Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on June 21, 1972 · Page 8
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 8

Pampa, Texas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, June 21, 1972
Page 8
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I PAMM DAILY NEWS PAMPA.TEX AS BdlhYEAB Wednesday, Jimp 21,1972 Daily News A Watchful Newspaper EVER STRIVING FOR THE TOP O' TEXAS TO SE AN EVEN BETTER PLACE TO LIVE Our Capsule Policy Th« Pampa N«w« it dedicated to furniihing information to our reader! «ot that th«y (an better promote and preierve their own freedom and encourage ofhert to tee others to tee iti bletting. Only when man if free to control hirmelf and all he produce* can he develop to hit utmoit capability The Newt believet each and every penon would get more satisfaction in the long run if he were permitted to spend what he earsn on a volunteer basis rather than having part of it distributed invluntarily. Presidential Vote No Real Choice? A recurrent criticism of the American political system, one which comes up at least every four years, is the charge that the selection of a president is nothing but a choice between Tweddledce and Tweedledum. The idea is that the two major parties are essentially so 'similar in their philosophies and programs that it really doesn't •make much difference which ,'one is in power. And that, it is '.alleged, is a bad thing. For a really meaningful Selection, runs the argument, the ;people should have a choice Ibetween two clearly different Iphilosophies and iprograms—and candidates. ;That. it is alleged, would be a good thing. , Carried to its logical —actually, its illogical—extreme, this means that in every presidential .election Americans ought to be /offered a choice between a •right-wing fascist and a left-wing Communist. This, of course, is ridiculous. .In fact, a choice between two different brands of •totalitarianism would itself be a case of Tweedledum and Tweedledee. a "choice" .'between two essentially similar ;-evils. . Yet we need only recall the election of 1964 to realize that when Americans are indeed 'offered "a choice, not an echo," they will choose the candidate t ,'who appears the more ...moderate, who stands closest to .'.the political center. It is at its peril that a party nominates a candidate too far out of the ^mainstream. .'• In 1964. what to do about Vietnam was the overriding issue. Americans emphatically "rejected the candidate who .•"advocated a hard line and .overwhelmingly favored the candidate who promised no ;military involvement in-Vietnam and a continued - forging of a "Great Society" of social progress at home. ; Never mind that the winner eventually adopted the very war policies that were discredited at the polls. Americans were given the appearance of a clear choice, and acting on that appearance they chose the moderate. There is an analogy in the astronomical phenomenon of double stars, in which two bodies revolve around a common center of gravity at the same time as they influence each other. In politics, the center of gravity is the mass of people, and the major parties, if they would be major and not maverick, splinter parties, cannot stray too far from the pull of that center. It is true that the center may change. In this century, the American political center has registered a slow shift towards the left. But the "law of political gravitation" still holds. Itis also true that in a time of deep national crisis, as in the Depression year of 1932, the American people demand a man who offers them new directions and new hope. They do not want a Tweedledum when the policies of a Twedledee have failed. It remains to be seen whether 1972 is such a year. Much of the momentum behind the leading contender for the Democratic nomination, Sen. George McGovern, is said to be because of his different, if not radical, approach to the whole range of problems confronting the nation—ending the Vietnam war, reforming the tax laws, curing poverty. His call for fundamental changes has supposedly struck a responsive chord in the hearts of many disillusioned, dissatisfied, bewildered Americans. But already McGovern is under pressure to moderate his positions lest he alienate not only the powers that be in his own party but large sections of the electorate. As this process develops, President Nixon also will feel pressure from some Republicans to modify his programs to counteract the appeal of his opponent. Both parties, however, and both candidates, whoever they may be, will be seeking out the center during the election, for the center is where the votes come from. If this be Tweedledee and Tweedledum, make the most of it. But in politics as in celestial mechanics, anything else would be chaos. Wit And Whimsy By PHIL PASTORET A train of thought is about the only kind you can catch these days. The only good thing about cookouts is that the guy wise enough to stay in the kitchen escapes the flics. Let a smile be your umbrella, and vou'll get wet teeth. (c) 1972 b, NEA, l«r "/ couldn't help it. They followed me home!" What About Benefits For Survivors? By ROBERT S.ALLEN WASHINGTON - There is new official assurance that the Senate Armed Services Committee will hold hearings on the log-stalled military retirees survivors benefits bill. Recipient of this latest pledge is Sen Barry Goldwater, R-Ariz., leading Senate advocate of this legislation which directly affects nearly one million military retirees and their families. It has been gathering dust in the Armed Services Committee since last October when it was passed by the House 372 toO. Goldwater obtained this commitment in an exchange of correspondence with Committee Chairman John Stennis, D-Miss. In a personal letter addressed "Dear Barry," Stennis stated it is his "firm intention" to schedule hearings after the Senate completes action on the giant multi-billion dollar military procurement authorization bill-which the committee has been working on since early this year. No date for the hearings is given, nor any indication when they are likely to take place. Stennis's letter to Goldwater is virtually the same as one he sent last month to Reps. Otis Pike, N-N.Y., and Charles Gubser, R-Calif., co-authors of the survivors benefits measure. They had discreetly prodded him about the protracted failure of his committee to act on the legislation, and after more than a month's delay Stennis finally replied. As reported by this column, he promised to conduct hearings after the big procurement authorization bill had been disposed of. But as in his letter to Goldwater, Stennis gave no clue as to when that might be. It certainly is not going to be in the immediate future. Slight Progress-But! At best, it won't be before July, and more likely September. The procurement legislation is still pending in the Armed Services Committee. Best inside word there is that the measure won't be reported to the Senate until "the middle of this month"--or later. Its consideration by the full Senate may take weeks. Principal reason for that is the avowed intention of' anti-Vietnam doves to write into the bill an amendment fixing a definite date for the withdrawal of all U.S. troops and prohibiting further spending for this conflict. Such a proposal is bound to arouse vehement opposition and to take a long time to be disposed of. Whether action on the authorization measure can be completed before the Democratic national convention starting July 10 is highly problematical. From the present outlook, that appears unlikely-which means still further delay on the retirees survivors legislation. The Republican nominating convention is in August, which means stil! another delay. What Congress will do about continuing in session during September and October while the November election is being fought out is anyone's guess. The probabilities are the legislators will "recess" until after the eventful Nov. 6 balloting. If that happens, it's a toss-up whether the Armed Services Committee ever gets around to holding hearings on the retirees survivors measure. However, Sen. Goldwater may decide to take no chances on that. As reported by this column, he has already served notice on Chairman Stennis of intention to offer the retirees survivors bill as an amendment to the procurement measure if it looks as if the long-stalled legislation is going to be left "hanging on the vine." Under the Senate's rules, this can be done-and Goldwater has made it clear he is deadly serious and means business. As a member of the Armed Services Committee, he is willing to go along with established procedure. But if it looks as if the bill is going to be lost in the shuffle due to the pressure of other legislation, the election campaign and other affairs, Goldwater is prepared to force consideration by the amendment route. Stennis is aware of that--because Goldwater has told him. Undoubtedly, that is why Stennis hastened to assure Goldwater of "firm intention" to hold hearings. That's all right as far as it goes, but Goldwater may decide it doesn't go far enough and resort to short-circuit tactics. Sonic Boom \ BRUCE BIOSSAT "Open Process"; Democrats Erase Law, Voter Choice By BRUCE BIOSSAT WASHINGTON (NEA) —The had a nonbinding changes national Democratic party, in its 1972 drive for reforms to open up its processes, has been operating as a dominant agency "sending a message" to the 50 state party organizations. At times it seems only dimly aware that the states have been sending messages right back. We must presume that Democratic leaders in the states understood that the hectic 1968 national convention at Chicago decreed that nothing at all—not law or moral or ethical obligation - should take supremacy over a convention delegate's individual conscience. Notwithstanding that rather startling message, a good many states in the intervening years proceeded to take action in exactly the opposite direction. Much of this change is now embedded in new state law, though some is simply cast in altered state party rules. To be specific, seven states which previously either had no presidential primary at all or Question Box QUESTION: Why did we go to Vietnam, thousands of miles away, while Castro is infiltrating South America and Mexico with doctrines of communism. ANSWER: It is pretty difficult to determine why politicians do what they do, other than to increase their own political power. Presumably, the United States sent "advisers" first and then troops to Vietnam at the request of the government of South Vietnam, which was opposed to the government of North Vietnam. However, the then rules of South Vietnam was deposed and murdered, apparently with the cooperation of the U.S. government. Supposedly, the American politicians, Kennedy, Johnson and Nixon, have considered that they should defend the South Vietnamese politicians they were responsible for establishing in that beleaguered Southeast Asia land. Whether the United States should be intervening in South and Central America to prevent Castro and other communists from taking over in Latin America is questionable. We believe the United States has no business trying to control the sort of government to be established in any other nation. The United States could have an influence on other nations by withdrawing restrictions on individual freedom. If Americans were free of political intervention, there would be great prosperity, and politicians of other countries would be inclined to follow the example. But instead of setting an example for freedom of enterprise, politicians of both parties in the United States have adopted the ideas of totalitarian regimes in other nations. There is little difference actually between the inhibiting actions of the communists and fascists in Europe and Asia, and the so-called mixed economies of America and western Europe. a nonbinding contest, adopted changes which made the results of their primaries binding—in the convention—on all chosen delegates. The District of Columbia followed suit, emulating Florida, Tennessee, North Carolina, Michigan, Maryland, Rhode Island and New Mexico. ' In addition, Pennsylvania enacted a law authorizing state parties to establish rules which would permit delegate candidates to bind themselves to particular presidential choices of they wished. If delegate candidates did so, they were to be legally bound. The Pennsylvania Democrats adopted such binding rules. Furthermore, five states — Wisconsin, Massachusetts, Indiana, Oregon and California—retained the totally binding feature of their established primary rules. What does all this come to? It means that in 1972 some 12 states and the District of Columbia have laws binding all their chosen delegates to follow the results of their primaries. That means voting in the national convention according to preferences expressed for presidential nominees in balloting at the polls. The number of delegates thus bound is a record high—984 of the total of 3,016 to be named to the July 10 Miami Beach convention. This is not the end of it. Counting in the altered Pennsylvania law and party rule, four states—including also Nebraska, New Hampshire and South Dakota—now allow delegate candidates to bind themselves to a presidential choice and make the binding legal if they choose that course. They represent 241 delegate votes. Altogether, then, 984 delegates must be legally bound and another 241 can be if they choose, for a grand total of 1,225, well over a third of all convention delegates in 1972. Still more. In three states, Illinois, New Jersey and Ohio, delegate candidates can indicate a presidential preference but are only "morally bound" if they do and they win as delegates. These three represent another 432 delegates this year. So, with primaries held in 22 states and D.C., the legal binding effect embraces all delegates in 13, can embrace those in four more. Add those with moral commitment and all but three primaries are covered—New York, West Virginia and Alabama. Sounds like something of a trend—toward making actual voters' wishes on presidential choices effective and binding. And it seems like nothing but arrogance and effrontery for chosen delegates, participating in full awareness of these laws, to tell voters that their votes may go for naught and to tell presidential bidders their costly campaigns for "committed" delegates may lose out to "conscience." What is intended as a liltk- white lie often ends up as a double feature in ifchnicolor. - Youth's Living Ideals Your Health By Lawrence Lamb, M.D. WhatlsLifespan Of Cancer Patient? Dear Dr. Lamb—My husband passed away recently from advanced cancer of the lower left lung. The doctor removed all of the left lung and had to scrape the cancer from his heart. The doctor operated on a Tuesday and my husband was up and walking on Friday. One week after the operation, the doctor gave him a cobalt treatment, and three days later, he died. What chance did he have of living or how long could he have lived? Dear Reader—No one can answer that question in any individual case exactly. There have been some astonishing examples of people who have lived much longer than usual even though they have very advanced malignant disease. A person with cancer of the lung which has already spread as your letter suggests, has only a minimal chance of living very long after the operation. This does not mean that all cancers of the lung are hopeless. A number of them have been detected early enough to result in a cure for five or more years. Cancer of the lungs is one of the most common cancers in men and 90 per cent occur in cigarette smokers. Individuals who are heavy smokers are the ones who most often develop cancer of the lungs. There are some types of cancer of the lungs which are relatively rare and can occur in individuals who are non-smokers. But essentially, the non-smoking population rarely has cancer of the lungs. Dear Dr. Lamb—As an individual who has had his larnyx removed, I was particularly interested in one of your columns describing a procedure for fashioning a voice box from the skin of the patient. This subject is of intense interest to many individuals who are struggling along to achieve adeptness in the use of the esophageal speech, or in the use of a buzzer. Where can one have such surgery clone and how long a period of hospitalization would be involved? Dear Reader—I have received many letters about this. The initial reports about the procedure stated that it was done by Doctors J. Simon McGrail and David 0. Oldfield, Toronto Medical School and Wellesley Hospital, Toronto, Canada. The operation is said to produce a good quality voice by fashioning a voice box from the patient's own skin. To find out more information talk to your own doctor about it and let him contact Drs. McGrail and Oldfield by writing to the Toronto Medical School, Toronto, Canada; or he may have some other source of additional information. Although the original procedure was credited to the two Canadian doctors, most new surgical procedures that have real promise are rather quickly adopted by other surgeons. * * * What a man does for others, not what they do for him, gives him immortality. —Daniel Webster, American statesman and orator. RAY CPOMLfY Hanoi Strategists Foresaw Bogdown By RAY CROMLEV WASHINGTON (NEAl- It is now known that a group of Hanoi's top strategists forecast in advance their belief as to where and how their invasion of the South would bog down. These ranking North Vietnamese military-political men wrote down their analysis last December, four months before the drive across the Demilitarized Zone. Yet Hanoi went ahead with the invasion. These planners said they were going into battle dreadfully unprepared. They believed Saigon and other cities were essential for the success of the invasion. They predicted these uprisings would not occur because adequate preparation had not been made. That is, they calculated that the local people, though dissatisfied, had not been properly motivated for action to support the "Revolution." The Hanoi strategists anticipated that when the invasion came the South Vietnamese army would pull back to defend South Vietnam, giving up land and cities to preserve mobility and not sacrifice the cream of the South's military forces in the first flush of invasion. To counter this, the Hanoi planners said, it was essential that Communist agents diligently penetrate South Vietnam's forces from within. The Saigon government troops would be demoralized before fighting began and therefore would not be able to stand up to the invaders. But in their pre-battle analysis these Communist strategists said that the task of enemy troop proselyting had been handled "very superficia'ly." Further, the Hanoi analysts predicted success if, and only if, the Communist guerrillas in the South, by extensive coordinated small rural actions, could force the Saigon government to defend large scattered areas and thus spread the South Vietnamese forces so thin Hanoi's troops would be able to drive through the weakened defense lines. They noted also that Hanoi's armies would require strong and efficient direct screening and intelligence support from the southern Communist guerrilla forces. But they complained the development of village and district armed units had been very slow. They said party committees had chosen to ignore this problem. And the reported recruitment of secret guerrillas was "totally inadequate." Next, these North Vietnamese strategists said it was essential the underground party chapters be strong and well-organized for civil functions, able quickly to take over administrative and police operations in occupied territory to free Hanoi's troops for rapid military advances, Religious Medley ACROSS 1 The Creator 4 of Bethlehem 8 Noah's vessel 11 Constellation 12 Long-range navigation system 14 Newspaper service group (ab ) 15 Sign of affection 1C Celestial spirit 18 Duration of office 20 Coolness, vigor 21 Cavity 22 Head covering 25 Facial features 2G Ireland 27 Shirk 29 God's servants '11 Ethiopian title .'!4 American poet 35 Religious festivity 37 Extensive 38 South African fox 39 Network (anat.) 42 Italian man's title 43 Biblical town 44 Turn on end 40 Mass of ice 47 Priestly title 51 Daughter of Cadmus (myth.) 53 Poetic genre 54 Spanish river 55 Slippery fish 50 Soak flax 57 Seethe 58 Bishopric DOWN' 1 Breach 2 Musical genre 3 Letter feature (2 words) and to pacify the rear areas. But in their pre-invasion analysis they reported that recruitment had been slow and the task of strengthening party chapters had not been accomplished. Finally, the Hanoi planners said success would depend on efficient communication and close coordination. But they noted the dissemination of party directives had been inadequate and superficial. Therefore, their implementation had been "hampered" and party members had "exhibited a lack of determination." It could hardly be argued that Hanoi believed these weaknesses would be corrected in the four months before the invasion, for these experienced guerrilla strategists most certainly knew that weaknesses of the scale described in their analysis could not be corrected in less than one to five years. H. L. Hunt Writes ASSAULTS ON POLICEMEN Chief Frank Dyson of Dallas has come up with an idea to stop assaults on officers of the law and the Texas Legislature likely will hear his plan soon. Stunned by the murder of three of his men in the last seven months, the chief feels that an attack on an officer ought to carry the death penalty if the guilty person had intentions of killing. Under his plan, capital punishment would be the maximum in such cases and a 10-year prison sentence the minimum. Law-Aid, the program to assist police and sheriffs' departments, would like to see stringent laws in all states. The gunning down of policemen has become all too commonplace. An outraged citizenry can get tough legislation passed if it insists with vehemence that something be done to protect the guardians of the law. The murder rate is climbing in this country and observers of our legal system believe that it can be attributed, at least in part, to the staying of capital punishment by the Supreme Court. That body still has not made a final determination on cases that are on appeal. Officers of the law constitute our first line of defense. They protect our homes and our persons. They are not now getting the respect and assistance they need to carry on the fight. Talk to any officer in your hometown and he will tell you the same thing. Routine traffic arrests have become a deadly game. The officer never knows when he will be shot even during these minor pursuits of his job of law enforcement. Law-Aid urges your assistance in the field of law enforcement. The policeman must have the support of his community if he is to do his job of protecting lives and property. Answer to Previous Punic 4 Shut noisily 5 Craggy hill G Joan of 7 College cheer 8 Irate 'J Pass a rope through 10 Nonheading cahhagc-s Kl Girl's nickname 17 Require 19 Italian painter, (juido 21 Fiber plant 22 Provides food 2:i Inflict punishment 24 Gatekeeper 28 Verb suffix 30 Watering place '.il Prayer beads .'12 Consignee 33 Flower part 30 Walking stick 37 Magnifying glass 39 Hearsay 40 Form of lyric poem 41 Doctrine 45 Performed 46 Cliff edge 48 Man's nickname 49 Seine 50 Raw metal 52 Spanish cheer

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