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Dedicated to the Progreti And Growth of Central Utah Thursday, April 10, 1975, THE HERALD. Provo, Utah-Page 45 Cut Energy Use, Save At a National Governors' Conference in Washington, 28 state chief executives called ! or a voluntary conservation )rogram "of massive )roportions" for a trial period )f four to six months before ;he government attempts to :urb oil consumption by larsher means. Their voices join a growing :horus. Shortly before the governors convened, the National Research Council, a Dranch of the National Academy of Sciences, made the alarming report that the nation's actual reserves of recoverable oil and gas may be less than half that estimated by government energy analysts and claimed that the goal of energy self- sufficiency by the 1980s is "essentially impossible." Among other steps, the council recommended a "conservation ethic" which, in the words of Dr. Brian J. Skinner, chairman of the panel that produced the study, should become "kind of a national religion." But just how much hope does conservation promise? In a letter to President Ford in January, David Rickelton, president of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air - Conditioning Engineers, outlined a number of proposals he said could save 7.5 to 10 per cent of the total energy used in the U.S. — the equivalent of 3 to 4 million barrels of oil a day. While we are learning how to harness such exotic forms of energy as sunlight and the heat inside the earth, savings can be made now by the use of existing technology applied to existing structures, said Rickelton, without fueling inflation as the $3 tax on oil Robert S. Allen would do or creating an enormous bureaucracy as rationing would do. As an example of what a single company can accomplish, for the 12-month period ending Oct. 31, 1974, General Mills reduced its in- house energy consumption by 9.8 per cent, for a savings of $1.5 million in fuel costs. Continental Oil Company has launched an internal conservation program aimed at a 15 per cent reduction in its energy consumption, ranging from turning off unnecessary lights to making sure that boilers and furnaces are programmed for the most efficient operation. "A substantial degree of energy conservation is an attainable goal for the nation/' says Dr. John G. Myers, author of an analysis by the Conference Board. He noted that the industrial sector of the economy, mainly manufacturing, consumes about 40 per cent of all the energy used in the U.S. Yet while manufacturing output rose 4.3 per cent a year between 1947 and 1971, energy use expanded only 2.7 per cent — this during a period when energy was becoming cheaper in relation to other goods. The continuing introduction of energy - saving equipment is likely to result in sizeable cutbacks in the use of energy over the next decade, he predicts. We can cut down on energy use more cheaply than we can expand domestic supplies, points out Dr. Myers, and we would gain the added benefits of less ecological damage while having to spend less on environmental protection. Cruel Side of Congress Yen for New Buildings WASHINGTON, April 10 - There is a cruel and ugly aspect to Congress's seemingly insatiable yen for new office buildings. In addition to costing taxpayers several hundred or more million dollars, the new structures are causing the eviction of scores of small homeowners and apartment - dwellers — many of the latter elderly retirees living on limited fixed incomes. Their situation is particularly piteous because the capital is acutely lacking in moderately - priced rental housing. Old but serviceable apartments from which they are being ousted are virtually nonexistent. In 1970, a law was passed presumably designed to protect such people. It requires the federal government to provide them with suitable housing at a price they can afford. The catch is it does not have to be in the same neighborhood — and that's what is causing the heartbreak and despair. They face being uprooted and compelled to move to outlying areas where the conveniences and facilities they now have are uncertain and distant. Especially unfeeling is the short notice they are getting. Two apartment buildings are being taken over by the Senate because, claims William Cochrane, staff director of the Rules and Administration Committee, "The space is badly needed right now; staff members of some Senators and committees are working in hallways. We urgently have to have additional office space. It's just as simple as that." But that isn't the way Herman Spivey, manager of one of these buildings, sees it. He has been frantically trying to find alternate apartments — to little avail. "They had told us it would be one or two years before we would have to get out, he says. "Now they have given us a June deadline. Some of our tenants have been here 20 and 30 years. They are desperate; this means completely disarranging their lives. What I can't understand is why the Senate is taking over both buildings at the same time, and throwing all these old people on the tight rental market at once." Mrs. Spivey sees it from still another indignant angle. "What baffles me," she says, "is how they are going to make offices out of these apartments with their kitchens, washrooms and other facilities, it's heart-rending to see these old people forced to leave the modest little places they have called home for so long just to provide office space for a few Senators." Another irony is that after the Senate's new (third) office building is completed in 1977 at a currently estimated cost of $90 million, the sites of the two apartment buildings will be used for an underground garage with landscaping on top. The Senate already has several such large garages, but more parking space is needed as staffs continue to grow and grow and grow. . . Sardonically exclaims William Cannella, 80-year-old retired construction worker whose sight is failing and who has lived in one of the apartments 18 years, "They're throwing us out to provide desk space for a stenographer and a typewriter. Later, the building will be demolished to provide parking space for her car." It's much the same story on the House side — where two blocks of small homes are being acquired for construction of a fourth office building at a cost of $90 million, and probably more. The huge Rayburn Building, completed in the early 1960s, cost $115 million and prices have soared since then. Capitol Architect George White wants $17.5 million just to buy the land for the new structure — plus another $5 million for moving and relocation expenses of the homeowners being dispossessed. They are talking of putting up a fight against this forcible take-over of their quiet residential neighborhood of small, modest homes — covering a two-block area south of the existing three House office buildings. Says Carol Santos, head of the Capitol Hill Restoration Society, "We are going to fight this grab in every way possible. If they feel they need another office building, let them locate it somewhere else. We've made this neighborhood a nice place, and we are not going to give it up lightly. We are American citizens and taxpayers and we have rights as well as Congressmen." Thomas Alder, director of the Public Law Education Institute and a resident of the area, denounces the House plan as "particularly outrageous because it is forcing homeowners in a stable neighboohood to move in the face of the worst housing shortage in 25 years. It's downright heartless and brutal." As of Jan. 31 of this year, House employes numbered 9,114 with a payroll of $80 million. Henry J. Taylor Stable Greece Vital to U.S. The trumped-up trial, and possible execution, of former Greek President George Papadopoulos long held in an island prison is a Greek tragedy as poignant as the ancient odes. The Greek Communists are out for their revenge and the uncertain government of Premier Constantine Karamanlis is bending with this wind. A stable Greece is a strategic imperative in the American interest. It is the only Balkan nation not behind the Iron Curtain. Greece's entire 700-mile northern frontier borders on Communist countries — Albania, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria. All are Red and all are ready. Greece dangles below them like a plum. Moreover, Red-threatened Italy flanks Greece, unstable Turkey flanks Greece, and the Cyprus issue boils nearby. There have been three Communist post-war attacks on Greece. I was there during all three and witnessed them. . Greece's casualties throughout the horrible World War II German - Italian invasion and occupation did not equal what happened, in the first two Red attacks. An incredible 250,000 Greek men, women and children were killed. The third Red attempt was in 1967. Five popular resentments, justified, paved the way: (1) The government corruption. (2) The size and venality of a vast, grafting bureaucracy. It was better to know the judge than to know- the law. (3) The callous exploitation of government - sold public service franchises by a cynical little cabal of Greek "fast-buck" emigres living lavishly elsewhere. (4) The utter failure to grapple with inflation. (5) The endless inertia of a do-nothing Parliament, Communist-infilitrated. For example, the Communist United Democratic Left (EDA) party elected Emmanuel Glezos, recipient of the Soviet's Lenin Award and editor of a Red-front Athens newspaper. A Premier's son, Andrea Papandreou, , headed the Communists' clandestine Aspida Society. It had quietly expanded in the Greek Cabinet, armed forces, communications media, transport facilities and, very importantly, the police. I moved along the entire distance on the three Red borders in the north. The conveniently mountainous terrain made guerrilla infiltration ideal and the Reds were moving into Greece wholesale. On April 21, 1967, Col. George Papadopoulos and an officer group overthrew (not a shot fired) the shaky government of then • Premier Panayotis Kanellopoulos when it became apparent that someone must act or Greece was on the verge of being another South Vietnam or Castro Cuba. The alternative, always played down by the Communists, was a Red government as today in Portugal and of which there are now revived signs in Greece. Across a period of six.years, Papadopoulos painstakingly liberalized Greece in a slow, step-by-step effort. His government was pro-USA, pro-NATO, pro-free world and anti-Communist. And he struggled to keep it that way in a country that invented democracy ("demokratia") but also supplied the Greek word Richard Wilson "anarchos:" anarchy. Papadopoulos' liberation attempts ultimately backfired against him and iron-fisted Lieut. Gen. Phaedon Gizikis instigated a take-over at 3 a.m. on Sunday, Nov. 25,1973. The instigators immediately reversed all liberation steps, reversed the Papadopoulos doctrine by attacking Cyprus and in their failures recalled from 11-year exile in Paris former Premier Constantine Karamanlis. And it is the Karamanlis government which has imprisoned Papadopoulos. This country, to which all mankind is indebted, has indeed a glorious, yet cruel, history. The Greeks gave Europe and the world three civilizations: Classical Greece, Hellenistic Greece, Byzantine Greece. But Socrates was put to death. Themistocles was poisoned in exile. Miltiades died in prison. Pausanias was starved to death. Aristedes, known as "The Just' because of his rare incorruptibility, was finally banished by the Athenians ostracism vote chiefly because the people grew insufferably bored by hearing him called 'The Just.' The Greeks imprisoned Kolokotronis, their greatest Independence War (1812) hero. Kapodistrias, Free Greece's first governor, was executed in 1932. After seven attempts on the life of Venizelos, the maker of Greater Greece (there's a prominent statue to him today in Athens), the Greeks sent Venizelos into exile, where he died. Much of the world is not only for changing planes; it's for changing one's viewpoint. The imprisonment and death penalty for Papadopoulos has not one iota of legal grounds under international law. In fact, the Karmanlis government gave amnesty for all the April 21,1967 take-over "crimes." Yet Papadopoulos, Nicholaos Makarezos and others of the regime that saved Greece from Communism are in prison. Rats, scorpions, filth and horror are their steady companions in a torture requiring both physical and mental strength for sheer survival — to the shame of the Karamanlis government. Self Help For Nations In Hunger ByDONOAKLEY Before many Americans give up meat and snacks to help feed the starving people of the world, the governments of those people are going to have to do more to help themselves. One expert claims that enough food is unnecessarily lost in some countries to insects, rodents, plant diseases and wasteful distribution methods to feed half a billion people. The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization estimates that even in compartively developed Latin America, 40 per cent of crop yields are lost. According to another authority, Melvin B. Randle, up to 50 per cent of the food grown in developing countries is wasted between the time it leaves the farm and the time it reaches the consumer. Handle, a former official of the U.S. Agency for International Development (AID), is president of a private firm that contracts with developing countries to teach them modern food distribution techniques. Not only ignorance and primitive conditions but unstable governments, lack of consumer goods and politics must share the blame for low levels of agricultural productivity in many developing nations, charges yet another authority, Roy Bainer, emeritus dean of the College of Engineering of the University of California in Davis. He cites Chile as an example of a country where political unrest has undone advances. "It's a shame to see the potential of this country — with most of the natural resources found in California—going to waste.'' In Laos, says Bainer, AID assisted in building diversion dams to supply irrigatin water to farmers, making it possible for them to produce twice as much, rice on two hectares 'of land as had been produced on three — and then the farmers refused to grow rice on the third hectare. Why? Because "the farmer's only concern was, and is, producing enough rice to meet, the needs of his village. There is no incentive for him to produce surplus rice for sale because there is little he can purchase with the money." Diminished Scope of the Presidency WASHINGTON, D.C. President Ford's recent press conference in San Diego provided a good illustration of the diminished scope of the presidency which a dozen years of failure and distrust have brought about. Repeatedly, President Ford pleaded presidential weakness. Expectations of the presidency, building up over two generations, have been quite suddenly defalted. This is impressive to anyone who is bringing to an end a career in daily journalism which spans the rise and fall of presidential power. I came to Washington in 1933 at the takeoff of the rise in presidential authority and for 42 years watched its giddy climb. Now by coincidence as I Remember When From Herald files, compiled by Lynn Tilton April 10,1965 Headlines announced that 13,000 were homeless in a flood in the upper Midwest. It was billed as the 20th century's worst river rampage. A vast storm system gave California its 13th successive day of rain, making that April the wettest in 39 years. Durward L. Nelson was elected head of the Provo Elks... Robert Frazier, Springville; Vearl S. Johnson, Provo, Cecil J. Zimmerman, Springville, William J. Thornton, American Fork; M.W. Merrill and DaCosta dark, both of Provo; Albert Clark and Keith L. Joltnson both of Orem were awarded the Silver Beaver by the Utah National Parks Cpuntil of the Boy Scouts of America. % Years Ago April 10,1950 The Senate passed a compromise housing bill to expand government credit aids for private home building. The compromise provided direct loans to GIs and schools and colleges and provided for the disposal of about 389,000 government • owned temporary and war-built housing units. Easter weather turned into a snowstorm in Millard county and temporarily halted between 60 and 90 cars on the road between Holden and Scipio. The report was given by Alton Dane of Provo who said at least six inches of snow halted traffic on Scipio Hill. The Packard dealer was offering up to $1,000 for any jeep traded in on a new car. 40 Years Ago April W, 1W5 World silver markets occupied the front page as silver rose to 63 cents, the highest since 1926. Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau Jr., said the treasury would meet the world silver price if it rose above the amount now being paid to domestic producers. Producers were getting <HH cents an ounce. The Pixon Junior High School held a musjc presentation for the PTA. Included on the program wee Gayle Cox, Louise Bullock, Parrel and Una Loy Mason, Rosalind Cochran, Jay Pe Graff, and Catherine Needham. A new Plymouth cost $510 and featured hydraulic brakes. prepare to finish writing about the presidency for daily newspaper publication, it can be seen to have come full circle back to its pres-Rooseveltian condition. It is a pulpit from which preachments and exhortations can emit but its authoritarian scope has vanished with Lyndon Johnspn and Richard Nixon. The evidence is not at all clear that people like this. Questioning of President Ford reflected the high expectations that the president of the United States would and could of his own authority act to solve the nation's problems. But Mr. Ford, we see, has had to search the law to discover if he is still empowered to protect the lives of American citizens in South Vietnam or has been relieved of that responsibility by the congressional limitation of his authority. It was the same in other fields. The president of the United States has suffered large losses in his ability to control the fiscal policy of the nation. Not only have his initiatives failed, but the poorly understood budget control act which is now slowly being put into effect will eventually undercut his powers to influence how much the government shall spend and tax on a permanent basis. Congress will have increased powers. The president less. In conducting the nation's foreign affairs, solely the president's constitutional responsibility, he has been circumscribed in numerous ways and to such an extent that United States commitments have come into question, causing in one major instance the repudiation of an international agreement. It may be said that limiting the presidential scope was a necessary redress for reestablishing constitutional government. The abuses of the presidential power, its .great expansion, its flagrant exercise, .and its tendency to feed on itself made curbing of it necessary if freedom were to survive. We had been taken into a war which grew into major proportions without an adequate national decision. The country was rent asunder when it realized the cost and hopelessness of ah international adventure it neither understood nor approved. A new president was elevated with a clear mandate to bring that war to a conclusion but he pursued larger objectives which intensified and expanded it before he finally could bring it to an end. And then in that restless atmosphere the Watergate revelations provided a case history for all time of how the judgments of men in the highest positions of state can be warped into the abandonment of ethical principles and statutory law while pursuing ends they consider justifiable. Faith in the presidency was thus lost in two vital areas. First, the judgment and wisdom of the White house in matters of war and peace was shattered. Second, the personal integrity, honesty, and good will of the presidency which had been taken as a matter of course and an article of American faith was sickningly revealed as an illusion. President Ford's top priority was restoring the integrity of the presidency on which he made an impressive beginning until his pardon of ex-President Nixon, and then once again all the doubts and fears returned in a torrent of public disapproval. Whatever their doubts now, in the long run people will pray for a president in whom they can have faith and place their confidence to do the things only a strong president can do. Berry's World © 1975 Oy NEA inc < "... one other note of interest on the OPEC nations — their sand traps are said to be unbelievable!"