Lubbock Morning Avalanche from Lubbock, Texas on March 10, 1942 · Page 1
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March 10, 1942

Lubbock Morning Avalanche from Lubbock, Texas · Page 1

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Tuesday, March 10, 1942
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AMERICANS the Day On the South Plains" Twentieth Year, No. '92 °CK MORNING A^/ALANCHfe Poges Today Lubbock, Texcs, Tuesday, Morch 10, 1942 French Ships Said Given To Germany T ONDONTMarch 9—The Russian -^ news agency Tass reported from Cairo tonight that about 40 French warships still building at the time of the French armistice of June, 1940, have been handed over by the Vichy government to Germany. Among them, said the account from Tass' Cairo correspondent was the battleship Clemenceau' which was at Brest, and an 8,000- ton cruiser. "Many" submarines also have been transferred to the Germans, it reported. "An agreement between Vichy and the Germans 'for gradual transfer of a large part of the French navy to the Germans was reached a long time ago," it said "Under this plan, (Admiral Jean) Darlan recently undertook to turn over to them the battleship Dunkerque after repairs at Toulon." (AP) Means ''Associated P?«s''/ Sugar Rationing Forms Received; *• , Plans Awaited By H. C. HAWKINS Avalanche Staff -Writer S e v enty-eight thousand forms for rationing of'.sugar in'Lubbock county had been received, it w.as announced Monday "afternoon by W. E. Lavender, clerk of Lubboek County Rationing board. Lavender said no specific instructions in regard to the''date when sugar rationing would begin had been brought to attention of the board, but orders were "expected at any moment. • Date To Be Announced Sopn.it will be announced when retailers who will' handle : sugar will register,"'after which the public, will do the .same. Instructions in. how to use the war ration books for purchase of sugar will be distributed at the time of registration. Before the 28 war ration stamps in .the book are used, the person for whom it was issued must sign it as indicated in the book. The name of a person under 18 years old may be signed 'either by such person or by -his lather, mother or guardian. . Should Be Preserved In order, to'obtain a later war ration book, the.first book issued must be turned in. War ration books should be preserved with the greatest possible care, it will Evacuation Of City Reported From Mandalay Property Japanese Might Use Is Being Destroyed (By The Associated Press) TWTANDALAY, March 9.—(9:20 J-'- 1 - p. m. Burma time—10:50 a, m Eastern War time)—The British army has evacuated Rangoon, it was announced here tonight. The Japanese, had .by-passed Pegu in their haste to occupy the strategic supply port on the road to China..Presumably they drove on Rangoon both from the north and. the east. ' Reports reaching here tonight said that Japanese patrols also had been encountered near Tharra- waddy,. about 70 miles north of Rangoon on the road to Prome the only main hgihway left to the , united Nations in Burma. i The British reported they had ' mopped up this patrol, but new infiltrations were expected. Public utilities at Bassein, about 90 miles west of Rangoon on the Irrawaddy river delta, have already been destroyed; it was understood here. This, indicated- the British were conceding the loss of all southern Burma. Handicapped since the start of the campaign by'insufficient troops and equipment and lacking ^^^^^M^^^^ • ---, n - ~-w— '-wf •*•*«**« • **»i jb orces Are Streamlined MimtL^ss^^goonVSouthern'Bu™ r ^S^K^'"~^ ~ '—ww * — -~—^_ „,_„, ~____^__' .. ~ —: , _____ ' . ' - - ^rm.-m.> <A.A.m,^.w with and air power. for a counter-offensive the British command's defense of Ran- be suggested. •From time to time, the Office of Price Administration may issue orders rationing certain products. After the dates indicated by such orders, these products can be purchased only through the use of war ration books containing valid war ration stamps. The orders of the Office of Price ' Administration will designate the stamps to be used for the purchase of a particular rationed product, the period during which each of these stamps may be used, and .the amounts which may be bought with each stamo To Last A Week Unless otherwise announced the ration week will be from a given Saturday midnight to the following Saturday midnight The stamps may be used in any retail store in the United States only by or for the person named and described in the war ration book, which will have minute description of the person who is to use it. When one buys any rationed product, the proper stampVmust be detached in the presence of the storekeeper, his employee or the person making delivery on (Turn to Page 7, Column 1, Please) Texan Is Most* T*,,,.™ .u l he rest of southern Burma has been a series of withdrawals m the face of heavy odds Spearhead Established The, arrival of .a. British armor- f?,.| orce -- served to prolong the battle -near.' the defensively vital Sittang river, but here the enemy succeeded in stablishing a bridgehead near the river's mouth after ten days of severe fighting and eventually urought aWi-tank guns tn m-t .the British tank sortils fall of Rangoon means an ""tj 00 . ln the shipment of .Nations war supplies anH fuel to China. Engineers are al l* ad l*^™^™^> -«nging Chiang India are nri feasible , Generali! *imo h t 3rm VL S r other SABOTAGE BALTIMORE, March 9 (#> _ March winds blew ironical today t ,,~ uge S'S 11 advertising a way to Conserve Your Car" was ~E^a£\s*s Siaton Bond Program Totals $20,241.45 1 SIaton s made a-S20,241.45 effort It ..v at the "Keep 'Em by Buying pro- gram broadcast by KFYO from -auditorium ,,. , „- school Monday night. "••' ,nnl aj ' ™* lter W- McCollum spoke. He is from the Lubbock Army recruiting office. stamps and bonds through the gram, formerly broadcast Lubbock durin s the monh ' lairma " pro- only last the program was Rr Bnggs Robertson, secretary-manager of. Siaton Chamber of Commerce. the Program were Corinne Cates, Cornelia Den- ElHoti^, Schmidt a "d J«a- under .... Snelton, played. High E of Truman Agreeablepefendant Leaves Attorney It pHOENIX, Ariz., March 9 •*• The most agreeable person ever accused in Maricopa county,, according to authorities who handled the case, has gone to state prison to serve four to five years for slapping his wife. He is Thonjas- Forres t Whiteside, jr.. former Houston, i ex., auorney. who once was sentenced to 20 years in the Texas prison for {he murder of his first wife in 1927. Whiteside contended his first wife jumped from the window of their upstairs apartment in a moment of Tune In 1340 Kilocycles KFYO Avalanche Journal Station drunken hysteria, but he was twice convicted, the second hv"rh Ct T n . navm £ be en "pheM D> ine i exas court of criminal appeals. While in prison he wrote factional stones for detective magazines and through his writing struck up a correspondence with a Phoenix woman. When he won re. ica £e from prison last May on a habeas corpus proceeding he argued himself, continues; the correspondence and finally came to Phoenix in December and was marned a week after arriving. ^^^^±&'K^^^S^^^^^'^ injuring approximately'lOO. At left is vrprkam. „?=' ^ -J b , atui ; day ' killing at least four . . y uu.. AI ieit is wreckage or a roadside hotel which was demolished — — ..._ (Associated Press Telemat) Japs Overrun Most Of Java * * • * . ' Resistance Of Dutch Smashed Japanese Claims Say "Main Enemy Forces, Including 93,000 Dutch And 5,000 British And American Troops In Java Surrender (By The Associated Press) rpOKYQ (From Japanese : -^.Broadcasts), M-Vre'.h. 9:^-4 '£ --•ImperiaLheadquarters tonight-claimed the conouest of "the Netherlands East Indies with the unconditional surrender of 93,000 Dutch troops and 5,000 British and Americans about Soerabaja and Bandoeng in Java. The troops surrendering in Java were, described as the "main enemy forces" about the two chief centers of Dutch resistance, the important naval base in the - east had the ' mountain-g i r d 1 e d military headquarters in the west. The announcement, made at .-.-•10:20 p. m. (9:20 a. m. E W ', --ITi^Xa id \ tbg .Allied 'forces -laid • , (Presumably Tokyo time, 2 a m., E. W. T.) Disclosing that the Japanese commander in Java was Lieut. Gen. Hitoshi Imamura, a former director of the personnel of the Japanese army, Domei news agency said the order to surrender was given by the .Dutch governor general, A. W. L. Tjarda van Starkenborgli Stachouwer, over the Kalitjadi radio after he had discussed the terms with the Japanese commander. Two Announce For Trustees W. B. Atkins and Paul Hard wick will be candidates for election to posts on the Lubboek Independent School district board of trustees April 4, it was announced Monday night. Atkins,'who lives at 201-i Seventeenth street, is a lumberman. He has--been in Lubboek since April, 1911, and is completing 22 years on the school board. A Baptist, he is ''also widely-known in South Plains business circles. He was president of the chamber of commerce in- 1924. He has two grandchildren in Roscoe Wilson school. He will ask re-election to the post he now holds. Hardwick, of 2307 Eighteenth street, is commander of the Alien Bros, gion. post of the American Le- He is a steward in First .....-, .. Mrs. AVhitesiae. who since has df- vorced him, said her new- husband slapped her down f'^./Ttd two shots at her. Whiteside denied shooting at her. but addf.d: ''It would be my word (Turn to Page 7, Column 2, Please) Methodist church and is a vice president of Citizens National t>ank. He has two children, one of whom is attending Dupre school, the other Junior High school. Hardwick vill seek the place now held by Maple Wilson, who said Monday night he is out of town frequently and would prefer to relinquish the post to a person able to spend more time with it. The two places are the only ones to be voted this year. Other members of the board are Dr. J. T. Hutchinson, president. R. F. Bayless. secretary, E. J. Parson': Walter G. Alderson and Chas. A' Guy. Free French Smash Four Italian Outposts BRAZZAVILLE, French Equatorial Africa, March 9. {iP t —Free French- forces stabbing across the sands of the great Fer^an desert in southwest. Libya have smashed four Italian outposts in operations still proceeding, Gen. Charles do Gaulle's military command gn- nounccd here today. This 1,200-mile drive from the Lake Chad region, first announced in Cairo Saturday, is unoer command of Col. Le Clerc, who is duplicating a daring and highly successful desert thrust against the Fascists in adjoining Kufra region just a year ago. GROUND BROKEN AUSTIN. March 9 <.4V—Ground Wfls broken todsy for the S200.000 state health department building. U.S. Subs Claim Jap Seacraft By JOHN.M. HIGHTOWER Assciated Press Staff Writer WASHINGTON, March 9. — •' United States submarines steadily slashing away at Japan's long supply line in the western Pacific have sunk a large destroyer and naval, tanker, and put an aircraft carrier and three cruisers out of action with torpedo hits, the Navy reported today. This bag of enemy warships resulted from actions during the week ending March 6. and made up probably the most successful seven-day period for American undersea craft since the war in the Pacific .began three months ago. . All Are Warships Naval authorities were noted especially that every ship' sunk or damaged except one was'a warship. The general area of the sinkings was not given, but these authorities .speculated that it probably was in the vicinity of Java, where the enemy last week had concentrated his forces for the attack on that Netherlands inland. They also said that this rate of loss for the Japanese ivas extremely high in view of their constantly increasing problem of protecting their supply lines which now extended 3,000 miles from Vokohama to Batavia. The destroyer leader was de- .scnbed as an oversize destrover which xvouid normally bead a flo- tiila of destroyers. Prisoners Of Jays The successful attacks against these six raised to 133 the total of Japanese vessels of all types sunk to date by America!. armed forces in the Pacific. Italian Sub Biamed With Ship's Sinking NORFOLK, V'a., March 9. I,TVA torpedo from an Axis r.ubmarine which may have been Italian sank the Brazilian freighter Arsbutan off the North Carolina coast on Saturday afternoon, survivors re- iated here today ; The 7,878-ton ve.=se!. owned by the Lloyd Nacional line, carried a cargo of coal which nn official of the line valu-eri at S200,CfiO. It formerly was the Italian ship Caprera, built at San Francisco in *« • i» -r- ~ , (By T ^ e Associated Press) T ONDON, March 9. — The last J - J great Dutch position on Java Bandoeng on the high plateau, has 4§J.len\.arxd:. the --.Japanese . enemy now haying overrun substantially an the island, appeared tonight fo be stamping out the last bright gallant sparks of Dutch resistance! The imperial Japanese headquarters officially claimed that the mam Allied . bodies—93 000 Dutch and 5,000 British and American troops—had surrendered unconditionally about Bandoeng and Soerabaja, the latter the great naval base in the eastern island. Of this, there was no confirmation here, but there could be no certain disproof of its for again there was only silence from the far, tortured battleground of Java. Idea Is Rejected Still, based on their prior information of. the defenders' plans and on their firm belief that only death could make the capitulation Netherland authorities here rejected the idea of any such total surrender and expressed the conviction .that Dutchmen still were fighting whenever and wherever a single company could make a useful stand. The Netherlands exile government in London issued a categoric statement that any.arrangements toward cessation of hostilities with Japan were "out of the question " and pointed out: No communication exists between the Netherlands government and the Netherlands East Indies The enemy is therefore free to circulate any stories which he may think useful, "The actual military position on the islands is not known. The military commanders, including those laving to operate singlv, have TL nstr i? Cted to l; eht" to the They have freedom of action where resistance would no longer serve any useful purpose "Whatever the outcome of the military,operations in the Nether- ands East Indies, the powers of the Netherlands authorities whether military or civil, do not 1. Please, FDR Asks All To Join In Battle On Inflation Cooperation Of Nation Asked By Chief Executive (By The Associated Prt:si WASHINGTON, March 9.—Pre- '' sident Roosevelt told the nation tonight that a fight against inflation was as vital as the fight- • ing on the war fronts and that it! calls for cooperation and restraint on the part of every groiip.'.' i . It calls," Mr. Roosevelt said in an address prepared for radio broadcast in conncctoin with the ninth anniversary of the National r arm .program for "mutual good will and a willingness to believe m the other fellow's good faith. It calls for unflagging vigilance and effective action by the government to prevent profiteering and unfair returns, alike for services and for goods." Would Increase Cost The president made no direct reference to demands by the congressional farm bloc that government-held crop surpluses not b'e disposed of at Jess than parity prices But he declared firmly that if all prices keep on going up we shall have inflation of a very dangerous kind—we shall have such a sleep rise in prices and the cost of living that the entire nation will be hurt." "That," he added, "would greatly increase the cost of the war and the national debt, hamper the drive for victory, and inevitably Plunge everyone—city workers and farmers, alike—into i deflation later on." Admiral E. J. King Is Given Supreme Command Of Navy •K -K -K o Q*-,-...^ DI -i i _ ruinous Roosevelt referred to „ considerable amount of discussion lately about the alleged complacency of the American people" but said that he was certain "that the American pcopI Ol are not now and nave not been, complacent" tt To Take Battle Stands Americans are preparing with all possible speed to lake their P S battle he i . , declared. "Workers in the mills and mines are laboring long hours under great pressure, to turn out tne weapons and equipment without which the war cannot be won Men and women in thousands o£ communities arc giving their time and energy m the work of civilian defense. And out In the country farmers are straining every effort to produce the food which, like the tanks and planes, is absolutely indispensable to victory." Mr. Roosevelt observed that the <Turn to Page 7, Column 1, Please) Rationing Not Planned Where Oil Plentiful AUSTIN, March 9. (,1V- Recommendation by Federal Oil Coordinator Harold L. Ickes that gasoline not be rationed in areas where oil production was plentiful brou«hl commendation today from chairman Ernest O. Thompson of the iexas Railroad commission. The head ot the state's oil regulatory agency said: "I'm happy to learn Ihe coordinator does not favor making rationing nationwide. It would work a hardship to clamp down on sales where production was plentiful I cannot see that it would serve any purpose." J ADM. HAROLD R. .STARK MUST HAVE HATING WASHINGTON, March 9 „ ,__ The War Production board ruled today that automobile manufacturers might soil left-over steel preference ratings. Secretary Of Treasury Against Sales Levy Little Man Is Paying His WASHINGTON, March. 9.— Y » Treasury Secretary Mor- genlhau asserted today the low income class in thc'coun- try "is making its fair contribution in taxes." and warned that "selfish interests" are seeking to shift part of their tax responsibility to poorer persons. At a prey? conference, the secretary said, "there are some people who tv-.ir.k :v : c-v ran take a little load off of "themselves and put it on the underdog. "I want if, say that no further taxes should be levied on these lowest income groups unlit every other avenue of revenue has been exhausted and every loophole has -been closed." He said the statement applied to proposals for sales taxes, or lowering psrsr.nal in:x>ma tax exemptions and similar ideas. Morgenthau ssid his research staff had mnde a study showing that the average single person earning S750 a year—the personal income lax exemption for a single per- ? 2 n —already pays SI 30 or 17.3 per cent of his income in both direct and indirect federal, state and local taxes H-hile a married person earning §1.5flo a year—also the income tax exemption — pays about $250. or 16.7 per cent of his income in such taxe.-. Morgenlhau also revealed rc.s'jlts of an Office of Price administration study indicating that the average family- husband, wife, ?.nc( cither one or two children—which makes between S750 and $1,000 a yejir usually has to spend all i~s earnings and go in debt an .'irirJitional $176 to maintain itself. Australia Gets Reader War (By The Associated Press) ' . MELBOURNE, Tuesday, March 10—Spurred by the'bigts'cale Japanese invasion of No\V;Guinea. the Australian government today took over brond powers to put private nnd public property to the torch, kit! livestock, and remove civilians from any threatened area of this continental commonwealth. The scorched-earth policy om- jodied in the new national security regulations calls for dcstruc- .ion ot airports, railways, roads, mines, reservoirs, buildings — anything and everything which might be of value to the enemy. Port Moresby Attacked Bearing evidence to the urgency of Australia's situation, heavy Japanese bombers yesterday attacked Port Moresby, New Guinea, in a quick followup of sea- borne landings on the northeast- coast of that big isiarul whose control is a prerequisite to assaulting East Australia. Port Moresby, principal city on the Port-Dutch, part-Australian island is only about 300 miles by air from Cape York on the Australian mainland. The city, v'hich has been raided sporadically in the past, reported some damage but no casualties in the attack on military installations by 10 big Japanese bombers. Of Considerable Size The raid came less than 24 hours after strong forces ot Japanese troops landed at Salamaua and Las under a shc«x-i- of bombs from low-flying Australian planes. An Australian communique described the landing parties as clearly of considerable size. Lae was shelled by a Japanese squadron r>£ cruisers and destroyers and bombed from the air as a prelude to the landing. These footholds, ivith others on the island of New Britain : give the Japanese command of Dampier strait, between New Guinea and JCew Britain and a natural yea gateway to the ast coast of Australia, observers declared. Placed !n Charge Of Fleet In European War ^ <B.v The Associated Preiil WASHINGTON, March 9.—Tall, •' taciturn Admiral Ernest Joseph King, already boss of the United States fleet, assumed supreme command of all naval operations today, combining. with . his duties ac fleet chief the powers' heretofore exercised by:,Admiral Harold R. Stark as chief of naval operations. Before this change was made, King as commander-in-chicf of the fleet had charged primarily of fighting, activities, while Stark was responsible for keeping the fleet m condition for any emergency and for long-range planning.: Now all these functions-are com. - bmed under one nian. : .-•'• The high command shakeun was announced by Secretary, of the A.avy Knox in a formal release >? disclosing creation of the .positiofc of commander, U. S. naval fortes operating m Europen waters" and the assignment of Admiral Stark to that command. ' ... Streamlining Process Relief of Stark, 61, and the dele, gallon of the powers to King, 63 was promptly interpreted by naval authorities as a streamlining "process comparable to that by'which the -War department recently was reorganized into three main divi- : sions—ground . forces, air'. forces- and serve, of supply—all responsible directly to '.Gen. George- c;. Marshall, the chief -of-staff ~'--— As 'P? rl ° f ,- tnis streamlining pro"-" cess, the War - department today appointed a more youthful general staff, reduced to a fifth of its former size. Giving new emphasis to aviation,-the department named an air force officer, Maj. Gen Joseph T. McNarney, as deputy f t second . oh 'y to Gen. who remains as chief. Investigation Proposed Meantime, a congressional Investigation to determine whether the nation, needed legiskition to coordinate more closely the Army. Navy and aviation was proposed by Sen. La Follette <Prog-Wis). Sen. Hill (D-Ala) expressed hope an ~ ' over-all staff" would ba developed to' make "one great machine" of all th^ armed forces. . There was speculation that some more extensive reorganization ot the Navy department might be expected in connection with a special staff to administer King's duties as chief of naval operations. I his staff, Knox announced, will no headed by Rear Admiral F. J Home, C2. who was Stark's assistant chief of naval operations. Kings chief of slnff as float commander will continue to be Rear Admiral Kussell Willson. 53. More Reorganization further reorganization, auth- ' ontative persons predicted, undoubtedly will give even greater prominence and power to naval aviation than is now .possessed bv :iie Bureau of Aeronautics. King himself qualified years age. 3S a naval aviator and is now one of the few high ranking officers to Turn to Page 7, Column 3. Please) TEACHER DIES FORT WORTH. March 9. ••/?-Miss Lilly B. Clayton. 79. a teacher in Fort Worth's school? for over a half & century, died today. Uncle Ef Says: Looks like we're doing everything in the good old American way about every place. See where they're madder than wet hens' in Colorado and Arizona because it's been proposed of California's Japs and Germans be ~. , . shipped 1 there. The Arizona and Colorado folks scream they won't have them and. have nasty cracks to make at California .but they'll probably cool off later, take them, and then start worrying about their com- "crt. THE WEATHER WEST TEXAS: Not as cold Tuesday morning, with mild temperatures Tuesday afternoon. Few scattered showers over mountains of the Big Bend country Tuesriay afternoon. N'£H r MEXICO: Warmer early' Tuesday morning than on .'Monriay morning; . temperatures Tuesday aftemoo-.i about 1hc =amc as on Monday; scattered showers Tuesday along Continental, divide and Central mountain ranges. IVEATHEK rnilr-ci Stattt \Vra;;irr Bureau : Te*a< TerhTioroticjl CoKtrt KtiUon Terr.pe;-»!urt «t 1 a. in , 484 ^tjtrcf.-. Maximum tfmperatu"* ycsU'rdir. 73 S -- . » »^ 33 $•-. Minimum

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