife did the Lord God make coats of skins, and clothed them. — So He drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden, cherubim, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life. Exodus 20: 25 & 26: And if ihou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shah not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it. Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon. The following selections are from the 5th Chapter of Matthew: "Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. — Blessed are the meek; for they shall .inherit the earth. — Blessed are the pure in heart; for they shall see God. — Ye have heard that it was said by them of old lime, Thou shalt not commit adultery; but I say unlo you, Thai whosoever looketh on a woman lo lust after her halh committed adultery with;her already in his heart. And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and fast ii from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell. — h hath been said, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement; But I say unlo you. That whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for ihe cause of fornication, •causcth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced coinmiUeth adultery. The following selections from the 16th chapter of Revelation: — '"And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the •beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. For they are ilhe spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the bailie of that great day of God Almighty." "Behold I conie a» a thief - BEHOLD I COME AS A THIEF. BLESSED IS HE THAT WATCHETH, AND KEEPETH HIS GARMENTS, LEST HE WALK NAKED, AND THEY SEE 'HIS SHAME." ; Psalm 19: 1 3 & 14: "Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great transgression. LET THE WORDS OF MY MOUTH, AND THE MEDITATION OF MY HEART, BE ACCEPTABLE IN THY SIGHT, 0 LORD, MY STRENGTH, AND MY REDEEMER." P.O. Box 405, Deeatur, Georgia 30031

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