Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on June 18, 1970 · Page 16
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 16

Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Thursday, June 18, 1970
Page 16
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REPUBLIC REPUBLIC CITY MAIU 1Q The Arizona Republic H Wioentx, Tlrors., June 18,1970 Study group outlines overhaul of U.S. criminal code 'System in trouble 9 UCLA graduates told Washington Post Service WASHINGTON - A blue- ribbon congressional commission called yesterday for a top-to-bottom overhaul of the federal criminal law, drastically altering and streamlining the national scheme of crime and punishment. The National Commission on Reform of Federal Criminal Laws (NCRFCL), a group of 12 top legislators, judges and lawyers established by Congress in 1966, said the time has come for Congress to decide basic questions of capital punishment, sentencing and the entire reach of federal authority in the crime area. Chairman Edmund G. (Pat) Brown, former Democratic governor of California, released a 344-page study draft for revision of the Criminal Section, Title 18, of the United States Code, which contains most of the federal criminal laws in what Brown called a "planless variety" of inconsistent and incongruous parts. Brown said he expected the draft to stir a "national debate" over the death penalty and other controversial issues both before and after a final proposed code is offered to Congress in November. Vice chairman Richard H. Poss, R-Va., said it might take years before Congress hammers out a final new version and that the Senate and House must continue until then to enact important new crime laws. The study draft would establish: — A totally new concept of federal power to prosecute and punish crimes. It would scrap theories based on crossing state lines and use of the U.S. mails and eliminate such technicalities as key elements of what the U.S. government must prove at trials. —A schedule of crimes graded by seriousness rang- Morc about Senate panel rejects twin ABM Continued from Page 1 R-Mass., to replace the Cannon amendment with a proposal to halt all work on the ABM except for the two sites approved last year was defeated, 12 to 5. Rejection of the anti-Chinese sites was considered likely to be sustained when the bjll goes to the Senate floor and could well survive a conference with the House, which already has approved Nixon's full. plan. The Defense Department declined comment on the committee action, except to say it preferred the House version. In approving a $19.2 billion military procurement authorization bill about $20.2 million lower than the administration had requested, the committee also: —Adopted sweeping language proposed by Sen. Henry M. Jackson, D-Wash., authorizing the Pentagon to sell jets to Israel to counteract Soviet military assistance to Arab countries. The measure would authorize up to $325 million in credit guarantees to the Israelis and express the committee's "grave concern over the deepening involvement of the Soviet Union in the Middle East." —Deleted all $152 million requested for advance procurement for a third nuclear aircraft carrier. —Knocked out $435 million provided by the House, under pressure from its Armed Services Committee chairman, Rep. L. Mendel Rivers, D-S.C., for construction of four ships in addition to those requested by the Pentagon. —Approved an Army "super- tank"—the MBT70—but deleted funds for an intermediate tank, the M60-E2, which has experienced turret difficulties. —Cut in half the Pentagon's request for $100 million to build advance prototypes for a new strategic bomber, the Bl. —Approved all funds for the controversial Fill fighter-bomber but required the defense secretary to certify in writing that the plane will work before he commits any more money. * —Sliced Pentagon research and development by $385 million, leavig $7.0176 billion, and imposed a ceiling of $625 million on independent research by contractors that has no direct application to national security. Senate Democratic leader Mike Mansfield meanwhile told the joint Congressional Economic Committee that Congress must be prepared to kill the ABM system, even in the face of a presidential veto, unless the Pentagon proves it will work. ing from murder where national security is involved to the lowliest misdemeanor, with scales of maximum penalties for each. —Statutory definitions of defenses, such as insanity, self defense and alibi, setting a nationwide standard for all federal courts in place of rules fashioned by the judges within each of the 11 regional circuits. —Loophole-closing p r o v i- sions designed to enable the government to try former servicemen for federal crimes committed in uniform and persons working abroad for the government and crimes on the high seas, In the air or in outer space. —A new approach to corporate crime, extending increased liability to top executives for business crimes, and providing for damage suits and removal of corporate officials in some consumer fraud cases. —A new law governing capital punishment if Congress chooses to retain it for the worst federal crimes, which would allow the trial judge to block imposition of the death penalty verdict of a jury. —Mandatory parole supervision at the end of the prison sentence of even the toughest prisoner who failed to earn a shorter stay behind bars. The proposal would not shorten any convict's period of confinement but would give the government more leverage in "assisting" a prisoner's adjustment to civilian life. LOS ANGELES (UPI) Charles J. Hitch, president of the University of California, said yesterday the system is in "serious trouble" with the public. Hitch, addressing 2,500 UCLA graduates and their parents at commencement ceremonies, said the university is a "living institution which depends for its life on the confidence and support of the people of California." He referred to the years of turmoil which have beset the university and said opposing campus factions "need each other for survival" and students should "speak up" in support of the university. THE CANCELLATION WAY* THE CANCELLATION WAY»THE CANCELLATION X m A > z ft m f > H o z > « IT'S HERE...OUR SEMI-ANNUAL Table Sale! $£88 2 pr. $ 13 00 Top Brands at unheard of savings— We can't tell you the brand, but we can tell you, that you will save up to $20.00. THAT'S THE CANCELLA. TION WAY. Sizes 4-11 Widths AAAA-B BANKAMERICARD NORTHIAST 1611 I. McDewoll Rd. Open Men. & Thuri. 0.9 NORTHWEST 35th Ave. at W. Bethany Home Open Men., Thurs. & Fri. 9-9 Sun. 11-5 P.M. SCOTTSDALI 17 North Scettfdale Read Open Thurs. 0.9 MISA 1452 E. Main Thun. * •til t Fri THE CANCELLATION WAY»THE CANCELLATBON WAY«THE CANCELLATION More about Voting age of 18 passes House Continued from Page 1 who'has teamed with Celler to pass all the civil rights bills of the last decade, said that if the bill was not passed, "This will go down in history as a day of infamy." Speaker John W. Me Cor mack, D-Mass., retiring from Congress at the end of this year, urged in effect that the House pass this one for McCormack. "Nothing would make John McCormack, who won't be here next year, happier than to see this resolution adopted," the speaker said. If signed and upheld, the bill would extend the vote for all federal, state, and local elections to 11 million persons aged 18 to 21. The bill began its legislative journey more than a year ago as a measure to extend the Voting Rights Act of 1965 which has registered about one million Negro voters in the South and is considered the most effective civil rights law of modern times. Last December, the House by a five- vote margin approved an administration substitute bill that civil rights leaders felt would be ineffective. Their principal complaint was that it would repeal a requirement that states covered by the law must obtain prior approval of changes in their voting laws from the Justice Department or the U.S. District Court here. This provision was designed to prevent attempts by southern states to get around the act. The Senate restored the provisions of the 1965 act and sent it back to the House in March, where it has been sitting for three months while civil rights forces worked to round up the votes to pass it. EVERYTHING MUST BE SOLD! FAMOUS GG6 SMITS REG. «m» HOW '149" FAMOUS COG SPORT COATS REG.-us- .... 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