The Hutchinson News from Hutchinson, Kansas on September 12, 1918 · Page 1
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September 12, 1918

The Hutchinson News from Hutchinson, Kansas · Page 1

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Thursday, September 12, 1918
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\ i >j. .-try* . < u »j. ' f Mk NtWi It A ~» * MBMftfcft Of tHf ••* AMOClAttO PtttM » * WHICH l» f H6 HE»f * ft NEWS. • f H6 NkWt HAS tHB • • LARGEST CIRCULATION • * OF THE PAFEA3 IN * * CENTRAL KANSAS VOL. XXXIV. tttttKramspti, KANSAS., THtJftSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1913. LAST EDITION NO. 23. AMERICANS AND FRENCH IN OFFENSIVE AT ST. M1HIEL Strike Boldly ground Held by the Germans for the Last t'oui ; ^ on Both Sides of the l3-fc >i .iped Salient. TWO ATTACKS LAUNCHED, 12 MILES ON SOUTH, 8 ON WEST Big Artillery Preparation by the French and Americans. Good Progress Being Made Is the Report—Hold First Line in Places. (By the Associated Press.) American and French troops today began an offensive on a twenty mile front In Lorraine, near the German border. Tho movement evidently Is aimed primarily at the elimination of the famous St Mlhlel aaMent, which for more than four years has projected Into the Allied line southeast of Verdun. The attacks were launched on both sides of the salient—on a twelve mile front on the south and an eight mile front on the westerly sldo. * The assaults* wero progressing favorably at the latest reports. A burragu lasting several hours preceded tho thrust. Heavy concentrations of French and American artillery and airplanes had boon' effected. The ftre*poured x in upon the Germans from the Allied guns was a terrific .one, while sthe German reply, on the whole was weak. Is It Big Offensive? There, have bedn many predictions In unofficial quarters recently that un Amortcan offensive movement was likely to be witnessed thiB fall and l^rraine? Is mentioned as "one of the most probable field% i Jor,.Jtno attack. The German citiflet fdf-Metz "lies only . Bome fifteen - mUdsTxo the northeast of Pbnta-Mpusson' at Uie easterly edge of tho ! salient under attack and It seems not beyond probability that this may be a further objective of tho offonelvo should it develop favorably in the crushing out or material reduction of the salient. It's Probably Flr.H Move. The removal of this salient Would, In fact, seem to be a necessity be- foro any drive In groai force into German territory on thiB front were attempted, as otherwise the German forces to the west would bo left la a threatening position on the left flank of them. ... . Big American Army, It is known thai Coneral Pershing has a huge American army under his command and there seems little doubt that, tho adequate forces would bo at the disposal of Marshal Foch for an Important pushjn this Bector with tho opening iuove8,~'to. develop a suitable opening. The St. Mlhlel salient is nearly twenty miles wide at its ipouth, from Fresnes,' twelve miles southeast of Vordun, to Pont-a-Mousson, and Bomewhat more than fifjoon miles In depth, with Its apex Just to-the southwest of St: Mlhlel. It was driven-into French lino In a sudden German eruption southeast of Verdun early in the fall of 1914, before tho lino had been entirely slublUzeU before the Marne battle. Tho French checked the Gorman push near St. MUiiol and prevented n debouching movement on the flankB. The positions taken up by tho Germans wore strong ones, however, and (hero Is no record of previous organized attemptsvto reduce this menacing bulge pointing at the heart of France between the fortresses of Verdun and Nancy. The, Right Time, Marshal Foch has caused tho launch­ ing of this attack almost colncldent- ly_wlth tho virtually complete ollmlna- lion of tho various salients tho Germans drove into tho Allied llnefc in their offonslves during tho presoat fighting year. The Hlndonburg line had again become the German defensive position along its almost entire length, tho German defensive was stiffened materially at all points where tho French, British and Americans were pressing in upon them. Keep the Hunt Busy. Tho Gorman commana now will have, it appears, another problem to meet in dealing with the outbreak of its foe in another and comparatively distant quarter from that in which, the bulk of the fighting has been done In this year 'B campaign. ' . Tho question will be, it seems, whether tho reduced'German manpower has left General Laidondorff with forces sufficient to maintain his front from Rhcltns to Ypres and at the same time boat back a powerful thrust by the Allies far to the south- cast on the battle front. Breaching Hlndenburg Line. The lllndenburg lino itself, how; ever, already has not proved tod strong for either the French or the British at sonio points In tho recent fighting. The British breached It on the Queant-Drocourt line, and today there came official announcement from London that the British, hud made further-; progress behind, this lino in the direction of Cambrai, one of the principal German bases in the north. A strong defensive Hup hud been taken, by the enemy hero, along the Canal du Nord, but thus: lino now scems'turned on lis left flank, as the British have-- forced a crossing of tho canal to tho northwest of-Jiavrin- court and are in .a--positon to push up tho easterly bank-providing Field Marshal Hoig decides, to employ "his. driving force, in this/fdteeotianU- ft.';. Near St^Quentlh; v Additional prog#e^l *WlJ5b -$a^| by tho: British., J eatexi )ay ond^'last | night in closing, in upon St.'Quontlp, another of the Hlndonburg line stiong points. They captured tho towns of Vermand, Attllly. and Ven- dolles and advanced beyond Attllly directly west of St. Quentln ns far as' Uie outskirts of Polnon wood, where they are not moro than four and a half miles from St. Quentln. •$> (8> <S> <$> "3> <$> ^> 4> <8> 4> 4> <S> • 3> "$> • ' - <i> <S- IS IT BIG STRUGGLE? <S•» •*> <$, ^ <^ <s> <j. >}, 4, <j> <$> <$> <i) <J. * ,s> Washington, Sept 12—With French and Amorlcan troops striking on a wide front south and east of Verdun today the greatest battle, perhaps the decisive struggle of the war, may have begun. Early reports show that this first employment of General Pershing's hew army Is on a wide front, the Jolnt'Freneh and Amer. lean thrust covering twenty miles. Apparently the Initial effort Is to , force the enemy out of the SL Mlhlel salient, which he has held since 1914. ' •"< •S><s><$><S><^«>>S><S>«>3><$. <J. <8> -s> <!> <S> «> BIG FIGHT IS ON. «> <Si - . « <J> <5> <S> •$><$> 3> <S> <S> ^ * American Forces on the Lorraine front, Sept. 12.—(By The Associated Press)—French and American artillery this morning directed a terrific barrage fire on the German positions on this front. The reply of the German big guns was. vigorous at some places, although as a whole it was weak. There are some indications that the Germans are withdrawing their artillery,, although Itjs^moro probable that they are going "to fight-bard, before being driven out after enduring a stiffening barrage of more than eight hours. Tho Germans at some points are Increasing the volume of their big gun fire, but ineffectually.. - Progress Being Made, American forces on the Lorraine front, Sept, 12.—(By The Associated Pross, 9 a ,m.)—American 'forces this morning launched an attack bp. the German positions.' At nine o'clock they had progressed generally along the line, , Some prisoners wero taken at different parts'of. Uie sector, Th first wave of American troops met with Utile resistance and at 8' The American troops have been holding the front alone the southern and eastern sides of the salient Their lines, according to the last information available here, included the point where tho front -crosses tho Moselle river. The course of that river is tho direct road to Metz, which it has been expected hero would be tho objective of the first phase of any attack by Pershing's men in this region. Is It Real Blow? Many officers here believe Marshal Foch now has struck the blow ho has had had in preparation ever Since he determined to withhold the bulk bt the American army from' the fighting until the' stage was set tor doclstvo action. Tho movem&it planned, however, may not develop to Us full extent for several days. The 89th In Flght7 - According to the last reports noted here, American divisions known to be in the positions from which tho attack has been launched, included (ha veteran first and socdn'd regular dlvl- eipns, wnioh-w'er'o the-flrst-Amorican units to get intovactlon in Franco,, the ps.'.Mlssdurl, SQuth-,J3ttkot«:and Nebraska, Colorado,-' New Mexico- and Arizona troops and tho 82nd, national army, composed of Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee troops, with the 37th, national guard, composed of Ohio troops, further to the euBt on the front opposite Nancy. But May Be Changed. Oeneral Pershing has been concentrating hiB army for jomu weeks in this general region, however, and a complete shift In divisional alignment may have been made Dofore the troops went over the top this morning. To the west, along the front south of Vordun, where the French lino stands parallel to the Meuso the French, It appears, are driving ahead to pinch tho enomy out of the salient. The French operations from.-on-)'jaw of tho greater pincer movement of which the American thrust towards Metz.evidently is the cutting edge. Success for the Americans' would mean abandonment by tho Germans of all territory In the salient and wli.li It tho last possibility of flanking the fortress of Vordun. What Does It Mean? The scope of the present action 1* not clear. It is strongly believed by officials here, however, that it's only tho prelude to a great effort to turn tho whole German line and p.isslbly to cut so deeply into his positions along tho Verdun front that Ivs might be compolled to abandon much territory in Alsace and Lorraine. Observers who look for • a turning movement to the north anticlpnto that tho present action will spread quickly west arid north and to the front oast of Rhoims, strangely quiet throughout the fighting of tho last week. ST.MIHIEL SALIENT WHERE AMERICANS ARE STRIKING o'clock tho second Amorlcan wave waB In possession of several points of, the aorman first line. <8> <$> <§, 3> <e> <S> 9 <$>• • <$> i «. A REUTER'S REPORT. <s> American Forces on the- Lorraine Front, Sept. 12.—(Reuter's) French and American forces this morning launched an attack against the German'positions on both sides of the St. Mlhlel sa. lient There has been a great concentration of Franco-American artillery and entente airplanes are operating in largo numbers. A Four Hour Barrage, Tho attack was preceded by a barrage lasting four hours. The.attack on the southern sldo of the St, Mihiel salient was made, aloug a distance of tWQlye miles, Tho attack; on the western sldo was Oflfa front of eight miles. It la Bucoessfut. ' -Tho-.weather ts fine. The attacfc wade by the French and tho Amer! cans was a most daring one and so far has been successful. . The Germans now arc falling hack on tho fronts on .each side of tho St Mlhlel Bullem. Germans Unaware, Although undoubtedly suspicious of tbe. intentions pf the Americans In (Continued 1 e« Page THE RETURNING .FISHERMAN'S STORY OP THE "BIG ONES THAT GOT AWAY" DOESN'T MAKE A HIT 'VEHE. fdS £>0<Sf PORT \ BUIL HEADS UNO DOTPfffftS PICKEREL YOU PROMISED ME ?jj PEACE NOW Lloyd-George Says- NVe Must Impose One on the Germans. NOTHING BUT HEART FAILURE Can Prevent Real Victory—Hermans Must Know Their Lead' ers Are Fallible. Manchester, England, Sept. 12— "Nothing but heart failure on the part of the British nation can prevent our achieving a real victory," said Premier Lloyd George speaking today at Manchester. The Premier said that tho British casualties in tho last offenslvo in France were one : fi/lh of what they wore in 191C. , Premier Lloyd George said ho was all for a league of nations and that in |,fact a-lcague already had been begun. Tho British Empire, he said was u league of froo nations and that the Allied countries tlubting thu battle tor international right wore now a league of free nations. Must Impose Durable Peace. "To end all wars," the premier said, "we must Impose a durable peaco upon our eneralcB. Tho Prussian military power must not only be beaten, but GeriuollJ- herself must know and tho Gorman people must know that their rulers.have outraged tho laws of humanity, and that Prussian strength cannot protect them from punishment." Must Be Last War. "This must bo tho last war," Mr. Lloyd George said. "Don't lot us be misled that tho establishment of a league of nations without power will in itself secure the world against a catastrophe. A league of nations with the Prussian military power f triumphant would be a league of fox and geese—one fox ami many geeso. Tho geeae would greatly diminish In num- >bers," Tho only sure foundation for a league of nations, the premier said, (Continued on Pago 13.) THE PARSIFAL LINE. Paris, Sept. 12.—A supreme tin* . of defense to be called the Par­ sifal line Is being constructed by the Germans from Antwerp \ 9 MeU, says Marcel Hwtln In the Echo Pe Paris. The artMe also says that the German! are putting -the Antwerp forts in a defensive condition. NOTICE, Hockadays will be open night and day during Fair week, Including Sunday, . flOOKADAY AUTO SUPP1A' CO. rum wet REGISTRATION DAY. Flags are flying from coast to coast, dominion to gulf today in honor of the newer classes signing their names to the soldier roll. EXTEND DRY ZONES. Washington, Sept., 1.—President Wilson today signed the joint resolution passed by congress empowering him to establish prohibition zones around shipyards, munitions factories and other war industries. THE KAISER TO WORKERS lie Made a Speech to Them at the Big Krupp Plant. TAKES TWO TO MAKE PEACE He Says, and He Urges His People to l : ight (o Preserve Their Homes. If you want to improve your- complexion' go into the meat business.— Atchison Globe. Few women believe they are getting an absolutely square deal.—Atchison Globe. FAIR WEATHER WARMER WEATHER Kansas-—Fair tonight and Friday, Blightly warmer in north portion Friday and in north central portion tonight. 6on£ FOLKS CAN BE pE&fem\STlC, EVEN. WHEH TrtOft WitSTfeR'^ COM, I* IN. Amstrdam, SepL 12.—Speaking at the Krupp munition works at Essen, Emperor William declared that every one in the remotest corner of the Fatherland knew that he had "left no stone unturned to shorten the war as far as possible for your people and for the entire civilized European world." . GERMANY A BRUTE IN AFRICA Report from South Africa Tells ol Her Administration, Of Affairs of the Colonics, Formerly Hcid by Her, in That Continent, FACTS SHOWN BY AFFIDAVITS Are That Germans Are Not Com- petenl lo Rule Other People. Clearly Shown That She Should Not be Allowed lo Hold the Colonies Now. In beginning his address at the mu­ nition works the Kmperor said: "My dear friends of the Krupps Works: I have long felt a desire lo pay you a visit during this war, but, as yuu know, numerous political and military duties have summoned mjt to the various battlefields and regions of war-wrecked Europe. Now, at last, to my delight. I have succeeded in coming here to the works which 1 have been able to obsetvn in their development since my curliest child hood and the Inspection of which has always filled me with tho greatest admiration for German science and Inventive energy. Thanked Everyone, "What 1 want to do today Is to express my imperial thanks to tho directors of tho Krupps, the foremen, the workmen and Die workwomen for the absolutely astounding mariner in which the Krupp works have oeon placed at tho disposal of tho German army and ILs supremo war lord. Very great work has been accomplished by si Ifrom the directors down to the last workman and workwoman an dthia under Increasing food and clothing difficulties and the losses, sorrows and cares which have spared no home, ntitlier princely house nor modest workman's dwelling. Thanked People ,Tqo. •induslii-.il iiuiblllzatton without distinction of age or sex has constituted u demand such as never before was made on tliefimiuan ueop'ft and yet It was responded to willingly and .try- fully. In that connexion l vroui'1 HHe, alcove all, lo express my warm thanks, tit* the country's fathc--, to the women, us well asrthe girls and the men, for the self-sacrificing performance ot their duty, despite their haraailng cares. No one atpong our people should imagine 1 am not convert utt with this. "In uiy Journeylngs through th? land 1 have spoken with many a widow, many a peaBant, many a. member of London, Sept. 12.—A report containing evidences of the brutal methods employed by Germany in the administration of hur colonies in Africa made public today by l-jdmond II. L. Georges, acting secretary of the interior, Union of South Africa, constitutes the British government's reply to Dr. '"W. S. Self, the German Bet -rotary of state for the colonies, that Germany would demand the return of her colonies at the peace conference. The report Is one of the most -sensational ever Issued In connection with German colonial methods and is considered an Indictment ot German fitness to rule tho black native of Africa. Colonies Against It. The ovideiK'e an which the import was based was taken In German official iloeumunts at Windhoek from sworn -tatemenls by native chiefs and by Europeans familiar with ihu country and from the writings of Governor Leutweln who held from lK'J-l to l'JOS; Dr. Paul lttihbuck, Pr. Karl Dove and others. Altogether the repnrl refutes in detail Dr. golf's recent claim that "Germany's pre-war humane treatment of tho native races won for iter the moral right to be a great colonial power." In view of this claim the following statement by Acting Secretary Georges la Interesting: "The native opinion here is unanimously against any idea of their ever being handed back to Wte tender mercies of Germany. Any suggestion rf tho possibility ot an act of this Atnd on tho part of Great Britain producer the utmost consternation." Official Bad Faith. Tho report shows that un> first twenty-five years of German rule In southwest Africa was an uubrokoji record of official bad faliii, privato oppression, cruelty, barbarities and robberies, culminating in Ihe llerero and Hottentot rebellions. During the first seventeen ynarti thcro was no law for the natives. Such protection as the law eventually provides indicated considerations of humanity but the order to exploit the natives as laborers remained. When the Germans first arrived, says the report, (hey entered into aiu'ciemcnts with the native chlefe, but theae became scraps of paper and the natives w -eru fraudulently deprived of their beat last.. Traders and settlers nibbed thorn of I heir cattle, which was their only wealth, and'tho law uuliseiiuciu- ly prevented the native* from possessing targe herds of stock. The natives were thus driven lo work at ridiculously Inadequate wage 's aud ollen never were paid. Same as Qiaves. They were treated like slaves and their women folk were habitually inuUrt-utml by the Germans who took them into forced concubinage. These were some of Ihu tilings which goaded the natives Into rebellion which was suppressed by ruthless cruelty, resulting practically In the extermination of tho three, tribes involved. The Ilen.'i 'os were reduced from eighty thousand to fifteen thousaud one hundred; the lloliuilots. from twenty thousand lo nine thousand eight hundred. The l)ei-g-D;iuiiiiiva from thirty thousand to twelve thousand, eight hundred, Tim* elchty per cent of the Ilerero people disappeared and more- than half of the Hotu-nlota and Uerglximaraa shared (Continued on Pago 13.) IN NORTH RUSSIA. tl!y The Associated Press.) Archangel, (Northern European Russia), Sept. 12.—After conferences with the Entente Allit-d diplomatic and military chief6, the Tschaikoysky provisional government which recently was over, thrown, was rtseated today and will continue to dlrjet the affairs in the region ot the north with the advice of the Allies. &ENESEO ELIMINATED. Washington, Sept, 12—Express companies were authorised by .lie interstate commerce commission today to discontinue service at Qeneteo, Kan., because of In. - jfeased cost of mal»t«n»ncji.

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