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iiased 9 Articles Blamed By \facArthur Aide for Ouster I NEW YORK. Nov. 27 #i-Biased, prejudiced and inaccur- ktc" news coverage oÂ£ the Korean Ur contributed to the firing of Bn Douglas MacArthur last year. Cs 'former chief of intelligence 1 erted today. Tne charge was made by retired J[aior-Gen. Charles Willoughby in Re December issue of Cosmopoli- kn Magazine. I He accused six newspapermen Jnd three news magazines of re- lorting which "created an atmos- Ihere of tension, uneasiness and listrust between Tokyo and Wash- ligton. This is believed to have ten * major cause i( for the Mac- Ifrthur-Truman split." frames Boyle And Pearson President Truman fired Mac- .rthur last April. ' i WiUoughby said the six cor- lespondents also gave "aid and lomfort to the enemy." The men he named were: Joseph Alsop, syndicate columnist; Hanson Baldwin, military Lot-respondent of the New \ork times; Homer Bigart, war correspondent of the New York Her- ltd Tribune; Hal Boyle, war correspondent and columnist of tne kssociated Press; Drew Pearson. Syndicate columnist: and Christopher Rand, former member of the erald Tribune resigned. staff m Korea, . They denied Willoughby s, charts and reiterated their beliefs 'hat faulty intelligence reports by im preceded the U. N. /surprise Setback in northern Korea last ear. Willoughby's article was accompanied by a foreword signed by /lacArthur. It said- . , . . "Gen. Willoughby's article is of Â·the greatest importance because Â·the entire effort to distort and ims- repiesent the causes leading to the existing situation represents one lof the most scandalous propaganda I efforts to pervert the truth m re Icent times " I Also Accuses Magazines "Willoughby also accused threi tews-magazuies. Time. Newsweek fand U. S News and World Repor lof having -''appeared to go out o I their way to create defeatist 1 thought patterns, and to belittle | the country's armed forces" While 'excepting some major sec| tions of the American press from Ibis assertions, Willoughby said oÂ£ columnists and commentators: ss* ragpickers of modern literature x x x have developed an insufferable but peculiarly American characteristic. They have come to believe they are omniscient. Already 'deep in the fold of yellow journalism, they thrive on sensational-exaggerations. Accuracy is unimportant There are notable exceptions." He said Alsop, Baldwin, Bigart, Bojle, Pearson and Rand were "among" the correspondents who Â·were not careful in their writings Accused Of Prejudice "During the most difficult days Jn Korea, these men weie often in- ccurate, biased, prejudiced and petulant; they confused an unhappy public. The corrosive effect of their irresponsible reporting was equal to that of calculated defeatism, even if such was not intended Their leporting furnished aid and comfort to the enemy." As against these accusations, Willoughby said the press as^ocia- tions were "generally accurate and balanced " The New York Times, e ;,aid, published some "discern- ng editorials," and he said the iearst and Scripps-Howard news- apers "have mvasiabJy b e e n eliable and well informed." Cosmopolitan Magazine is a Hearst lUbhcaUon. But the ex-intelligence chief aid "the entire Herald Tribune rowd, with the possible exception if the beauteous Marguerite Hig- ,11ns, seemed^ bent on castigating heir own army." Frank Kelley, foreign editor of hat newspaper replied today: "We are pleased by Gen Wiloughby's reference to our 'beau- eons Marguerite Higgins.' "For Mr. Bigart, he continues to be held in the highest respect by nis journalistic colleagues. ' His n-illiant frontline reporting in Sorea brought to him, as to Miss Higgins, t h e coveted Pulitzer Prize last spring" Vs Army Was Belittled iWilloughby centered his fire on the double charge that correspondents ' a n d news-magazines h a d ".belittled" the Eighth Army, and that they were,wrong in calling the STalu River withdrawal a "defeat," plus exaggerating the casualties. He cited an article by Hanson Baldwin, of the Times, as an instance of the first charge, declaring, "Hanson W. Baldwin (a trained technician who should know better) went out of his way to attack the armed forces of America in a widely circulated magazine article " The article, Baldwin said, was written several months before the Korean war began, and thus did not refer specifically to the Eighth Aimj. It uas a comparison of American soldiering, generalship and equipment, and said that the.\ are sometimes inferior to those of other nations. Willoughby said of ,these statements, ' No more eftective piece of destructive psychological warfare ' can be imagined." Baldwin replied today "As an intelligence officer. Gen. Willoughby was widely and justly criticised by Pentagon officials as Well ap in lha papers. Kls present article Is as misleading and marcurate a^ were some of his intelligence reports." Deny Attacking: U. N. Army Other correspondents, replying to Willoughby said they had criticized Willousuiby's work as an intelligence ollicer in Korea last ypar And they said they had attacked MacArthur for his strategic noves. which preceded the sudden withdrawal from 1 the Yalu River region, last year. But they denied having criticized the U. N. Army, as such, or the actions of the individual soldiers. Bigart, now in Paris, cabled: "Gen. MacArthur and his tight little circle of advisers have never been able to stomach criticism, whether from a war correspondent intelligence, respeoluÂ»R the the Chinese Communist caused the rcveis.es, sl/Â«Â» Â» Army, or the States. Piesident of the United In an attempt to silence criticism, they have adopted the the line that anyone who questions their judgment is 'inaccurate, biased and prejudiced' and that any criticism of them involves some slur on the whole Army." Willoughby's article deals in detail with the events of last November and December in Korea, which he said, did not constitute a "dis aster." At that time, many war correspondents asserted that faulty President Of Missouri Pacific Fired From Job WASHINGTON. Nov. 27. Oi-P. P. Neft was summarily fired from the presidency of the big Missouri Pacific Railroad today for testimony he gave the Interstate Commerce Commission, but nil he lost was the title. T. C. Davis, the board chairman, dismissed him from the presidency saying his testimony about the line's earning prospects was tailored to the interests of a "New York financial group." But in St. Louis, Guy A. Thompson, the Mo-Pac's court-appointed trustee in bankruptcy, declared that Ned \\ould continue "as my chief executive officer." The swift developments came in the midst of a hearing on a reor- jjanUution plan for tht Mo-Pac. which has been under bankruptcy trusteeship for IS years. Board Chairman Davis, with backing from Robert. R. Young, chairman of the Alienany Corporation and the carrier's blRgest. stockholder, has made the activities of the "New Yoik financial group" a central issue in a tight against the reorganisation formula. A principal question in that fight is whether the Mo-Fac common .stock has any value. Davis, YOUIIR and their barkers say the New York financiers,' proposing to write the securities oft. plan to grab control. 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