APPAkENTLY HE'S NOT THE ONLY ONE Racine, Wisconsin Sunday, July 11, 1965 Not the Place for State Money "Fifty Thousand Dollars" was the name of a pretty good short stoiy by Ernest Hemingway. It also seems to be the name of the game in Madison: Come up with some promotional scheme, and the Legislature will come up with fifty grand. Thus we sent a big cheese to the New York World Fair—$50,000 worth of cheese. And now the city of Milwaukee comes to Madison with its hand out for help on the Milwaukee World Festival, another promotional stunt. The price, to the slate: $50,000, of course. The Milwaukee World Festival may be a fine idea, and it may do great things for Milwaukee and the state. Its promoters predict $2i million in admissions and more than $5 million in tourist expenditures. That makes the state's $50 thousand look like small change, and it also raises the question: why should the state government be involved in the financing of a Milwaukee promotional venture when it does not become involved in financing the dozens of large and small festivals, celebrations and other community promotions thi'oughout Wisconsin? Or will Franksville get $50,000 for the Kraut Festival next year? Detailed Look at Redevelopment Plan The whole concept of the Barton-Aschman plan for redeveloping Downtown Racine as announced this week is so big that some of the interesting details and reactions may ha\-e been lost in first reading. A second look at the plan provokes some miscellaneous comment today. * * * "A downtown," said a Racine professional man, "should be where the action is, and the trouble loith our Doivntown today and in recent years is that it is deadly dull." Whether or not that is a fair description of Downtown today, it is safe to say that a redeveloped Downtoion would contain the important ingredient of any city center: excitement—the excitement of people, business and busyness, interesting architecture. It would be a center of culture, entertainment and education, as well as a center of business. Doumtown certainly should be "where the action is." * * * Wh&t happens to the Downtown theaters? The two surviving movie houses in the Downtown area, the Venetian and the Rialto, would give way to other types of development in the Barton-Aschman plan. But the plan proposes a theater seating 1,000 to 1,600 patrons a block north of the present theaters. The idea occurs to us; why not split that theater into two smaller auditoriums, like "Cinema 1" and "Cinema 2" in the old Wisconsin Theater in Milwaukee, so that two attractions can be shown simultaneously? And why not provide one of those theaters with playhouse facilities, which are now almost totally lacking in the community? * * * 77)6 Barton-Aschman report seems to have caught a theme in Racine architecture: towers. An architectural note in the report speaks of "the high quality of other important development," and mentions the Courthouse, the Johnson research building, the YMCA and Wingspread. What these buildings have in common is a tower-type design as a central feature. The Downtown redevelop- vtent planners would carry out the tower theme with an office and residential structure approximately on the site of the Hotel Racine—a central tower for a city of toicers. * * * Obviously, the Barton-Aschman report did not spring, full-blown, from nowhere. It contains elements and adaptations from other meritorious development plans which have been submitted to Racine recently. It shares with the traffic plan advocated by developer iMillon F. LaPour the idea of a belt or "disti'ibutor ring" of traffic-carrying streets around the Downtown, with "penatrator streets" enterin,!? the Downtown itself; it also shares with LaPour the concei-n for "an improved, high-capacity, north-south bypass route . . . approximately one-half mile west of Downtown, connecting the Racine St.- Grand Ave. corridor with the Douglas Ave.-North Main St. corridor." The Barton-Aschman plan compliments the plan recently prepared by a group of University of Wisconsin planners for developing the lakefront from proceeds of a building and parking facility on Lake Ave. between Fifth and Sixth Sts. * * * The Barton-Aschman planners proved the need of long-term, surface level parking facilities on the edge of the Downtown area by a simple test of parking at one of the present lakefront parking lots, made last September. That one day check showed that only 4.1 per cent of the parking in that lot ivas for shopping while 73.8 per cent was all-day parking by em ployes working in Doivntoiun stores and offices. The plan proposes no less than nine such surface lots for long-term parking, loilh short-term shopper parking in two buildings, the present Wisconsin Ave. parking ramp and the building to be constructed on Lake Ave. as Stage 1 of the plan. * * * Painfully obvious for years, to professional planner and traffic engineer as well as amateur improvers, is the need to "do something" about two of the major access points to Downtown: the complex intersections at State and Main Sts. and at the Sixth-Seventh-Grand-Washington "c o n- fusion corners." The Barton-Aschman plan, marks these intersections for major redesign and redevelopment. * * * Folloioing the redevelopment plan, Racine ivould finally and at long last accept its proximity to Lake Michigan as a major Downtown asset. The marina between Fourth and Fifth St. could make us a major port of call for Lake Michigan pleasure craft, while the adjacent motel would provide facilities for lake sailors as xoell as other travelers and tourists. Three of the major buildings in the development program would, in effect, face the lake, and connect it to the Downtown and central portion of the city. * * * Development of the University of Wisconsin in Racine has not been forgotten in the Downtown plan. The final paragraph of the report reads: "Growth of the University of Wisconsin is as important to the future of Downtown Racine as any other single factor. If the UWR should be expanded from a two-year to a four-year institution, the economic potential of Downtown Racine will be vastly enhanced, as will the general cultural environment of the community. The City of Racine, the non-profit development corporation, and all other civic groups should be alerted to the importance of this single factor and combine their resources to promote its success." Wafter Lippmann Change in Policy Would Save Position in Viet Nam The president must often feel that he is between the devil of unlimited war and the deep blue sea of defeat. The dilemma Lippmann msWTB: Western Outlook: Not All Gloom * * * * * m * * * Successes in Asia, Africa Offset Viet Nam Frye By William R.Frye UNITED NATIONS, N, Y. — With certain notable exceptions, the West has been making striking progress toward w i n- ning the cold war in the "third world" of Asia, Africa and Latin America. It has been disproving Red China's boast that the "imperialists" are a pushover there. The one major exception to this optimistic diagnosis— Viet Nam—has tended to blot out the rest. Such an intense spotlight has been focused on that unhappy land that other areas of the world have slipped into a news shadow. But much that is worth noticing has been happening in that shadowy zone. A lot of it is encouraging, and tends to dissipate some of the gloom from Saigon. For example: Red China and Africa: Reading a Columnist's Mail With Tex Reynolds EDITOR 'S NOTE: Names and addresses must accompany all letters, though signatures will be withheld from publication upon request, except in cases where a contributor wishes to answer someone whose name has been published. In that event, the answerer must sign his name for publication also. Letters must be limited to about 400 words. Over-long letters will not be considered. Somewhat Critical of City Council Dear Tex: After reading about Tuesday night 's council meeting, I sure am disgusted. I attended the Committee of the Whole meeting on the safety building. I was against it as were many other taxpayers. They figured around $2i /2 million and some taxpayer said it would cost $4 million before it's over, and he is so right. They knew in the beginning there wasn't enough room for parking around this Safety Building. Now they are talking about buying a parking area for $200 thousand. Are they trying to sell us down the river? Now one alderman proposes a raise from $1,800 to $3,000 a year in salary. I think $1,800 is plenty for a part-time job. I think this should be put to a referendum so our city fathers could see where they stand. After all, we can just go so far; we will all be winding up in the poor house. —OVER-TAXED NOW. * * * Reminder to Boys and Their Parents Dear Tex: I have been concerned for some time about boys shooting birds and animals in the vicinity of our home on the outskirts of Racine, and 1 presume the same thing is occurring elsev/here. Undoubtedly, many of these youngsters, and their parents, are not aware of the laws they are breaking in doing this. So I thought an article written by a game warden in a southwestern Wisconsin county would be interesting and do some good. In answer to questions about how old a boy should be before he can have a BB gun, the warden wrote: "First of all, what is this boy going to do with the BB gun? Does he know the hunting laws, which say you cannot hunt without a license? Does your boy know that shooting at any bird or animal except bam pigeons is hunting? Does he know that he must be 12 years old to get a hunting license? "A song bird is usually quite unafraid, especially in its nesting area. They can be approached very close. The modern day air rifle or BB gun is quite powerful and accurate. If you hit a bird or small animal it will kill instantly. In the hands of some boys they can be very destructive. "Remember he cannot hunt any bird or animal until he is 12 and receives a hunting license. Then get him a hunting regulation and teach him the unprotected birds and animals. If this procedure is followed at a young age I am sure he will not get into trouble with conservation law violations later on in life." —MRS. R. Do You Know Q — Where was the ship Marie Celeste when it was discovered, deserted? A—The ship was discovered m the waters between the Azores and the coast of Portugal, in December 1872, loating ghostlike, without captain or crew. The fate of the Marie Celeste remains one of the world's most famous sea mysteries. * * Q—What is the name of the fish ihat can "walk" and sing"? A—The common sea robins are sometimes reported to have been seen walking on the sea bottom. They do not have feet, but there are rays on the fins which do look like feet; with these the fish examine the ocean floor. * * * Q—Does sunlight that falls on the earth have weight? A—Yes. Light has appreciable weight — or pressure. The light pressure on the surface of the earth is given as 2 pounds per square mile. * * * Q—What chemical element was named for a mythological god? A—Mercury, a liquid which flows so freely that it was named for the fleet-footed messenger of the gods in Roman mythology. * * * Q — On what continent is the world's coldest temperature found? A—The lowest temperature yet experienced on earth is minus 127 degrees in Antarctica, near the South Pole. * * • Q—Did Gen. Grant demand the surrender of Gen. Lee's sword? A—In his Memoirs, Grant stated: There was no demand made for Gen. Lee's sword and no tender of it. * • * Q—In what languages were the books of the Bible originally written? A—The Old Testament was written in Hebrew and the New Testament in Greek. * * * Q—What kind of tree does cork come from? A—Quercus suber. Peking has been absorbing a series of body blows in Africa. First it lost Burundi, which had been its base of operations against the Congo—and the Congolese revolt petered out. Then criticism of the Communists, both Soviet and Chinese, began surfacing in the Kenya Parliament. Students from Kenya returned from Russia complaining bitterly of racial discrimination and Marxist indoctrination. As neighboring Tanzania drifted steadily toward Peking, other countries in the vicinity became alarmed. Prime Minister Hastings Kamuzu Banda of Malawi said this past week that Red China had spent millions to corrupt African leaders — money which, he pointed out, could have been better spent to feed the Chinese people. Africans who have recently won power, some of them after a long struggle, are not happy to be told by Chinese Premier Chou En-lai that their continent is "ripe for revolution." Except for southern Africa, they heartily disagree. The abortive Algiers conference: Postponement of the second Bandung" conference of Afro-Asian leaders in Algiers was a jolt to Peking, which fought hard to hold it as scheduled. Ceylon, Morocco, Ethiopia and India, among others, clashed directly with the Chinese. Each of these countries had, at one time or another, been regarded as "soft" or "potentially soft" on communism. Ceylon went a long way to the left under a previous government. Peking's influence in the Afro-Asian bloc was shown to be much less pervasive than many in the West had feared. Algeria: The full meaning of the coup which overthrew Pres. Ahmed Ben Bella last month is still not apparent; but one thing is clear: neither Peking nor Moscow nor Havana is pleased. Col. Houari Boumedienne, the new strongman, appears to be taking Algeria back toward genuine neutralism, away from the Soviet bloc. Among other things, his regime has notified Moscow it no longer will act as a forum for Soviet propaganda. Pakistan: Pres. Ayub Khan, who for many months had been flirting with Red China, has recently taken a more independent line. Moreover, responding to Western urging, he and Prime Minister Lai Bahadur Shastri of India have agreed upon a cease-fire in the dangerous Rann of Kutch dispute, which at one point seemed on the verge of producing an Indo- Pakistani war. Latin America: The initial wave of indignation against the United States for its Dominican intervention has subsided, and while the idea of sending in Marines remains essentially unpopular, the United States' patient effort for a negotiated settlement along democratic lines has relieved many fears. Recent developments m Brazil, Bolivia, Chile and elsewhere have strengthened democracy and undercut communism. There is not so much urgent speculation about where the "next Castro" wil arise—though no one pretends the danger has passed. Russia-China: The two Communist giants continue at each other's throats, despite Viet Nam—or perhaps in part because of it. They are rivals, not collaborators, in the cold war everywhere. Against these relatively favorable developments must still be placed setbacks for the West in Indonesia, Tanzania, Mali, Congo (Brazzaville), the European Common Market, and Russia's U.N. dues. The Viet Nam quicksand continues to get deeper and bloodier. But at least the picture is not all dark. Red China's boasts—and Western fears— that Africa, Asia and Latin America are "the storm center of world revolution" have proved singularly incorrect. Compared to a year ago — with a Cyprus crisis, a blazing Congo revolt, and a coup a month in Saigon — there is much to relieve the gloom. Looking Backward 40 YEARS AGO July 11, 1925 — Maximum *; Minimum *. Directors of the Nash Motors Co. voted an extra $6.50 per share dividend for common stock. Pres. C. W. Nash said earnings for the second quarter were over three times the same period of 1924. D e d i c a t ion ceremonies were slated for Sunday, July 12, at the new $70,000 Trinity English Lutheran Church on Geneva St. Rev. Frederick C. Eseman had served the church throughout its 20-year history. * No readings available. is a cruel one, and for some time now, since the rejection in April of his offer to n e g o tiate, he has had no policy for winning the war and only a speculative hope as to how to bring it to a decent end. He has hoped that a military stalemate would produce an acceptable negotiated settlement. Our present objective is to stave off military defeat in the South and to soften up the North by limited bombing. By autumn we ought to know whether the current administration strategy is based on a true estimate of the state of the war or whether it is, as some of us fear, a device for putting off the evil day of having to decide between unpleasant alternatives. Pause in Autumn? If the current strategy is successful, it will be a most happy surprise. If, by the autumn, Hanoi with Peking's consent agrees to negotiate at all, it will at least mean that there is a pause in the relentless movement toward a larger war. But there will still remain the very great question of whether the Viet Cong and Hanoi and China will agree to any settlement which bears some recognizable resemblance to the objective of an independent South Viet Nam which the president and Sec. of State Dean Rusk have been talking about. Were this to become possible in the autumn, it would be a miracle. For we would have snatched a moral victory from the jaws of a military defeat. It seems most unlike- y that it will happen. It is unlikely that the Viet Cong will be ready to quit if it does not win a military victory during this monsoon season. The Viet Cong and its Allies have been at war for 20 years, and there is no reason to suppose that they are not prepared to go on for many more monsoon seasons. As for inducing North Viet Nam to pull back, it is significant, as we know from Secretary Rusk, that Hanoi has thus far refused even to talk about some kind of cease-fire in return for a cessation of the bombing. It looks as if Hanoi has taken into account that it will probably be bombed, has discounted its losses in advance and is prepared to commit its formidable army to the war. From their point of view the stakes are very high. GOP Demands If the hope of a stalemate to be followed by the negotiation of an agreeable settlement fades out, the president's Republican critics will demand that he win the war by devastating North Viet Nam, The Republican activists Reps. Gerald Ford and Melvin Laird, have taken up where Barry Goldwater left off, that is with the simpleminded notion that this war, and virtually any other war, can be won by bombers. It will not be easy, however, for the president to refuse to try strategic bombing. For if he holds back he has no way of proving that the policy will not work. This will be especially awkward if large numbers of American infantrymen are bogged down n South Viet Nam. The eyil consequences of unlimited bombing upon the whole international situation would not be visible until the policy is undertaken. In order to resist the Republican attack and satisfy our deepest interests, the president will need, I think, to make a decisive change of policy. He needs a new policy which will override the debate about "victory," or "withdrawal," and will make feasible his hope of an eventual negotiated settlement. The new policy would have to be, it seems to me, a pull-back of our forces from the defense of villages and small towns to one or more highly fortified strong points with certain access to the sea and then to advise Saigon that it should seek to make peace with the Viet Cong and with North Viet Nam. :;' Presence Would Remain This would not be a withdrawal from Southeast Asia, such as Sen. Wayne Morse has been advocating, for the American presence would remain, providing a sanctuary against the persecution of our friends and a basis of influence while a new order of things in Asia is being negotiated. There would not be much glory in such a strategic retreat. But it would not be a surrender. It would be honest and honorable; since it would be feasible, it would be credible. It would extricate us from a war that cannot be won at any tolerable cost; it would disentangle us from a political commitment that is grossly overextended and leave us with the possibility of playing - significant part in the eventual China, settlement with Robert M, Hutchins How Should Nations Act Toward Another's Revolt? Members of the U. N. secre- 30 YEARS AGO July 11, 1935 — Maximum 92; Minimum 69. Raymond DeGuire was reelected president of the Racine school board and Oscar T, Jacobsen re-named vice president. The Racine YMCA planned a northwoods camping session for older boys at a lake about 100 miles north of Green Bay. The City Water Commission agreed with trustees of the South Lawn Sanitary District to extend water service to Lake Park if the district issued bonds satisfacory to the federal PWA officials. Hutchins 20 YEARS AGO July 11, 1945 — Maximum 78; Minimum 47, Racine commercial fishermen were enjoying prosperous days with good catches of lake trout bringing from 60 to 65 cents a pound wholesale. Don Huth, a former Journal-Times reporter and ex- president of the Racine Junior Chamber of Commerce, was assigned by the Associated Press to cover India. Officials of the Seaman Body Plant in Milwaukee announced they expected to start making automobile bodies in the near future for postwar Nash ^ cars. tariat and ambassadors to the U.N. from Africa, Asia and Europe gathered the other day at the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions for a private meeting with the staff of the center. The subject was the state of the world. The visitors were very polite. But it was clear they took a dim view of the prospects for peace and civilization. Some of them admitted they were less hopeful than they had ever been. They could not conceal their disappointment at the course the United States was following in the Dominican Republic and Viet Nam. The violation of treaties by this country and its indifference to the United Nations made our official commitment to world law and world order sound hollow and hypocritical. On all specific subjects, ranging from the representation of China in the United Nations to dealing directly with the Viet Cong, our policy seemed to be derived by doctrinaire deduction from the tired slogans of anti-communism. What About Revolution? One basic issue emerged from the discussion. Would it be possible to clarify the attitude any honest government should take toward revolution or civil war in another country? Some members of the group pointed out that violent revolution anywhere in the present state of the world was likely to provoke the intervention of a major power. vention of others on the other side. Everybody was against unilateral intervention. Was multilateral intervention, by the United Nations or by a regional organization, any better? Other members gave a negative answer to this question. Several insisted on the right of revolution. They held that any action by other powers, unilateral or multilateral, should be directed against the interveners. The citizens of a country must be permitted to fight out their differences without interference. It was agreed that this was the classical position. The question was whether it was now out of date. Important Question The importance of the question is obvious enough. The grave disparities among social classes in most of the countries of the world, the instability of Africa, Asia and Latin America and the economic weakness of the poor countries mean that we are in for an age of revolution. If every violent effort to bring about change carries us into the shadow of nuclear war, we are all destined for the psychiatric ward. The issue is one every American has to face, for it is our country that has shown the greatest disposition to intervene unilaterally in revolutions far from our own shores. So They Say McNamara is so irresponsibly wrong that you can't count predictions. He should have been removed from office months ago—and Rusk along with him. —Sen, Wayne Morse, D -Ore., Tu- ,j . - , • criticizing administration This would provoke the inter- foreign policy in Viet Nam"
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