Lake Charles American-Press from Lake Charles, Louisiana on August 22, 1962 · Page 36
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August 22, 1962

Lake Charles American-Press from Lake Charles, Louisiana · Page 36

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Lake Charles, Louisiana
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Wednesday, August 22, 1962
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Page 36
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10 WED., AUGUST 12, 1962, Lake Ctertes American Press Stresses of Space Flight Are Revealed BIGGEST EVER---HOME TOWN ftv JOHN HARBOUR Associated Press Science Writer HOUSTON, Tex. 'AP ^-Confident smiles to the contrary, it costs in terms of stress and wear and tear to make the kind of orbital adventures U.S. and Soviet astronauts are making. There arc tell-tale signs of stress hut few of them are advertiser! or talked about openly. U.S. space experts have detailed information ahout the medical pcriormnncc of their astronauts. J.iltle is known of the physiological reaction of Soviet astronauts to the rigors of space flight. One critical sign of stress can he associated with weight loss, more specifically loss of large amounts of water. Indications of this came from Tuesday's conference reviewing the technical details of Malcolm Scott Carpenter's flight May 24. It was the second orbital flight in a U.S. spacecraft. Carpenter, a 154-pounder at flidit time, dropped six pounds hy the time he weighed in aboard tile recovery ships 15 hour? later. ?>Iost (Topic lose some weight In the course of a strenuous clay. Rut there are indications water Inss can be caused by hormonal activity—more specifically activity of adrenal gland hormones, believed to be indicators of stress. The adrenal gland produces a variety of hormones, and some of them have been shown to be aids in the body's reaction to Mrcss. Meeting a sudden dial- Inige. adrenalin is released info the bloodstream and keeps alert every muscle. Other adrenal hormones regulate other body systems, including the release" or retention of water, perhaps in response to other kinds of stress. U.S. space doctors arc concerned with how much water to permit astronauts to drink before and during spaceflight. The prob-; Jem is keeping a proper water j balance in the body. John H. i Glenn Jr., on the first U.S. orbital j flight, became slightly dehydrat-i i ed. His water intake was limited. I but his water loss was lermed: normal. • Carpenter lost about three i i times as much water as Glenn ! lost during a similar experience. : indicating there may be broad personal differences. This is what flight physicians want to explore j i more fully. It could bear strongly |on flights of long duration. i At a news conference Carpenter! i said he and his fellow astronauts ' are challenged rather than discouraged by the twin orbital flight by two Soviet cosmonauts. . Dr. R. Robert Gihtith. director 1 of the manned space center here, said the Soviet flights should neither be underestimated nor overestimated. Gilruth said he would not want to pinpoint the number of remaining flights to be carried out prior to Project Gemini, which will use a two-man spacecraft. "I would say there will be at ; j least one six-orbital flight and at | least one 24-hour flight." he said, j The six-orbit shot is planned for j September. i N. S. 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