The Daily Herald from Provo, Utah on April 10, 1975 · Page 29
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April 10, 1975

The Daily Herald from Provo, Utah · Page 29

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Provo, Utah
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Thursday, April 10, 1975
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Page 29
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Ancestor Resurrects Spirit of '76 Recalling our Founding father's Fight By Helen Bohn Jordan BOSTON - (NEA) - In the Granary Burying Ground beneath the windows of the Athenaeum lie victims of the Boston Massacre, slain in 1770 by British soldiers. John Adams, in a remarkable test of his belief in the rule of law, successfully defended the British soldiers in court, pleading that they had been taunted and threatened by a mob, and were within their rights in firing in self-defense. 'I think this was the most courageous thing that John Adams did in his life," said Thomas Boylston Adams of his great-great-great grandfather during a recent interview. "His political career could have ended right there. In doing what he believed to be right from the point of view of impartial justice, he was doing something that his cousin, Sam Adams, and the mob disapproved of intensely. "Sam Adams was a past master at managing mobs," the present-day Adams continued. "He was a rabble rouser, and believed that this was the only way to get the Revolution activated." John Adams, though approving of the dumping of British tea into Boston Harbor as a method of resistance to Parliamentary oppression, was essentially a man with an abiding respect for the law. The phrase, "a government of laws, and not of men," used so often in our own time during Watergate investigations, was popularized by John'Adams 200 years ago. Fittingly, it is prominently emblazoned on a Bicentennial memorial to Adams, the country's second President. This memorial, recently unveiled in the Massachusetts State House, also reproduces Mather Brown's portrait of John Adams, painted at Thomas Jefferson's request, and now hanging in the historic oval room of Boston's venerable Athenaeum Founded in 1807 as a private library, the Athenaeum has served as a quiet retreat for generations of Adamses, whose physical resemblance to their forebears is legendary, Cleveland Amory's classic portrait of a culture. "The Proper Bostonians" defines the "Adams look" as comprising "broad foreheads, sharply cut features, keen eyes and bulldog jaws. In an Adams face," Amory asserts, "one can always see three things: intellectual power, iron will and calm determination." These qualities, apparent in the Mather Brown portrait, are also observable in Thomas Adams, who sat nearby during Photo by Franklin T. Jordan ADAMS AND ADAMS: Thomas Boylston Adams in front of a memorial to his great-great-great grandfather. our interview inviting comparison to the painting. . Beyond the oval room, the Adamsesque atmosphere of the Athenaeum continues. From a majestic, barrel-vaulted reading gallery, one can look down on Granary Burying Ground containing graves of John Adams's associates: Fellow patriot John Hancock; second cousin Samuel Adams, often credited by historians with masterminding (to use Thomas Adams's word) the Boston Tea Party, and Paul Revere, remembered as the messenger who carried early warning the morning of April 19,1775 that British troops were moving to confiscate stores of Colonial gunpowder at Concord. Thanks to Revere, Hancock and Sam Adams were free to join the second Continental Congress, then assembling at Philadelphia for the purpose of mapping out a form of government independent of Britain. The force of the Adams heritage of independence intensifies when one knows that Thomas Boylston Adams retired from business to run for the U.S. Senate in 1966 to oppose a war he believed unconstitutional. At that time he stated, "By guile and by subterfuge, Mr. Johnson has carried the nation into war without consent of Congress or debate in the Senate. "I'm sure John Adams would have approved of the marches on Washington at the time of the Vietnam war," Thomas Adams ventured of his sixth lineal grandfather. "But he didn't like the idea of mpbs any SPECIALS! FRIDAY NIGHT 7 to 9P.M. ONLY! 12 OZ. GELUSIL Reg. 1.80 20 OZ. CEPACOL Reg. 1.79 PRO TOOTHBRUSH 2.76 VALUE DON'T FORGET . . J WITHIN DAYS OR EVEN HOURS WH WILL FILL OUR MILLIONTH PRESCRIPTION! If you am our millionth, you will win a 19" ZENITH TELEVISION or any one of many 4ther prize* and merchandise certificate*! B & H PHARMACY more than I do. The only possible justification of a mob is as a counterpoise to tyranny from a single individual. "John Adams was always an intellectual and constitutionalist," Thomas Adams continued, pointing out that he wrote the Massachusetts state constitution, later used as a model for the Constitution of the United States and now the oldest written constitution still in use. "He had a belief," explained the present-day Adams, "that if you arranged a government with an accurate balance of powers between the executive, legislature and judiciary branches, you would get something that might approach liberty. He was sure that if you had either mob rule or executive rule, you would end up with tyranny." Louisiana produces close to 10 million tons of salt a year. The only maxim of a free government ought to be to trust no man living with power to endanger the public liberty.' "This, it seems to me, is the most important thing we need to know," said Thomas Adams, "Because ever since the accession of Franklin D. Roosevelt who was a truly great man—we have had a blowing up of the importance of the Presidency. Finally we saw what frightful abuse can occur when you have a man like Nixon. It was just as bad with Johnson, although Johnson wasn't a crook, like Nixon. "But you can see that if we don't restore the principle of the balance of power which was so important to John Adams, it seems very clear to me that democracy will not survive. "Actually, I'm terribly pleased by the trend of contemporary events, because I remember writing in a piece for the Boston Globe about 10 years ago that what the United States needed more than anything else was a really bad President. I said this was the only way that we could learn the dangers of overweaning power in the Presidency. It turned out to be extremely prophetic. "I might add now, that the next best thing to a really bad President is a really stupid President. With that help, it seems to me that we'll do something about redressing the power of government." This, of course, was the burning issue with John Adams and other revolutionary patriots 200 years ago. Former Mansion NASSAU, Bahamas (UPI) - A former mansion of British nobility in downtown Nassau has been converted into a seven- room hotel. The GrayclifP mansion, acioss the street from the official resident of the governor general, was once a winter residence of the Countess of Dudley and the late Earl of Dudley. Town Gets Statue Of Bryan SALEM, 111. (UPD-William Jennings Bryan may belong to the ages but his statue officially became the property of his hometown —a gift from Congress by way of Nebraska. The statue was officially conveyed to the city Monday in ceremonies in front of the frame home where "The Great Commoner" was born on March 19, 1860. The ceremonies also marked recognition of the home as a registered national historic place. Bryan, born in Salem, moved to Nebraska before gaining national prominence. He was the Democratic presidential nominee in 1896,1900 and 1908, and later served as secretary of state under President Woodrow Wilson. Bryan's running mate in 1900 was the grandfather of Sen. Adlai Stevenson, D-I11. It was at the 1896 convention in Chicago that the "silver tongued orator" gave his famed "cross of gold" speech, telling the convention, "You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns. You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold." Bryan's statue, which had been on loan to Salem since 1961, became the property of the city when Rep. Paul Simon, D-II1., handed Mayor Charles L. McMackin the title to the memorial. Congress, which had been given the statue in trust by the Bryan Society of Nebraska, approved a public law last Oct. 4 transferring the title to Salem. Thursday, April 10, 1975, THE HERALD, Provo. Utah-PaRe 29 Censorship Reinstituted ByERNESTSAKLER VATICAN CITY (UPI) - The Roman Catholic Church Wednesday reinstituted a limited form of censorship on religious books. Ttie move came in a decree issued by the Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith -successor to the Medieval Inquisition —with the approval of Pope Paul VI. It replaced old —and much sterner —laws that barred both priests and lay Catholics from publishing any writings about religion or morals without the imprimateur (permission) from their bishop. The old laws, although technically still in force, had been widely disregarded ever since the Vatican discontinued its Index of Forbidden Books in 1966 as inadequate in the face of the avalanche of modern literature. "The 'new decree fills a vacuum, not of law but of practice, created by the Idea that the decisions about the index had done away with the imprimatur," Jesuit Father Roberto Tucci, director of Vatican Radio, said in a news conference. Under the new decree: —Persons wanting to publish the Bible or commentaries on the Bible must secure adance permission from their own bishop or the bishop of the place of publication. If one bishop has denied permission, the other must be informed of that fact. The same rule goes for liturgical and catechism books. Louisiana has more than 7,300 miles of navigable waterways. Automobiles consume 75.3 per cent of the transportation fuel used in Texas, a study by the Texas Transportation Institute shows. Trucks were the next biggest consumer, accounting for 7.1 per cent of the fuel used, and buses used less than 1 per cent. 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