Maine Recycles an Airport B.v MAKY JO TAKACH were higher than ever. BANGOR, Maine-(NEA) —If you expect to be flying home from Europe on a charter flight, don't be surprised if your first stop in the U.S.A. is Bangor, Maine. This small airport with the big runway is building a reputation among international carriers as a quick place to go through customs and refuel. Last year there were 2,424 international landings at the Bangor International Airport, up from 55 four years ago. In 1968, BIA was nothing more than a shack about the size of a two-car garage. It had two counters—one for tickets and one for car rent- als—anil a couple of vending machines. The runway could handle only medium-sized jets. The entire operation was dwarfed by its neighbor, Dow Air Force Base, home of the northeast Strategic Air Command (SAC). Then, in the age of mis' siles and overkill, Uncle Sam closed Dow. Within a year the city of 40,000 lost one-fourth of its population and a $20 million payroll. In an attempt to lessen the shock, the Department of Defense sold the entire $100 million complex to the city of Bangor for $1. At this point the old Yankee Trader instinct look over and the citizens have turned their white elephant into an international jetport and industrial park. They hoped to break even in five years; by the end of the third year they cleared $14,000 above expenses. "It has turned out much better than expected. We found there was a great need for a facility of this kind," says Bangor City Manager Merle Goff. "After the Air Force left, the city's economy moved upward and is now in better shape than it was before we lost the military payroll." Since the military left, more than a thousand civilian jobs have been created at the airport itself and at (he several industries that have been attracted to the area by low rents on former Air Force buildings. The local taxes took a dip in 1969, right after Dow closed, but by 1970 the revenues While the increase in industry is a gratifying addition to the Bangor scene, it's the airport itself that is the major source of civic pride. For less than the Dutch paid for Manhattan, Bangor got a two-mile, 300-foot-wide runway, auxiliary taxiways, 24 refueling stations and parking facilities for 35 large jets. Built to put more than a thousand SAC jets into the air at a moment's notice, the runway is the second longest in the eastern United States and three times as long as required by the big 747s. Even SSTs, if they ever exist, will not cause problems. Such a runway is perfect, of course, for emergency landings and it has become almost routine procedure for any flight which develops problems while crossing the Atlantic to head for BIA. Located right on the Great Circle Route from Europe and only 70 miles inside the United States, no detour is needed. And since the port handles only 90,000 flights a year, there is seldom a wait for landing clearance. One of the most common "emergencies" is a fuel shortage. Given a storm of head winds over the Atlantic or a particularly heavy payload, a large jet is unable to carry enough fuel to make it nonstop beyond New York, and sometimes not that far. Since Bangor is so uncrowd- ed, there is no wait for refueling and a plane can be on its way again in less than an hour. At Boston's Logan or New York's Kennedy, waits for landing clearance, for a turn at the fuel pumps and for takeoff clearance can take two or three hours. For charter flights going to inland cities which do not have Customs facilities, the Bangor setup is heaven sent. A routine inspection and refueling takes an hour to an hour and a half. At the same time, the plane can restock its galley if it is going on to Los Angeles, for example. It is hoped that the non- charter flights diverted to Bangor for refueling also will decide to take advantage of the Customs facilities, thus taking some of the strain off Kennedy and other larger international airports. The Customs facilities at BIA are rather unique in that all but two of the inspectors are part-time. Since the daily load of international flights can vary from one to 12 or more, the Treasury Department has found it advantageous to train housewives, teachers and similar people with considerable unscheduled time and put them on call. According to Frank Bain, one of the regular inspectors, the part-time inspectors are more dedicated than many veteran professionals because they do not get bored and they seem to enjoy figuring out ways to outfox the smuggler. One housewife inspector even caught a nun smuggling sausage under her flowing habit. Airport manager Peter D'Errico foresees Bangor as a starting and ending point for overseas flights. Passengers would take domestic flights to Bangor and transfer to international lines, Oklahoman Wins OKLAHOMA CITY (AP) An Oklahoma City newspaper has won a victory in its fight to gain access to Army records of units involved in the My Lai massacre in Vietnam. The Army's decision to release previously withheld record on My Lai came in response to an appeal by the Daily Oklahoman and was hailed by two freedoms of information organizations as a breakthrough on behalf of the public's free access to government information. The Army, in a reverasl which may have a wide-ranging effect on future Army classification and censorship, ordered the full morning reports of three infantry companies and an aviation company involved in My Lai released to the Daily Oklahoman. The Daily Oklahoman had appealed the censorship concerning the 1968 My Lai incident, which involved 401 separate items ranging from killed in action to AWOLs. The May 12 appeal was based on the Freedom of Information Act and the Army's own regulations. special purchase! mr. mench 100% polyester double knit pant suits regular *60.00 sizes 10 thru IS w«'v« purcha«td a spociul group of beautiful *hort §l««v« pcint «uit*. 100% polyciUr and in two pi«« *tylt§. shop now and «av« during this big tvcnt. pjnt suit* similar to Ulu«tr«tioiw I Located conveniently on th« Grant Circle Rout* to Europe and out of the congested metropolitan areas, Bangor International Airport is bidding for a place in the transatlantic air traffic sun. much as they do at Kennedy and Logan now. Similar procedures for cargo distribution are presently in operation. Already established airports are diverting flights to BIA when weather or radar problems cause closing or a slowdown of service in Boston or New York. One of the airport's biggest problems with its new growth was to find a place to put all the passengers. Cargo can be stored in unused hangars but airline guests expect something less basic. This spring, the problem moved a long way toward solution with the brass- band opening of a $2.4 million domestic arrivals building. The new full-facility structure even has two accordion-type gates that lead directly from the planes to a large, modern waiting rooin. At the same ceremony, ground was broken for a $900,000 international arrivals building. At present the immigration and Customs facilities are still housed in a former hangar. A third part of the complex will be an eight-story motel attached to both terminals by an enclosed bridge. But, with all the modern additions and new facilities, both the domestic and international terminals are keeping the Maine personality. Both have lobster pools and offer the live animals for sale, packed ready for travel in their own cooled, insulated containers. (NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN.) U.S. Fleet Of F-lll Grounded WASHINGTON (AP) - The Air Force grounded its entire fleet of U.S.-based Fill tactical fighter planes today following two crashes of the $9-million planes. The Air Force said in a brief statement the grounding was ordered as "a precautionary measure" and would remain in effect until the cause of the accidents is determined. Affected by the order are 215 Fills based at Nellis Air Force Base, Nev., Cannon AFB, N.M., and Mountain Home AFB, Idaho. Not affected are 67 bomber versions of the Fill assigned to the Strategic Air Command and 75 Fills based at Upper Heyford England. Two crewmen piloting an Fill were killed Sunday when their plane plunged into Choc- tawhatchee Bay shortly after taking off from Eglin AFB, Fla. The nature of the trouble was not known. On June 15 the two-man crew of an Fl 11 from Mountain Home AFB reported an in-flight explosion and safely bailed out of the plane, the Air Force said. PAMPA. TEXAS DAILY NIWS S 66th YEAR Wednesday, June 21. 19" 'Drain America First Policy'Attacked DENVER (AP)-TheUnited States has followed a "drain America first" policy in oil development, too tong, a New England witness told the Democratic platform committee Tuesday. The witness, Barbara M. Heller, 23, of Boston, contended that the energy crisis does not exist and she said this country should leave some of its oil reserves in the earth for future needs in the true interest of national security. Mrs. Heller spoke on behalf of an organization called the Coalition on Oil. She said the group originated because of concern over off shore drilling in the New England area. "The so-called energy crisis has been promoted by a few special interests who wish to see the development of oil resources and rapid construction of new power plants," she said. "There is plenty of oil, coal and gas in the world to satisfy our needs for a long time to come." Mrs. Heller contended that the American Petroleum Institute allocated fS million "just to promote the energy crisis." "There are countless ways we could decrease our energy demand without adversely affecting our economic situation," she said. She also recommended that companies producing crude oil be required to divest themselves of other interests such as coal and uranium holdings. Yuma. Ariz., receives more than 4.000 hours of sunshine a year, twice as much as Seattle. Wash. Gun Curb Legislation Faces Vote WASHINGTON (AP) - The Senate Judiciary Committee will vote next Tuesday on legislation to curb the sale of handguns. A bill sponsored by Sen. Birch Bayh, D-Ind., was approved by a sub'.ommi!'.ee two days after the alien Alabama Wallace, Bayh :• closed IT miltee It- offered ! Hruska, R-. was put off> assassination of ,v. George C. afler Tuesday's ; of the full com- ival measure was Sen. Roman L. .-).. but that a vote i] next week. 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