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i-A THE BAYTOWN SUN Wednesday, August 26, 19S7 IAL 1 Juvenile centers full to capacity Juvenile detention facilities across the country have joined Texas and some other states in the prison overcrowded category. A Justice Department survey last year disclosed that 18 percent of juvenile detention centers are having overcrowding problems as the number of offenses committed by youngsters increases. At the end of 1985, there were 49,322 juveniles held in 1*040 facilities in 1985, up 1 percent from 1983. ; To. counter increasing crime rate among youngsters, juvenile justice agencies have begun to crack down on young offenders. Some criminologists believe there has been too much coddling of youthful criminals, particularly those in teen years. At least 15 states now allow judges to set fixed terms for juvenile offenders, limiting the discretion of social service and corrections officials. Current sentences being assessed juveniles are a major change from the old system, which permitted open- ended sentences that allowed offenders' release if their supervisors approved it. Specifically, the new system of handling youthful miscreants calls for longer detention and more intensive counseling. However, there are still flaws in the system, some of which were enumerated at a conference of the American Correctional Association. At least 24 states don't require young offenders to return to school or get a job of training as a prerequisite to being released from detention. Six states don't require community supervision. Colorado is trying smaller facilities. Illinois and Florida use volunteers as counselors, and California now places more emphasis on vocational programs than counseling. From Sun files Seole president of Pelly firemen in '32 From The Baytown Sun files, this is the way it was: 55 YEARS AGO E.E. Scale is re-elected president of the Pelly Volunteer Fire Department. Jack Ratliff is elected vice president. Other officers are E.T. Purvis. E.B. "Boots" Williams. E.J. Neal. Millard Money and Otto Trifon. The 1932 champions of the Hot Water League at Mumble's Baytown Refinery are Cuz Williams' Cracking Coils. .Lucille Lowry of Pelly will enter Baptist Hospital nursing school. i 50 YEARS AGO The Resettlement Administration farm project at Highlands is given $231.000 for; immediate construction of homes and farm buildings. U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Henry Wallace advises U.S. Rep. Albert Thomas the money is being released to expedite final letting of contracts. Dudley Fortinberry. 70. of Wooster dies at his home. Hudson AIcNair's tonsils are removed at the Shearer Clinic in Mont Belvieu. Buck Jones stars in "Smoke Tree Range" at the De Luxe- Theater. 40 YEARS AGO E.E. Hunter, who has been holding two jobs as corporation judge and city tax assessor-collector, is offered the single post of judge. On Sept. 1. Ima B. King will be appointed tax assessor- collector, says City Manager Bill N.Taylor. Paula Clayton, who leaves tonight to make her home in Jackson. Tenn.. is honored at a slumber party by Louise Kloesel. Sylvia Stern receives her bachelor's degree in library science from Texas State College for Women at Denton. 30 YEARS AGO Mrs. H.A. Brewer wins two season tickets to the Gander football game. She has an almost perfect score in identifying members of the 1928 football squad in the contest sponsored by The Sun. Judges are Mr. and Mrs. Roy Elms and Mr. and Mrs. Clinton 0. Horton. 20 YEARS AGO Elton Porter, former member of the Baytown Selective Service Board, died yesterday in Seabrook. John Bull is home on leave from the Navv. Readers' views To The Sun: Shame, shame on you. You spend thousands of dollars for a new firehouse and fancy office building for fire department officials and now we hear i that employee cutbacks are eminent. What more is there to say about this situation! Taxes keep going up and teachers want a raise while men all over the city are losing their jobs of 10. 15 or more years. Mortgage foreclosures are at Leon Brown Fred Hornberger . Fred Hortman , . . Wondo Orton . . Ramono Merrill . . Russell Maroney Gory Dobbs record numbers. Where does it all end" We must rise up and put a stop to the spending. What good is an education when there are no jobs after getting an education! Our city officials have (he responsibility of getting our city back in order. Please, let us see some positive signs! Janet Timmons 1304 Felt on un Editor and Publisher . . .'. Assistant to Publisher . Editor and Publisher, 1950-1974 tMTORIAL DfFAfttMtNT •OVlRmmC MPARTMfMT ClftCUlATIOM ; . . . . Managing Editor - Associate Managing Editor . . Advertising Manager ...... 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PC Bo. 00 Boylown T. 77522 WIWWIW TW AfMQAVtt ItnS The Ass<*C'OT<xJ Press is pnn'liM -?*cUiv\T!y ro TN» irte *o* 'WuMica'-on To any rurws d'*c*tfcH« crMl'erf TO <T of rtcrt otVrwtW f"?d'Ted tn rh.s popo' not! local news, of vXinrorccnrt o'.qm published N?n?i^ R*gh*s ot 'eCHjbKeT.oo of olt OTTW moTfrr *w?-« are also reserved *h* Sdytcwn $</n r#rti*m noT'<XKll'y uno-*^ syndicates who** writers' M orf tj*«) thfOiJtjhcur The newspac** Th^-e ore Times wh*n These o>T'Cte* do not re'lerr The Sun's to flood and sufficient Jack Anderson Confrontation avoided WASHINGTON — Mexicans are famous for their hospitality toward visitors, whether rich gringo tourists or down-at-the-heel political exiles. But the obliging attitude thP Mexican government has shown to thousands of uninvited, troublesome "visitors" along to the southern border with Guatemala is unusual even by Mexican standards. Beginning in 1981, the Mexican government has pursued a unique, evenhanded "live and let die" policy toward the leftist Guatemalan guerrillas who seek temporary refuge in Mexico — and toward the Guatemalan military's periodic punitive expeditions across the border. With its relatively small army, Mexico is always anxious to avoid direct confrontations that could lead to military action. So the government decided to turn a blind eye to the guerrillas who were infiltrating southern Mexican states, along with thousands of Guatemalan Indian peasants who fled the bloodshed and chaos in their homeland. The "strategy of accommodation" continues to this day, but with an important condition extracted from the guerrillas in return for freedom from harassment: The leftist rebels must do nothing to stir up trouble for their reluctant hosts. Mexico's appeasement policy is described in a special analysis by a CIA official, who classified it "Secret Noforn Nocontract Or- con" — meaning no one is supposed to see the document without permission from the official himself. That includes friendly intelligence services and American CIA contractors. "Although we assume that Guatemalan guerrillas do use the border area for safe haven, resupply and arms smuggling, our knowledge of the actual extent of arms smuggling and other related activities remains very vague." the report acknowledged. It added: "Because of the convenience offered by the relatively unguarded border for guerrilla activities against Guatemala, as well as Mexico City's good foreign relations with the Cuban mentors of the Guatemalan insurgents, we believe that the guerrillas are unlikely to jeopardize their position by undertaking either military or subversive activities against Mexico itself." The report then describes the "open border" policy: "Mexico City apparently has decided that the best strategy to deal with the guerrilla presence along the border, and resulting raids on Mexican territory by Guatemalan security forces, is to monitor the situation while avoiding confrontation. Two reliable Mexican government sources, confirmed by our own observations, indicate that the Mexican Army has been instructed to maintain a minimal presence along the border and not patrol extensively. With its relatively small army, Mexico is always anxious to avoid direct confrontations that could lead to military action. So the government decided to turn a blind eye to the guerillas who were infiltrating southern Mexican states, along with thousands of Guatemalan Indian peasants who fled the bloodshed and chaos in their homeland. "Given the potential for violence, this strategy of accommodation presently seems to benefit stability while not endangering Mexico's principal security concerns. Should Mexico City receive evidence that the guerrillas are recruiting Mexicans or undertaking other threatening activity against Mexican interests, we would expect a major, speedy change in policy." Meanwhile, the CIA report notes, earlier fears that the flood of refugees — 38.677 by official Mexican government count — would prove seriously disruptive have not been born out. The refugees' basic needs are being met by international relief efforts and the Mexican government, so there has been no huge increase in Guatemalans undercutting the local economy by seeking work. Futher- more, approximately 18,800 of the refugees have been resettled in two permanent camps farther north. The remaining 20,000 Guatemalan refugees are dispersed in 64 camps in the sparsely populated border area. "The vast majority appear to be apolitical Indian peasants," the CIA report states. "The feared spread of subversive ideas in southern Mexico by Guatemalan guerrilla supporters does not appear to be materializing." The "strategy of accommodation" seems to be working. DRUG REPORT — Drug Enforcement Administration officials have noticed a sharp increase in the use of aircraft to import illicit substances from South America. A classified DE A report explains why: j "Air transportation has many ad vantages for the marijuana smuggler. The private aircraft can move bulk quantities and at minimal risk, as the pilot will be airborne for only a matter of a few hours. "The logistics of air smuggling are certainly less complex. The traffickers have direct control of the load from the time it departs . ... Deliveries are quick and. generally, to a single organization." Delays are minimal, the report continues. and scheduling is simple. There is no need to coordinate between "mother ships" and delivery vessels, and "off-load crews are kept to a minimum." Finally, the report notes, "frequently, the entire load can be delivered directly to the ultimate retail market." : GLASNOST SEEMS fated to be one more in a long series of sour jokes perpetrated on the long-suffering citizens of the Soviet Union. Communist Party officials simply aren't programmed even to understand "openness." much less permit it to flourish. Consider the Orwellian Kremlin critique of a courageous new journal published by dissidents. After denouncing it as "immoral and unnecessary," the official critic explains: "If the process tglasnost ) continues and goes on in depth, what need is there for an unofficial press? There will be no need for any other glasnost. There will be just one - one honest. one broad and one single glasnost." Unitttf Ftmntrr oo/vmiu? J*ck 'm A nt in wntint rodey 'i story by STRATEGIC DEFENSE • , ••iX asm* M K • ' . » 'I* Today in history / fOR6ETALLMFO^AMaMeHr'MlUE^^ A Vincent Carroll Consumption of oi (about same as it was decade ago ItTTW f§l?CT Only signed teTre's will be conv<*e'<>d to' pi*birtarion Monies w,n b rw«en PleW lie** ttfW* short The 5ti" : fse»v*5 thie r.qfcr rrj eKCefp w.fhheM noon f lerre'< Just when you thought taxpayers had escaped a bailout of the domestic oil industry, along comes the Persian Gulf crisis and then a riot in Mecca to raise the possibility again. ; Consider this warning statement: ••Recent events in the Persian Gulf have demonstrated dramatically the instability of that region as a supplier of free world oil. Already we are approaching the oil import levels of the 1973 crisis. . . . We need to put policies in place now that will prevent future crises." These anxious words were spoken by a member of the National Energy Policy Committee, a group of 11 energy companies that believe in. well, a national energy policy that details of which are curiously undefined. They're convinced the rising tide of oil imports, now roughly one-third of U.S. consumption, must someho\v be slowed by decisive government action lest gas-pump ' lines return someday. The danger with such gloomy prophecy is not only that it will be proved wrong, although it probably will. It also implies, incorrectly, that "energy independence" can be achieved despite the age and size of most U.S. oil fields. Finally, whether by design or not. such predictions lend credence to congressional calls for oil-import fees and other costly, state-guided measures aimed at freeing us from our imported petroleum fix. Someone should tell the doomsayers to relax. Although the level of imports is disturbing, the oil crises of the past 15 years should have taught us a thing or two. For starters, the petroleum market is exceedingly tough to manipulate over the long term. A commodity cartel such as OPEC harbors the seeds of its own destruction, in part because someone always turns greedy and cheats. Secondly, demand for oil has proved extremely sensitive to price ~ so sensitive, in fact, that worldwide consumption today roughly equals what it was 10 years ago. A recent report by Alfred Humphries, an oil industry analyst with Hanifen Imhoff Inc., notes one result of stagnant consumption: Producing nations right now could pump 25 percent more oil than they do, a sure sign that grossly higher prices aren't sustainable. "In our view," Humphries writes, "oil markets, like most commodity markets, arc still glutted and will remain so for years." He doesn't foresee "oil's halcyon days" returning in this century. Even if Humphries is wrong, most of the best prospects for major. non-Middle Eastern discoveries lie outside the United States — in parts of Africa. South America and elsewhere. Eighty percent of all oil wells in history have been drilled in America's lower 48 states. Large future discoveries in those states should never be ruled out, but their likelihood is definitely slim. Although the level of imports is disturbing, the oil crises of the past 15 years should have taught us a thing or two. For starters, the petroleum market is exceedingly tough to manipulate over the long term. Fortunately, the Reagan administration already boasts a sensible energy policy. It promotes exploration in those areas with the most attractive potential, namely parts of Alaska and the outer continental shelf. How can people seriously talk of a more comprehensive policy when Congress hasn't agreed to go along even with these obvious first steps? Lower oil prices have been an uncommon boon to the American economy, saving us billions of dollars. They are the direct result of a ruthless cartel overplaying its hand and the worldwide market reacting in an explosion of new discovery. production, fuel substitution and conservation. Now we are warned, in the solemn tones of Jeremiah, that the cartel will seek to extort us again someday. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS On Aug. 26.':IU20. ihc !S;,V amendment to the Constitution, guaranteeing American women the right to vote, was declared in effect. It says,. 'The right of citizens of the I'mted States lo vote shall not tve denied or abridged by the United States;or by any state on account of sex.'" On this date: In 55 B.l' , i Roman forces under Julius Caesar invaded Britain " In l«7;i. radio electronics, pioneer Lee DeForest was bom in Council Bluffs. Iowa In 1883. the island volcano Krakatoa began erupting with increasingly large explosions In 1957. the Soviet Union announced H had successfully tested an intercom inenlai ballistic missile In i%i. the official hiterrm- tional Hockey Hall of Fame opened in Toronto In 1!«H. President Lyndon B. Johnson was nominated for. a term of office in his own right tit the Democratic convention in Atlantic City. N J In 1972. the summer Olympics opened in .Munich. \\Vst Germany. In 1974. Charles Lindbergh, the first man to fly solo, non-stOp across the Atlantic, died at' his home in Hawaii at the age of 72 t In 1978. Cardinal Albino Lu ciani of Venice was elected the 264th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church following tli' death of Paul VI. The new pontrjt took the name Pope John Paul C Ten years ago: Some ;U)§0 supporters of the proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution marched down Penn s y 1 v a n i a A v e n u e i Ji Washington, ; Five years ago: Polandls Roman Catholic primate. Archbishop JozcfGlemp. called On Polish authorities to releaje Solidarity founder Lech Walesa'. Today's Birthdays: former Attorney General William French Smith is 70. Washington Post executive editor Benjamin C. Bradlee is 66. Geraldine Ferraro is 52. Singer Valerie Simpson is 39, r Bible verse : I MM, D«y» should speak, «fl multitude of yean should teach wisdom But there l» a spirit in man; and the inspiration of t»V Almighty glveth then understanding Great nwn a* not always wHt; neither do tte aged understand juattce.