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Dedicated to the Progress And Growth of Central Utah Wednesday. April 9. 1975. THE HERALD. Provo. Utah-Page 37 Consumer Preferences If the overwhelming majority of American consumers have their way. Congress will again shelve the idea of setting up a super consumer advocate in Washington. Although the empowering legislation, "The Consumer Protection Agency Act of 1975," has been endorsed by an impressive 11-1 vote in the Senate's Government Operations Committee, American consumers, by a 75 per cent majority, are opposed to the creation of a new, independent consumer agency within the federal government — according, that is. to another of those ubiquitous public opinion surveys. The survey found that only 13 per cent of consumers support the bill (S.200), which its proponents say would give consumers a larger voice in helping shape government decisions. Not only that, but more than half of the 13 per cent who initially favored such an agency changed their minds when told that the bill calls for the government to spend $60 million to set up and operate the new agency over the first three years. A total of 12 per cent of the public had no opinion either way. Opinion Research Corp. of Princeton, N.J., conducted the survey, which was commissioned by The Business Roundtable. A total of 2,038 people of voting age where interviewed in their homes between Jan. 10 and Feb. 3,1975. All sections of the country and all population groups were represented. One would have guessed otherwise from Iistening4o the complaints of some consumer activists, but the survey found that the public is generally Off the Beat satisfied with the consumer protection efforts of existing government agencies. Almost eight out of 10 consumers feel they are being treated fairly by the government. Asked about present federal agencies in the consumer field, most of the people interviewed had heard of the Office of Consumer Affairs, the Consumer Product Safety Commission and the Environmental Protection Agency, and most felt they were doing effective jobs. Thus given the choice between creating a new agency or making existing ones more effective, they strongly favored improving present agencies by 75 per cent to 13 per cent, as noted. The survey also found that 27 per cent of consumers believe they are "almost always" treated fairly by business, while 59 per cent feel they are "usually" treated fairly. Thirteen per cent said they have been treated unfairly. Yet even in cases in which people have been dissatisfied with some product or service, the survey showed that they believe the best places to go in order to get something done about it are the person or business they dealt with in the first place, the Better Business Bureau and the company that made the product or furnished the service. Only 8 per cent of the public look to federal consumer agencies to correct unfair treatment. Supporters of the Consumer Protection Agency could argue, of course, that this last statistic, especially, underscores how much Americans need to be educated in the matter of their consumer rights. Annual Utah Legislative Sessions? Support Builds By ROBERT McDOUGALL Arguments in favor of having some kind of annual legislative session are becoming more compelling in light of the log jam which developed in the last few days of the recent session. Many legislators, including the governor, argue that most legislative bodies leave a great deal of legislation until the last minute and then in a flurry of pre-adjournment zeal they act on a great number of issues. The 1975 legislative session was notorious, however, for the number and complexity of measures taken up in the closing days and hours of the session. Rep. Wi|lard Gardner, R-Provo, was moved to say he was embarrassed to see how little time was spent on many important measures. Rep. Ted Davis, R-Provo, maintains that the buildup this year was larger than usual, and President of the Senate, Ernest H. Dean, D-American Fork, said that if people want the legislature to deal with up to 800 bills, legislators will have to have more time. The constitution provides for lawmaking sessions on odd numbered years lasting 60 days. In 1968 voters amended the constitution to allow budget sessions lasting 20 days in even numbered years. In addition the governor has the power to set the agenda for special legislative sessions which can be called at his discretion. Sen. Karl N. Snow, R-Provo, said that semi-annual 60-day legislative sessions may have been all right when his grandfather, Edward Hunter Snow represented Washington Coutny on the state's constitutional committee and then in the first legislature in 1896, but he said this is no longer adequate. Sen. Snow was the chief sponsor of a move to place the matter of annual legislative sessions on the 1976 election ballot for a constitutional amendment, but the'bill failed in the dying hours of the legislative session. Sen. Dean called the failure a tragedy. "If the public wants us to adequately consider 800 bills in a session we will have to have more time," he complained. One of the most compelling arguments for having annual law making sessions is the one advanced by freshman representative Lee W. Farnsworth, R-Provo. He points out that in the house, in particular, the chief sponsors of a major piece of legislation can be defeated between sessions and the house finds itself working on someone else's legislative proposals. It is generally agreed that the bills with the best chance of passage are those that have been studied and refined in the interm between legislative sessions. House members are elected every two years in November of even numbered years. Legislative sessions are held every second year in odd numbered years. "The problem is that the chief sponsors of a bill and those most familiar with a measure are sometimes no longer in the house and a new body is expected to deal intelligently with the measure," concludes Rep. Farnsworth. Now that the legislature will involve every member in committee work year round to consider legislation, it would appear that this problem will become more critical than it has been in the past. There is a universal feeling on the other hand among the state's lawmakers that the time has not arrived when the state needs, or wants, any form of full- time professional legislature. Many legislators argue that annual 60 day sessions would impose too much of an economic burden on part-time legislators. There have already been some complaints from a few legislators who opposed Sen. Snow's reform bill appointing every legislator to one or more interim comittees to make extensive study of bills between session. The most popular proposal seems to be that the semi-annual 20 day budget session be extended somewhat. Some propose making it 30 days, others favor 40 and still others favor 60. The governor favors leaving things as they are until the interim structure can have a chance to operate. Sen. Snow says he is very conscious of the circus atmosphere in the legislature's final days, and he says errors made are usually due to time pressures. He said the present system is woefully inadequate" and while he agrees we should have a lay legislature, those elected will have to be willing to commit the time necessary to do the job. " UJHO'S VIETNAM? THAT'S U)HO'5 LOS/MO UIETMAM!" Henry J. Taylor Leaders Change, System Stays By HENRY J. TAYLOR Kremlin watchers note that nonperson losif Vissarinovich Dzhugashvili (Stalin) is now being returned to public attention in the Soviet Union — for long years sunk without a trace. Stalin, only three inches over five feet tall, was called Koba by his few intimates. And on March 5,1953, at 9:50p.m., he suffered a brain hemorhage in the Kremlin and died there, age 73. The result was the same as the death of Lenin on Jan. 21, 1924. Stalin's death began a typical bloodbath in answer to the permanent Soviet question: "Kto kogo?" — "Who is over who?" It took Stalin — which means steel — 10 years to consolidate his power. At first he backed into his future and clouded his movements in a diversionary smokescreen as he went. Then he reversed his technique and, like a bull-leaper, vaulted over the horns. Stalin called fear "the greatest motivating force for mankind" — and he should know. He seized power by the deadly process of killing off his intimates one by one. In fact, Stalin secretly shot 10 of his intimates all on the same day. These included Lev Karakham, a friend whose trust Stalin so infamously abused. All were apparlchiki — Communist party career men. And under Stalin's 16-year rule at least 700,000 members of the Communist party were murdered or perished in labor camps. His long reach stretched even to Leon Trotsky's safe refuge in a Mexico City fortress home. An assassin's Alpine pick, Stalin-directed, crashed into Trotsky's skull and the blood from his brain spilled over the sheets of his manuscript of Trotsky's "Life of Stalin." Exiled Nobel Prize winner Aleksandr 1. Solzhenitsyn points out in his "The Gulag Archipelago" that in the 80 years of Czarist rule from 1826 to 1906, v 1,397 persons were given the death penalty. A full 500 had their sentenced suspended or managed to escape. But in the two years 1937-38 under Stalin this "supreme measure" was inflicted against about I 1 /* million people. In addition, Stalin deliberately starved to death millions of disgruntled peasants, as in the Ukraine. Nor did the Red Army escape. Its capture of Berlin struck Stalin not only as a triumph, but also as a warning that such an army could also take Moscow. So he promptly purged the leaders of the Red Army. Nikita Khrushchev, in turn, to faster consolidate his own position, made Stalin a nonperson in the U.S.S.R. Russia was saved by the Stalingrad victory. Khrushchev made it officially the "Battle of the Volga." The Russian expression for someone who has very little power is "short hands." Ultimately, this was Wirushchev. And he himself fared no better than Stalin. Stalin's skeleton walked out of the closet, snapping its bony fingers. Khrushchev was buried in Moscow's obscure, suburban Novodevichye Cemetery on Sept. 14,1971. Not one former Kremlin colleague came. The only one who had the courage and decency even to send a wreath with the standard red ribbon was AnastasI.Mikoyan. An outdated, unframed photograph of Khruschev at the age of about 50 sat forlornly above the white slab giving his birth and death dates and only Prayda and Investia, and no provincial newspaper whatever, briefly noted the passing of the man who had led the Soviet Union for 11 years. Only recently has a small and controversial monument been placed in Khrushchev's memory. The Soviet Union calls itself the Sovietskaya Valst — the dictatorship of the proletariat. Yet Communist party box Leonid I. Brezhnev recently stated that there are 14" 2 million Communists in the Soviet Union. Leffer fo Editor llicy rule the 250 million population. This means rule by less than six per cent of the people. And, even so, that rule is enforced by a minority within the ridiculously small minority. The real power rests with the tiny group of Central Committee members who are the fraction that belong the the Politburo. Their method is simply to shut 3Ut public participation in the oartv in their basic concept of iiinority rule. We arc not faced by a man. We ire faced by a system The Soviet Union has seen Lenin, Stalin, Malenkov, Bulganin, Khrushchev and now Brezhnev. The deaths of Lenin and Stalin, like the vanishing of the others, saw no change whatever — not one iota — in this fundamental. (Copyright. 1975, United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) Food Policy for Poor Nations Editor Herald: I can't help protesting what our government is doing to the starving nations of the world. Since the potato growers have such an excess of their crops that they are forced to give them away, I fail to understand why the federal government refuses to let dehydrated potatoes be included in the food we ship to the poor nations of the world. I believe most good-hearted Americans believe in charity. When we have an excess of a product that can only spoil or go to rot, why is it nearly impossible to offer this surplus to those in' need? I protest rising prices along with the rest of the people of this nation, yet I protest more strongly our government's unwillingness to help save lives when we have the means to do so. We are all too ready to give the weapons to kill to warning nations, and, ironically, hesitant to preserve lives when we have the means to do so. I highly commend the farmers who charitably gave tons of free potatoes to the citizens of Utah rather than burning or otherwise destroying such a large food supply. The hearts of those men are good, and they deserve just compensation for the product of their labors, as all working men do. When will Uncle Sam care more for human life than to choose to refuse readily offered food to starving men, women and worst of all, innocent, beautiful children? It is a heart - breaking situation and I hope the anger of many will be kindled to protest to the leaders of this nation in order to see this food given to deserving humans throughout this land and others in need throughout the world. With the excess we have, what excuse can the government have in refusing the requests of those who grow food? Let's hope this situation can be altered as tens of thousands are living lives of near or total starvation. Barbara J.Todd 280 E. Newview Circle Orem Quirks In The News DIXON, 111. (UPI) - When Lee County Circuit Judge Martin Hill slammed his gavel on March 5, some 250 Dixon teachers lost their jobs. School officials say they'll get their jobs back on April 9 when the school board meets, but only because Mrs. Judith Willard resigned from the board. Hill voided the school's contract with its teachers because, he said, Mrs. Willard had a conflict of interest. Her husband, Merlin, teaches English at Dixon High School. In his ruling, Hill said state law voids all conflict-of-interest contracts. He said the Dixon contracts would continue to be void until Mrs. Willard resigned. She resigned earlier this week. TOKYO (UPI) - A schoolteacher determined to get his daughter into a prestigious university took the school's entrance examination himself dressed in a woman's wig and clothing but the disguise failed, school officials said. Officials of Tsuda Womens University in Tokyo said the jig was up when some girls taking the test told supervisors one of the applicants was "too stocky and walked like a man." Officials observed the man throughout the test, watched him use the ladies room instead of the men's room, and finally confronted him after he had completed the exam. Remember When From the Herald files as compiled by Lynn Til ton 10 Years Ago April 9,1975 The Medicare package passed the House 313-115. President Lyndon B. Johnson said: "In 1935, the passage of the original Social Security Act opened up a new era of expanding income security for our older citizens. Now in 1965 we are moving once again to open still another frontier — that of health security." Robert Sumsion, Springville City Attorney, was authorized by the city council to meet with the Utah Road Commission concerning the possibility of changing parallel parking along Main Street. The action followed a meeting of local citizens, Howard Mayclock, spokesman, who recommended parking be arranged at a 35-degree angle, which would not interfere with the through traffic. Max D. Harper was appointed Justice of the Peace for Lindon. 25 Years Ago April 9,1950 Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy, R., Wis., dropped congressional immunity from a lawsuit to accuse Owen Lattimore of fashioning a Communist U.S. policy for China. Lattimore replied that the accusations had been toned down to a point where it amounted to a retraction of earlier spy charges by McCarthy. Five musical organizations in Provo said they would participate in the annual Cancer Crusade. The organizations leaders were Abel John Peterson, director of the Provo High A Capella Choir; Leland M. Perry, Chauntenetts; Mrs. Florence Britsch, accompanist, Couriers of Song; Elvis B. Terry, Mendelssohn Chorus, and BYU Symphony Orchestra, directed by Lawrence Sardoni. A new 8.6 cubic foot Leonard Refrigerator with a miniscule - freezing unit cost $199.95. 40 Years Ago April 9,1935 Provo City removed one of the biggest obstacles in the path of the realization of the $7 million Deer Creek Project, when the commission passed an ordinance calling for an election on the Metropolitan- Water District Act for June 18. Passage of the ordinance was moved by Commissioner Walter P. Whitehead with Commissioner J. E. Snyder signing it as temporary mayor while Mayor A. 0. Smoot recovered from an illness. The CCC got its initial allocation of funds in an effort to provide work for seven million unemployed persons. Edward G. Robinson in "The Whole Town's Talking," was at the Crest with "Lottery Lover" billed for the Paramount and "School for Girls" and "Broadway Thru a Keyhole," played at the Orpheum. Capital Scene By DAVID E. ANDERSON WASHINGTON (UPI) - Jill Raytrond is an organizer for the People's party and one of the radical community's chief theoretician of "feminist socialism." If things had gone right, she'd be in Washington now, at the party's tiny "resource center" or national headquarters. Instead. Jill Raymond is in jail in Lexington, Ky., because she wouldn't talk to a grand jury. The story behind the jailing of Miss Raymond and four others in Ijexington goes as far back as 1970 when a Boston bank was robbed, allegedly by four left- wing radicals. A grand jury indicted two women, Susan Saxe and Katherine Power, for their alleged role in the crime. Miss Saxe was caught last week and Miss Power has been on the FBI's "Most Wanted List" since. Using assumed names, the FBI apparently believes the two women worked and lived in Lexington's "gay" community last summer. The FBI sought to get information on the two by questioning Raymond and her friends but, as the law permits, they refused to answer the questions. In response, the FBI had the witnesses called before a grand jury. Again the witnesses refused to answer questions and were cited for contempt. They could spend up to 18 months in jail — the duration of the grand jury term. In addition, the lawyer for the Lexington five told the judge in the case he was authorized, in his clients' name, to say that "we had no knowledge or reason to believe that Lena Paley or May Kelley were persons other than the persons they claimed to be, or were fugitives from justice." Paley and Kelley are the names the FBI believes Saxe and Power are using. But that doesn't seem to be enough for the FBI. It apparently is seeking something of an overview of the women's movement and those associated with it, in hopes of getting inside the minds of the two fugitives. It is important to remember that the Lexington witnesses are not being charged with having committed a crime. Rather, they are in effect being imprisoned for refusing to cooperate with the FBI — a right every citizen enjoys. The larger issue involved is the changing role of the grand jury. Originally, the grand jury was created to protect citizens from malacious prosecution — the idea being that a prosecutor had to convince a group of citizens there was enough evidence to warrant pursuing a case against a person. Increasingly, however, the system has been used' by prosecutors to pursue their investigations. A potential defendant, for example, can be called many times to testify — in secret —before a jury but he does not have the benefit of a lawyer in a jury room. The FBI use of the grand jury seems to be an even newer twist on prosecutorial use of the system. According to reports from Lexington, for example, FBI agents stood in the anteroom of the grand jury hearing room and listened to the questioning taking place even though such sessions are supposed to be private. Meanwhile, Jill Raymond and her friends, guilty of nothing other than protecting their privacy, sit in jail. Berry's World © 19756yNEA. Inc. "My gag writers had a bad day, so you'll excuse me if I move on directly to the many problems facing our nation ..."