Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on June 18, 1970 · Page 41
Get access to this page with a Free Trial
Click to view larger version
June 18, 1970

A Publisher Extra Newspaper

Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 41

Publication:
Location:
Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Thursday, June 18, 1970
Page:
Page 41
Cancel
Start Free Trial

Page 41 article text (OCR)

I Birth out of wedlock Impossible' to Russ Los Angeles Times Service MOSCOW' - One out of ev- Nina Sergeeva, vice chairman ery 10 children is born out of of the Supreme Court of the wedlock in the Soviet Union, ~ ' - • - - yet there's no such thing as an "illegitimate" offspring. FV Soviet law "guarantees" every child a "legal" father, no matter the circunv stances of his birth. And the fatfter can be anyone the mother wishes him to be. It is all part of what the Russians consider a benign legal subterfuge in which the interests of the individual child and his mother happen to harmonize with the interests of the state. While much of the rest of the world worries about overpopulation, the Soviet Union is eger for its citizens to have more children to boost the country's sagging birthrate. According to the latest Soviet census completed last February, the country's population is now slightly under 242 million, an increase of less than 33 million sicce the previous census in 1959. This represents an average annual population growth rate of only 1.4 per cent. Beyond the domestic need for hands to operate the turret lathes and tractors of a modern industrial state, the Soviet population picture is darkened by the rampant growth of what the country considers its number one enemy — China. China's population, now believed to range between 600 million and 900 million, is expected, according to some estimates, to reach 1 billion in the next year or two. For the Soviets, this statistic is of enormous importance. They are keenly aware of Mao Tse-tung's remark that a loss of a few hundred million Chinese in any atomic show- doen with the Soviet Union still would leave the Chinese with plenty of manpower to rebuild the Communist world more to their liking. For the Russians there wouldn't be any left. The population problem is compounded by the Soviet Union's soaring divorce rate which, according to the United Nations, is the highest in the world — higher even than in the United States. U.N. statistics released last March list the Soviet rate at 2.73 per one thousand people. The U.S. rate is 2.16. The increase in divorces, according to Soviet sociologist and jurists, is due to many of the factors found in the West. These include the growing economic and cultural independence of women, ignorance of the demands of married life and the breakup of traditional family patterns under the impact of technological change. Liberal Soviet divorce laws are another factor. The government could, of course, tighten the laws, but jurists now feel that strict laws would do little to solve the problem, "If two people do not want to live together, they'll find a way to avoid doing so," said Japan to launch weather rockets TOKYO (UPI) - Asia's first full-fledged weather rocket observation station has been completed and will go into operation July 15, the Central Meteorological Agency of Japan said yesterday. The station was built at a cost of over $300,000 at the Pacific Coast town of Sanriku in northern Honshu, Japan's main island, the agency said. Two weather rocket stations exist in India but do not launch rockets regularly. The Japanese station will send a jTu'ssile aloft every 14 days. Russian Soviet Federated Socialistic Republic. The government has issued no "beget more babies" edict, but it has been urging couples to increase the family size. "According to calculations. ... it will be sufficient for an ordinary reproduction (of the population) if each 100 women will have 220 children," one social economist noted. Contraceptives are not sold in the Soviet Union, and the pill has been banned as "dangerous." Yet abortions are relatively easy to obtain for a small fee and home-made contraceptives are available. In its desire to boost population, the government is by no means advocating childbirth beyond the confines of the marriage bond. It long ago chucked away the early Soviet concepts of "free love." Yet it obviously Is not strongly opposed to extramarital conception. For despite the incessant exhortations of propaganda on the benefits of family life and the need to be "moral," there is scarcely a word written or spoken against childbirth outside of marriage. The usual advice to the unwed mother is the obvious — get married, either to the natural father or anyone else, on the theory that family life with both a father and a mother helps the child grow into a useful adult. By removing the stigma of illegitimacy from the child born out of wedlock, the government also removes an obstacle to marriage for the mother. Some prospective husbands may not wish to take a bride who gave birth outside of marriage. As explained by Natalia Markarova, chairman of the Moscow Regional Court, the law governing children born out of wedlock works like this: Upon giving birth, the mother may designate as the father anyone she wishes on the birth certificate. She may chose the actual father, another living man or simply make up a name. The child thus has a "legal" father. The fact that a father may not be around when the child is old enough to ask questions can be explained any way the mother wishes. He could have "died" or "abandoned" the family or "divorced" the mother. If the mother names the actual father, he can, if he wishes, legally acknowledge his parenthood. If he is married to someone other than the mother, he still can make the acknowledgement, even if his wife objects. If a man objects to being named the father, he must leave it to a court to decide. The court considers three questions: Did the parents live together? Did the father support the child in any way? Did he previously acknowledge parenthood before witnesses? But even if he wins a court case, the father's name still remains on the birth certificate, but the name is legally considered to be that of some other person. The Ivan Ivanovich on little Sasha's birth certificate is really some other Ivan Ivanovich. Mrs. Markarova said that illegitimacy has never legally handicapped anyone in the Soviet Union. The problem, she insisted, lay only in the conventional attitudes of the people. However, by easing the requirements on permitting a father to "legalize" a birth out of wedlock, the child now enjoys the full rights of "legitimate" children — such as, ironically, in the division of private property. EVENING CLASSES MEN - WOMEN Computer Programming Offers High Pay - Prestige - Security RAIVITE •IATA 0fllHVIBHM 0BM'B COMPUTER IISIBTITUTE PHOIMIX 266-4483 TWCION 327-6866 ENROLL NOW FOR JUNE CLASSES • Accredited by • Free Placement * Gov't, Insured A.C.B.S. Assistance Loans e VA Approved (No payments unfit 9 months after grad.) GRANITE COMPUTER INSTITUTE I MM N. Central Avenue Phwnix, Arlioni MOU | r*llW*H*( *»1IWM« WWVI* I would like further information. SMI E. Tucson/ Ariioni W71J Name I Addrw I City . . . SUU Ph, Phoenix, Ttttrs., June i&, EDITIONS The AtUono Repalilie 2s'- GLOBE SHOPPING CITY mm^m^mmmmmm ^muHttttbtf^tt ^|ipfl||k, ^^^^Mte^^^^^ , PHILCO 70-Walt » Free Delivery Anywhere in Arizona Via Common Carrier to Nearest Point. Stereo-FM/AM Radio #H962UDK Price Includes Delivery in 6u* Area, Normal Installation, 90 Day Home Service, 1-Yr.' Parts Warranty. • Solid State FM stereo FM/AM radio -tuner ; I* 4-Speed automatic record changer • Jacks for second room stereo, headphones, tape recorder \ig Set Performance and Relititiilttti! .!.• ,' .•'-'.. •:. •: */ -•! PHILCO r>% mm Black & White 99 Portable TV with 82-Channel VHF/UHF Tuners Globe Discount Price #B411TBE Price Includes 90-Day Carry-in Service, Parts Warranty • 12-In, Diagonal, 75 sq. in. viewing area; 13,500-volts of picture power • rreset VHF fine tuning conft- Preset VHF fine tuning control; transistorized UHF.tuner Cosmetic Color Circuit gets the faces tight... the rest of the color is easy! portable CttlorW Finished to Match Walnut Furniture. Globe Discount Price , #G4560TWA Price Includes 90-Day Carry-in Service, Parts, Warranty, 2-Yr. Picture Tube Warranty • 18" diagonal, 180 sq. in. viewing areaj simplified color controls • Transistorized 82-channel tuning systems; automatic^hrorna control. Schick Men's Hair Styling Dryer Special! • Styles, grooms and dries the hair • Combination of heat and brushing tones and stimulates scalp and hair Juliette AM/EM- AEC Clock Radio Special! 16™ •mL'^JF *FCR-120 •-I" Sunbeam Electric Shoe Polisher • Included.power handle with V yombinaUon applic«tor/polish • , brgjh, ^ . :• • Packed in attractive gift carton ' • Solid State/Instant Sound* • I'ull feature Telechron movement • AFC eliminates FM drift I JADE VM/F>I Portable Radio '- J t UujU-i , *Withb Dne.case MiriHH! uwti i« iui riicte Uwi LOBE SHOPPING CITV 86th STREET and THOMAS BOA1I To 'Ifwir »"***» 7th AVENUE and C'AMELBACK EOAD 66 SOUTH DOBSON and 'MAIN - MESA * WKUM r t af

Get full access with a Free Trial

Start Free Trial

What members have found on this page