Lubbock Avalanche-Journal from Lubbock, Texas on April 5, 1975 · Page 8
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Lubbock Avalanche-Journal from Lubbock, Texas · Page 8

Lubbock, Texas
Issue Date:
Saturday, April 5, 1975
Page 8
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.JOURNAI.--Saturday Morning. April 5. 1975 ans EXPLOSIVE DEVICE—A plainclothesman carries a suitcase containing the remains of an "explosive device" to a police car Friday in New York City. The device fizzled in front of Macy's department store as police closed in on a would-be extortionist who had threatened-to explode it in one of the branches of Bankers Trust Company unless he was given an unspecified sum of money. (AP Wirephoto) Thleu Blames U.S. In Saigon Losses (Coulinucil From Pago One) standing for peace, national independence and concord." The South Vietnamese government delegation in Paris called on the Viot Cong to give a simple "yes or a no to the question: 'Do you want to •immediately resume the negotiations?' "Faced witl> the indescriba- Shock Greets Plan To Ban Natural Gas (Continued From rage One) in the midst of an expansion program that calls for.another 44,000 kilowatt generator operated by a gas and oil-fired boiler. The generator has already been ordered. Bids will be opened Monday for the 52 million boiler. Senter said ha does not know if adoption of the prohibition of natural gas as a boiler fuel would apply to the new LF&L boiler or not. Wood said specifications of the new boiler would make it easier to convert to fuel oil should the proposal be adopted by the Railroad Commission. It would be LP&L's first totally automatic firing boiler. Current units must be fired by liand when fuel oil is used. In addition, the new boiler will be capable of burning lower, heavier grades of fuel oil. Currently, only No. 2 fuel oil, comparable to diesel fuel, can be used. Some Types Excluded The way the Railroad Commission proposal reads, Wood added, LP&L's gas turbine generators with internal combustion engines instead of boilers would not bo affected. These turbines currently can supply 30 per •cent of peak daily demand, Wood said. LP&L also has an old dic&al-powered generator that would not come under the Railroad Commission plan. It's not physically" «ir financially impossible to convert existing LP&L boilers to burlMuel oil, Wood indicated. But it certainly would send (he price of electricity soaring. To use fuel oil 100 per cent of the time would presumably boost LP&L fuel costs nearly 400 per cent. The city-owned utility spsnt $2.7 million on natural gas and S520.COO on-fuel oil last fiscal year. During that period, the cost of natural gas rose from 26 cents per 1,000 cubic feet to 59 cents. Last month, LP&L paid 67.37 cents per 1,000 cubic feet. An alternative to building more generating facilities in the future is being explored by city officials. They arc looking into the possibility of an interconnection with Southwestern Public Service Co. Figures are now being compiled for the Federal Power Commission to determine if buying electricity would in fact be cheaper than the combined cost of construc- blc suffering of the civilian population, victims of the Communist forces' general offensive, the time ior useless gabbing is over," a statement from the Saigon delegation said. "There is only a choice between the continuation of the current test of strength and real, negotiation." U.S. Army chief of staff Gen. Frederick C. Weyand said before returning to the United States to report to President Ford on his week-long evaluation visit, that he agreed fully with Thieu's 'military strategy. Abandonment of northern South Vietnam without a fight was "a sound strategic action," he told newsmen. "The North Vietnamese army ... can be defeated." Thieu's speech came several hours after his government claimed to have broken up the second plot in a week to oust the president in a coup. A Saigon spokesman said that elements plotting a military takeover had been arrested and investigations were continuing. Sources said at least seven persons were arrested. Dozens of. politicians and other civilian opposition figures were arrested a week ago on charges of plotting a coup. ' Blames UiS. In his speech, Thieu put much of the blame for South Vietnam's setbacks on -the United States, charging America had let the Communists bring all the arms and men into South Vietnam for the offensive while not replacing Saigon's losses. "We might say directly that the battlefield situation which recently occurred, of course was through weakness," he said. "\Vc also have to admit that the spirit of the people of South Vietnam has been undermined for more than one year since tion and turc. generation in the fu- The loss of natural gas as a boiler fuel would have a definite impact on the interconnection negotiations. House Trailer Upset, Righted WINCHESTER, Va. (AP) A house trailer being pulled by a car was blown over Friday by high winds on Interstate 81 near here. By the time trucks arrived, wind had blown police and tow however, the car the and tion* ucd on tneir way. (Continued From Page One) one of the most tragic incidents in the ; long Indochlnese war. Nearby militiamen wero preparing their evening meal when "suddenly we heard a big boom," one said. "We looked straight up in front of us, and we saw debris flying all over the paddy field. It was a horrible thing to see." Rescue Organized A Vietnamese air force colonel ran through the soggy field to organize rescue efforts. "I think some babies may still be alive," he shouted. . . .. One flight nurse told newsmen, "I felt like I was waiting to die. I knew the cargo door (had blown out,-We could see it." She said crewmen handed surviving children up the aisles after the plane made its crash landing, broke up and began burning. "We're all'so thankful to be out alive and that we got so many kids out," the nurse added. Identities of the victims were not expected until today. According to witnesses, the plane appeared to land smoothly in the paddy but.then bounced, the wings broke- off- and.flames-erupted. The cockpit sailed 100 yards from the fuselage. Hold Flafened The impact flattened the cargo hold where about 50 of the orphans were strapped in. 'Some of us got through a chute from the top of the plane but the children at the botom. of the -plane didn't, have a chance," one survivor said. . Headless bodies were buried in the mud, and a baby's bottle, a .flight r manual, cushions, clothing and molten pieces of then the oxygen masks had dropped down." He also said there "weren't enough oxygen masks. We had to keep moving them from kid to kid. We kept on our own because otherwise you get 'drowsy and then you go out." ..;-.. A nurse who survived the crash but asked not .to be identified said the orphans were "geting dopey from a lack of oxygen." She said she and the other adults "had plenty of tape" and talked about "what doors when we impacted. We didn't stand by the doors. We were feeding oxygen to the kids.", At the Seventh Day Adventist Hospital, where most of the victims were taken, one woman walked about the compound, saying over and over again, "I metal were scattered in the burning grass. A Donald Duck comic Happed 'in the wind. ;U.S. rescue workers dropped from helicopters and waded through the mud trying to find survivors. The bodies of headless children were wrapped in ponchos and helicoptered to a morgue., Authorities said another C5A is scheduled to leave the Philippines on Saturday to pick up the orphans and escorts who survived the crasli and bring them to Clark Air Base destination of the first flight. "This tragedy must not deter -is from offering new hope for :he living," President Ford said in a statement given to newsmen as he flew to San Francisco. "Our mission of mercy >vilI continue." War Materials The plane had arrived from -lark Air Base in the Philippines carrying emergency war they saw the United States people of not only the did nothing but have contributed to it by letting the Communists infiltrate here. "Loss Of Morale" , "The loss of support has caused a loss of morale. The U.S. has not even replaced military supplies and equipment on a one-for-onc basis as agreed in the Paris Agreements," He appealed to the American people and Congress to "help us more effectively to protect our nation," noting that the United States spent $30 billion a year maintaining its 500,000- man military -force in Vietnam but gave less than SI billion annually to keep Saigon's 1 million-man army operating. • He said he had ordered severe punishment for mih'tary commanders and units which fell apart before the Communist advances, and expressed his determination to win back lost territory. Raps Journalists The president also struck out at foreign and local journalists, charging there were "a number o£ people in those news agencies and radio broadcast agencies who have been bought off by the Communists to undermine our fighting spirit." On the war front, Communist gunners Friday fired five 107mm rockets into Can Tho, the Mekong Delta's largest' city, 75 miles southwest of Saigon. Military sources said the shelling, first on Iheycity . in more than seven years, appeared to be an attempt'-hy the Communists to create th'e : same type of panic in the Mekong Delta that occurred in. the northern areas last week. U.S. warships and commercial vessels stood by off the South Vietnamese coast to pick up any of the more than one million refugees who have fled their homes during the Communist-offensive anfl-arc able to put to sea. materials, itzers, for including the South 14 how- Vietnam- babies. On the upper deck, were strapped 10 to a esc government and it picked up the orphans for the return trip. Tho inside of the C5A, which stands as high as a six-story building, was like a nursery be- ore take-off. Children were ued to the floor with cargo harnesses. The women who were escorting them sat along the side of the plane caring for tiny babies. ~ •babies normal tliree-across seat. Wing Explodes The plane took off at 4:10 P.m. and was 18 miles northeast of Saigon \vJien the pilot reported he was having decompression problems and would return to Tan Son Nhut. The U.S. Embassy said as he was coming in the left wing caught fire and exploded and the plane crashed 1>& miles short of the air base at 4:45 p.m. Tho pilot, Capt Dennis Tray™ who csca Ped unhurt, said The aft pressure door failed and blew out. In blowing out the door damaged the elevator and as a result there were problems in controlling the rate of descent of the aircraft. This became critical to the point of almost losing control as the aircraft made its turn into the air- T*\riY*r '" Vietnamese orphans and 50 adult attendants out of Saigon today, the biggest single save- save-thc-babies flight yet. A Pan Am spokesman said the exact arrival and departure times for the big charter jet were being temporarily withheld "for security reasons." He said a U.S.' arrival time would be announced after the plane had left Saigon. The charter was arranged by the Holt International Children's Service of Eugene, Ore. It. will fly the children from Saigon's Tan Son Nhut airport to Seattle —9,056 air miles — with refueling stops at Guam and Honolulu, the spokesman said. port "Hole In Plane" Air Force Sgt. Jim Hadley, a medical technician from Sacramento, Calif,, who also survived the crash unhurt, said, lou could sec the hole in the back of the plane. You could sec the sunlight streaming in. Things started flying around. Eyeglasses. Pens. Pieces of insulation tore off the ceiling. The pillows exploded. They were plastic lined. "That went off for a little while until the air stopped. By HAPPY PARENTS—Mrs. Maria Marchitello, left, and Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Norberg, right, are overjoyed on the arrival of their new daughters at Los Angeles International Airport. The infants were among the first piano- load of Vietnamese orphans airlifted out of Vietnam to the United States. "She's beautiful," Exclaimed Mrs. Norberg. Mrs. Marchitello said the family won't change their child's Vietnamese name, Duona Kim Lc. "We'll call her Kim," she said. Some 400 orphans arc due today. (AP Wirephoto) Largest 'Save-Babies' Flight Planned In Vietnam Today WASHINGTON (UPI) — Pan American World Airways announced plans mercy airlift Friday of 400 for South "We're operating this flight for them at cost," the spokesman said. He said airline policy would not allow him to disclose the amount Holt was paying for the flight. "A lot of these babies are small and probably will be traveling in bassinets," the spokesman said. '-'We're still getting the makeup of the group, but some of them arc just babies and some arc 3, 4 or 5 years old." The -Pan Am flight is scheduled to carry almost twice as many orphans as the Air Force C5.which crashed Friday at Saigon with 243 children and 62'adults, killing at least 178. Pan Am said the flight would be diverted from a regularly scheduled Pacific route. "In anticipation oE babylift charters out of Saigon. Pan Am Couple's Son-lii-Law Missing After Crash (Continued From Pago One) signed duty—his (Bob's) was taking care of passengers." Eastus said Melton, 32, had just returned from a two-year tour in Afghanistan. Wednesday his daughter called, mentioning her husband was gone, but planned to return in a few days. : "I knew be flew those things, and I was kind of suspicious," Eastus commented. At first, Mrs. Melton was told her husband was.alive but injured. Later she was told he was listed as missing. "This is when she kind of broke up." A point of confusion to Eastus was the cockpit remained intact and he said othor crew members, pictured on the newscast were ''walking very briskly and looked good." He said they tried to identify Melton, but could not distinguish him in the jumping film accounts. "If you got a look at any of those pictures, it looked pretty rough," he said. "There were bodies all over there.'' Melton, a Dallasilc had served in the Air Force, for almost 10 years, Eastus estimated, and was enthusiastic about the 248-foot aircraft in which lie crashed. "He liked that plane," Eastus said. Mulling over possible reasons for his son-in-law's disappaar- ance, Eastus vsaid although a new windshield had been installed in tlie co-pilot's side during the stop in Manila and although the cockpit was reportedly intact, "when -the aircraft lost pressurization he might hav<2 been sucked out of there. They said they didn't know." Another daughter has traveled to Vacaville—12 miles from Travis AFB—to stay with Mrs\ Melton and the couple's 8-year-old daughter. And Friday, when Eastus opened his mail he found a letter from Mrs. Melton and a pic- lure of her and Bob—together. "She wrote lie would be gone five days. "Everything is kind of garbled on this," ho admitted. "We arc trying to figure this out. "The only thing we do know for a fact is, he is missinc.' arranged for stockpiling of bassinets, diapers, baby bottles, milk, and infant food in Hong Kong several days ago," ar airline spokesman said. He said the 747 would stop at Hong to pick up the special supplies. The plane normally would carry 373 coach passengers anc 30 first class passengers, the spokesman said, but it would be possible to carry 450 on the babylift because many infants would ride m bassinets or in the laps of adults. Pan Am ' said' the Federa'i Aviation. Administration • hac granted a special exemption from strict' compliance with federal air regulations for Uie "babylift charter." A crew of tiiree or four pilot; and 10 or 12 cabin attendants will take the plane into Saigon, the spokesman said. Jack Adams, executive director of the Holt agency, said the government of South Vietnam iiad cooperate;! with the local Holt office in Saigon to obtain the necessary clearances and paperwork for the charter. Explosion (Continued From Pago Due) said Williams wer.t into the Banker's Trust office in the Empire State Building and told them he wanted $6,000 in cash. He said he had a bomb anti that hc'tl leave and call to tel them where to meet him with the money. When he called back, the bank arranged a rendezvous in Herald Square across from Macy's. Detective Thomas Halliman pretended he was a bank employe and was handing over the money. Police and FBI agents then jumped Williams, 'the police spokesman said, and the device went off. D'lSSIAJS'TUNGr HALTED LOS ANGELES (AP) — Dis mantling of the largest aircraft ever built, — Howard Hughes' famed "Spruce Goose" —• has been postponed for a year following widespread public pro test over the plan, officials said. CRASH SITE—This air view shows the crash site of the C5A that went down at Saigon Friday, carrying orphans on a mercy mission from Vietnam, At least half of the 305 orphans and adults aboard were elttt'fer Jdlled- «r injured and the number may hit 200. Parts of the wreckage still burn above, (AP Wireohoto) put them on the plane, I put them on ttie plane." As the uninjured children were examined,.. they were dressed in blue-striped not,pit«l smocks and carried to cars and vans to be returned to-the orphanages from which they de- parted five and six hours Before, In the United States, families in Georgia and New York njet their adopted Vietnamese, children who >yerc> flown safejy from Saigon earlier this week on a World Airways flight. * 8.7 Per Cent Rate WASHINGTON (AP) — A half-million Aine'ricans- /joined the unemployment rolls in March, raising;, without jobs to eight million or 8.7 per cent of the niton's work force, the government said Friday..' The rise in ;tho ; jobless rate, from 8.2 per cent in February, reflected a 200,000 drop in total employment — to 83.8 'million — and a 300,000 rise in the total labor force — to 91.8 million. Ford administration officials predict that joblessness will hit a peak of about 9 per cent after midyear. But the. administration has been forced to raise its estimates ;over the past few months, and -the latest figures indicate the 9 per cent estimate may soon be outdated.' ' ! • Extension Asked After release of the new unemployment statistics President Ford, in San. Francisco, said he wants. Congress to extend for 18 months an emergency jobless benefits program. Ford said .he will ask Congress next week to continue until the end of ^1976 a federal supplemental benefits : .program that entitles most workers to a maximum of 65 weeks of unem ployment compensation. Without such action the law providing for 65 weeks of behc fits would expire June 30. At eight: 4th graf a333 At eight million, the number of unemployed in March; was 500,000 above the previous month and 3.1 million.above the August 1974 level, when joblessness began its rapid climb from 5.4 per cent of the work force. It also was the highest number of unemployed since 8.1 million Americans were out of work in 1940. Highest since lail The unemployment rate of S.7 per cant was the highest since 1941 when joblessness average 9.9 per cent of the 55.9million work force. AFL-CIO President George Meany calculated that the unemployment rate would have been 9.8 per cent if the so- called "hidden . unemployed" were included in the March fig ures. Meany referred to. the 3.9 number of "discouraged work- part-time because full-time jobs were not available and the number of "liscouraged workers" — persons who have given up looking for a job and arc no longer counted as unemployed. The number of discouraged workers jumped to 1.1 million in the first quarter, the highest level since the Labor Department began classifying such persons in 1967. Jobs Bill Urged ; "These figures are appalling," Meany said in a statement. "Obviously the tax cut bill the President signed last Saturday is not enough. The job-creating bills now pending in Congress must be passed immediately, despite any implied threat of a presidential veto." Sen. William Proxmire, D\Vis., meanwhile, accused the administration of "planning an economy of high unemployment and sluggish growth." The senator directed his statement to Budget Director James T. Lynn, who told Prbx mire's subcommittee on economic priorities the government should not embark on any new spending programs. Housing Aid Proxmire argued for a bill, already approved by the House, to help the housing industry by creating one million new jobs at a cost of less than 51 billion. But Lynn said the cost would be much higher and said it would be a mistake to spend vast new sums of money to reduce unemployment this year and next because it would cause new inflation and might end recovery from the recession. "You've convinced me more said in calling Lynn's presen^a- Lion"the'worst'kind of defeatism .with..regard;to the; present and. future, economy," .. . , Proxmire later, challenged Commissioner Julius Shiskin oE the Bureau' of 'Labor Statistics, who said'that while the recession deepened in March the latest unemployment figures provided /'limited, evidence" suggesting the recession may begin to weaken, . ; However, Shishkin also warned of further increases in the jobless rates,; particularly in June, when about four million high school and college students are expected to enter the labor force. About half traditionally fail to find work and this year it. may be worse, he said. • "June-is going to be a very rough month for us and also for the college students who are looking for jobs," the commis'- sioner said. ' * Ford Pushes Extended Jobless Aid than ever that Congress has to take the initiative," Proxmire (Continued From Page One)'' text. , Besides announcing he will- ask Congress for 13 weeks of added benefits, Ford recom-' mended improvements in aid 16' those not regularly covered by' unemployment compensation. He said: "For the benefit of those- 12 million individuals who had not been previously protected by the unemployment compensation program, I am recommending that the present one-year temporary program- be extended until the end of 1976, and that benefits be ex-' tended to 39 weeks." Ford said that "in the ex- = pectation that the economy will' show improvement before the-, year is out. I am going to ask: that these extended programs 7 have a built-in procedure to reduce or terminate the program, when the unemployment rate decreases to a specified level. The procedures will concentrate the limited resources in those areas experiencing the greatest unemployment." May Greet Flight White House Press Secretary Ron Nessen said the President: and Mrs. Ford had planned to meet the ill-fated flight at- Travis Air Force Base, Calif..: on Monday en route back to Washington. Nessen said they= still may go to Travis that day if another orphan flight arrives.' Ford scheduled a busy day in = the San Francisco region Cvin^ * first by helicopter to the Gey°. sers area some 120 miles north' of here. Geothermal power bas r been developed there for years and the President made the' trip to dramatize his push for ; the development of alternatives' to oil as power sources. Kissinger arrived in Palm Springs from Washington late Thursday and conferred with Ford from 11:45 p.m. until 1 a.m. . Mee(s Kissinger Nessen said Ford will meet with Kissinger and Weyand at 7:15 a.m. today in Palm Springs and again at 2:30 p.m.- On the flight from Palm- Springs, newsmen asked Nes-- scn about Weyand's statement in Saigon thaf. the withdrawal^ of South Vietnamese troops J from northern and central provinces was a sound strategic action. At a San Diego meeting Thursday with news and broad- .• cast executives, Ford had- termcd the withdrawal by-South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu "improper • and unnecessary." Calls About Adoptions Received By Agencies (Continued From rage One) own—two who are foster children." :.-•,', Although adoption requirements vary from state to state and agency to' agency, he snid most agencies: require -married couples.,who are approved only after thorough investigation. •Due to cost' of 'visas and transportation, cost of adopting a Vietnamese child he estimated at $1,500 to $2,000. Because many of the children are being transported by the federal government, he eiiessed .that "some of the transportation costs may be reduced. But this is just guessing." ..Kircus, who processes applications coming through his off- Ice and does investigative worl for agencies in '/Twcai., Q|t1a- homa and Louisiana, si M there are more than enough applicants for adoption. "Now, if we can get 3,000 or 4,000 children out of there, we might have enough for most couples who", are wanting children." With the apparent influx of? more children, already some": red tape has been cut, and he- anticipates "we can speed up.- the process to,six months." . Remarking about local and; nationwide response, Kircua- said, "Most of the children-, coming back are children fathered by American soldiers," children abandoned by thejr, mothers and cared for in Vietnamese orphanages. ''I feel like we have a responsibility." „:''• • Although he was told the tolV free,number,ha* been constantly busy for two days, b« suggested persons interested in further information ciall 1-800-42+^ 1380, the U.S. 'Agency for International Development. • '• —CELESTE LOUCKS '• i

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