The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on May 8, 1970 · Page 15
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May 8, 1970

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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 15

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Friday, May 8, 1970
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ATTACKS U,S, SST OUTLAYS " (i? the WasDjrfgion POSI • .WASHINGTON, D.C. - A former Federal Aviation administrator said Thursday the government should never have gotten' into financing of-a supersonic transport (SST) .and he predicted that it would cost th£ taxpayers more than $3 billion. — "A^hrt- of people i saylhe" airlines wish the plane would go away. T'm\one of them," former FAA Chief Elwood R. Qucsada told the joint economic subcommittee on economy in He blamed the difficulties and .rising costs of the controversial SST on "heavy-handed government interference" in a project that should have been left to private industry. Headed FAA 3 Years Now chairman of the board of the L'Enfant Plaza Corp, and a director of American Airlines, Quesada headed the FAA from its inception in 1958 until 1961. During his tenure? he told the subcommittee, the SST had always been envisioned as a technological spinoff of the Defense Department's program to build R supersonic bomber, the B70. The B70 was dropped early in the Kennedy administration. Quesada suggested that the government should have dropped any thought of financing the SST at the same time. ' Instead, the Kennedy and succeeding administrations have committed close to $1.3 ' billion for construction of two SST prototypes by the Boeing Co. Officials have defended the government investment , primarily on the grounds that thjB__sjttbsidlzed-British-French- cntry in the supersonic race, the Concorde, might capture the 'market and the pre-eminence now held by the U.S. aviation industry. "Europe has bought our airplanes for decades," Quesada said. "I can see nothing wrong What Do You Think? DAVID FELDMAN with our buying a Concorde." Quesada said he saw even Question: What do-you think about the shooting and killings oj student protesters at Kent, -Ohio, by National Guardsmen? •'....• (Anjwers 4MMM6 It De» Metnsi Manrttfil Afrpcrt) \ John Papenhausen, 23, Newton: "It's an unfortunate thing 16 have happened. I think this -is agreed upon by everyone. Unfortunately, "students were rioting, too. I ] don't particularly think everything going on in government is right either, but I don't think rioting is the way to change things. I'll go along with peaceful demonstrations. Protest is instructional and necessary to determine- changes that need to be made. But rioting and" PAPENHAUSEN burning are not right and I can't go along with those who do it." John J. Guizzetti, 47, 2922 Fiftieth St., Des Moines: "Anyone who breaks the law should be punished. I can't see letting, rioters get away with breaking windows and burning buildings. Some 108,000 kids want to go to college yet can't because the classes are filled. These students (at Kent) have been handed their education on a silver platter. The National Guard should have shot to wound, not kill. They should have used tear gas first. But, people are and laws are not tough not respecting enough." David Feldman, 20, Grinnell College student: "I'm upset about-it, primarily because reasoning used by the National Guard was unjustified. If they .thought they were being .fired upon by a sniper from the rooftops, why would they shoot at the crowd? The police and administration were trying to get back at the students for the earlier trouble. If troops were necessary at all, I don't think it should have been National Guardsmen. They are not as well trained as regular Army troops." Harold Morrow, 48, Oskaloosa: "This kind of violence should have been stopped 10 years ago before it got clear out of hand. If it keeps on going, it's going to get worse, I feel bad those students got shot and killed. It's always the innocent people who have to get hurt. That's the trouble. If the National Guard was fired upon first, then they have a right to protect themselves. When they, are called in on an action like that, they can expect anything. But this violence should have being stopped a long time ago." House Defeats Another Move To Cut Off Cambodia Funds WASHINGTON, D.C. (AP) For th'e second 1 straight day Thursday, the House defeated an effort by critics of President Nixon's war policy to cut off funds for American combat at cutting off funds for the U.S. drive into Cambodia. . • The Democratic Policy Com- mitteee adopted a resolution calling on committee chairmen to give priority to measures relating to Vietnam.and Cam forces in Cambodia. . bodia, "and Republican Leader less reason to get excited about!,,, I" J 1 , vlrl !! alff l^ .,° f i Hugh Scott agreed to back the - - - - - Wednesday s rebuff of a similar effort, a bipartisan coalition crushed the proposal by a non- record vote of 163-94. The result was more clearcut this time, however, as, in ac- the Soviet Union's commercial superject project, the TU144. "Let the Russians develop it," he said. "If they do,- no- body'll buy it. I doubt that a Russian airplane could be given -a way-this-side-of-thc -irorr Curtain." U.S. Industry the Best In any event, Quesada said, the U.S. aviation industry has long been the world's best. If .the private market should de- 'mand an SST, he said he had no doubt that a privately financed American model would pop up soon enough. By contrast, Quesada pointed to Boeing's new 747 "Jumbo Jets" which the company developed "solely within the. free- enterprise system" and which he considers "one of the best airplanes we've ever developed." FAA officials have repeatedly isaid they hope to see private V*tik» 1*1 IIX<9 tt\J ** V V 1>1 « UO) lit Cll* uv* t^»u UAH | lA*w»*^ • T.lklk M £**. \J .cord—with—the—wishcs_of— the-posed_amendmenLto_bar_fiinds financing take over after .prototype construction. . SST leadership, no'other proposals were put forward to cloud the issue. Only Vehicle "We ought to have a sharp up or down vote on this," said Representative George Mahon (Dem., Tex.), chairman of the House Appropriations Committee. "Either we have some confidence in the President or no confidence in him." In Wednesday's vote, a resolution that was interpreted by some as approving the President's actions in Cambodia was the only vehicle on which the House could express its views. M e a m w h i 1 e , Democrats moved to force an early vote in the Senate on a, proposal aimed Tells Results of Insurance Groups'Ghetto Investment The life insurance industry since the fall of 1967 has in. vested-$1.4-billion in the ghetto areas of America, creating 85,000 housing units and 14,800 jobs, the president of Northwestern Mutual Life of Milwaukee, Wis., reported here Thursday. Thtt roClllfo ftp 4K*kl iM.rUnt~MA.~4. The results of that investment .program, said Francis Ferguson, "have been a hell of a lot better than we thought. There has been a lot less trouble than we expected." - • • •• Ferguson, in .Des Moines w for a meeting of Iowa insurance men, said the life insurance industry,' which has an $ 8 0 billion investment in buildings and real estate in the downtown sections of America, decided in 1967 that there was a "real danger of urban , life falling apart." Because of that, he said in an interview, two trade associations got together and decided the industry, should invest $1 billion in ghetto communities. Each company pledged a proportionate share and did its own investing, he said. No fund was set up. Ground Rules , In April, 1969, with the first billion essentially '•committed, the industry pledged a second Tnllion- dollars, Ferguson said. Thus far, some $1.4 billion of that $2 billion has been invested. Ferguson said all the money invested had to go either to build bousing ir into job-creating facilities. There were two additional ground rules to be followed, he said: —^Fte^mottey would go to relatively risky ventures,' not operations that could have received financing anyway. The returfl to the industry could be no greater than the going market rate. "We could not take advantage of the risk and location for a larger return." In most cases, Ferguson said, the insurance companies have lent their money -to expert de- velopers in housing, manufacturing or other types of business. . The money made available by 'the insurance industry allowed these experts to develop in areas that "had been ignored, Huge Job In some instances, he added, the insurance companies have invested the money in their own ghetto-area projects. His pur- company, for instance, chased 63 acres on the west side of Chicago and built five different factories, which now employseveral thousand people. Ferguson in 1969 headed the Urban Problems Committee created by the Life Insurance Association of America nad the American Life Convention — the two trade associations that joined forces for the investment program. 'We're not going to accomplish the whole job" of revitalizing the cities, he said. "It's a huge, buge undertaking. But at least we started at a time when everyone bad turned their backs m it." move. Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield told reporters the action could bring before the Seriate late next week a military sales bill, along with a pro for the Cambodia operation. On Monday The amendment sponsored by Mansfield and Senators John Sherman Cooper (Rep., Ky.), Frank Church (Dem.,, Idaho) and George D. Aiken, (Rep., Vt.) is expected to come before the Foreign Relations Committee on Monday. The amendment would bar all funds for "retaining United States ground forces in Cambodia," prohibit instruction of Cambodian military forces or Wring mercenaries, and would forbid aerial combat above the Southeast Asian country by the U.S. Air Forcb"' u except for the interdiction of enemy supplies of personnel using Cambodian territory for a'f.ack against or access into South Vietnam." Asked whether he thinks chances are good for the proposal, Mansfield said: "I would hope so." He said he believes it to have a better chance than a proposal by Senator George S. McGovern (Dem., S.D.) and 15 other senators that would cut off all U.S. fund.s for operations in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam except those used for withdrawal of American forces, Mansfield said he was not certain if the proposal could be passed in Congress, Before the June 30 target set by Mr. Nixon for ending the U.S. operation in Cambodia. But he Sdid it would be a worthwhile addition to permanent law even if American forces have been withdrawn. Earlier, Mansfield had said hat college students 'flocking into the capital for an anti-war protest Saturday are placing "a ot of reliance on the Senate." Mansfield told newsmen: "tye shall do our best to live up to their expectations." New Effort There were these other congressional developments: —A group of 18 House members — nine Democrats and nine Republicans — announced they would make a new effort to curb funds for Vietnam when the defense appropriations bill comes up next month. ; —TIjree clergymen gave the Senate Foreign Relations Committee their views on the moral impact of the war. -"Senator Oftrdo* Allott of Colorado, chairman of the R e p u b 1 i c a n Policy Committee, described the drive into Cambodia as "a well- planned and well-executed allied operation to buy time for the Vietnamization program." He said the .only thing that will eliminate divisions in the United States is "an end to the war, and that is the aim ^of the President's policy." At the Foreign Relations Committee hearing, Dr. John C. Bennett, president of Union hwaAtomie Plant Opms in 73 By : Niclk Lamberto Iowa's first atomic power plant — a $150 million project now under cpnstruction at Ealo — is scheduled to start produc ing electrical energy in December, 1973, an official of the com pany said here Thursday. Duane Arnold, chairman of the board and president of Iowa Electric Light arid Power Co., Cedar Rapids, said^loading of the nuclear_fueUin-the plant's reactor is scheduled for June, 1973. The plant, called the Duane Arnold Energy Center, obtained a construction permit in March from ihe "Atomic Energy Commission after lengthy hearings. The same lengthy procedure must be followed and rigid -safety standards' satisfied before an operating permit is granted. Loading the uranium fuel, contained in one'-half by three-quarter-inch ceramic-covered pellets, will cost about $19 million, Arnold said. The initial load of fuel will last five years, he said, and is expected to produce electrical energy much more cheaply than present coal-burning generating plants. "To fulfill our company philos ophy of a purposeful existence and to survive as an investor- owned utility, we embarked on this single greatest construction project • in the history of the state," Arnold said. "Never Catch Up" "I£ this plant isn't constructed, Iowa's future power generating capacity will be 40 per cent of the load requirements in several years and we'll never catch up if we're that far behind." __ Arnold said every precaution will be taken to "maintain the sanctity of the environment." Rigid safeguards will be followed to insure minimal radiation is released in the air or in the Cedar River, Arnold said. Water Returned Water taken from the river and used in the reactor will be returned tp the river at less than one degree temperature variation, he said. FINCH SEES YOUTH'CRISIS By Bernard D. Nosslter, © The Washington Post WASHINGTON, D.C. - Robert Finch," federal health, education and welfare secretary, said Thursday • that campus unrest has^ reached .the proportions of a ''national crisis' 1 and blamed the U.S. invasion of _Ca mbodia, which he described as "the ROBERT straw that FINCH broke the.camel's back." Finch made his observations to reporters after a private meeting with a-dolegation of 25 students and teachers-from Stanford University. Groups Unite The secretary said "apprehensions that the war has been expanded to air of Indochina" have united groups that were separated as recently as four weeks ago — students, faculty members and school administrators. "This is not a case of a few militants as it was a year ago," he said. "You have a much greater constituency now." To questions about the wisdom of the Cambodian attacks, Finch said he replied with "facts." These are. he went on, that the assaults arc consistent with' Vietnamization and will hasten the end of the war. "I wouldn't say that we made a sale to everyone," he theological Seminary in New York, said the war "has bitterly divided our people and . has so diverted our attention and so used our national resources that we make no progress in solving national problems that cry to heaven for solution." Bishop John J. Dougherty, vice-chairman of the United States Catholic Conference's Department of International Af- tairs, said the war has resulted in significant shifts in Catholic attitudes. He noted many young Catholics have become conscientious objectors, and that older ones lave shown changed attitudes too "although there is a notable segment of strongly conservative opinion." Rabbi Irving Greenberg, as"-' sociate professor of history at New York's Yeshiva University, said that growing frustra- tioa and " radicalization may lead to a new isolationism and a rejection of necessary national sacrifices for world peace." duced by fission of uranium, will be surrounded by five different "containers" to prevent any escape of radiation. The reactor building will be sturdy enough to survive* a tornado, earthquake or the worst possible flood, Arnold said. Group to Campaign For Prison Reform WASHINGTON, D.C. (REUTERS) — An 18-member commission was named Thursday by the American Bar Association (ABA) to lead a national campaign for prison reform. Former Gov. RichaFd J. t Hughes of New Jersey will (lead the group. acknowledged wyly. "We try." _Fiheh doubted that President Nixon's description of college demonstrators, as "bums" or the'killing of four stiidents at Kent Slate University had provoked the crisis. "This whole 1 business, has been building • up for a long time," he said, and Cambodia was' the catalyst. The secretary resolutely refused to discuss 1 Vice-president Spiro T. Agnew's "role; or ~tfie written suggestion from his colleague, Interior Secretary Walter Hickel, that Agnew tone down his attacks on the young. ~~"I~nrakrTny comrnunicatiwis to the President fit person Finch said, grinning. He implied that letters invite leaks. Meets Dissident The secretary said he met Das Moinw R«glsterp flae te FH., May t, IWO rOg» T3 Thursday ntorning KWtft Antho- J. Moffett, who reigned as iead of a new office" of students rod youth. Finch said he "disagreed" with Moffett's view ,hat JWf. Nixon had made "irresponsible" statements about student -protest. Howevef r th|s secretary added- that he could jndejrsfand'and regretted Mof- ett's departure. Moffett said after the meeting hat he sensed Finch "is very, cry troubled, indeed, about what he is going to do." 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