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4-A THE BAYTOWN SUN fV|ond.ay, April 28. 1986 ^EDITORIAL Newspapers win in high court A 5-4 Supreme Court decision, bulwarking free speech guarantees under the Constitution's First Amendment, means newspapers no longer will have to prove in a libel suit that a challenged story was true. Prior to the decision, in at least eight states, including Texas, the law put the burden of proof on defendant newspapers to prove the story under challenge was true. Henceforth, a private citizen must prove a newspaper story was false to win a libel suit against the paper. The controversial decision split the nine justices, leaving the minority, including Chief Justice Warren Burger, complaining that the ruling appeared to grant "a constitutional license to defame." Not so, wrote Justice Sandra Day O'Connor for the majority. She said the decision to reverse a Pennsylvania state court ruling in a case involving the Philadelphia Inquirer was necessary to dispel a "chilling effect" such requirements might have on the press. Simply stated, the new ruling provides that in libel actions filed by private citizens the plaintiff must prove the story at issue was false before the complainant can prevail. Public figures face much tougher requirements of proof in libel suits than do private citizens. Such persons are more accountable to the public by virtue of holding office and are thus more subject to public criticism than private individuals. Newspapers should not interpret the new ruling to mean they should be less diligent in establishing the validity of information they publish. Jock Anderson Khadafy's the culprit WASHINGTON - Until very recently, the Reagan administration offered no hard evidence to back up its charges that Libyan dictator Moammar Khadafy is responsible for much of the random terrorism that has made Americans nervous about traveling abroad. Now the White House and the State Department are giving the public chapter and verse on Khadafy's involvement. Lest anyone get the idea that the latest outrages laid at Khadafy's door are his only offenses — and may be a justifiable response to his Gulf of Sidra humiliation — we can now disclose some of the past evidence against Khadafy found in State Department files. The cables from U.S. embassies to Foggy Bottom were recently declassified. The cables, reviewed by our associate Lucette Lagnado, make clear Khadafy's will. ingness — nay, eagerness — to finance terrorism and subversion virtually anywhere in the world, from assassination of Libyan dissidents to coups against vulnerable governments. He has also provided generously from Libya's oil weath to give training and refuge to various terrorist groups. Here are some examples of Khadafy's mischief-making: — Nigeria. In April 1983, the American ambassador in Lagos sent Washington a detailed report on an alleged plot to over- "Our guest today is David Stockman, who built a vast web of confusion and self-delusion and resorted to budget flimflam before he signed a $2.4 million contract for his memoirs and came out smelling like a rose." From Sun files Dillenback president of ex-Gander lettermen, '36 Today in history From The Baytown Sun files, this is the way it was: 50 YEARS AGO G-Association, composed of ex-Gander lettermen, re-elects Bill Dillenback president. Bert Black is vice president; Thomas Foster, secretary; David Y. Arn£tt, treasurer; L.B. Palmer, sergeant-at-arms. Colon Petteway and Herman Matysiak are in charge of building a float for the G- Association in the Texas Centennial and Memorial Day Parade. A delegation from Tri-Cities Teachers Association asks the school board to increase salaries, proposing a minimum of $1,200 a year and a maximum of $1,910 a year. The existing scale ranges from $990 to $1,800. The proposed salary hikes would add $52,000 to the annual school district budget. Howard E. Brunson announces plans to build a $15,000 theater in La Porte. High • winds interrupt elec- trical and phone service. 40 YEARS AGO M.W. Geisendorff, member of the Goose Creek City Commission, and C.W. Grantham, city superintendent, travel to Tyler to get a garbage truck from the Army's stock of surplus trucks. 30 YEARS AGO Lela Muller, Horace Mann Junior High teacher, is awarded a fellowship for a summer course at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Westinghouse Educational Foundation sponsors the fellowship. 20 YEARS AGO Baytown Chamber of Commerce wins its battle to get Baytown designated as the official address of U.S. Steel's Texas Works Plant instead of Cedar Point. Perry Britton, chamber president, pointed out to company officals that Baytown already is well-known as a port throughout the world and nationally known as an oil and chemical center. Cfje IBaptoton Leon Brown ................................................ Editor and Publisher Fred Homberger .......................................... Assistant to Publisher Fred Hortmon ................................... Editor and Publisher, 1950-1974 EDITORIAL DCPARTMENT Wanda Orton ................................................. Managing Editor Joan Me Anoll ..................................................... News Editor ADVERTISING DEPARTMENT Bill Cornwell ............................................... Advertising Director CIRCULATION Gory Dobbs ............................................... Circulation Manager The Boytowrv Sun (USPS 046-160) 'a entered as second class matter at the Baytown, .Texas Post Office 77522 under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Published afternoons. Monday through Friday and Sunday! at 1301 Memorial Drive in Bayiown, Texas 77520. Suggested Subscription Rates: By carrier, $5 25 per month, $63 00 per year; (ingle copy price, 25 cents Doily, 50 cents Sunday. Mail rates on request. Represented nationally by Coastal Publication*. POSTMASTER: Send orJdrets changes ta THE BAYTOWN SUN, P.O. Box 90. Baytown, T>. 77522. The Associated Press ri erHrrted exclusively la the ute for republlcation to any news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and kxof news of spontaneous origin published herein Rights of republicolion of oil orher matter herein art ofeo reserved. The Boytown Sun retains nationally known syndicates whose writers' byline*) tlarkts or* u*ed throughout me newspaper. There ore times when these articles do not reflect The Sun's inrwrwcr Onry signed letters will be considered for publication. Names will be withheld upon request for good and sufficient ton. Pteaw keep letters short. The Sun reserves the rigfit to excerpt letters. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS On April 28, 1789, there was a mutiny on the Bounty as the crew of the British ship set Capt. William Bligh and 18 sailors adrift in a launch in the South Pacific. On this date: In 1758, James Monroe, fifth president of the United States, was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia. In 1788, Maryland became the seventh state to ratify the Constitution. In 1945, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress, both of whom had tried to flee advancing Allied forces, were captured and executed by Italian partisans. In 1952, war with Japan officially ended as a treaty that had been signed by the United States and 47 other nations took effect. In 1965, U.S. Marines went ashore in the Dominican Republic to protect American lives during a revolution. In 1967, heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad AH refused to be inducted into the Army. In 1980, Secretary of State Cyrus Vance resigned in the wake of the failed rescue mission aimed at freeing the American hostages in Iran. Bible verse 0 God, thou art my God, early will I seek thee; my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is, to see thy power and thy glory, as I have seen thee in the sanctuary. Psalms 63; 1,2 throw the Nigerian government. The plot was "personally approved" by Khadafy and bankrolled by him to the tune of $40 million. A Nigerian on trial for plotting the overthrow "had testified of several clandestine trips to Libya . . . last year, and said he and seven other plotters had received cash payments of over a million dollars in Tripoli, Accra and Lagos," the cable stated. The ambassador added that the supposed plot may have been a scam "in which several Nigerians were able to con large sums out of the Libyans." The authenticity of the plot was largely irrelevent. In fact, if it had indeed been nothing more than a confidence game it demonstrated that Khadafy was so enthusiastic about aiding the overthrow of the Nigerian government that he hadn't made even a cursory check of the supposed plotters' credentials or chances of success. Con men or coup plotters, the Nigerian group "met with Khadafy at a military farm on the outskirts of Tripoli," the ambassador reported. The Libyan leader "approved and encouraged their scheme, telling the Nigerians that he had two other groups in Nigeria, but they were ineffective." The next day, the visitors met with members of the Libyan revoluntionary council and were given money. — Egypt. In November 1984, Egyptian intelligence held Khadafy up to worldwide ridicule by announcing — falsely — that a Libyan opposition leader had been assassinated in Cairo. Khadafy immediately claimed credit, whereupon the Egyptians produced the supposed victim at a press conference, alive and well. The Libyan hit squad assigned to the task had been captured by the Egyptians and persuaded to confess. Among other things, as the Cairo embassy reported to Foggy Bottom, the gang that couldn't shoot straight had confessed that Khadafy also had plans "to assassinate various heads of state, including (West German) Chancellor Helmut Kohl, Saudi Arabia's King Fahd, the United Arab Emirates Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan and Pakistan President Zia ul-Haq." GORGE ISSUE RISING: The 41,000 or so residents of the Columbia River Gorge area along the Oregon-Washington border are divided over legislation that would turn the spectacular section into a federally protected scenic area. Environmentalists and Oregon's two senators support the bill, which would put the gorge under federal management. They say it would protect the area from development. Not so, say many local critics, who fear that the scenic-area designation would only draw hordes of flatland tourists'and lead to construction of resorts and hotels. And if anyone's going to mess with their land, they don't want Uncle Sam doing it. DEEP BACKGROUND: Eli Rosenbaum is the World Jewish Congress bloodhound who has been doggedly sniffing out the Nazi background of former U.N. Secretary General Kurt Waldheim. Rosenbaum was amused recently when he came across a photograph Waldheim is using in his campaign for president of Austria. It shows a smiling Waldheim with the famous Manhatten skyline in the background. And there — right there, see? — Rosenbaum spotted his own apartment building. Unfortunately, Rosenbaum wasn't waving from his balcony when the picture was snapped. MINI-EDITORIAL: We're not exactly enamored of our blow- dried rivals on the television news shows, but we're deeply disturbed about a White House plan to bypass the networks and feed unedited speeches, briefings, Rose Garden ceremonies and other White House media events directly to local TV stations. The idea, which is the brainchild of the resident White House press kicker, communications chief Patrick Buchanan, seems to us one more step down the slippery road to Goebbelslike force-feeding of propaganda to the public. Joseph Spear co-authored today's story with United Feature Syndicate columnist Jack Anderson. Bob Wagman Revolving door goes faster than ever into the 'lobby' WASHINGTON — The lobbying by former White House aide Michael D e a v e r has underscored once again one of the oldest problems in Washington — the so-called revolving door of government. While the revolving door to top-money lobby jobs has always existed, many believe the problem has worsened considerably during the last several years. Deaver is the most visible of the former high-level Reagan administration officials who now lobbies for big dollars, but. there are dozens of others who are just as active. Now two representatives, Howard Wolpe, D-Mich. r and Marcy Kaptur, D-Ohio, have introduced legislation that would bar top officials from representing or advising a foreign concern or government for at least 10 years after leaving goven- ment service. The proposed legislation would subject violators of the 10-year rule to a fine fo $250,000 or two years in prison. "In essence, former high-level public servants are cashing in on knowledge and expertise obtained at taxpayer expense," says Rep. Kaptur. "What has happened is that the American government has become a finishing school for highly paid lobbyists for foreign interests," is how Wolpe puts it. "We think it is simply wrong that former top-level American officials should be for sale to the highest foreign bidder." Wolpe and Miss Kaptur say the new law is necessary because existing laws are written too loosely and are rarely enforced. Yet most Capitol Hill insiders put the bill's chances of passage at somewhere between zero and none. Said one seasoned Sente staf- fer. "The people making the big bucks at foreign representation are the center of the establishment from both parties. They could defeat anything, let alone a measure like this. If the rules ever change it will be to make •them more lenient, not toughen them up.' 1 The revolving door, of course, takes many forms: It might be a former military officer going to work for a defense contractor whose efforts he used to oversee. It might be a federal bank examiner who has gone to work for a bank he used to examine. It may be a federal bureaucrat retiring and forming a consulting company to do the same work he was doing as a government employee, only for an inflated fee instead of a mere salary. Or, it might be a high-level former federal official lobbying his friends, and even his former subordinates, on behalf of private interests or foreign governments. And Deaver, former White House deputy chief of staff, is a gold plated example. Since he left the White House less than a year ago to set up a lobbying firm, he has obtained contracts worth millions from foreign governments and private firms. By one recent account of European public relations firm has offered to buy Deaver's fledgling business for $18 million. Currently, the General Accounting Office is investigating whether Deaver violated federal conflict-of-interest laws in his dealings with the White House on behalf of one SlOO.OOO-plus a year client, the government of Canada. Reportedly. Deaver jvas instrumental in getting the Reagan administration to agree to step up efforts to bring acid rain under control — with America footing the bill. Federal law forbids a government official from lobbying his former agency on any matters he worked on at that agency for a year after he has left government service. Rep. John Dingall. D-Mich., has asked the GAO to determine if Deaver worked on the acid rain issue while at the White House, especially during the preparations for President Reagan's visit to Canada, which came just before Deaver resigned. There are also charges that Deaver made a kind of end run around the conflict-of-interest rules when he lobbied James Miller, director of the Office and Management and Budget, on behalf of the B-l bomber and its maker, Rockwell International, a $250,000 a year plus client. Deaver said there was no violation because, technically, OMB is not part of the White House. Deaver, though, is not alone. Langhorne Motely, former assistant secretary of State, represents Brazilian shoe manufacturers. Last Dec. 17, Reagan vetoed a bill that would have restricted U.S. shoe imports. Bob Wagman writes for the Newspaper Enterprise Association.