The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 15, 1953 · Page 1
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December 15, 1953

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, December 15, 1953
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 226 Blythevilln Courier Blytheville Dally News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS UMT Plan Hits Stout Barrier Most Congressmen Voice Quick Disapproval of Idea By JOE HALt WASHINGTON (AP) — Most members of Congress who expressed themselves today on a presidential commission's recommendation for a military manpower policy recoiled from its central idea — universal military training for youths not drafted. The National Security Training Commission said yesterday in a special report to President Eisenhower that UMT could be put into effect by January 1955, or earlier, operating simultaneously with the draft. The plan would require congressional approval. The commission proposed a lottery to determine whether a youth •would get six months training or be required to serve two years as a draftee. The group said the program, while not achieving absolute equality, at least would avoid what it called the present unfair situation in which veterans are the only reservists available to be called up In a sudden war emergency. Under the proposed UMT program, the trainees would be called ahead of veterans. Might Save Money The commission contended its program also might save money by permitting a reduction in the 'regular military forces, and might help deter war by setting up a steady program of long-term preparedness. However, the arguments apparently made little impression on most members of Congress available in Washington for comment. House Speaker Joseph W. Martin Jr. said flatly, "I don't think the program would have much chance." He added that "Congress has already said the draft and UMT should not operate concurrently." Rep. Short (D-Mo), chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, which would have to act on a UMT bill, declared, "I am opposed to UMT. It won't work. Rep W. Sterling Cole XR-NY, chairman of the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee and a member of the House Armed Services Committee, commented that with the increasing emphasis on atomic, weapons "the need for large numbers of men in uinfoun is considerably lessened." Cole, who has supported UMT in the past, said he did not think Congress -would pass it now and that he might switch his own position. Can't Operate he is "in complete accord" with the commission report. He said it "imposes an obligation upon all citizens of military age, it distributes the burden in a fair way" and makes possible an effective reserve without the expense of big standing forces. Some lawmakers who have favored UMT were not in Washington. However, others said privately they fear the 1954 session is the wrong time to bring it up. They pointed out that it is an election year and the legislative program See UMT on Page 9 DEATH CAR FOR SIX — Six persons were killed near Royse City, Tex., when this station waj-on (right foregroundt in which they were riding, crashed into the crack Texas Special passenger train. The impact sent the engine and all except four of the 41 train cars crashing off the tracks. Five train passengers were hospitalized; about 30 more were bruised. Killed was Victor Sanfley of Dallas, Southern Methodist football center in 1930, his wife, their three children, and their maid. (A! 1 Wircpholo) Industrial Prospect Likes City Two top officials of a Kansas City, Mo., steel products manufacturing firm said yesterday they were "highly pleased" with Blytheville as a prospective plant site. Spending the day here yesterday were Kenneth W. Lineberry, president of Black, Sivalls and Bryson, and Abe Yeddis, vice president. Spokesman for a special Chamber of Commerce committee, which handled the industrialists' visit here, said the two men were pleased with their reception in Blytheville and the company "will make a decision soon after the first of the year . . . probably by mid-January" regarding plant location. Mr. Lineberry and Mr, Yeddis, Chamber committee members said, were visibly impressed with the 27-acre industrial site recently acquired by the Chamber. Yesterday at noon, the committee and members of the Chamber's board of directors met with the Kansas Citizans for lunch at the Rustic Inn. Members of the group were quick to point out that neither man made any definite statement regarding possible plant location in Blytheville other than the fact that they were pleased with the town and in referring to the January announcement. Today, they were due to go to Helena where they will survey that town's possibilities as a lo- cation. Members of the special committee which met with Mr. Lineberry and Mr. Yeddis yesterday included E. B. Thomas. Ray Hall, Alvin Huffman, Jr., W. J. Pollard, Jesse Taylor. Russell Phillips and E. R, Jackson. Mr. Pollard and Mr. Thomas motored the two to Memphis yesterday afternoon. Black, Sivalls and Bryson makes a variety of metal products. Steel products for the oil industry and agriculture (grain storage bins, tanks) comprise a bulk ol their production in six plants, all located in the United States with one exception, which is in Canada. NATO Council Approves Plan For More Planes and Troops American POWs Spurn Appeal for Interviews By r.EORGE Mi'.ARTHUR PANMUNJOM (AP) — Allied efforts to win back American war prisoners who stayed with Ihe Communists remained stalled today as the POWs spurned a personal appeal from the chairman of the Korean repatriation commission to attend interviews. There was mounting speculation that none of (he 22 Americans and 1 Briton would appear for explanations before the 90-day period for interviews expires Dec. 23. fay/or Sees No New Outbreak iVrVCa SEOUL (AP) — Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor said today the Communist high command apparently is not preparing lor resumption of the Korean War. The commander of the multi- nation 8th Army told a press con- Rep. Arends (R-IIH. the House jference that Red forces evidently GOP whip, said the draft and UMT j were digging in and preparing de- cannot operate simultaneous. Rep. Allen (It-Ill>, chairman of the key House Rules Committee, said, "I've always been against it and still am." Sen. Edwin C. Johnson (D-Colol said "I'm very much opposed to UMT," adding, "I don't think it can operate with the draft at all." Sen. Duff (B-Pa), however, said Michigan Officers Hold Cooher Man Far Two Felonies Millard Forrester, 35. of Cooler, Mo., held in Blytheville county jail on a charge of public drunkeness, has been returned to county authorities at, Flint, Mich., on a warrant charging him with armed robbery and forgery, according to Sheriff William Berryman. He was arrested here on a drunk- eness charge last week and signed papers waiving extradition when officers from -Flint arrived here with a warrant for his return, the sheriff said. Armed robbery in Michigan carried penalties up to lite in prison. Clothing Sought Here to Aid Vicksburg, Miss. Clothing for the homeless hundreds of the Vicksburg, Miss., tornado .was being gathered today by members of Blytheville's Junior Chamber of Commerce. The Jaycees voted last night to join in a drive for clothing after Vicksburg Jaycees appealed to the state Junior .Chamber group for aid in collecting clothes and money. Donations may be left at Blytheville Water Co., offices on West Main between the hours of 8:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. '54 GMC Trucks To Be Displayed The 1954 line of OMC trucks go on display here tomorrow at the Horner-Wilson Motor Company. Over 100 product improvements and changes have been incorporated in the new line of trucks with power steering and hydramallc transmission being offered as optional equipment. Another new feature In Ihe new OMC pickup line Is a ntw body style which has been designed to give greater capacity and a two- inch lower loading height. Several of the new models will be displayed »t Homer Wilson Motor Company. tensive positions on their side of the demilitarized zone. "They are doing the same thing we do," he said. Taylor said of his own plans in the event war does break out: "You can assume we have plans to go north, south, east, west and up and down." "They are doing about the same thing we do," he said. Taylor, in a review of the problems that have faced his army since the armistice, said one unsolved difficulty was the fate of 22,500 Chinese and North Korean prisoners who have renounced Communism. These POWs. along with 335 South Korean and 22 American pro-Communist captives, are held in Indian custody in the neutral zone near Panmunjom. Plans Prepared Taylor said plans were being perfected to care for the anti-Communist North Koreans and Chinese after Jan. 22, the date the armistice provides they be freed as civilians. Taylor said he assumed the North Korean anti-Reds would be cared for by the South Korean government. The Chinese, Taylor said, probably would be asked to go to Formosa and the problem would be a matter of transportation. Taylor conceded that prisoners requesting to go to a neutral nation "would be a problem." He said no plans had yet been made to settle it. Taylor said the 22 American soldiers who refuse to come home were probably "misguided Individuals." He said the problem of prepar- ing the soldiers to fall Communism "goes clown to the guts of the nation." The main emphasis in the army, he said, should be "Buddy, you should never be taken prisoner by these birds." ket Quotas Are Issue for Cotton, Peanut Growers WASHINGTON oughly 700 r - '53 G innings As of Dec. 7: 21 1,7 22 Bales Another mild fall and an early harvest of a crop reduced by drought has sent county ginning figures as of Dec.l to a new high for that date. Rep- E. C. (Took) Ga things reported from Washington yesterday to Louis Applebaum, Blylheville cotton man, that Mississippi County ginnings as of Dec. 1 totaled 211,722 bales. As of this date last year, the ginnings had produced 202,039 bales, also due to a mild fall and an early harvest. Ginnings as of this Dec. 1 are 20.360 bales ahead of the number ginned from the 1951 crop as of Jan. 16, 1952, 000 cotton and peanut farmers vote today "whether to curb voluntarily their output and sales in exchange for hl»h uovernment support prices. Never in the. 15-year history of the price support program have I farmers refused to make such a swap. Ju,st a few months aero, the nation's wheat farmers accepted production and marketing co trols by a top-heavy 7-1 margin. A two- thirds vote is required to put such restrictions into effect. This is the choice facing over 600,000 cotton planters and more Lt. Gen. K. S. Thirrwyya talked fr for 90 minutes with two prisoners identified as leaders in the compound—U.S. Sgt. R. G. Cordon of East Providence, R. I., and British Marine Andrew Condron. An Indian spokesman said the two leaders were unmoved nftev their private conference with Thimayya in a Korean hut outside the barbed wire compound where they are held by the repatriation commission. The POW spokesmen said the Americans and Briton would not come out for face-to-face talks with American explainers until the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission settled a dispute with pro- Communist South Korean prisoners who also refuse to attend explanations. Thimayya said earlier he personally felt the Americans simply did not want to attend the explanations. He called some of their reasons for stalling the interviews absurd. Thimayya speculated that tbe new turn of events might end all chance that the Americans would attend ally explanations. The U.N. Command said today it wa.s ready to interview any prisoner of any nationality who would come out tomorrow. May Change Approach The U. N. move left It squarely up to the prisoners. Although jt i.s officially a request to the Indian command, the Indians normally defer to Ihe wishes of the prisoners. The U.N. Command has indi- ^ted it would renew its request i^very day. There plso is a possibility the' U.N. Command might attempt some other move sur.h as a message to the prisoners, a request to broadcast to the men, or possibly even a request to be allowed to See POWs on Page !) JUST AS SHE 'PICTURED' HIM — Tiny hands size up Santa. Glaus as Linda Woelke, 4-yenr-old blind child, gets n private interview with the jolly fellow nt, a Chicago dojfmrtment store. Linda wa.s one of GO blind children invited to private interviews by the Parents of the Blind, a Chicngo organization, which explained that long waiting 1 lines to .see Santa. Claus wa.s H hardship for sightless children. Linda disclosed she would like "a pet duck, a windup merry-go-round, and an electric train." (AC Photo) Furnace failure Closes School ixon rresenrs Of Topics for Top-Leve! Study fiy RUSSELL BRINKS WASHINGTON (AP — Vice President Nixon has a briefcase full of problems, all studied at, first hand, to spread before the National Security Council, perhaps today. They deal with situations he examined in 70 days of travel and conversation with than fi5.ono peanut growers in scp- heads of government and plain citizens in A~ia. Ihe Middle East, and the Pacific. These arate referenda: Acceptance of marketing quotas and a 90 per cent of parity support price or freedom to plant and sell ns much as they wish, but a support price pegged at only 50 per cent of parity. The cotton referendum in 20 states applies to the 1954 crop alone, while the penut referendum in 13 states cover the next three years. The government — through the Agriculture epartment—now supports both cotton and peanuts at 90 per cent of parity—about 31 cents a pound for cotton and $237.60 a ton for peanuts. LecchvilEe Gets $9,000 State Loan To Finish Gyrr» range from Australian unhappiness over some U. S. trade policies to the risks that a truce in Indochina would bring. The council, composed of top of- (he Communist-led Vielminh forces j Minister Nehru, prime spokesman ' " " ' "' ' through a negotiated truce, a move- for the neutralism prevalent in this ent spurred by the armistice in area. French Furious Over Dulles' Blunt Remarks By TQM MASTERSO.V PARIS (AP) — The NATO Council of Ministers today swiftly approved its military committee's recommendations for 1954, an American delegate said. The delegate, who came out of the meeting just as today's session wound up. said the figures on next year's military goals had been included in the committee's report. A highly informed American military officer said the committee's recommendations included: 1, An increase In the NATO air force of more than 1,300 warplanes, boosting the alliance's air power to a total of 5,700 planes by the end of 1954. 2. An eight per cent increase in ground forces, hiking NATO's frontline and reserve divisions to 107 by tre end of next year. Meanwhile the Council of Ministers heard more discussion today of Europe's political situation amid a storm of protest aroused by U. S Secretary of State Dulles' warnin^ that France must ratify the European army pact soon or face a U. S. "reappraisal" of its European policies. French officials were reported furious over Dulles' blunt remarks which implied that any reappraisal might involve a shift of U. S. troops and aid from the European continent. Paris newspapers termed his statement a "brutal ultimatum." Britons Criticizes In London, British newspapers of varying political shades also sharply criticized the remarks as "folly" and "best left unsaid." Dulles spoke yesterday to a news conference after addressing the opening meeting of the NATO Council gathering. Informants said he made the same points to the council. In the strongest language yet heard at an NATO meeting, the secretary of state warned: 1. Unless the European Defense Community Treaty is ratified quickly, the United States will have to "re-study" how to implement its obligations to NATO, and the disposition of U. S. troops "would, of course, be a factor in the agonizing reappraisal." 2. If the Western nations, "especially France and Germany," decide to commit suicide by fail- ng to unite, "they may have to commit it alone." Dulles' threats were aimed mainly at the French, who first pro- ed the EDO and ;hen turned See NATO on Page 9 ficials of the executive department responsible for national policy at the highest level, has first call on Nixon's report on the trip that ended yesterday. Later this Week and next he meets with congressional leaders and State Department officials. Nixon said President Eisenhower would decide whether there is to be a radio-TV report to the nation. He had a preliminary talk with the president yesterday. By regions, here are some of the problems on which Nixon is prepared to report to the National Security Council: 1. South Pacific—Australia and New Zealand, both strongly pro- American, are worried by what they call "discriminatory" trade LEACHVILLE — A loan of SO 000; restrictions against their wool and School District | dairy products. Nixon promised to LEACHVILLE — Loachville le- mentary School closed this morning! 10 the Lcachville when the automatic burner on the f 0r the completion of a new school! report their protests, with the re. gym at Leachvillc was approved hy , minder that domestic American the State Board of Education in j politics had to be considered. furnace failed in operation. It is hoped the school will resume classes Thursday morning if the part ordered for the furnace arrive in time, Superintendent Roy E. Dawson said. Farm Bureau May Have Plan To Satisfy Southern Farmers CHICAQO — The American Farm Bureau Federation May have found a way today to allow southern farmers to have high price supports most of the time within the framework of a. flexible price support system. Delegates from southern cotton states came to the Federation's convention here this week insisting that present pi-Ice floors be continued Indefinitely for their crops. Although apparently outnumbered in delegate voting power, '.he Southern leaders sained much of their demands In resolutions tentatively adopted by a convention policy-drafting committee. .Meanwhile, the policy makers et it be known that the Farm Bureau will not endorse proposed two-price plans for dealing with marketing and price-support problems for major export crops such as cotton, wheat and rice. The tentative resolution on price supports would put the Bureau on record as endorsing the Farm Act of 1949 with its system of flexible supports. Under Ii, supports would be high in times of shortages to encourage production and low in times of surpluses to discourage production. But the resolution proposes nn amendment to the 1949 act which wovjld give farmers one year of grace, through use of production controls, to bring crop supplies in line with normal requirements before flexible supports would go Into effect. Little Rock yesterday. The loan was requested in November when rhf:re were not, enough funds for completion of the structure, according to Roy E. Dawson, Oppose Rearminjr of Japan At the same time, these two countries voiced strong opposition to the rearmament of Japan, a basic point in America's defense program for the rest of Asia. 2. Far East—Nixon was told that superintendent. Construction is far enough along that the new gym will be used Fri- | Japan, bursting with a temporary day night for a basketball game. ! economic boom,' is abovH to reas- The loan from the state will be j sort its leadership over Asia. Eco- rcpair! at a later date by a bond j nomically, however, the Japanese sale, Mr. Dawson .said. j face the problem of developing greater new markets, to offset their dependence upon the areas now under Communist control. One problem is to stimulate more rapid Japanese rearmament. An- Chieks Invade Manila To- I other Is to settle a growing and Inside Today's Courier News ni^ht . . . Ke:-,tucky Sbov.-s Power in Defeating Wake Forest . . . Snorts . . . pages 10 and U . . . . . ..15 Million Troops Man K«l China's "Sea of Bayonets" . . . Second of a Series. , . pagefi . . . Dean Heads for Washington; Rejects Rrrt Bid for Hcsumntion of Peace Conference Talks . . • page 7 ... Ike's Atomic-Pool F'roposal Puts Russians on the. Spot . . . Editorials . . . jiacc 8 ... [serious dispute over fishing rights and other Issues between Korea and Japan. A third Is to settle the status of Okinawa, which Japan wants back, but which American officials say Is vital for the long- range aerial defense of the United Stales. At the same lime a basic blueprint Is needed for Korea, if the present truce continues. . Other Problems 3. Southeast Asia — The major problem Is a growing French effort to settle a seven years' war with Korcn. American officials on the spot say a truce now would open all of Indochina to the undisputed political influence of Moscow- trained Ho Chi Minn, thereby jeopardizing all of rich Southeast Asia. All the pathways to this vital region arc open to direct Chinese military power. 4. Soulh Asia—The United States faces a basic decision in determining how to deal with India's Prime Military aid to neighboring Pakistan, now being discussed, means risking Nehru's opposition. 5. Middle East—The major military weakness in this strategic stretch of the world is Iran. Aside from its pressing economic and political problems, this key country is difficult to defend, without a far greater military investment than is now being made. Smythe Named President of Blytheville Y Gil Smythe has been named pros- ins Confribuf-lons Now Total $21,290.25 The Comumnity Chest began clean-up campaign today in hopes of raising the fund closer to the 1954 campaign goal, according to Toler B. Buchanan, campaign chairman. Contributions collected to date total 521.290.25 Ircm 1.975 donors which reaches 82 per cent of the goal of $25,E67. Included in the clean-up campaign will be ca!l-hacl<s on the persons w-ho have been contacted but have not contributed. Participating in the clean-up ^ campaign are Clyde Patton, Joe idem of Blytheville's Y for 1054. Warren. Charles Moore. Bill Banist- following election of officers and "• Bi " Raci "' A - °- Hu(lson ' Jo1 ™ Gil Smylhe City Council Meets Tonight Blylhevi'.lc's City Council will hold its last meeting of this year at 8 o'clock tonight in the Municipal Courtroom in City Hall. This session, originally scheduler! to be held last Tuesday night, was postponed until tonight because of Ihe Christmas parade last week. board members yesterday. New board members are John W. Caudill and Toler Buchanan. Re-elected to the board were Mrs. Glenn Ladd, Miss Winnie Virc-il Turner, James Terry and Mr. Smytbe. All will serve three-year terms as board members. Other officers include James Gardner, vice president; Mrs. Ladd, who was re-elected secretary, and Jack Owen, treasurer. In other business at yesterday's board meeting, Mrs. Ladd reported on activities being planned for national YMCA Week, Jan. 24-31. Christmas Seal Sale Report Meeting Set The first report meeting of the current Christmas seal campaign committee in the Negro division will be held at 7;30 p.m. Thursday In the Mississippi County Tuberculosis Association office here. The Negro drive workers include representatives of schools and churches here. Caudill, F. E. Scott, Russell H. Parr, Joe Freeman, Herb Childs, H. N. Whitis, John McDowell, Dick: Watson and Kemp Whisenhunl. Wait ver ARKANSAS — Generally fair wanner this afternoon and in east and south tonight; lowest 24-38 northwest and 25-34 east and south tonight; Wednesday partly couldy and a little colder. MISSOURI — Cloudy today with cold wave over north tonight; colder south tonight: low temperatures tonight zero to 10 above to 15-20 south; snow flurries tonight. Maximum yesterday—40, Minimum yesterday—25. Sunrise tomorrow—7:00. Sunset today—-1:51, Precipitation last 24 hours to 7:00 ii. m. today—none. Menn tempcmtnre (mfdwiiy between hlph and low)—32.5. Precipitation Jnn, 1 to date— 39.14 This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—;10. Minimum yesterday—22. Precaution Juminry 1 to date— 42.10,

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