Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on June 30, 1973 · Page 49
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 49

Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Saturday, June 30, 1973
Page 49
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Page 49 article text (OCR)

REPUBLffc A*32 The Arfgftna Republic Phoenix, sat., Jam M, l§73 China still developing free health care system Associated Press SHANGHAI, China-At age 74, Chou Tse-ming remembers "the bitter days" when "five ' 6f my nine children died from lack of medical care — I ; couldn't afford it." Now he has entirely free ^medical care. In retirement pension, he ^receives 70 per cent of his !' working salary. S His youngest grandchildren $ — he has 14 and says "Yes! I f can remember all their names!" — can attend inex- J^pansive day care nurseries S while their parents work. And , they will all go to school free. fc; So, when he talks about the f: medical and social benefits he Ell has since "liberation," when Ifthe Communist Party under | Mao Tse-tung took over in £ 1949, Chou si enthusiastic. fi "After liberation, our lives I turned around 180 degrees. It «. was like having the sun rise $< in the west instead of the j east," he said. Chou spoke IN through an interpreter, as the ^representative of 1,700 retired ;f workers in the Kung Chiang i* Workers New Residential Area 5 in Shanghai, a community of *; 62,000 people. |« .Before liberation, he earned 480 Chinese cents, about 40 J; U.S. cents, a day as a cook in I*, an electrical products factory. *.;. "Rent was high and we lived Jfln a small attic. You cannot p imagine the living conditions. CMy wife would lose her job ^'when she became pregnant. £We had only 30 cents a day '.'*for food for the entire family. KWages were not guaranteed. p We didn't have enough to eat, >~or enough clothing, and prices «kept going up every day." :, After liberation, Chou was f promoted to become a cadre {Sor political member of lead: :'ership in his district in Shan' ghai. His monthly salary rose C\from 24 to 104 Yuan (Chinese ?; dollars equivalent at present ;£exchange to U.S. 50 cents gapiece), the interpreter said. i* It wasn't made clear wheth- P?er this was his salary, or i'ic o m b i n e d with his wife's. ••{Generally, 50 Yuan appears fcto be the average income for fa working adult. ' f '- A tall, animated man, Chou "has been retired 14 years. Retirement age now in the Peo; fple's Republic of China is 60 'for men and 50 for women ^engaged in physical labor, but •55 for women whose careers i-were in office or clerical ; ; work. ', While Americans debate ^various approaches toward a ''system of national health in- ^surance, the Chinese have a ^system "that is still developing," and is not uniform ^throughout the country, says ft- China claims i victory over j strange ill : PEKING (AFP) — Amedi- 1 cal team from Peking, aided by local doctors, has succeed- j.«d in conquering a strange ^disease which has raged for a ^thousand years in the An Che |(Shansi) district 350 miles 'southwest of Peking, accord- ting to the newspaper Guan- jming.Ribao. !;' The disease, which reduced the inhabitants to the state of ; "crippled gnomes," was attri- 'buted in the past by the peo- pie of the mountain region to ' a "god of the plague." The ?; disease reduced those whom i it attacked to the height of ; three feet, affecting bones -and- muscles and crippling the 5 person who contracted the |disease. | The newspaper said that in ''March, 1970, an army medi- *cal tegm went to study the j causes of the disease, which * were still unknown, and found it that it was caused by the lack v of certain minerals in the lo«cal water, The sufferers from '"the disease were treated with *a Chinese medicine that gave "good results, the newspaper | Experiments bring > salmon to 'roost* :" MANCHESTER, Wash. i (AP) — There's a new run of » salmon in Beaver Creek near there as the resultof experiments by the National Marine Fisheries Service in sea ; farming techniques. Three-year-olds released from the service's Aquacul- '• tural Experiment Station, and • 55-year-olds tha.t escaped from • the Pilot Salmon Farm, re, turned as adults last fall in • Hjffigient numbers for local -sports fishermen to take as as 100 fish a day. Dt Chu Chao, the official in charge of medical science and technology in Peking's Ministry of Health. Government employes and most factory workers receive free medical care,, with their dependents generally paying about half the hospital or other costs. In rural areas, where 80 per cent of China's 800 million people live, workers organized into production units and brigades in communes pay a small fee for health insurance, from one to two Yuan a year or more, through a Cooperative Medical System or CMS. The peasants pay some fees because the government cannot yet afford to cover everyone, Chu says, and as of now "over 70 per cent of brigades have the CMS." The Chinese health care system begins with the "barefoot doctor" — most often a commune member who really wears shoes — trained to give elementary care and refer more serious cases up the ladder of clinic, county and provincial hospitals. There are variations in practices, and "even the Ministry of Health can't tell what's going on everywhere, because the system is so decentralized," says American- born Dr. George Hatem. He is known in China as Dr. Ma Hai-teh and has been in China for 40 years. "The Ministry's decisions are policies or guidelines," he says, with each province having leeway to accommodate local needs. A 11 preventive medicine, such as vaccinations, are paid for by the central government, Ma adds. Birth control pills and sterilization oper- tions are also supplied free of cost, at least in some areas. Paid sick leaves are the rule. Women are given 56 days maternity leave. For many workers, the only hospital charge is food. Dependents sometimes pay half the cost for drugs. If a worker runs into an overwhelming cost, the state or commune or other organization picks up the tab. There are variations in the systems. At a silk factory in Hangch- ow, where wages average 63 Yuan a month, the commune operates a nursery with par-, ents paying 2.50 Yuan a month for 24-hour care, six days a week, and 1.80 Yuan for day care, including food. Workers receive sick pay of 60 to 100 per cent of their income depending on years of service. The scale provides 100 per cent for six months o! Illness, after eight years' service. Pensions range from 50 to 70 per cent of salary, again determined by length of serv* ice. Special dining room privileges and lodging dormitories are set up for retired people who have no family. Such insurance benefits are paid by profits from the silk mill, not through payroll deductions.' Orphaned children receive allotments until they reach working age. Disabled workers receive lifetime pensions. At the West Lake People's Commune near Hangchow, at a Tea Production Brigade, the Community Medical Service costs each person in a household one Yuan per year. If he or she goes to the commune hospital, the brigade pays half the cost, the commune the other half. The annual wage is said to be about 980 Yuan a year, compared with 150 "before Liberation." Income produced by the commune goes partly for the insurance systems, with the net remaining after various expenses being distributed among the families. Living in a complex of 56 buildings alongside the Pearl River in Canton are 11,000 people, many of whom had been "boat people" on small boats anchored or drifting on the river. The boats are nine feet long and three feet wide, most accomodating a family. The people lived by being fishermen, ferry boatmen or stevedores. "We lived like animals, were exploited, oppressed politically, discriminated against like untouchables," says Wu Chang, representative of the Pin Chiang New Village. "We paid heavy taxes of many kinds, like a tax on lamp oil, or to bury our dead. We lived a miserable life with very little medical care. We drank the river water. Some sold Lawn Sprinkling Systems ARIZONA IRRIGATION CO. 2614 E.Indian School Rd. PHONE TODAY FOR Free Estimate 277-1572 OPEN DAILY I A.M.-S P.M. ** SUNDAY I A.M. to i P.M.. mRELL fVUPSERY CENTER 4545 NORTH 19th AVE. 266-1495 w»» ««lwten iMKAMEMCMt CAMPING AND GARDEN EQUIPMENT FOR RENT I masier charge SUMMEf t AWM SUPPLI1S ,, lb.1,31 tt lb.1.11 JWkiKCItW ,,, Ib. !.«» UHllVlllfM Ib. !,»» I Kentucky Hut Ib. i.«t I *tM!«l?*»'• _•_• ; • >»• <•* F*r«ilM«|!c , J cu. ft. C«*-'*l Ct"Mit .......... SO Ibi. !,•» IrgMte CMMlt 1.39 CD. ft. 1.«f •ABDIIISUPPtlit Wicct IHM . • ........... SOIbi. FtrtiltMtll«tMH*ll ..... ......* ................ Slbi.i.M .. ilbi.t.M Slb..4.M titW**4 .......... , ...... *Pi. |.«f lOlbi. *.1t Slbt. l.»t SOILAOiliTt 100lb».Mt Ol«4|u»t»r 50 lb|. «.tf » T « ' fa f- ' i «-. F • / V VIMMfarSHADi |ut**'i«r<*tk HtMyiuckli Otrdw* JttalM ltaN*»i*« |*U|li*«HI» <MM owoi1.d3yr.9ldl.i» Hulktrry 9 ft. toll T.ti IIWMlAtk 6tt.lollf,»» IriMMtlk 9 «.«»«•.»« (»r*k «fi.Mlt,?f fllM* 9H.MITt»f 7ft.lell*.If Vtt.lallt.fl o..ert.dM» Sp.cim.n»».M 6h.tollf.t» M0U«lPtAIITl |t«f k»n Fff* '' "' ............. ro «n> «•»» 1-#f »ifF«r» VISIT OUR GREENHOUSE FOR PUNTS! daughters into slavery or prostitution, with people excusing it by saying they had no other way out." Now in a village of concrete apartments, shops, schools, light industry factories and clinics, living standards are advancing. In a three-room apartment, Mrs. Liang Jtmg- mei, 50, tells her life story while visitors sit on a bedstead made, she says, from wood that once was her boat. The apartment floor is cement, the walls painted white. The rent, she says, is 4.50 Yuan a month. A cook for a transportation company in Canton, Mrs. Liang earns 60 Yuan a month, and her son makes 40. Her sister-in-law, 64, the third member of the family, is not employed. For her, Mrs. Liang pays 1.30 Yuan a year to the transportation company for her medical insurance. Mrs. Liang and her son have free medical care. "I'm grateful now to be settled on the land. Now I am no longer afraid of strong winds and rainstorms," Mrs. Liang says. • Arizona CACTUS SALES 5322 N. 27th Ave, Phone 242-0087 • Prickly Pear $3,00 • Hedgehogs 5.50 • Barrels .. • Chella ,. • Cereus .. • Ocotillo . .•iatuaros 8.80 to 9.00 , 3,00 to 7,80 . 3.00 to 9.00 9.00 to 13.00 1.00 perH. Open 9:00 to 5:00 CLOSED MONDAYS All Native Plants Tagged ANNIVERSARY SPECIALS Now Celebrating Our 1 st Year At This Location! •\ * s FREE 1 - 5 /8x50' Garden Hose 1 - Pair of True Tempered Grass Shears with the Purchase of any New Lawn Mower (while stock Lasts) PETERSEN'S LAWNMOWERS |MK 4I02 E. INDIAN SCHOOL RD. ,QB 7A.M.-6P.M. , 955-4870 inuinmoujERS 5733N.7TH.ST. 279-5534 39Z6 E.THOrviAS 955-2070 QUIET. POWERFUL SUNBEAM. iHt&lt SUNBEAM* DELUXE iff'iwiN -BLADE U6HTWEI6KT ELECTRIC MONU&R. FEATURES INCLUDE: HANDLE. .. WHEEL ADJUSTERS,,. COST ALUMINUM DECK. Alt SAFETY FEATURES, COMPLETELV/65EMBIJED &READYTD MOW, ftOBBJNS TOWN AND COUNTRY SUMMER SPECIALS! GREEN TOMATOES SAVE ON HYDROPONIC TOMATOES FROM OUR 3300 PLANTS IN 4 HUGE GREENHOUSES DEER VALLEY OPIN 7 DAYS 8 A.M. TO* P.M CALL 942-8630 In Doer Volley ... North on Block Canyon Freeway, East on Deer Valley Rooa To 22nd Ave. Follow signs to 211 2 W. Adobe Dr. PROUDLY ANNOUNCES GRAND OPENING of NURSERY #2 LOCATED AT Scottsdale Rd. & Shea Blvd. (Behind Windmill Theatre) To Serve Customers In SCOTTSDALE * PARADISE VALLEY • EASTERN PHOENIX • TEMPE • MESA SPECIALS ARE GOOD AT NURSERY 1 AND 2 FREE SAT. AND SUN. ONLY ONE 4" POTTED COLEUS PYRACANTHA DARK GREEN LEAVES, OR PORTULACA-WITH COUPON |Ij JoV B .-"!E 1.39 -.ji COUPON --|j jjj "" ~ [I 59 WITH COUPON C! --COUPON- , OLEANDER i I RED, WHITE OR PINK FULL SUN, FAST GROWING 1 gal. REG. 1.39 59 WITH COUPON. !', COUPON---*, COUPON -j ROBUSTA FAN PALM|t| ALEPPO PINE - _. ^* ii * I T u r ncccDT THE IDEAL JTIMEOFTHE™ •YEAR TO 'PLANT PALM 15 GAL. I REG. 5.95 WITH COUPON DESERT PINE THAT ACCEPTS HEAT AND DROUGHT 5 m GAL. REG. . 1*1 5.95 MEXICAN BIRD OF PARADISE GIANT ORANGE-YELLOW BLOOMS. FAST GROWING. 1 GAL. REG. 1.69 1 39 BOUGAINVILLEA t FAST GROWING FLOWERING VINE. MANY COLORS TO SELECT FROM. 4%Ofi " 1GAL 5 GAL 3 95 1 HIBISCUS PROLIFIC .BLOOMING. PRODUCES LARGE FLOWERS. SINGLES AND DOUBLES IN MANY, COLORS. 1 GAL. REG. 1.39 5 GAL. REG. 5.95 3.95 98 --COUPON jj FRUIT TREE \\ SALE 95 BLAZING GOLD PEACH, FRENCH PRUNE, SATSUMA PLUM, NECTARINE. 5 GAL. REG. 5.95 W|TH COUPON 3 AMMONIUM SULPHATE O29 21-0-0 **«* 80 LB. COM-PEL: COMPOST l MADE IN ARIZONA f FOR ARIZONA SOIL V 50 LB. i BAG • DECORATIVE BARK 4 89 3CU.FT. 1 LEISURE LAWN STONE MANY COLORS TO SELECT FROM. 1 49 59 LB. taring the green color back! IRONITE Kxffi: : $495 3 Reg. 4.95 40-lta. Bag Will Not Burn! LAWN SOP TIFF DWARF 4 39 PD102, DflLL I .8 SO. FT. ROLL '. SILVER SPADE i REDWOOD SOIL IMPROVER 4 CD. FT. BAG O98 3 BAGS 10.98 50% Malathion Spray HILLS MOST GARDEN INSECTS Pt. Size Reg. $3.49 '1.99 ;! (19th Ave. Location Only) 50% MALATHION SPRAY | The Patio Shoppe insecticide tor flowers, vegetables, fruits or pets. SAVE $1.50 • Controls more than 200 different insects • Recommended by National Audubon Society • Folding Aluminum Chairs SO99 each 'Folding Padded Chaise $ 1 488 Aluminum Frame 2" pad, Reg. 15.95 | 1^ * Deluxe Patio Group $79.95 1 Love Seat Swing $49.95 . : Deluxe Innerspring Chaise $29.95 CHAIRS • CHAISE LOUNGES • UMBRELLAS • WATER FOUNTAINS • STONE PLANTERS • ALUMINUM SHED & COMPLETE WATER LANDSCAPE CENTER. SPECIALS GOOD JUNE 30 THRU JULY 6 OPEN DAILY MON. THRU FRI, 9 A.M. TO 6 P.M. SAT. 8 A.M. TO 6 P.M. SUNDAY 9 A.M. TO 5 P.M. SPECIALS GOOD WHILE SUPPLY LASTS NURSERY NO. 1 10026 N.19TH AVENUE BETWEEN DUNLAP AND PEORIA ON19THAVE. PHONE; 944-6851 or 991-8232 NURSERY NO. 2 SCOTTSOALE RO. ANO SHEA BLVD. BEHIND WINDMILL THEATRE PHONE: 948-0330 LANDSCAPING BY HELMUT BECKER M LANDSCAPING BY CREENSTREET GABOIM fUPPl-lf * * TOOt$ • GlOVf $ * H9iiS • SMD$ * FfHTILU- EB« • |*f fCTICIPiS » POTTiRY • M0HTAH MIX t SAMQ t DECORA- TlVf STONES t STIPPIPI9 STONf i • CURBING * MlAftfHMOAMO t HANGING •AiKiTi The Valley's Garden Center if Wf MONO*fNi M«fttr€li*rflf

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