The Racine Journal-Times Sunday Bulletin from Racine, Wisconsin on July 11, 1965 · Page 13
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The Racine Journal-Times Sunday Bulletin from Racine, Wisconsin · Page 13

Racine, Wisconsin
Issue Date:
Sunday, July 11, 1965
Page 13
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Link with the Past RACINE SUNDAY BULLETIN Sunday, July II, >965 IB One-time Model for State The. Janes school features a "storybook" bell tower on which are circular terracotta inserts, reflecting the grace and elegance of the 19th Century. The entrance below is of pre-fabricated, galvanized metal in a heavy Romanesque arch. The Lincoln School, called a "temple of learning" when it was built in the gay 90s, features heavy Romanesque arches over the windows and horizontal banding along the fancy brickwork. By Norman T. Monson Journal-Times Staff Racine's aging cream-brick schools — Janes, Howell, Garfield, Jefferson, Franklin and Lincoln i — rnay go unnoticed alongside the city's modern schools, but these older buildings once were the pride o. the city and fnodels for the rest of Wisconsin. The older schools— erected before the turn of the century and still standing as links with the past — have provided first hand source material for Dr. Helen Pattori, art donsult: ant for' the Unified School District. , ' . Storybook Turrets Miss Patton recentiy was awarded a. Ph.D. by the University of Wisconsin for com- pilirig 662-pages of carefully documented research on local school architecture. She completed the work while on sab batical leave. The older schools are more than relics of the Victorian era. Most of them were built to last and did, serving generations of students. Miss Patton said schools such as Janes, Winslow and Garfield represent four or five building stages, including walls from the pre-Civil War period. "These school buildings perhaps better than any other single group of building types in Racine establish a link with the city's past, forming a continuity of history," she said. "The elegant Romantic era of the '90s speaks in the details found in the exteriors of Janes and Winslow." The same storybook quality of turrets and towers appears in a different way in the Yorltville Village School, which was built in 1885, said - Miss Patton. Reflects pracious Living She ^escribed the Yorkville School; near Ives Grove, as a building unique in Wisconsin and worthy of preservation. "The scrollwork and embellishments on the school remind us of mystery and whimsy that reflects a time when life was more relaxed and gracious," she said. Racine's older schools represent the influences of many types of architecture, sometimes all in one building because of additions over the years. The schools include Italian- ate, classic, Victorian Romantic and Romanesque architecture. They feature fancy brackets supporting the roofs and rhythmic patterns in the brick work connecting the windows, which are topped by various kinds of arches. Miss Patton pointed out the Janes School as an embodiment of the Victorian Age. The school has a bell tower reminiscent of a French Chateau. Trend Toward Function However, the Janes School also represented the American emphasis on function and efficiency. The bell tower was used for calling volunteer firemen to duty and an entrance arch was made of pre-fabricated metal rather than concrete, indicating the rapid industrialization beginning to take place. In addition to building com­ mittees of various school boards Racine's older schools and many other local buildings were mainly designed by two men — Lucas Bradley, 1809-1889 and James Gilbert Chandler, 1856-1924. She described Bradley as a carpenter - builder - architect who designed the early ward schools. Chandler was a specialist who designed schools that were increasingly functional. One,of Chandler's designs was the Lincoln School, built in 1891 and described at that time as a "temple of learning." • Miss Patton said the Lincoln School makes excellent use of space,. features good 'lighting and an attractive exterior. Even now you can see the value of activity centering around a diagonal hall," she said. "This same way of using space is evident in many modern school designs." Influences Child The pattern and the pride for quality schools was estab- 'ished in Racine before the Civil War, according to Miss Patton. In 1852 the first union school district in the state was established in Racine and plans were launched for four new two-story schools — three ward schools (Janes, Winslow and Garfield) and a high school. The new schools were hailed with a burst of civic pride. Pointing to the aesthetic beauty of the buildings. Col. John G. McMynn, principal of Racine's first high school, said: "The mind accustomed only to contemplate beautiful objects cannot be vicious. Children should always be surrounded by objects calculated to awaken emotions of gratitude, of goodness. The schoolroom ought to be the most pleasant place in the city. The eye ought often to rest on beautiful objects, the ear to listen to sweet sounds." Miss Patton also found comments from Dr. Philo R. Hoy, physician, and naturalist. He suggested in 1855 that aesthetically attractive schools help the child not only to think beautiful thoughts, but that in fact a child surrounded by beauty is physically transformed. N.Y. Mayor to Wed loiin The Yorkville School near Ives Grove, built in the 1880s, has a storybook quality as if it had been built for the amusement and enjoyment of children, according to Miss Helen Patton, Racine art consultant. She points to the fancy brackets, scrollwork and bell tower as representative of the Victorian era. This view of the Garfield School features three different modifications of Victorian architecture. The squared-off windows, lower left, are from the 1855 original building. Above them is a 1903 addition that features connected Roman arches at the windows, brackets underneath the roof and a band of dentils, similar to those on Greek temples. An 1879 addition at right features a modified Roman arch and Italianate brackets under the roof. Will Train 5 from India to Aid U.S. Poverty War NEW YORK-r^W^Mayor Robert F. Wagner, whose first wife died of cancer 16 months I ago, will be married July 26 to Barbara Joan iCavanagh, a blue-eyed New York socialite. She is the sister of Deputy Mayor Edward F. Cavanagh Jr. The 55-year-old three-term mayor said he planned to have his elder son, Robert Jr., 21, serve as best man, Wagner said he wanter his younger son, Duncan, 18, as second best man "if 1 can have the both of them." Spellman to Officiate The marriage ceremony will be performed by Francis Cardinal Spellman, Roman Catholic archbishop of New York, in the private chapel of St. Patrick's Cathedral. Wagner and Miss Cavanagh, 36, are Roman Catholics. It will be her first marriage. Wagner said no honeymoon plans have been made yet. But he said it would not be a long one. "I have a lot of work to do." The announcement, made by the bride-to-be's mother, Mrs. Edward F. Cavanagh Sr., came as no surprise. Wagner had been seen frequently with Miss Cavanagh, a tall, lithe blonde. Won't Seek Re-election Wagner winds up his third term next Dec. 31. He recently announced he Would not seek re-election because he wanted to devote more time to his family. Wagner and his first wife, the former Susan Edwards, were married in 1940. Miss Cavanagh, a vigorous, good-humored sportswoman, is well known in New York social and political circles. Her name was added to the New York edition of the social register last year. She is a native of New York City. Her late father, Edward F. Cavanagh Sr., was a prosperous real estate dealer. Colombian Leaders Urged to End Bickering BOGOTA, Colombia — (JP) •Leaders of the military forces and the Roman Catholic Church appealed to Colombia's political leaders to put I aside c'-fferences and seek solutions to grave economic problems. Separate communiques from the military and the church were issued only 24 hours after leading business organizations had sent Pres. Guillermo Leon Valencia a letter urging prompt measures to cure "the critical state of the nation." Bickering between political factions has held up congressional action on a series of economic and social measured proposed by Valencia. ANNAPOLIS, Md. — im — Five Indians, among the first "peace corps" volunteers sent to the United States from another country, are in training here for work in America's war on poverty. The Indians will spend three months at St. John's College, 'where they are preparing for (probable assignment in U. S. slum areas and also helping success by Indian and American officials, it could lead to 1 establishment of an Indian jpeace corps. The five volunteers would use their experience to help such an Indian program get started. Wofford said Sargent Shriver, the peace corps director, had been advocating the idea of an exchange peace corps, teach the Hindi language to and that the interest expressed no A ; n - ^ 1 .. , . The variations in architecture of Racine schools were evident in other buildings. This picture of Monument Square, taken in the 1880s, sho^ws a variety of Victorian architecture. Starting at left: the recessed arches iii the Gorton Block are the same as those on the Garfield School; the fancy brick work and ribbing in the build­ ing on the southeast corner of Main and 5th St. is similar to that on the Winslow and Howell schools. The roof lines of the building^ along Main St. are Victorian Romantic akin to Janes, Winslow and Lincoln schools. —Raclns County Historical Society Photo 93 American Peace Corps volunteers who will go to India. They will then spend about a year working alongside 'American volunteers in antipoverty programs in this I country. Pilot Experiment Harris Wofford, associate director of the Peace Corps, said the program is a pilot experiment which could lead to an international peace corps. He said the corps has provided a badly needed "exchange of light" between countries, "but so far it has all been outgoing." "This program would make the corps a real two-way street, which is what we've always hoped it would be," |he said. The program was set up by the U. S. and Indian governments and will be financed by the two governments and by American private foundations. Will Arrive Soon Wofford said the five Indians who have arrived in the United States within the last two weeks, will be assigned to work in slum areas with Volunteers in Service to America (Vista), the domestic peace corps. They will not actually be a part of that program, but will be paid on the same basis — a living allowance and $50 a month to be given them when their service is complete. "We haven't settled on just where they will go, but we jhave more invitations than we can accept," Wofford said. The five trainees, selected I by the Indian government, all have at least one college degree and all have considerable experience in community action and social work. They are Mrs. Stawant B. Singh, 46, from Delhi; S. D. Tyagi, 36, Etawah, Uttar Pra- jdesh; L. K. Gupta, 34, Luck- 'now, Uttar Pradesh; M. K. Pathik, 27, New Delhi, and Krishna Patankan, 32, Bombay. Shriver's Idea If the program is judged a oy the Indian government in setting up a corps offered the opportunity for trying the experiment. Phillip Camponeschi, director of the training program at St. John's College, said officials hope the Indian volunteers "will have the impact and appeal in this country that Peace Corps volunteers have had abroad." "They will be penetrating deeply into American society, just as peace corps volunteers penetrates into the society he serves," he said. "They will gain, it is hoped, perspectives and insights into American institutions and community life. . ." Brazirs Ambassador to Visit Milwaukee MILWAUKEE — i/P) — Juracy Magalhaes, Brazilian ambassador to the United States, |WiU visit Milwaukee Tuesday. Magalhaes, who also is Brazil's first secretary Ipr economic affairs, will ad ^Vess a luncheon meeting of Wisconsin corporation aod.banking officials at noon. In the afternoon he will meet with Marquette University Peace Corps trainees preparing for assignment in Brazil and will address them at an evening session. The ambassador will speak to Brazil in a special amateur radio broadcast originating in Marquette's Peace Corps headquarters. It may take days, weeks or months to choose a new car, hut you need only minutes to get a Bank of Elm wood auto loan! (And you pay only those low bank rates) Bank of Elmwood 2704 Lathrop Ave. Open Saturday Mornings Phone: 637-6561 Member FDIC Japan, having defeated Russia in the Russo-Japanese war, emerged as one of the world's major powers. For all your banking needs, come to the Bank of Red Carpet Service

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