The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on August 28, 1975 · Page 2
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August 28, 1975

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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 2

Des Moines, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, August 28, 1975
Page 2
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WORLD REPORT Communists jeer Gomes in Portugal LISBON, PORTUGAL (AP) — A Communist-led crowd of 35,000 cheered leftist Premier Vasco Goncalves Wednesday night and jeered President Francisco da Costa Gomes when he appealed for tolerance because "no society can be built on hate." The partisan crowd marched through the Lisbon streets to the presidential palace. There, the beleaguered premier told the demonstrators that the military government is threatened by "reactionaries inside and outside the country." He gave no indication of being prepared to step down. Political and military moderates are pressing for his dismissal by Costa Gomes, who has the authority to do so. No Backing Costa Gomes appeared to give Goncalves no backing. His statement that the nation's development required participation "of all political forces indispensable for the construe tion of a new society,",, was greeted by catcalls, booing 1 and whistles from the crowd waving hammer-and-sickle banners. In the northern city of Porto, some 50,000 Socialists attended a rally demanding that the pro- More paperwork in Mideast talks By OSWALD JOHNSTON Lo» AnjtlM Timi* elements are organizing a putsch. Meanwhile, a Lisbon newspaper said that army officers on the Portuguese island of Madeira, in the Atlantic approaches to the Straits of Gi- braltcr, had advised Portugal's president the island could easily decide on independence if the "minority unpopular central government continues in office" A full-blown independence movement was already JERUSALEM, ISRAEL The formal text of a new Sinai agreement between Israel and Egypt lacks only two or three elements, but a decision by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger to involve himself personally in technical details of the negotiation will delay agreement until early next week, American officials said Wednesday. Returning from an overnight bargaining s e s s i o n in Alexandria, the third so far this shuttle, reporters aboard Kissinger's plane were told that a Communist Goncalves l)e re~moved. Goncalves spoke to the Communist-organized march from a raised platform at the presidential palace. "This is a critical moment," he said. "The central problem is power; There is an acute struggle for power." He called for a united front, telling the crowd, "We are not extremists." Costa Gomes followed Goncalves to the microphone and drew derision from the demonstrators when he declared, "No society can be built on hate." Pressing for the removal of Goncalves are the Socialist and Popular Democrat parties that won two-thirds of the vote in constituent assembly elections last April and moderate army officers who claim support of 85 per cent of the armed forces. Seize Control Early Wednesday, elite troops seized control of the army's p r o-Communist propaganda agency. Commandos and paratroopers occupied the^Fifth—Division headquarters under orders by internal security chief Gen. Ot- elo Saraiva de Carvalho. Carvalho is in the ruling three-man iunta with Goncalves and Costa Gomes. developing in the Azores is lands. There were also reports that two key military men had withdrawn their support from a group of officers demanding the outer of Premier Goncalves, who they charge is a Communist Party puppet. Usually reliable sources said army chief of staff Gen. Carlos Fabiao, tapped to lead a replacement government, and Carvalho had both opted out oT the campaign to remove the premier. As of Sunday, both Fabiao and Caravalho — one to head the new government, the other to—provide- the muscle for change — were counted firmly in the camp of dissidents headed by former Foreign Minister Maj. Ernesto Melo Antunes. But, the sources said, Goncalves and sympathizers in the military hierarchy have told Fabiao and Carvalho they were ready to wage civil war with Communist Party backing if an attempt were made to remove Goncalves by force. Contradictory Sign However, the use of troops under Carvalho's command to take over offices of the general staff's propaganda section, the so-called Fifth Division, was a possibly contradictory sign. Meanwhile, in Timor, the government o fthe civil-war-torn Portuguese colony fled the capital of Dili to the offshore island of Atauro while peacemaking and medical missions fto~be~getting ready to leave Australia. Evacuation of officials was ordered by Gomes following heavy bombardment of Dili Tuesday. No casualty toll was given. ANALYSIS mhnla noui rafognry nf main impetus leading Kissinger o add a new category of paperwork to an already complicated package of agreement documents came from the Israeli negotiators. Last year, after the January separation of forces agreement with Egypt, some Israeli officials suspected technical loop- loles in the negotiated documents allowed the Egyptians to deploy more mortars and armored vehicles east of the Suez lanal than the agreement intended. Might Avoid Repetition A set of carefully worded an* nexes, it is thought, would avoid a repetition of this sort of disagreement. Nevertheless, some Israeli officials close to the negotiations were surprised Wednesday to learn that a new work is being added to the documents setting forth agreement. Nearly 100 the American techni- largest political party, claim the Communists plan a government takeover and Communist leaders have said right-wing which plans to grant independence to Timor in 1978, gathered in Darwin, Australia, to organize missions to Timor. cians carrying sidearms for their own protection would be stationed in the Sinai Desert as observers under a nonagression agreement nearing completion, U.S. sources said Wedensday night. They said the technicians could be removed~~cnly with joint Israeli-Egyptian approval. The U.S. sources said the American technicians would be drawn from private industry and former employes of the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Agency. These new documents, to be styled "annexes," are designed to avoid misunderstanding when separate Egyptian and Israeli bargaining teams begin working out the mechanics of implementing the complicated new agreement. Like Fine Print Similar in function to the fine print in an insurance policy, these annexes, which are in an early drafting stage, are to set forth such things as how the early warning systems each side is to maintain in the Sinai demarcation line is to operate, who can go to the warning stations and how to count opposing forces on either side of the new demilitarized buffer zone in the desert. Describing their function, officials told reporters the annexes would lay down "rough principles" for how the corn- principles" for ho plicated new agreement would actually work. Then, when the bargaining teams meet in Geneva to work out the practical minutiae of the agreement there will be a blueprint from category ~of documents had been added. In other areas, it is clear that mportant differences still separate the two sides, including differences of interpreting issues that have already been nominally settled. For instance, the Egyptians insist on calling the agreement an interim military agreement, while the Israelis think of it in which to work. It is believed here that diplomatic terms. Other Issues There are other subsidiary issues which are still giving trouble even though they have been settled in principle. These include: •The Egyptian agreement to ease the boycott on firms doing business with Israel. The Egyptian agreement is understood to be limited to American businesses affected by the boycott. Now the Israelis are trying to broaden this concession to include West European and Japanese firms as well. •The Egyptian agreement to cut down propaganda at* tacks on Israel throughout the Arab world. Now that this sensitive issue is being spelled out on paper — most likely in a document to remain confidential — the negotiators are said to be discovering that a definition of "propaganda" that would not preclude legitimate public declarations of Egyptian policy and at the same time satisfy the Israelis is virtually Impossible to frame. Nevertheless, the Kissinger shuttle appears to be moving along steadily, and no responsible official in either Egypt or Israel now thinks the effort will ARGENTINA OFFICIAL QUITS UNDER FIRE BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA (AP) - Army chief Gen. Alberto Numa Laplane, pressed by rebelling generals, quit his command Wednesday in a deepening national crisis. Informed sources said Wednesday night that President Isabel Peron would replace him with Gen Jorge Videla, now chief of staff and one of the generals who opposed Laplane. She reportedly made the decision after nearly eight hours of continuous meetings with cabinet members, labor and party leaders and key military officers. Troops had been placed on alert after the president turned- down Laplane's first offer to resign Tuesday. A rash of fire bombings was reported Wednesday night in Buenos Aires, but no casualties were reported. Laplane, one day after Mrs. Peron rejected his first resignation, sent a message to army units that sources quoted as saying: "I hereby inform the ... army that I have today reiterated to the president my irrevocable request for retirement as a way to achieve unity in the army and contribute to the strengthening of the nation's institutions." Considers Request The Defense Ministry said earlier that Laplane had offered again to resign, and the president was considering the request. The Associated Press received a telephone call with a taped message saying it was from three division commanders threatening to march on the capital if Laplane did not insist on retirement. The third division commander, Gen. Carlos Delia Larroca, flew to Buenos Aires from Cor- doba and was at a base 16 miles northwest of the capital prepared to take over from Laplane if he did not leave of his own accord, sources said. Oppose Laplane They said Larroca was accompanied by the second division commander, Gen. Roberto Viola, from Rosario, and Gen. Jorge Videla, head of the joint chiefs of staff. All three are opposed to Laplane. The army split came after Mrs. Peron named Col. Vicente Damasco, as interior minister Aug. 11, and Laplane did not oppose the appointment. Three key generals, with support from two others, sent a message to Laplane Tuesday that the action was "imprudent" since it appeared as if the army was running the country, and they asked Laplane and Damasco to retire. Damasco resigned his commission to remain in the cabinet. U.S. nuclear carrier visits W, Germany WILHELMSHAVEN, WEST GERMANY (AP) - The nuclear-powered USS Nimitz, America's newest aircraft carrier and the world's largest warship, dropped anchor here Wednesday at its first foreign port of call. The 95,000-ton vessel, carrying a 5,500-member crew and 70 aircraft, will remain seven days at this North Sea port and will be open to the public. The Des Moines Register • Aug. 28,1975 Black politicians back African National Council SALISBURY, RHODESIA (AP) — All 16 black members of Rhodesia's white-dominated Parliament said Wednesday they consider the African National Council "the true voice of the African people" in the country. They said they had no desire to take over the role of the council, Rhodesia's main black political organization, or to participate in a constitutional conference in place of it. Prime Minister Ian Smith broke off constitutional talks with the council Tuesday and said he would seek a political settlement with the conservative Council of Chiefs and other moderate blacks in Rhodesia. "Legitimate Function" Most political observers consider the African National Council (ANC) to be the most representative black movement in the country. The .eight elected and eight tribally appointed black parliamentarians said they firmly believe it is "the legitimate function of the ANC to represent the African people in all settlement negotiations." They are not members of the African Council of Chiefs which is another body comprising traditional leaders. The faction-ridden African National Council, troubled by WTnferaaTspIitrbetween mlli- tants and moderates, wants majority black rule in this country of 5.7 million blacks which is controlled by a minority of 274,000 whites. Respond to Call The black politicians, in Parliament were responding to a call made by Henry Chihota, eader of the pro-government Rhodesia Democratic Union, that they participate in the new conference Smith says he wants to hold. The Rhodesian leader has given no indication of when he Merle Hay Mall Store Open Sunday fail this the March. time as it did Some nonaligned nations demajid Israel out of U.N. LIMA, PERU (AP) - A movement was developing among African and Latin American delegates Wednesday to resist anti-Israeli measures and instead turn the attention of the 82-member nonaligned conference to pressing "Third World" economic matters. This movement was said to be gathering momentum even as India, condsidered a moderating voice at this meeting for foreign ministers, joined the ranks of those declaring that Israel must withdraw from occupied Arab territories. India said if Israel failed "to respond by vacating its aggression and showing its willing- neses to live in peace with its Arab neighbors, it would be Israel alone which would be held accountable before the bar of world opinion." African Attitude A Latin American foreign minister predicted African delegates would lead the move against any Arab motion to suspend or expel Israel from the United Nations. The African attitude is in part traceable to disappointment with the extent of aid to poor countries from Arab oil riches, he said. Some foreign ministers have expressed desperation over the lack of time left to deal with the formidable agenda of other major issues. The conference is in its third day and has only iwa more left. But Middle East issues con tinue to surface. New anti-Is- r a e 1 demands were raised Wednesday, while other nations urged caution against possible interference with the deh- c ate Israel i-Egyptian disengagement negotiations. India, despite the implicit condemnation of Israel in Foreign Minister Y. B. Chavan's f address, was reported to be concerned that the current Mideast truce be preserved. So was the second biggest nation here, Indonesia. Criticism of U.S. A steady stream of speakers las criticized the United States. India did not do so directly, but Chavan expressed joy at the "victory of the people of South Vietnam and Cambodia." He deplored what he called "ominous clouds of great power rivalry" in the Indian Ocean area and said it was "unfortunate" that the U.S. base on the island of Diego Garcia is being expanded. Chavan did not mention Soviet naval activity in the area, but urged efforts to prevent an arms race. Merle Hay Mall Store Open Sunday Noon to 5:30 Downtown MtiUHtyMaU CbeBes JHoint* $e$istar Vol. 127, No. Aug. 28, 1975 Newt Offlcei MAIN OFFICE., . ?ljlocutt Strut D«t MolnM, low* 00104) WASHINGTON, p.C, irk Moll C irk Mo inhotf, Chlif of Bur.u •52 National Prtu Hdl. (2004S) ,R RAPIDS illlamjlmbro, Corriipondtnl CEDAR RAPIDS Willl»m Slmb... _..,.. Room 424 Guaranty Bldg. 216 Third Strut S.E. (32401) DAVENPORT, James N. N»y» uorrtiponotm 424 Union Arcad* Bldg. (92101) DUBUQUE Ta Tom Rydar, Corrueondint t$ Fitchir Bldg. (5200U Larrv tekholt, CerreiPondlM 217 Dty Bldg. (52240) WATERLOO jack Hovelson, Correspondent 717 Pint National Bldg. (50705) lr> Iowa where carrier foot <Jeliv«ry~li not provided, S31.20 per year (9 weeks) by mail. By mail outside ot Iowa, (46.10 VALUE Here's a comforting thought. You can still get terrific Naturalizer comfort..,a superb fit...and fashionable styling like this...forfar less than you'd expect! If s what's known as VALUE..,.a long-standing Naturalizer commitment. per year. (52 wetks) 90c a week. Second class postage paid at Moines, Iowa- Oet AH unsolicited manuscripts, articles, lat- (cr; tr-cl ciclurcs sen! lo The Register arc sent at the owner's risk end Des Moines Rentier and Tribune Company exoressiy repudiates any liability or responsibility icr their sole custody or return. Member ol the Associated Press The Af<r,- died Press, is entitled exclusively to Inc u c e or reproduction ot all locat news crimed m tnis newspaper, n well a> H.P ) re.-.s (tispatches. Rishtb and repro- cuct.on ot a.I other matter published in I. . newspaper art also rtserved. *20 Black Brown Blouses Main Floor Downtown Merle Hay Mall Mailorder! Welcome Add 60c State Tax $1 postage, handling ALLOW TEN DAYS FOR DELIVERY Shoes Downtou-n & Merle Hay Mall JUDY BOND! Two Favorites from our Fall Collection The top side of Fall. . . updated in a worldly, »ophi»ti<fat- ed approach to the new blouse look. Beautifully sculptured in silky knit no-iron Oacron® polyester. Fresh looks to complete your Fall wardrobe. Sizes 10 to 18. * 1. Easy to wear, notched lapel V-necked shirt. Tucked in or out, a season-spanner in soft Rose Stone, Blue, White, Brown. $15 2. Contemporary new square neck with soft shirred front. Crisp Fall colors of Cloud Blue, Moss Green, Ivory or Black. $13 Mail orders add 3% tax. 75c postage, handling. Wolf's 712 Walnut Des Moines, I A. 50308 plans to hold the conference with moderate blacks. The Rhodesian government issued another statement Wednesday again blaming the African National Council for the breakdown of talks at Victoria Falls. Political insiders in the Rhodesian capital say it is apparent Smith hopes to divide the African National Council further by threatening to cut them out of all talks on Rhodesia's political future. They say Smith is hopeful that moderates within the African National Council will break with the militants and agree to talk to Smith and the counter- conference. Rhodesian Charge The Rhodesians say the African National Council refused to abide by an agreement setting up the Victoria Falls talks signed over two weeks ago by South Africa, Rhodesia and black-ruled Zambia. Smith says the African National Council demanded amnesty for exiled Council leaders who face possible arrest inside the country but that a strict interpretation of the agreement does not take, this into account. Torture aides had to lick floors ATHENS, GREECE^(AP) - Tormer~JnMWy^\icemen~VsS' tified Wednesday that apprentice torturers under the fallen dictatorship were beaten daily and had to lick floors clean with their tongues as part' of their training. They__said_spme candidates were lelt hanging upside down from trees and had to eat grass on all fours like grazing sheep. They spoke as prosecution witnesses at the trial of 31 former colleagues charged with torturing political prisoners. A verdict is expected late next week. Mtrta Hoy Mail Store Open Sunday Fall Favorite! OUR DENIM PANT SUIT Ted Martin goes Western with colorful embroidered flowers on the Softkid leather-like vinyl yoke of this cotton denim pantsuit. Zig-zag trim and gripper closings. Pants have a zipper front closing and band. Denim Blue or Brown. 8 to 16. $50 Pantsuits, Second Floor Downtown • Merle Hay Mall

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