The Racine Journal-Times Sunday Bulletin from Racine, Wisconsin on July 26, 1959 · Page 60
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July 26, 1959

The Racine Journal-Times Sunday Bulletin from Racine, Wisconsin · Page 60

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Racine, Wisconsin
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Sunday, July 26, 1959
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Page 60
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Some of the nation's worst disasters resulted. The Peshtigo. Wis., fire swept 1,280,000 acres in the Green Bay region and killed 1,152 persons. The Peshtigo survivors were unfortunate because of the cruel coincidence that touched o(T the blaze Oct. 8, 1871, the same day as the great Chicago fire. The Chicago death toll was 250, but practically no one outside Wisconsin heard of the Peshtigo tragedy for weeks. Relief was tardy and skimpy. Another forest disaster was the Hinckley, Minn., blaze of 1894, which killed 418 and devastated Pine County. The 1918 Cloquet, Minn, fire razed that city, killed 538. and laid waste 250,000 acres. These huge fires resulted from small blazes which had been set to clear land for settlements and farms. When humidity fell and winds rose, the small fires merged into the holocausts that killed thousands. According to the Advertising Council, which has campaigned against forest fires for some 20 years, man-made (ires now destroy some three million acres of timberland a year. When its campaign was started, the annual loss was 10 times greater. "Keep America Green" is the slogan of another campaign, launched in 1941 by the American Forest Products Industries, to preserve our woodlands. Much progress is credited to the 50,000 professional fire-control experts, Federal and state rangers, and private employees of timber firms, who are constantly alert across the nation. The new techniques a.ssisting them include radio communications, planes for pa- troling and for carrying smoke-jumpers, water and chemical bombs to smother flames. Price of this protection, $55 million a year, is high. But the cost of fires through destruction of timber and other property, damage to future forests and top.soil, loss of underground water supplies, and flood damage from watershed destruction reaches $1 billion annually. Some of the lo.ss can't be measured in dollars. The toll in game, birds, and fish is tragic. Adult biixis, refusing to leave their young, are roasted to death in their nests. Fish die in streams— .some .scalded, others killed when ash and lye pollute the water. Deer die because they are attracted by flames. Modern techniques of fire flghting have cut the fire toll. Carelessness with (ire has been reduced through public education campaigns, such as "Smokey the Bear" films and posters. If arson also can be slowed down, our foi-ests may be preserved to recover from the mistakes of the past. But incendiarism won't disappear until arson laws are better enforced and the public is better educated about the tragic conjjequences of deliberate burning. Eklucation can come through lectures and (ilms at .school and club meetings, along with new.spaper and magazine .stories, radio and television appeals. Sometimes the education is more complicated. In a Florida district, rangers learned one family was responsible for most of the incendiary fires there. Members of the family grazed their cattle in a national forest, which they burned regularly to create grassland. The rangers finally showed the family how to turn its own land into u.seful pasture. The fires stopped. In the Chattahoochee National Forest area, rangers found that arguments about economic waste failed to stop arson. Then ministers of local churches were asked to help. Soon the {icople were hearing sermons asking for an end to fires because the Bible enjoins man to exerci.sc "stewardship of the land." The moral appeal worked and there were no more fires. But in most instances confirmed arsonists will not change their ways unless faced with certain arrest and punishment. Sherifls will not arrest, district attorneys will not prosecute, and juries will not convict unless the public recognizes forest arson as a critical evil. For too long now, arson has been puni.shed with nothing more than a judicial slap on the wrist. Professional fire<(ighters at work are a tragically familiar sight each year. family Weekly, July 2t. IMS If lEGOODraODM TOBRMTHE LAXmiE DRUG HABIT Kellogg's All-Bran and milk Ffr relief ef irreielarity iie te lack ef bilk That there is a safe, Rood- food way to regularity comes as quite a surprise to most laxative drug users. This is understandable. For if, as doctors warn us, some laxative drugs arc strong enough to be dangerous and even habit forming, how can a gentle, natural food be more effective? The explanation is simple: a common cause of irregularity is lack of bulk in the diet. And laxative drugs which contain no bulk cannot correct this problem. With Kellogg's All-Bran it is different. 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