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f>A(3« A4 ALTON EVENING WEDNESDAi, JULY 5, 1968 Editorials . . .What we think about. . * . RoadShutoff • •' » 'Certain tltialietiable Rights' "We hold", says the Declaration of Independence whose birthday we celebrate tomorrow, "these truths to be self-evident, thai all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure theise rights, Governments are instituted anlong Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. That whenever any form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness." , . , ,••'••.. This isn't all there is to the Declaration of Independence — not by a whole lot — though It's much more than the average citizen hears quoted. It was beaten out of the brains of men thoroughly heated up over what: they regarded • as thorouglily maladministered and foreign- controlled government over the American colonies. These men, meeting in Philadelphia, were seeking the basis of complaint for a revolt, and lone-range 'aims that could attract followers. •* , They found it 4iMJns document, and went on to found the great AmefieaW natteft on its, principles. We have so often heard so much about man's "unalienable rights" of "Life, Liberty, and the frtifSult Of H&pfifless," that we sometimes settle back to the status quo we think is producing these elements at any one time and forget abourthe revolutionary element ift the Deaa>ationi this " 4 , .-*right of the people 1 to alter or abolish . "". arid to institute a new government" when any form "becomes destructive of these ends." So far we have managed to work out our pursuits pretty well through our present form of government. In fact, it irddubtftil — extremely doubtful — that anytorm making a radical departure from it arid its/principles of partial democracy and largely representative government could ever improve upon it in the relative protection of freedom. The "form" is being sorely tested under the stresses of these days at all levels of government and in all institutions — even the family. But by and large il appears to be swinging back toward a fairer balance between the rights ,of one group as compared to another, as even our minority groups find it possible to fight for greater recognition within the framework. The form of government these men set ouf to create-in 1776 owed much to other govern- rhefits before it: To evert the vefy Sfltish rule over which thefse ttieti W6re declaring their impatience. But it also set the pattern for many other governments to follow in futUre years. We have much for" Which to thank the members of the Continental Congress who grafted the great befclaration, and we can best show it by'giving real thought to the objectives they so. clearly, set out Long Awaited The bi-county area has suffered a damaging blow, indeed, from, the decision at federal level to shut down all highway construction jobs involving United States funds because of hiring discrimination. Unfortunately for Alton the blow felt just as we Were about to see some action on several much needed improvements. One can never say that these things can be expected at any definite time. But the area 'round about had good reason to expect the order, and the Telegraph has warned of the possibility on occasion. Only this week at least one local industry declared its plan to continue pursuit of a hardcore hiring and training program which had proved highly successful since its inception only a few months ago. Meanwhile, plenty of pressure was being placed on both construction contractors and the unions which supplied them with manpower to get in line. These, if any, had the type of jobs to provide hard core candidates with employment. We would not judge them, ourselves. But apparently the federal government has become impatient These contracting firms and unions certainly had the opportunity to avail themselves of the know-how made evident in Laclede Steel's program. Now we face a situation where we are losing not only construction jobs in the area, but worse, the whole community must suffer for a time longer because of the delay in getting under way with urgently-needed highway projects which could have provided improved transportation. A Soft Answer Our quick apology to Russia for "intrusion" of one of our commercial planes in her Kurile Islands sanctuary has achieved three excellent results: It has resulted in quick release for the airliner, laden with troops though it was; It doubtless has maintained the improved relations between the two countries which has led to agreement on further nuclear weapons limitation talks; More important, and less obvious, it has demonstrated to other nations that we are frank and sincere in these matters when the facts make it possible — not deceptive as the Communists have tried to make Us out in the past when incidents involved were flot as clear- cut as the current one. NAACP Split Regrettable The militants' walkout at the National Association for Advancement of Colored People convention this week could reasonably give aid and comfort to the out-and-out anti-Black element of the country. But we feel sure that on deeper reflection, and future experience many of these wilt, change their minds. At first glance, further splintering of the Black group seems a weakening of at least the spearhead element. Those opponents could hope the campaign for civil rights was weakened. In the long run, however, the NAACP has been the one element longest fighting for the cause; it has evolved and maintained steadily its objective — which is integration. A confusing trend toward concentrated Black power, in just the opposite direction, has developed among the more militant who despair of achieving integral ion. And the clash between the two can cause endless confusion and obstruction in whatever moves are made to adjust to the Black man's demands upon the nation. PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor 'Mr. Nixon feels you would not really be very comfortable here ...' Allen-Goldsmith How niRny parents will comment or the crimes listed in the paper thi? week? Many parents declare they don't understand what the young er generation is coming to. Every wee^ one reads of teenagers who are speeding, drinking, or stealing And most parents will shake ttn-.ir heads and say, self- righteousiy, "Where are those children's parents and why don't thpy teach them right from wrong?" Are these the same mothers and fathers who took a ride Sunday as a family and just happened to stop to buy firecrackers in Missouri for their kids? They rationalize by saying "All the other neighbor children have them. What's the Fourth of July without fireworks?" If our parents flout the laws of our -s^ate, what can we expect our children to learn from this example? Let's celebrate the Fourth of , July by displaying "Old Glory." MRS. HOWARD EICHEN, Mullen Lane, R, R. No. 4, Godfrey Era of Conflict "Youth in an era of conflict" —this describes today's teenagers and tomorrow's leaders. in a time when violence and misunderstanding are frequent plagues among America's cities. The teenagers of today, as a whole, must combat the problems of yesterday, so that they will not occur tomorrow. And. the teenagers of today, have an important part to play, too. to improve our nation as a whole by encouraging and influencing others to do the same. "Youth in an era of conflict" suggests the modern youth's place in his society. It presents a real challenge to today's young leaders to find their place in that society and to involve themselves, in it. The key is involvement — Now in one'^s tity, tomorrow in the nation, land wherever one may be. Earl Reum, coordinator of Denver's public schools, told the Illinois Student Council convention: "Yesterday is destroyed, today is already condemned, and tomorrow' has already begun." So teenagers of Alton need to become involved.in what is happening today. We must live in this era of conflict. I- don't think others do. All can help rid us of the conflict, S. E. 'N. S E, Lawlessness discusses these problems and offers opportunity for youth tj become involved. The next meeting is tonight, at Alton High School, at 7:30. LONNIE BANKS 935"Riley Feelings of Guilt The gun laws are manifestations of feelings of guilt and hysteria for which there is no reason. I, as others have, extended my deepest sympathy to the Kennedy family. But I feel no guilt. The.man -held in connection with the shooting is, not an American - born citizen, so why should we feel guilt? A hundred men were given up for lost in the nuclear" submarine, but nobody except the families of the men seemed to get upset. The tragedy was overshadowed by the assassination of one popular individual. Think about it. We have enough laws on the books if the responsible parties will just have the guts to enforce them. For many years people 2 lot smarter than I have said that there is more danger of takeover from inside than from outside. Now is the time to stay loose, hold our cool, and not get up tight as the new lingo goes. If people will remember back a while, they will find out that Hitler disarmed Norway in about 24 hours with just about the same gun law. I by no means compare our President with Hitler. But I believe he is being pressured by some well-meaning people. I think for now we should concentrate on enforcement of laws, and not passage of any such bills, which I feel are born by a feeling of hysteria. HAROLD F. KRUSE 252 Penning Ave. Wood River Today's Prayer Even as Christ broke the bonds of death and escaped the darkness of the tomb, may He break through the shackles of our self-centereclness and be set free from the blackness of our despair so that His right of way in our lives will give us new life full of light and hope. Amen. -^•Walter Smith, Jr., Indianapolis, Ind., senior minister, University Heights E.U.B. Church. Dirksen May Find He Leads Minority Washington Merry-Go-Round Hart to Probe Seagram Link With Film Firm By DREW PEARSON And JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON — Sen. Phil Hart, D Mich., has been asked to step in where Sen. Tom Dodd's juvenile delinquency committee failed to probe the effect of televised and movie crime on the crime rate of AmericH. Specifically, the American Council on Alcohol problems has asked Sen. Hart to examine the attempt by the biggest whiskey distiller in the world, Seagram, founded on bootleg money, to tn.Ke over one of the largest motio-i picture companies in the world Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Hart's Senate anti-monopoly committee would have jurisdiction. Robert O'Brien, now president of M-G-M, former chairman of the securities and exchange Commission, has one of the best records in the motion picture industry and this year will announce record profits.. However Edgar Bronfman, now head of Seagram, is demanding tha' he move over. At the last M-G-M board of directors Forum W'riters, Note Writer!) names and addresses musl be published with tellers to the Readers Forum, tellers must be concise (preferably not over ISO words.) All are subject to condensation. PEARSON ANDERSON meeting, Bronfman, who owns the largf-t slice of M-G-M stock, added three new directors: his brother-in-law, John Loeb, Jr.; John Wanamaker, head of CEMP, the Bronfman family's private investment firm; and Bernard M. Auer, vice president of Time magazine. This makes a total of .six pro- Seagram directors on the M-GM board, including Bronfman himself: Leon Kolber, a Seagram associate: and Edgar Baker, als. a vice president of Time. Tine Magazine has been coopenat'pg with Seagram in the battle to take over M-G-M. Seagram is time's second biggest advertiser; and Time, in turn, is M-G-M's second largest stockholder. Officially Time .stales: "Our investment in MG-M is completely independent of anyone else's interest." However. T'me representatives on the board have consistently supported Se'-igram. What Concerns juvenile delinquency experts about Seagram's attempts to dominate one of the largest motion picture firms is, first '.he possibility of using the movies to put liquor in a favorable light: second, t h e bootlegt'.irg background of t h e Bronfman family. By ROBERT S. ALLEN and JOHN A. GOLDSMITH WASHINGTON - Senate Republican leader Everett Dirksen was told by President Johnson 36 hours in advance of the new Supreme Court appointments and was supplied by the President with arguments to .support their confirmation. That is a major complaint of senators opposing the selection of Abe Fortas as chief justice and Homer Thornberry as associate justice. At one secret session, Republican opponents dicussed at length the possibilities of organizing an end-of- session filibuster to block the nominations'.'' As a consequence, in the showdown later this month. Dirksen may find himself leading a minority of Republican senators. Immediately following Johnson's announcement, 18 Republicans — half of the GOP total — issued a statement assailing the President's action, and their ranks arc growing. The leaders of this group are making no bones of their unhappiness over Dirksen's visiting the White House and absorbing the sentiments of h i s old friend, Johnson, before the appointments had been announced but after several GOP senators had voiced sharp disapproval of a "lame-duck" President making them. Although the two Johnson appointees are caught in a cross - fire of "cronyism" attacks, they themselves are not David Lawrence Independents Hold Key to The Two Parties WASHINGTON - Perhaps the most significant fact which is reflected in virtually all the public - opinion polls that have been published recently is thai there i« no majority for either the Republican or the Democratic p-Hrty as such. Wherever more th;sn 51 per cent is at- ained by any presidential aspirant in ;> poll, it is usually with the aid of a huge segment of what now is being called the "independent" vote. What this means, in effect, is that a large number of voters do not co'isider themselves regular members of any party, but indicate only their preferences for individual candidates or for groups who favor a specific position on a public question. The day of the party "regular" is passing. The latest Gallup Poll, for instance, asks this question: "In politics, as of today, do y o u consider yourself a Republican, Democrat or independent?" Twenty-seven per cent classed Ciemselves as independents. Only ri'jce since 1940 has either party gotten more than 50 per cen: in this poll. That was in 1964 when the Democrats were given 53 per cent. Again and ag.vn, a bloc of independent voter.-, has been required for either party to get a majority. These weaknesses in party .strength as such are not explained by any of the polls. The voters t'liJay seem naturally inclined to pick a candidate, rather than a party, though there is in buih the Democratic and Republi rn parties a substantial segment of what might be called "regulars." But it is apparent that national elections ar» not being decided or likely to be by those who have traditiona.ly adhered to a par- ticular ticket Perhaps the main reason for this Urk of continuous allegiance is 'he vagueness as well as the fluctuations of party policies, whether on the federal, sta f " ,or local level. It is much h".rder today to define a Republi"an or a Democrat than it WHS a few decades ago. Personalities and specific issues, rather th-m parties are likely to mobili/e the voters so as to constitute a majority. Take, for instance, the Vietnam wnr. Those who are opposed to it do not come from any one party. FIRST This is the first appearance in the Telegraph of Mr. Goldsmith under the new Allen- Goldsmith line-up. the prime targets. Opponents are svell aware that Fortas was confirmed by the Senate as an associate justice in 1965 and that Thornberry was approved the same year as an appeals court judge. The critics arc voicing two major concerns: — That a "lame - duck" President should not make lifetime appointments to- the tribunal who will hand down far- reaching decisions for a decade or more. —That the Fortas and Thornberry appointments are only the beginning. It is feared that if they are confirmed, as many as three other justices may step down and let Johnson name replacements. This apprehension is based on the fact that Justice Hugo I.. Black is 82 years old: Justice William 0. Douglas was recently equipped with an electric pacemaker to regulate a lagging heartbeat: and Justice John Marshall Harlan's eyesight is so seriously impaired that the court was required to provide him with a reading clerk. Fallowing is the series of events that preceded the President's announcement Wednesday noon that he was naming Justice Fortas to succeed Chief Justice Earl Warren, and Judge Thornberry to the Fortas seat: On Monday evening, June 24, Dirksen went to the White House as he often does to talk with his old Senate sidekick. Johnson informed him of the appointments and handed Dirksen a prepared memorandum on precedents and constitutional arguments supporting Johnson's filling the vacancies. On Tuesday morning Democratic congressional leaders met, as usual, with the President at the White House f o r their weekly conference. Though Johnson has said he consulted in advance with both party leaderships, he did NOT tell the congressional group of his plans. One participant says they were reluctant to raise the court issue and the matter was /NOT discussed. What They Did Then—News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25»;Years Ago JULY 3, 1948 American invaders of the central Solomons had captured Vint Hajiw, near Japan's Munda, airbase, after a fierce sea, and air battle off Rendova Island, in which at least 65 *nemy aircraft, 17 United States planes and one ship were tost. The Munda outpost was about SO nautical miles northwest of New Georgia l&land, and its loss to the enemy, marked the first specific American territorial triumph in the cur developing offensive. ,. Twin prongs of a momentous, ftfUeuwve against nese to the south and southwest Pacific tlU'USt by land, sea and air, with Gen. Douglas lor (he first time in supreme command of the operations. The upper prong was at Kendo va and New Georgia Islands in the central Solomons; the lower formed out of unopposed landings on To- briand and Woodlark Islands off the southwestern lip of New Guinea and other landings south of Solomons. A two-months isolation of Portage des Sioux from established highway connections was broken, following a decline in the Mississippi River, bringing Alton Lake almost to the normal stage of 419 feet. Ji. E. Webb of Troy, grade school principal, had been named as assistant lo County Superintendent of tichooi-eiect L,,p. W|Ue), who woujd take of|jce w Aug. 2. :' webu had &ad 17 year* as teacher and to build one Liberty ship would be the goal of the July and August drive in Madison County. Needed to finance a ship would be $1,950,000. The residence property of the late August Luei ai 759 Washington Avenue was bid in by George Vambaketes at a sale conducted by the executor of the estate, which included besides the Alton residence, six acres adjoining and a lot in California. 50 Years Ago school administrator. Henry D. Karajj^ff.C&uflty war finance cojjv mittee chairman, said War bond purchases 'sufficient Previous estimates of 1,600 Aufttrlan casualties in Italian front mountain fighting were ypped to at if ast 4wg re|ip$njs, both wjwd ou| |y ftpavy fjre. Czech" military units failed *s i colonel and his staff and captured an entire regiment. A large concrete mixing tower used by U.S. Engineers at Maple Island was lopped by waves from the steamers Majestic and St, Paul, narrowly missing a quarterboat of the government fleet where 40 men were housed. Robert iakish, in charge of the fleet, said it would be possible to save the tower. Governor Lowden told Mayor Sauvage and Harry Herb (of the Board of Trade) he would accept an engagement lo speak here Sept. 20 at the joint celebration of Illinois' and Alton's centennials. "My Four Years in Germany", which was bringing up to 11.50 box office feeg in the larger cities, was showing for six days at the Hippodrome at a 25- cent admission price/ TJie film depicted u.s. Am- bas^ador Barnes Gerard's expediences in Germany leading up to this country's entry in the war. A drawing for a Ford car brought a large crowd to the sale of lots on College Heights subdivision, formerly the W. w. Elwell place. Saloon owners near the new village of Nameoki were promoting a village incorporation proposal so they could continue operation. Illinois Terminal Railroad was notified by the government it was lo remain under federal supervision for the war's duralion because of its Importance to area industry. The government plan was tq limit warehouse operation to two — owned by the,: Terminal and, the Big Four. : Samuel Cifston Benson, former Pennsylvania? pastor who had enlisted in the Red Cross ambulance' service at outbreak of the war, told of German- frightfulness in Belgium before a opening day audience at Medora's community Chautauqua.