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AMERICANS "Starts the Day On the South-Plains*' Twentieth Year, No. 87 OCK 12 Today _Lubbock, Texas, Tuesday, March 3, 1942 AVALANCHE (AP) Means "Associated Press" ARCHIBALD P. WAVELL . See Story At Right WrWhieflsks Big Increase In Production (By The Associated Press) ' WASHINGTON, March 2.— War Production Director Donald M. Nelson tonight issued a call to American, industry and workmen to boost production 25 per cent on existing machines in 1942 in and all-out drive to win "the greatest competition of all. time;" : '. • ; .' '••>jhe; production • " '- every, .worker", to'-put'- into "'the : "prb- .ductiori job -"that extra - bit o"f drive; that extra head of steam; that ^extra measure ot determination" to meet "and exceed the president's expanded goals of planes, guns, tanks and ships. Not For Profits' Saks 'The speech was prepared for delivery over the Blue Network and is to be 'followed by three more at weekly intervals, assigning to every citizen his role in the war- effort. The production drive is "no sly scheme to speed up men and machines for profits' sake," Nelson asserted, but an earnest effort of free men and T.vorhen on the production lines to best "the slaves of Germany and the slaves of Japan." He announced a system of competitions between plants and workers,' with recognition going to the contractors and workers who exceed prescribed production goals or contribute ideas for production short cuts. Labor To Have Plac« Labor, he disclosed, will be assigned a prominent place in the conversion, retooling and production effort. He is writing to management and workers in plants holding prime war contracts asking them to set up joint management-labor committees to act jointly in pushing output "up to and beyond the president's goals." •The production chief said (he country could not be satisfied until war industries over the nation fTurn to Page 4, Column 4, Please) ,927 In Bonds •Soid At Program' _ An impressive total of $98,927 in defense bonds and stamps was bought as a result of the fourth and final "Keep 'Em Buying-' radio- show broadcast from Senior High school auditorium Monday ni a hL Contributing to the total were the 550,000 worth of bonds bought by the First Federal Savings and Loan association and §17,500 worth bought by the City of Lubbock. J. D. McPhaul, who tabulated the totals, said Monday night his records of bond purchases were not available, so the total figure was subject to correction. Wesley Youngblood was master of ceremonies at the hour-long broadcast. Johnnie Faye Templeton, Texas Technological college co-eri. sang several numbers, accompanied by a 17-piece orchestra under direction of Bernie Howcil T. C. Root, Toch professor of economics and business administra- tin, former state Sen. G. H. Nelson. and George Benson, chairman of Lubbock county defense bond sales committee, made brief addresses. A "Gay 90's Quartet" composed "f Ira Schantz, Cullen Chapman, George Dale and Rex Wofc.-li.-r :-sr>= and Bisndy Bratcher, accordionist, played. ap Invasion Arma own On Java; Wavell Relieved Supreme Allied Commander To Return To India Leadership Fails To Dutch; New One Not Disclosed - [By Th<> A.s'ocl-urcl Pre'sl YXfASHlNGTON, March 2.—With •' the Japanese and the Allies locked in a fierce, struggle for Java, last stronghold of'the Netherlands Indies, the United Nations tonight relie-v-ed the British general Sir Archibald Wavell, as comniander-in-chier in the Indies, and turned the task over to the Dutch. _ Wavell, famous one-eyed strate- ! gist who has been praised by the German high command itself as DOMINION STATUS? LONDON, TncJday. March 3. if,— The transfer ot 'Gen. Sir. Archibald P. Wartll from the United Nations command in the Southwest Pacific back'to blj former post 23 commander-in-chief in India my he the tore- runner of » British aSttr of dominion status to India, well-informed sources said todiT. - . . This offer might be forthcoming irlthln the neit tbre« days, these informants said, and therefore the shift, announced smuUaneousl.v here and in Washington, was dictated by political considerations. "Britain's only good .general," was sent back to his previous duties as commander-in-chief of India. i Thus he was put on another hot spot" since the general expectation is that the Japanese may drrve toward India- in their campaign to get complete control of neighboring Burma is successful. A joint statement by the United States Army.- and Navy, which revealed the shift, pointed'out that as,.cprmnander4in-chief of India, Wavelt will ~have* responsibilities for operations in Burma and for cooperation with China. ^peculation -~; Arises: ••• There was an immediate wave of-excited speculation as "to the meaning of-the shift. Military observers advanced two possible explanations: 1. The bulk of the United Nations fighting forces in the Indies now are Dutch and its was logical that a Netherlands man should be given the command. (The name of the new commander was not disclosed here tonight.) 2. In view of the Japanese advance into Burma, the strongest possible defense of India was considered imperative, and hence Wavel was assigned to the job. The Army and Navy statement emphasized that the Dutch would continue to receive all possible assistance from the United Nations, and that there was no change in plans for "general coordination of strategic policy in the war against Japan." • Oath Ten Thousand Warriors In Philippines Take Solemn Moros Swear By Koran Never To Lay Down Daggers And Swords Until Japs Whipped fBy The Associated Press) WASHINGTON, March 2.— *' Ten thousand embattled Moros in the Philippines have sworn a solemn oath upon the Koran never to lay down their serpentine daggers and keen- edged swords until the invading Japanese are ejected, Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported today. MacArthur transmitted to the president a message signed by Alonto, sultan of Ramain and a member of the Philippine senate, that 10,000 Mo>v^ of T.snnn -nrnvin™ on the island of Mindanao already sworn the oath and that more fighting men were being sworn e'very day. , The message said that they Social Security Expansion Asfced • 'Bv The Associated Pres<:> WASHINGTON, March 2.—The Social Security board recommended today an expansion of the federal insurance program to pro- Vide compensation for wage losses due to illness and urged also that a beginning be made" on a program of assuring adequate medical care for all persons. In its annual report to Congress transmitted by Federal Security Administrator Paul V. McNutt tne board said it believed federal insurance against wage losses due dis-i had pledged themselves • to disregard all differences in religion betw*en Christians, Mo- hammadans and pagans to "fight together as one people for a greater purpose to destroy -the enemy of good government." Alonto, signing the message in behalf of all Moro sultans of Lanao, deputy governors, municipal mayors and other district officials, told MacArthur that "all fighting men of Lanao would . like to sign their names, but they are too many." "We have prepared our faladed weapons because we lack firearms," said the message, "and with sharp kris, barong, campilan, tabas and spear, we will attack or defend as ordered." The Kris, sometimes spelled creese, is a dagger with a serpentine blade and a traditional weapon of the Moros. The Barong is a thick-backed, thin-edged knife or sword, and the campilan is a thick- backed, thin-edged knife o r sword, and the campilan a heavy two-handed, straight edged -sword. > A similar pledge ot loyalty, received last week by Secretary Stirnsor:, -.vas signed by Capt. Datu Gumbay Piang as commander of "the 20,000 Moros enlisted as bolomon of the (Turn to Page 4, Column 2, Please) Reds Massing For Big Attack iBj The Associated Pressl : BERN, Switzerland, March 2.— The Russians are massing "almost unheard of forces" all along the front for. what is believed to be a large-scale attack, reports originating in official Berlin quarters said tonight. German planes were said have observed great columns NAZI ATTEMPTS FRUSTRATED = MOSCOW, March 2. nr,~ The Russian* reported loniuht they were steadily frustrating air-borne atletnnd to supply the German armr trapped in the Slaraya Russa sector, vttt rnliTftni their free zone iround Leningrad 140 miles to the north and were mounting i neir attack on Kharkor in the south. The fact that the Germans »re so pei-iiitentlr atemptinjr to mpprr Ihe encircled 16th army at Staray* R n3 i° .'I a ' r . tK: " i 1 f ««T»r«Jed " an indication that the DS.1XX) men there were in increasintlj desperate straits. fresh Soviet troops and enormous supply trains moving up behind >er' Held For 'Blabbing' Secrets Enlisted Men, Civilians Arrested For Openly Discussing Naval Information . ' • (ByThe Associated Press) '"""'""" " CAN FRANCISCO, March 2 —Arrests of civilians and enlisted men ^ to halt the careless blabbing of secret naval information in barrooms and other public places, where enemy spies might be listening were disclosed tonight by the Navy. strengthened- naval shore patrol, working with the. FBI the C Vni II fr^3*-\r T\r\l tftft nnr3 1 ^..»« 1 A..XI • 1 * - . _ I * . . , Annys military police, and local authorities watched taverns T -,,r pa ^ wee i ke , nd and se' z ed a number of persons, Rear Admiral •/• W ' Greensladc, commandant of the J2th naval district, announced A civilian arrested early today-)- — in a San Francisco bar by theT shore patrol was identified fayl naval authorities as an employe of! an air base contractor. Officers 1 said he had been talking in detail about ship movements. He was booked at the city jail "en route to the U. S. marshal." "We are determined to bring a! ad ,Y anc . er ^es- | halt to careless talk "about"naval Russian attacks affairs," Admiral Greensalde said. Accident, i Mrs, Barr Says already were under way and these by German mili- , - , a s "on a scale not reached hitherto in the war." Show No Hesitation The Berlin correspondent of the Zurich newspaper Die TAT quoted reports from advance sectors saying Russian troops were attacking German positions in 40 or 50 successive waves, and that these (Turn to Page 4, Column 1. Please) Two Barksdale Army Pilots Die In Crash Sick wage earner who is out of because he is sick," the board observed, "is not entitled to an unemployment benefit even though his past work and earnings would have qualified him for benefits if he were well and .available for a job. The man disabled in younger vpar=; | unless by occupational in- or disease covered by a" stale ri»i- o social insurance . M . •••«... * from Barksdale field were killed instantly today when their basic training plane crashed on a plantation 12 miles north of here near Dixie, La. The dead are Second Lieut. James S. Carithers, 2f, son of Lieut. lei', 2-5. son of John Eldorado, Okla. (ByThe Associated Press) DALLAS, March 2. — Mrs Orders Are Given Juanita Barr testified at her mur- Orders have been given to res- der trial tday that she accidentally >nsible Officers in the rtistrirf killed Mrs. Rlanrho Woodall headquarters to insure that there- rival, for her husband's affections wih be no more thoughtless chat- during a struggle over a gun ter of the kind that might give Then Mrs. Barr, wife cf Eddie .<,? information to the enemy. Barr, former Dallas amusement Any talk about ship move- ! and gossip columnist, faintorl intn Grand Offensive By U.S. Armed Forces Planned . Ranking Officers Of Army, Navy Disclose Moves By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER Associated Press Staff Writer TXTASHINGTON, March 2.—The '' Navy's top admiral and the Army's ranking general disclosed today that the American armed forces are working with all possible speed to carry the war to the Axis enemies in a grand offensive in Asia, Africa and Europe. Preliminary to. the start of this offensive, it was said, the Navy is engaged in keeping open supply lines to the major theaters of operation and at the same lime harassing and weakenihg the enemy wherever he may be found. Thousands Transported The Army, in cooperation with the Navy, has been transporting thousands of troops and vast quantities of weapons and supplies to war zones for the battles of tomorrow. Even while its initial troops in combat fight in thc Netherlands Indies and the Philippines. The overall picture of U. S. grand strategy came from Admiral Ernest J. King, commander-in- chief of the fleet, and Gen. George C. Marshall, Army chief of. staff. To some .extent, at least, their separate statements seemed designed, to answer demands in Congress and ..elsewhere that American forces be concentrated in de- /.pnse °f home shores..and waters, where numerous submarine attacks have occurred and air attacks are deemed likely. In Unspectacular Way- Gen. Marshall, in fact, warned against thus immobilizing striking power. "The time has now come," he declared in a letter to Sen. Austin (R-Vt), "when we must proceed with the business of car] rying the war to the enemy and • not permit the greater portion of our armed forces and our valuable material to be immibiiized within the continental United States." A short time later Admiral King's view of the situation was given out in a Navy communique in which he stressed that "while no miracles are to be expected, an all-out effort is being made in the unspectacular but vitally essential task of establishing our sea and air communications." t Measures Being Taken "Approximate measures are being taken," he continued, "to strengthen the key points of these communiactions, with a view to developing an offensive, which slowly but surely,'will gain scope and power as we gain strength, through the production of aircraft, ships and guns. "Currently, therefore, the United fleets are carrying on with the basic idea to 'do more than your Big US Flying Fortresses Meet Enemy Dutch Fear New Landing i Attempts "In Few Hours" (By Til* Asiocl«!r< DISPATCHES from BaUvia to London today "said "thaF * a huge new Japanese invasion armada was bearinjr n"* P ™ J*™ an , d was being> met b - v continuous relay! U. S. Flying Fortresses and other Allied bombers. The reports said that the original Japanese invasion ships of which 50 ship move (Turn to Page 4, Column 4, Please) Suspect Is Sought In Tahoka Burglary Sheriff B. L. Parker of Lynn county told Lubbock police $72 loss was sustained in a burglary discovered Monday at Tahoka. " He asked that a 20-year-old suspect be picked up if seen here. Theft of a 17-jeweI watch \vas reported by H. H. Roberts of 402 Avenue C. His residence gossip columnist, fainted the arms of Hughes. A physician told Judge Henry King the defendant would be unable to continue her testimony without at least eight hours rest. Lov» Letter Found Taking the stand the first time in her own defense, Mrs. Ban- testified she found in her husband's pocket the morning of last April H. Kel- F. Kelley, Army authorities said the cause though his family responsibilities u ' as unk nown and th.it investigat- may be at their height If his dis- ln & officers were dispatched from ability is long-standng, Any pro- Ba rksdale field, tection he may have earned for his 12 a love letter from Mrs. Wnodall ten years her junior and a pretty night club dancer. appar-j The letter, which the state did ently had been burglarized, po- i not contest as being authentic lice said. O. W. Kibble said a me- began "My Darling—I'm so un- tal plate valued at S10 was stolen I n& PP>" with you away," and con- from his 2220 Eighteenth street! * ained thes e other residence. A 20-year-old man was being sought for forgery. Pierce Winn at 2217 Nineteenth street said his best with that you've got.' This means to take and make every opportunity to harass and damage the enemy, while building soundly for his ultimate defeat." Congratulations To: Mr. and Mrs. H. E. DeShazo of 2612 fifth Twenty- street on The father birth of a davigh- ter v.-eig h i n g 7 pounds in West Texas hospital at 1245 o'clock Monday after noon, employed by the Thus the others which now are returning are believed to consisb of from 70 to 80 ships, despite the casualties already inflicted on the enemy, vessels. - _ Many Japanese warships were said to be accompanying the new stream of troop ami-supply ships. In a dispatch from Bandoeng, Dutch army headqua'rt-"'' ers, the London Daily Express said Allied warships also ' Cjhvcre believed to have gone into action against the armada. So lar there was nothing to indicate how the attack was progressing. . Some reports said the' Japanese fleet was expected to begin land-, ing its "main invasion forces" in a few hours. . Dutch, ' American and British troops, in. a great comradeship'of arms, Monday struck out together against the Japanese invaders. al- • ready on .land : in strong,' widespread counter-attacks which : ."a. All Australians Called To Serve InWarEfforf -..., ..— ,'ByTlir A;<oc'atrd Pri-ssi ', MELBOURNE, Australia, March" 2.—In anticipation of Uhe war's spread to Australia, the government today ordered compulsory service for all civilians, tightened ' control over the three branches of the •armed service and abolished for the first time in history five major holidays. The War cabinet decided to extend the labor corps system to provide compulsory service for civilians at army pay—considerably below trade union wages with army conditions and ai-my- like discipline, mostly for construction and maintenance. The new ruling also combines the Australian imperial force and the famed volunteer force with the militia and permanent garri- •guarded "official- summary-dectar-- ed had "developed satisfactorily," critical though the situation de- son. The now single organization is expected to be more flexible and efficient than those set up under system of separate the previous services. is beyond my comprehension how after our afternoon together thatl you can leave me to be state highway department. Mr. and ' so in. j 1515 Twenty-eighth street on birth 'of a son weighing S pounds 12 ounces at 10:40 o'clock Monday likely to 1 The board said legislation „,=„. should be enacted to protect work-' ers entering the armed forces against loss of their federal surance protection in- Tune In 1340 Kilocycle* FYO Avalanche-Journal Station bicycle had been stolen. A wheel you , tryin S in a nice way to stop ^,^-x n.-ntiav , -„„, A belonging to DarreU Loyd Kinser!° Ur Jovc affair ? • • • I love you . . . night in St. Mary's hospital. Thei?°"p.. ^recovered^was another^Jgurnto Page <, Column 1. P leas e) j Kfng'compaiy. 1 " 8 " ^ WIlsnn | h .The Said Planning Spring Conquests In Effort~To ChokeTSupply Li^eT ^lL?y in S Iceland, Dakar, Canaries SENATE KILLS PENSIONS WASHINGTON, March 2. (,T>>_ ^«-lf-4 Se ?r ate P assc d a-" 1 * 1 sent to the , wnite House today a measure re-i pealing legislation which enabled ! members of Congress lo qualify for government pensions. TAX PAYMENTS UP AUSTIN, March 2. W^-Income 1 tax payments in South Texas are up S2.728.000 over those of last! year to Gate, -| By DREW MIDDLETON Associated Press Staff Writer T ONDON, March 2. — The -^ German? nave marked Iceland, Dakar. Casablanca and the Canary islands for spring conquest to choke off American supplies flowing to the Embattled British Isles, an authoritative source said today. Thc heaviest blow would be aimed at Iceland, large'y garrisoned by United States troops. Nazi occupation of Dakar would be just "f-r, announcement that Ve are here and \\hat are you going to do about if." he predicted. Dakar aud Cas?blanca are controlled by Vichy France, and thc Canaries are owned by Spain. Reports of a German battle squadron and a train of transports gathering at the cold Norwegian ports o£ Narvik Congress Okays Military Funds 'By The Ai.iocialcd Pres'i WASHINGTON, March 2.—Congress, spuered by word from the Army high command that "the time has now come when we must proceed with the business of carrying the war to the enemy," gave swift approval,today to a $32,767,737,900 military appropriation, largest in world history. The big money bill was sent to President Roosevelt when the House unanimously, and without debate, approved Senate amendments which increased the overall total. Cannot Be Dispersed The Senate had passed the measure unanimously a little earlier after hearing Sen. Austin of Vermont, the assistant Republican leader, make a plea for national unity in thc course of which he read a letter from Gen. George C. Marshall, the Army chief of staff' Declaring that the War department had been "deluged" with de- W L Mire's of i [" ands for thc employment of com- ih «»r«t ™ i,;.™! hat troops to guard inland as well larshaU said thn Army not afford lo disperse its in this way. mammoth appropriations bill, as approved by the Senate contained §691,836.000 more than previously voted by the House The Senate added 5596,836,000 for clothing and equipment for the Army and $95,000.000 for ware-1 housing lend-lease goods. I, and Trondheim were called an indication that the Germans were preparing a thrust at Iceland, which gurros the North Atlantic approaches to Europe. '•Britain is dangerous to Germany so long as an invasion army of the United States and British troops can be trained there." the source said, "If Britain were cut off. from the United States she- could threaten Germany only by air, and Germany is not afraid of bombing. "The whole trend of Axis strategy is to prevent thc Allies from concentrating their forces. Unremitting attacks on the Atlantic supply lines from Iceland, the Canaries. Casablanca and Dakar would further this trend." Iceland would give thc German., a rich strategical reward and be valuable to the current propaganda theme belittling the United States' war effort In ;Batavia, the island capital, vital installations were destroyed —but only against distant possibilities. • An official Japanese bulletin at 10:30 p. m. (noon EWT) thus summed up the situation at the hour of supreme crisis: "From well-informed circles it is heard that action against the Japanese invasion. troops has de- • veloped satisfactorily. Although in connection with thc character of the operations no details can be published it can be said that the enemy received lair hits. •' • "Up to.now, there is no information received about fifth column, activities, while everywhere our troops are going to meet the Japanese and are enthusiastically welcomed. "Although there Is no question of a direct threat to Batavia, vital objects are (being) made useless to exclude all risks. "The situation in s6rne'parts"of Java is obviously cirtical, but the invaders are receiving blows hammer and tongs." ' . In the wild sweep of the fight(Turn to Page 4, Column 3, Please) Many Texans Serving With Armed Forces <Bf The Associated Prc:3l Texans fought once long ago for their freedom and gained the 106-year old Declaration of Ind'e- p e n d e n ce from Mexico — arid they're ready to fight and die again to keep thc torch of liberty aflame. . These are not mere words. They are attested by the rate at which Texans have volunteered for the nation's army- and naval forces since Pearl Harbor. Since the Dec. 7 attack by Japan, 15,250 Texans have enlisted in the Army and 7,305 in the Navy. Others enlisted before that date and others have gone into' the services through the selective." service system. - . . ..-• Maj. Gen. Richard Donovan, eighth corps area commander, took occasion on Independence day yesterday to reflect upon tbe heroic deeds of Texans during the past century and compliment them on their enviable record of voluntary enlistments. Weai SAFE BURGLARIZED Aubrey Fawver. acting assistant j an!f f ™ f POhCe> Sa ' d ? 7 , 81 in checks •' WEST TEXAS; Cold apain earl* and cun-cncy was taken from a ' Tucsdav ' .*-..safe in offices of Johnson Motor lines, at 1317 Avenue E sometime Monday night. Intruders had morn in?; rapidly rising' temperature and warmer Tuesday afternoon. NEW MEXICO: Cold asain in the early mornin;. and nf;Id Tt:csr broken in the building through „.*. .„„., ,..„...,»..=„„ m-.iu 1^-5- tne front door, facing west, and day afternoon throughout tha opened the safe without knocking j state. ~ • : ' lh£ knob. Fawver said he had ob-? tained fingerprints from the 5 " tocAr. TTEATHEK rnit ' J st»t« wither Fu by other po!;ccmeri. The' i burglary \v;is discovered shortly; *", j before midnight. idt-e**. tfiapsratjirc vi " IV I.