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"F1HST ia Lubbock, FIRST on the South PUias" LuBBocKAvALANCHE-JOURNAL Every Little Bit Helps! HENRYJ. TAYLOR: OUH PLEDGE piriie •llf l unc« lo ibt Flu ol iht L'oittd Sitttt B | ci tod lo Ibr Jlfpubllc Iw niirk n modi, «, , udtr God. lixilv,,lb!r. .nh U|»rl> »d Ju»il» lor I' 0. Boi «l. Lubbock. Texas JMM (Sunday Edilionl An Indtptndrnl newipjpcr, publiihtd every Sunday morning by Soulhw«tern Nf»spar*ri Corporilion, in us building it 8lh Si. irx) Av». J . lubbock. T«J»I 79«». P. 0 Boi 191 Phonf JM^J(J, rVaiicmal jdvfrlijmj ffprBtnUlive, T««»J IlJily Press l«pie. Dallas. Tc«a» A ronsolidalion ol Ubbotk Avjlanch^Journil. Mofnuij Edilion. »nci lubbock Anhnchf Journal Evening tCdilion full Uased Wire Memrx-r ol AuocialKi Pr«s S<cond n«» Poilage Paid at lubbock, Texas KOBKRTR, NORR1S Vice President- Genera. Managcf J. C. R1CKMAN' Buiinwi Mjnacer DAVID K. KNAPP JAY HARRIS Kmuiive tailor EdiUir BURLE PETTIT KENNETH MAY r , n r if T ^ „ K Mmw Edilor CARL N. CANNON ROBERT c. MCVAY Advcruiing Direcior Circulalion Manajer , Section F I.ubbock, Texas Sunday Morning, April 6,5975 City Has Bicentennial Spirit LUBBOCK'S celebration of the nation's Bicentennial was launched officially last week and, as the remainder of 1975 and 1976 unfold, every resident will have ample opportunity to participate, to enjoy, and to deepen his understanding of—and appreciation for—his country. There will be something for everybody: Activities such as Fourth of July parades and picnicking, cultural programs emphasizing segments of America's heritage, special studies in schools and libraries, meaningful and thought-provoking themes for fairs and rodeos. But there also will be improvements made of a lasting and enduring nature. THIS REGION'S rich heritage, for example, will be made more "alive" through development of the Ranching Heritage Center at the Texas Tech museum and the upcoming interpretation center at the archaeologically important Lubbock Lake Site. Plans are afoot to create a Food and Fiber National Institute of Achievement which, in time, will add significantly to the under-' standing of the role of agriculture and the people of the soil in building America. A permanently marked "Bicentennial Trail" will guide visitors to these points of interest, plus the Memorial Civic Center and the canyon lakes project. DOZENS OF clubs and organizations, including women's and civic groups, churches, performing and visual arts groups, etc., are making plans for Bicentennial programs coordinated through the Lubbock Bicentennial Committee. In Lubbock, the national emphasis on true grass-roots observance of the nation's 200th birthday is shaping up as a widely participated in and successful celebration. The Bicentennial Era should be a time not only for participation, but for reflection on America's triumphs and shortcomings—and for dedication to the ideal of preserving what is good and of improving what is not so good. Anti-Inflation 'Spark' Found THAT LITTLE glimmer of hope, often talked about at the national level, that inflation might begin to level off has found a spark of life in Lubbock. Grocery prices edged downward here, according to an Avalanche-Journal survey, during March. The -survey, covering a random list of 16 commonly purchased food and non-food items-, showed a drop of 90 cents (to $15.20) for the market basket at a local store during the last 30 days. A 5-pound sack of sugar accounted for most of the drop, but several other prices were lower, too. THIS GOOD news would be a whole lot better were it not for the fact that Congress has approved—and the President has signed—a $24.8 billion tax cut package which, along with new spending proposals, promises to heat up the economy once again. Early last fall, during his early weeks in office, President Ford correctly observed that Inflation was the nation's Number 1 enemy. As everyone knows, a little recession always is necessary to end inflation. Fearing that the recession would get out of hand, however, and develop into a full-blown ART BUCHWALD: depression, the President • and Congress decided to abandon the fight against inflation and fight new Public Enemy Number 1: Recession. THE THEORY behind the tax cut package was that it would give people money to spend (while adding to the national debt) and we could spend our way out of the recession. By the time the cut was approved, though, and before any of the rebate money gets back to the taxpayers, economists already are saying that the recession has bottomed out. So, now, perhaps the only net effect of the tax cut nationally -will be to fan Inflation back into Public Enemy Number 1 prominence. Lubbock housewives will be keeping an eye on the local grocery bill to see how it all works out... Strange Boomlet IT'S NOT at all uncommon for a governor, senator or representative to get appointed to a high government office after he's been defeated for re-election. However, the BB-gun boomlet for ex-Sen. Ralph "Yarborough for President" does seem a bit much! Everyone Must Help Until Patty Hearst Is Found WASHINGTON — A few weeks ago heavily armed agents of the FBI broke into a young lady's apartment in Alexandria, Va., at 10:30 at night and said they were looking for Patty Hearst. They had no search warrant, and claimed they didn't need one because the warrants already out for Patty Hearst covered them. Obviously they didn't find Miss Hearst, but they scared the hell out of all young ladies living in tlie Washington area. I RECEIVED a call from the daughter of a friend of mine who lives on Capitol Hill. She wanted to know what she should do if someone knocks on her door late at night and says he's from the FBI. "Well," I said, "the FBI has very clear guidelines on that. They've been warning women for years to bolt their doors at night and not open them to anyone." "But if I don't open the door they'll break it down," she protested. "And then the landlady will make me pay for a new door.'' "NOW WAIT a minute. The only reason the FBI broke into that lady's apartment in Alexandria is because her neighbors said she looked like Patty Hearst. You don't look like Patty Hearst, do you?' "How do I know what Patty Hearst looks like?" she said. "Everyone knows what Patty Hearst looks like. She has long hair, wears a black beret, an Army jacket and carries a submachine gun in her hand at all times." "That's the picture they print in papers," the young lady protested. "But she also wears wigs and dresses and high-heel shoes. Some people have even said she was seen in blackface. Every girl in America could look like Patty Hearst." "That's true," I admitted. "I agree you have a problem, Let's see, suppose when the person from the FBI knocks on the door you demand he'shove his credentials under it?" the small society "The girl in Alexandria did that, and that's when they broke down her door. The FBI said they thought it was a trick." "1 can see it from their point of view," I said. "After all, if you are from the FBI and someone demands your credentials you could indeed believe the person is Patty Hearst. If the girl had nothing to hide, she'd take the FBI's word for it." "So you're suggesting I open the door if someone knocks on it and claims he's a G-man?" "I'm not saying that exactly. Perhaps you could go to the phone and call the FBI and ask them if they had sent someone." "THE GIRL IN Alexandria did that and the agents pulled their guns on her. They were going to shoot her. I'm telling you I'm scared stiff. I used to be afraid of just burglars and rapists. Now I'm afraid of the Justice Department." "Couldn't you put a large sign on your door saying, 'Patty Hearst Is Alive And Well And Living In A Lesbian Commune In Disneyland'?" "I guess so," my young friend said. "But why can't the FBI find another way of catching Patty Hearst without breaking into everyone's apartment because some kooky neighbor says she lives- there?" "IN ALL DUE respect, I don't think it's your job or mine to tell the FBI how to catch Patty Hearst. After all, they're professionals, and if they break down enough doors someday they'll find her. "In the meantime, 1 believe every young woman living alone will have to make up her own mind whether to open up when someone who says he's from the FBI comes knocking or write out a check for a new door. That's a small price to pay to have a law-enforcement agency that protects all our constitutional rights." "You've been a big help, Uncle Art. I don't know how to thank you." "Don't mention it,"I said. "And sleep well." by Brickman (NOTE TO READERS: Letters to the Editor are welcome. Readers are urged to express their views on public issues. Letters of more than 350 words usually cannot be considered for publication and those of lesser length are given preference. All letters, to be published, must include the true name and address of the writers.) Lubbock Man Poses Questions Man Who Has Seen Lengthy On Insurance-Speed Penalty Gas Lines 'Has His Say' Editor, The Avalanche-Journal: Please refer to your editorial in Saturday's issue, March 29, "Nosv, for Realism on Speed". You state "auto insurance companies are required by law to raise rates for two, three, or more speeding offenses within a certain period". You also recommend legislative action to correct this injustice. While I support your recommendations 100 per cent, I would like to correct your assumptions that legislative action is needed. Please refer to the Texas Insurance Code, Article 5.01, Sub-Chapter A, and I quote — "That the Board (State. Board of Insurance) shall have the sole and exclusive power and authority and it shall be its duty to determine, fix, and prescribe and promulgate just, reasonable, and adequate rates of premiums to be charged and collected by all insurers writing any form of insurance on motor vehicles in this state." Your editorial is correct in one sense, that all rules, rates, and regulations promulgated and fixed by the State Board of Insurance do become law. The practice of allowing insurance companies to assess stiff and unjust penalties for moving violations is the responsibility of the Board and not the Legislature. It would be a simple matter for the Board to call a hearing and amend its regulations concerning surcharges on speeding violations from 55 mites per hour to 70 miles per hour. Moving violations should not be a part of the complicated process of rate making. It cannot be actuarially justified and is another example of the many abuses fostered upon the Texas Public by having a system that permits two of a three-man political board to price fix on a cost-plus basis some three billion dollars in property and automobile insurance premiums paid annually by the people of Texas. Under the present system, a man receiving a ticket for doing 65-mph on a major four-lane interstate highway is assessed the same penalty as a person doing 80 miles-per-hour through a restricted school zone. I also question the legality of a system that cannot meet every test of providing justice and reasonableness of rates as required by Article 5.01. Larry Teaver, 6220 Kenosha. Writer Offers Own Solution For U.S. Course Of Action Editor, The Avalanche-Journal: Recently, I heard someone say that "Any semblance of 'detente' is non-existent and amounts to only wishful thinking". Of course, any form of easement or relaxing of diligence where nations ignore agreements, promises, pacts, etc. is dangerous and could mean trouble for any nation that is not alert and watchful for any sign of deception and treachery. We have many precedents to support this cautious action. "Unilateral detente" is to no avail and very unwise. I do not believe that the wars in the East, Indochina and others, will ever cease as long as powers such as Moscow, Peking, and their satellites continue to supply an abundance of warring materials to keep the dirty work going for them, I refer to guns, tanks, ammo, planes, and notable supplies of propaganda materials; all these and more will always fan the 'Red-minded" fanaticism for conquest. There are always new arenas to perform in; to exhibit power and cruelty. With this in mind, I think it would behoove us to curtail to the minimum any assistance to an "eternal festering' malignancy". We need to recuperate and replenish. Finally, what we do need is people in Government who are capable of remembering; who are able to reject or accept, via the mental trial and error method, thus maintaining expediency. My point is: Eliminate "red tape"; tackle indecisions and get things done now. Stop wasting money, do more deep, serious logical thinking and go to work. Save and Survive. Allen Burke, Sr., 4919 39th St. Editor, The Avalanche-Journal: Your editorial calling for realism on speed is anything but realistic. Perhaps if you could sit in line for an hour or two at a service station as many people did in the East last year you would see the situation as it really is. I was unfortunate enough to spend three weeks in Miami in February of last year. There were lines at every station that was opened. It was obvious that without conservation there would not be enough fuel for everyone. Now you call for the people of West Texas to be able to "legally" drive at a speed that would consume more fuel. Sure, let the rest of the country conserve, we are in too much of a hurry to worry about conserving. Maybe the problem will go away if we ignore it. Let's be realistic about speed. Perhaps financial hardship is all that some people understand. Stiffening the fines for exceeding the 55 miles per hour speed limit for the second and third time will stop the fat cats who can afford the $25 fine and continue to drive at 70. Did you ever notice that most cars that pass you on the road are the big gas hogs? Let's make it as tough on the rich man as it is on the other person. Conservation is necessary, even in West Texas. L. Paul Ward, 6302 Elgin. Writer Sas U.S. Consumer Subsidised^ jYof Farmers Editor, The Avalanche-Journal: For years now, I have been reading comments in this paper about the situation of Agriculture, with the letters running about even, pro and con. Up until the last year and a half, I didn't see any reason to attempt to explain our side of the story to the general public, which consists of 987o of the population in the U.S. But now I can no longer stand idly by and see Agriculture drown in poor political leadership. Our 2% of the population have not only provided lavish food and fiber supplies for our own people, but they grew enough to save the nation's balance of payments with exports to provide a major strategic bargaining chip for U.S. diplomatic efforts in trying to keep peace in the Mideast and elsewhere. Union wages, government salaries, and prices of all other products automatically rise to offset cost of living increases and inflated production costs, but when farm prices increase, loud howls of indignation sweep the nation. The 987(? howled long enough about government subsidies to Agriculture that they were completely shut off. What the 98% didn't understand was that they were being subsidized — not the farmer. We were paid subsidies in order to keep the American agricultural products out of competition with world markets — in order to make the price and availability of food and fiber products to the 98% of the American population the most economical in the world. But the subsidies ended and so did economy in the supermarket. Until recently, 16% of America's disposable income was required to buy food while other nationalities had to spend 40% to 80% of their income just to eat. Two per cent of the American population is feeding themselves and part of the world and we cannot survive and stay in- business 'without freedom and incentive for motivation. Our government continues to play games with the most highly productive food producers the world has ever known. They can only be saved by a loud demand from the 98% of Americans who are eating without raising. Bryan Shadden, Chairman, Cattleman's Assn., Lubbock Rt. 1. Lightly Speaking Al Reese says he's starting to fe«l his age. "When I get up in the morning and look in the mirror I find myself wishing 1 could see acne." — Neil Morgan in San Diego Tribune. It's paradoxical, but cold feet are often the result of burned fingers — Jan McKeitten, quoted by Leo Aikman in Atlanta Constitution. In India THE AMERICAN ambassador' to India, William B. Saxbe, correctly stated in New Delhi: "Good relations must be two-way. After 27 years of American efforts, the gap is still there." He is dealing with an 'impossible prime minister, Indira Gandhi. Mrs. Gandhi is said to start her day by standing on her head, yoga- fashion, and Ambassador Saxbe is .sure to find that the impossible lady views the United States from this position the rest of the day. India's leader is one of those tiresome, self- righteous people who give you moral lectures at the drop of a hat. Morality? What Mrs. Gandhi says is one thing, what she means is another and what she does is a third. MRS. GANDHI gave her Congress Party its spinning-wheel symbol. She said she did this "to stress the importance of simplicity and love." Yet she shrugs off our American taxpayers' vast aid to India as if.it were a cigar butt to be kicked around on the floor. The last time I talked with Mrs. Gandhi was at a White House dinner given in her honor. She did so even then. And India's ambassador T.N. Kaul echoes this arrogance and effrontery in Washington. We suffering American taxpayers have given a colossal $8 billion absolutely free to India since 1951 and a total $10 billion to date. In fact, we have given more aid to India than to any nation in the world. Actually, we've given nearly as much as we spent on the Marshall Plan which saved Western Europe. YET INDIA'S economy remains in collapse. Nothing, but nothing America's taxpayers have done can get it moving. It's like trying to push a truck uphill with a rope. Ambassador Saxbe could no more get Mrs. Gandhi to admit it than get her to eat an Eskimo's boot, but an estimated 70 per cent of the population remains illiterate — so illiterate that Mrs. Gandhi's own Congress Party stations sacred cows at the polling places to show voters that a pair of yoken bullocks is the party's marker. Since 1954 we have spent J12 billion on our "Food for Peace" program alone — immense amounts going to India. An estimated 80 per cent of the children there suffer from malnutrition, yet India's own food production has declined. THE DECLINE is clearly due to the Indian government's cut in the agricultural portion of India's national budget — along with incredibly poor planning. India's fertilizer plants are running at less than 60 per cent of capacity. The country is blessed with some of the world's largest salt deposits. Yet India imports much salt from Michigan. Grain surpluses bless some regions. Yet these surpluses arc not relieving famine in other regions, because of immense snafus in India's distribution : system. The poverty is unbelievable. Yet on May IH, 1974, India test-fired underground in the Ra- jasthan desert, west of New Delhi, its first atomic explosion. DESPITE ALL the ghastly poverty and human suffering, Mrs. Gandhi authorized $173 million for this — another indication of how much the big Indian cares for the little Indian in India. And Ambassador Saxbe learned that Mrs. Gandhi intends to spend an additional $315 million on nuclear developments in the coming four years. Mrs. Gandhi claims that India doesn't intend to develop nuclear weapons but it is obvious that the United States and the rest of the world do not believe her. India fought three wars against Pakistan in 27 years. In the 1971 war India dismembered .Pakistan and then recognized Bangladesh (East Pakistan) as a separate nation. India did not even release the 93,000 Pakistani prisoners until August 1973. India brutally invaded Goa and still holds it. AND SO IT goes in this country where Mrs. Gandhi hypocritically preaches "love". Violence and death are commonplace. Revolution now lives in the coffee houses. In the 28 years since India's independence, India has been stricken by more poverty, disease and despair than ever before in its history. And the chief reason is the corrupt and unproductive rule of India's politicians, including Mrs. Gandhi. Their sins have brought communism to the doorstep of the entire nation. So They Say "1 became a thing, a publicity vehicle, something created by other people. Everyone claimed to have discovered me and I was used." — Former sex symbol Ewa Aulin lamenting her short-lived career blaming opportunists for her reluctance to return to Hollywood. "Man lives as the animal kingdom does, by killing, and when he talks about the sanctity of life, he doesn't really mean life at all, but only the exempt list." -, Columnist Russell Baker on mankind's erratic and contradictory feelings toward death. "This is Main Street USA, not only Fifth Avenue ... People all over the world look at Fifth Avenue to see how the United'States is doing. ^Ve can't let this place go down the drain, become a ghost place, a slum." - New York furrier Saul Arons, closing shop because of harassment from thieves and shoplifters. Berry's World "People hove already made a rash of movie musicals! THINK, baby! What EISE went over big during lh« Depression?