The News from Frederick, Maryland on June 5, 1970 · Page 4
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June 5, 1970

The News from Frederick, Maryland · Page 4

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Frederick, Maryland
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Friday, June 5, 1970
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You Must Understand, Russia Cannot Afford to Lose Face in Egypt!" fetabllthtdWS f b rbytfc* QMATSOUTMHH4 HHNTINO AND MANUrACTUIMO COMPANY i t w ( f « . . Cbttifterf Adw»bin« Offin OpM i A.M. T« 5 P.M. W«*fcday» Saturday · A.M. To 2 P.M. HMM **»- 1 1 *2 SUttCtWTION RATtS y, 10 wnH. iy moil, poyaW* in advance: on* month. $ 1 .75; thrt* imnth*, $4.50; six HMnlht, $I.SO; «nt y«ar, $1 4.00; by m*t*r rMrt* «r «arri*r, 42 «nH w«*k; $1 .75 RMnrti, $21 .00 yr. fttofitbar Audit tvrwau «fC!«vta»ion-- Mtmb«rOfTK» AiMctatod frmn Ttw AnociaMd PMM it cnlitM *sclu*iv*ly t* th* uw for publication of aM th. local printed new* in ttii* n*w»pap»r « will at all AP newt ditpatchM. S«cond Clots Pottos* Paid At r«d*rkk. Maryland PAGE A-4 THE FREDERICK NEWS-POST, FRIDAY JUNE 5, 1970 Carroll's Budget Dilemma Frederick County citizens who have been watching with interest the impasse between the Board of County Commissioners and the School Department over budgetary issues will be interested to know that such differences of opinion are not confined to this county. For in nearby Carroll County as a result of an almost incredible blunder by the county commissioners a situation has arisen which it appears that only the courts can resolve. Like the Frederick County board of commissioners, their counterparts in Carroll County cut drastically into the budget submitted by the Board of Education. They deleted some $1 million, refused to even discuss their cuts with either the Board of Education or George E. Thomas, superintendent of schools, and sent the latter a curt note telling him that he could pick up his budget in their office when he courteously asked for a hearing. They then proceeded to sign the overall county budget for the next fiscal year and proudly proclaim that, as in Frederick County, they had "held the tax line" for the ensuing year. When Superintendent Thomas dutifully swallowed his pride and went hat in hand to the commissioner's office to receive his copy of the Board of Education's slashed budget at the hands of their clerk, he received, however, the surprise of his life. Study of the commissioners' handicraft disclosed that they had made a colossal error in that they had failed to take into account at all an item of $374,000 representing the state's contribution to the operating expenses of Carroll County's schools in the next year. Mr. Thomas at once called a meeting of the Board of Education and explained to the startled but pleased members that t h r o u g h t h e commissioners' error they had been handed on a silver platter a sum representing a substantial part of the $1 million deleted from their budget by the commissioners. . The Board of Education at once passed a vote unanimously to notify the commissioners that they intended to use this $374,000 "for the proper operation of Carroll County's schools during the next fiscal year." When news of the "windfall" became public, a red-faced Board of County Commissioners reacted as a bull does to a red blanket. Admitting their error, which they blamed on an oversight of the county auditor, the commissioners denied the right of the Board of Education to utilize the $374,000 in state funds and demanded that it be turned into the county as income. While this position is firmly held by Commissioners Scott S. Bair and Paul J. Walsh, who have voted to hire outside lawyers to explore Maryland law to find a precedent warranting a suit after the county attorney informed them that they had no case, Commissioner Robert M. McKinney feels otherwise. He pointed out that the money in dispute is paid directly into the school system and is not received by the county treasurer. "It's their money. We can't touch it now," says the minority member of the · board at the same time expressing regret that the "auditor's error" had prevented the Board of Commissioners from cutting deeper into the Board of Education's budget in compensation for the overlooked windfall. But the lines of the Board of Education and Superintendent Thomas are also firmly held. In the face of the statute-searching by the outside counsel of the majority of the Board of Commissioners, they have instructed the school board's lawyer, T. Bryan Mclntire, to gird his legal loins and prepare to defend them in the event a suit is instituted. "The budget approved by the Board of County Commissioners with its cut of more than $1 million is totally inadequate to take care of the basic needs of the children of the county and even represents a health hazard to the children where cuts have been made in fuel costs," Superintendent Thomas said. And both he and the Board of Education have informed the commissioners that they plan to capitalize on the budgetary board's error by "replacing in the school budget necessary funds cut by the county commissioners at the expense of the children of the county." Cutting The Bootstraps It is an unfortunate reality of today's mixed-up America that as the nation's under-privileged, p a r t i c u l a r l y Negroes, seek to pull themselves up by their bootstraps and flee the blighted ghetto atmosphere of the city to rear their families under better living conditions that in many areas of the nation the suburbs are throwing roadblocks in their pathway. Most common weapon utilized by reactionary officials and citizens of the suburbs has been to seek to enact zoning laws requiring such expensive standards of housing that nearly all blacks are automatically excluded because of the excessive cost of housing. Such practices, un-American as they are in both their conception and the methods by which they are utilized, have become so widespread in many areas of the nation that the Nixon administration in a move which should have the support of all right-thinking and progressive citizens has proposed legislation in Congress to make such obviously discriminatory zoning by suburban towns and counties illegal. In a far-reaching move, George Romney, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, has asked Congress to give the Justice Department authority to seek court injunctions prohibiting such actions and to permit any citizen, either black or white, eligible for federal housing benefits but barred by local zoning laws from erecting a dwelling possible for those of the low-income and middle- income categories to file suits for relief in the federal courts. Mr. Romney in his message called such laws "a necessary first step in ending the ominous trend toward stratification of our society by either race or income." He pointed out "widespread instances" in which mostly-white communities, particularly in the suburbs of large cities, have encated zoning restrictions specifically designed to bar low-income housing often occupied by Negroes. Under the measure filed with the Banking Committee and scheduled for early hearings on Capitol Hill townships and county governments would be prohibited from using their zoning powers to bar the "reasonable expansion of low-income and moderate- income housing from being erected in their jurisdictions." Ultra-liberai members of Congress at once attacked what they termed a "defect" in the bill in that it could not apply to individual lots in built-up sections of either counties or townships. Its full effect, they pointed out, would be to only offer remedial assistance to such persons of low or moderate income who wished to locate in areas of either counties or townships which are either presently undeveloped or are in the pathway of probable development in the predictable future. Secretary Romney pointed out, however, that to force townships and counties to relax zoning rules in built- up areas where property values are prevailing higher than the groups seeking to be aided could afford would tend to depreciate all other property in the areas. Certainly some such legislation as advocated by Secretary Romney is greatly needed unless our vaunted democracy is merely a facade for the protection of the comparatively well-to- do. With the cost of conventional housing presently peaked it is obvious that either the black or white citizen of limited income cannot possibly afford to own his own home. Such a situation is bad for America. For generations we have prided ourselves upon the fact that the ideal citizen was the man who had at least an equity in his home. Until some such restrictions on discriminatory zoning are enacted by Congress as Secretary Romney suggests and rigidly enforced this ideal is nullified by the spiralling cost of housing and the dweller in the hardcore of the inner city who wishes to better the lot of himself and his family is indeed stratified. 2 Years For One American legislators might give some thought to this: In Japan, their counterparts are considering a nation-wide law that would provide a maximum prison sentence of two years for an automobile driver involved in an accident after having one or more drinks. And what's more, the same penalty would apply to the person who provided the motorist with the drinks. Extreme? Somewhat. Unworkable? Perhaps. Effective? Maybe. But America's toll in human life and injury caused by drunk drivers--much higher t h a n V i e t n a m w a r b a t t l e figures--suggests we need stronger federal legislation than we now have in state laws. The possibility to driver and bartender alike of a two-year prison term just might inhibit that "one-more- for-the-road" syndrome. yesterday MMN *·*, Nl« ·* Hw Letters To The Editor DOES U.S. FACE ISRAELI DECISION? ToTheEditor.Sir: Domestic- and international crises are rarely considerate enough to happen one at a time, especially to a country that has allowed itself to become and remain thoroughly obsessed with one relatively small geographical area of the world. For more than five years, since President Johnson retaliated with a major escalation after a Gulf of Tonkin incident that may never have happened, we have had visions of Generals Thieu and Ky (or their predecessors) hoisting the victory banner at the pay-off end of a red, white, and blue rainbow that rises from the mists of Foggy Bottom, White House, and Pentagon optimism and fades into the misty realm of Never - Never Land that surrounds Pentagon East. Many conservatives, moderates and liberals have long since dubbed that hallucination the "pot" dream. It makes no difference who started the war, who approved or disapproved, who continued it after one electoral mandate for "no wider war" and another to "end" the war. It is WE the American people who pay the bill with the lives of our youth, with tax dollars and resources. It is WE the American people who suffer the consequences that have adversely affected so many areas of personal life and of society as a whole. And if the Nuremberg Trials furnish a precedent, it is WE the American people who are ultimately responsible for the consequences of whatever foreign policies our government pursues. Mr. Benjamin D. Palmer, of New Market, poses what may be the ultimate test (foreign policy- wise) in the moral crisis we face. There has long been genuine concern among many who oppose the war in Southeast Asia for other areas of the world where problems have been piling up, and tensions rising: Latin America and the Middle East in particular. As much as we want and need to keep the lid on that situation it may prove necessary for the U. S. to make the important and far-reaching BERRY'S WORLD decision on whether to supply only war material to Israel, or to give her full active support. To prepare for that eventuality, and in the fond hope that Constitutional requirements would be honored, the American people should familiarize themselves with the problems in the Middle East and then inform their representatives in Congress of their desires. The Hon. Parker T. Hart, who has held various high level State Department positions dealing with the Middle East, as well as South and East Asian problems, and who has served as Ambassador to Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Yemen, spoke on the Middle East situation at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Political and Social Science in Philadelphia in April. I should like to share with you some items from my notes from that lecture: -- Our "posture" has been too high for our policy. -- Arabian oil is now less important to us and our Asian allies because of Alaskan oil. -- We have no real commitment to Israel, other than a possible moral one. -- Palestinian refugees are the real problem. -- The Arabs can afford to lose many battles, many brief wars -the Israelis cannot afford to lose even one. -The necessity for repeated reprisals could cause Israel to "win" herself to death. -- A secure border is not a natural boundary, or one specified in signed documents, but one that neither side has any motivation to violate. -- Secretary of State William Rogers' major speech on Israel was excellent but a year late for full impact. At critical points the White House has not supported its own policies U. S. policy should be clearly defined and then backed to the hilt. -- The Gaza Strip should be developed as a live port. Free use of the Suez and Gulf of Aquaba should be guaranteed to all. -- Guerrilla activities will cease only in a new Palestinian state. "But if I hove fo complete the semester via a correspondence course, does that mean I'll hove to demonstrate at HOME?" -- The Big Four are the wrong four -- the neighboring states should be involved. --The U.S.S.R. is as much a captive of Egypt as Egypt is of the U.S.S.R. -- Any settlement must provide for free trade from the West Bank to the East Bank. -- The great powers must not allow themselves to be drawn into the highly emotional quarrels of lesser nations. -- There are two wars in progress in the Middle East: the hot one between Israel and the Arabs and the cold one between the U. S. and the U. S. S.R. and they should not be confused or combined. -- We should pursue settlement through cooperation with the U. S. S. R. and the United Nations as a desirable middle ground between "policing the world" and total abdication of world responsibility. If we are to arrive at a sound policy for U. S. interests in the Middle East, it will be necessary to put aside purely ideological and emotional preconceptions. Some questions that need study: 1) The establishment of the State of Israel in 1948 -- Why was it established? By whom! 2) What are the causes of tension between Israel and the Palestinian refugees? Between Israel and the Arab States? 3) What responsibility do the major powers share for the conflict? 4) Should the Big Four (U. S., U. S. S. R., Britain, France) attempt to force a settlement? Should the lesser states in that area have a voice in any settlement? 5) Does the U. S. have vital interests in the Middle East? What are U. S. commitments to Israel? 6) Who should control the city of Jerusalem? 7) Would you approve the establishment of a new Palestinian state to give the refugees the national base they want? 8) Should the Suez be reopened? Free use to all guaranteed? 9) Should Israel negotiate from present boundaries, or from those that existed prior to the Six Day Blitz in 1967? 10) Should the U. S. suggest and then back to the fullest another attempt at referral to the United Nations? 11) Would an end to the war in Indochina have an automatic cooling effect on the Middle East? 12) Are there moral and practical reasons for supporting South Vietnam but not Israel, and vice versa? 13) How much will national frustrations with Vietnam influence eventual policy toward the Middle East? 14) To what extent has the whole Indochina experience contributed to the causes of isolationism, anti-Semitism, non- democratic tendencies, racism, hard-nosed social philosophy? The war in South Vietnam had · bipartisan support from the beginning and support from most of the ideological spectrum. The war in Indochina has bipartisan opposition and the dissent covers the entire ideological spectrum. The important thing is to bring the war to an end quickly and as honorably as possible, preferably by negotiation and neutralization of the entire area, so that we may once more devote our energies and resources to pressing domestic problems. With a little luck, a good bit of idealsim, and a great amount of common sense we may then be able to recreate a national atmosphere more conducive to sound judgments in international affairs and, consequently, fewer crises. BILIJE DENNIS HIM, 709Fairview Avenue Frederick, Md. 21701 50 Years Ago JUNE 5, 1920 A CONSIGNMENT OF bees to the American Express delivery office on Patrick Street escaped from the shipping crates and swarmed all over the express offices and were not hived until several employes fell casualty to beestings. CONFEDERATE MEMORIAL Day will be observed tomorrow by members of the Fitzhugh Chapter of the Daughters of the Confederacy. The old soldiers will assemble at the Wilson Stove House on East Patrick Street and from there proceed to Mt. Olivet Cemetery for memorial day services. F R E D E R I C K C O U N T Y ' S representative to the Maryland delegation at the Republican National Convention in Chicago, Reno Harp, will leave Monday morning for that city. He and other members of the Maryland delegation will be housed in the Hotel LaSalle. THE COUNTY'S share of the Maryland lateral road fund will be $62,550. The county has 1,234 miles of roads, or 8.2 per cent of the total for the State. 20 Years Ago JUNE S, 1950 THE BOARD OF Education Wednesday authorized the architect for the new Brunswick Elementary School to proceed with final plans. The new school will have 16 rooms, a large multipurpose room, a library, gymnasium and cafeteria. It will be a one story building. AT ITS ANNUAL .meeting at the Catoctin Country Club Monday night, the Frederick County Petroleum Industries Committee discussed and adopted a six point program calling for fair taxation of motor fuel, pay as you go highway finance, and repeal of Federal excise fax on gasoline and lubricant. TWO THOUSAND elementary school children from all over Frederick County gathered Monday morning in Baker Park for their annual folk dance festival. The students spent the entire afternoon by the bell tower and after their packed lunches were consumed, they formed dance teams for the rest of the day. FREDERICK COUNTY will send a big delegation to the University of Maryland's course for homemakers. Utopias Possible- With Safeguards By DON OAKLEY In a new book examining "the social absurdities and monstrosities" that have resulted from the mismanagement of scientific technology (nuclear bombs, pollution, etc.) and what can be done to correct them, microbiologist Rene Dubos cites the following ingenuous prediction made by the editor of the Scientific American in July 1899: "The improvement in city conditions by the general adoption of the motor car can hardly be overestimated. Streets clean, dustless and odorless, with light rubber-tired vehicles moving swiftly and noiselessly over their smooth expanse, would eliminate a greater part of the nervousness, distraction and strain of modern metropolitan life." This is only one example of how the 20th century has turned, to brass the golden visions of social progress which fascinated men of the 19th century, with their unbounded faith in the promise of science and its offspring, the Industrial Revolution. As someone said recently, the only trouble with Utopias is that those who devise them never have to live in them. Not that much planning or foresight went into the fashioning of 20th-century society. That, in fact, is the real trouble, says Dubos, and that is what we must remedy. But if none of the glorious Utopias dreamed of by some philosophers over the ages has ever materialized, neither has any of the horrific anti-utopias or "dystopias" others have forewarned about. Man is, for all his wrongheaded- ness, a creature who learns, or can learn, from the experiences of his ancestors. Perhaps the Scientific American was really describing the 21st century. Hijacking Screen Pays Bonus The Federal Aviation Administration's antihijacking system has come up with an unexpected dividend--the apprehension of persons committing nonhijacking offenses. In recent months, reports Secretary of Transportation John A. Volpe, 10 persons have been denied passage on airlines using the system after they failed to be cleared by it. Among their offenses were carrying a gun concealed in a shoulder holster and transporting narcotics. In addition, increasing amounts of weapons are being discarded in airport waiting areas. These range from a stolen .38 caliber revolver to knives. The antihijacking system makes use of a knowledge of certain behavioral traits common to hijackers, combined with a weapons screening device. Posters are also prominently displayed throughout airports warning passengers that they and their baggage are subject to search. So far, fewer than five out of every 1,000 passengers have exhibited the characteristics of potential hijackers. Three airlines presently use the system and three others are expected to be using it in the very near future. Since the system was first adopted in the latter part of 1969, none of the flights screened by it has been hijacked. First Big Deal--the Axle As every schoolboy knows, man's first great invention was the wheel. Right? Nonsense! writes an anonymous sage in "Through the Meshes," a modest compendium of homely wisdom published by the W. S. Tyler Co. of Mentor, Ohio. No one invented the wheel, he avers, because the wheel always existed. Every round stone was a wheel. Every fallen tree trunk was a wheel, as was anything that could roll. But they were all useless until someone invented the axle, on the ends of which wheels could be made to turn and on top of which a platform could be built to carry things. * Thus not the wheel but the axle was the first great invention. «TM* K? * ut *£ r u° ld l uffs ! l ke vs ' savs the author - We're still able to think pretty well. Doves in Hawks 1 Clothing Strange. Nothing is more anathema to young people today than the military, yet Army-Navy stores are doing a brisk business selling military apparel to them. College students and hippies are becoming a growing clientele for the surplus military gear outlets, reports the Wall Street Journal. So great is the demand that genuine military surplus .has become scarce and many stores are stocking "imitation surplus" made in--where else?--Japan. (Newspaper fnftrpriit Attn.) VSPAPEfcRRCHIVE 8

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