Lubbock Avalanche-Journal from Lubbock, Texas on April 4, 1975 · Page 36
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April 4, 1975

Lubbock Avalanche-Journal from Lubbock, Texas · Page 36

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Lubbock, Texas
Issue Date:
Friday, April 4, 1975
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Page 36
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6-B—LUBBOCK AVALANCHE-JOURNAL—Friday Evening, April 4. 1975 Old Book Gives Hints For Today's Homebuilders By VIVIAN BROWN AP Features Writer Feel tired run-down, generally blnli? Jt could be caused by improper ventilation of your home. "It is only necessary to observe the countenances of those who Inhabit close rooms and houses . . . the hue ot their skins, their sunken eyes and their languid movements to be fully sensible of the bnd effects of shutting out external air." Those words published in 1856 in the "Mechanics and Builders Price Book" were meanl to encourage builders to provide more ventilation in homes. But it must have had little effect. People still are inclined to lock themselves in tight during winter months. The litlle hook, wearing a price of 10 cents at a lag sale, carried a lot of worthwhile advice on the subject from the author, J. Wilson. "Ventilation .should be u. matter of discharging impure air from rooms and filling them with pure atmospheric air. A person consumes the oxygen of about five cubic feet of air and vitiates (pollutes) SO feet in an hour. A room containing four persons should receive and discharge at the rate of two hundred cubic feet in an hour to retain a healthy state of air," ho advised builders. "In a close apartment two persons cannot retain a healthy state for more than three hours at most." People confined to such rooms for seven to 10 hours, "acquiring stupor," sleep in it "because they become stupid,' 1 he continued. A constant supply of fresh air could be provided by having a chimney in every room, and these should not be "stopped by chimney board s," he instructed. "Windows should be capable of being opened and BEATRICE OJAKANGAS'S CAIIISOT CASSEROLE 1 (.'up tioukcd rice !I cups milk 5 medium carrots, shredded 1 tsji. -salt 1 tbsp. dark brown silfiar 3 csss, slightly beaten 3 tUsps. butler J /3 cup fine bread or cracker crumbs Combine the vice, milk. carrots, salt, sugar and eggs. Pour into a well-buttered I'/i-quart casserole. Melt the butter in a separate pan and stir the crumbs into it. Sprinkle over the top of casserole. Bake in a moderately hot oven (!>75 degrees) about 40 minutes or until the top is lightly browned. Serves 6. Note: A I'.i-quarf ceramic souffle dish can be used. Baked until a knife inserted near the center came out clean. PETITE CREAM PUFFS '/j cup butter 1 cup water I cup sifted all-purpose flour whipped cream Clioro'ate glaze or confectioners' sugar Place butter and water in a saucepan. Bring to a boil. Reduce heat; add flour all at once, stirring rapidly. Stir over low heat until mixture thickens and leaves sides of pan (about 2 minutes). Remove from heat, should be situated on the side ' of the room opposite and farthest from the fireplace so that air could traverse the whole apartment on its way to the chimney (cross ventilation). ''The easy access mankind has to this great blessing (the abundance of pure air that exists through nature) may have blunted us to the importance of inhaling it in an (unpolluted) state . . ." he went on. People would not alter their "sanitary conditions" in his opinion unless they could understand the principles of heating, lighting and ventilating. If that were .so, "germs would more rarely develop, headaches and nervousness, general debility resulting from close confinement in badly ventilated rooms would be mitigated, and some stop would be put to the deterioration which has taken place in the mental and physical capabilities of poorer classes in our large cities." With people crammed into a small space, it is amazing, he pointed out, that they "wake up from sleeps at all." Driving home his point, he chose an ugly example, the prison known as the Blaek Hole of Calcutta. "In 1756 when 146 Englishmen were shut up in a smull prison, 18-fcet square with two small windows, within a short time they experienced oppressive thirst, soon became delirious and in six hours 96 were relieved by death from their agonies. Of the 23 that survived until morning only a few recovered." They don't write that kind of builder's information book any more. It disclosed, too, that carpenters worked for : $1.75 a day, that it cost $1,102.8fj to build a 30 by 24 foot brick cottage and that the total cost, of a two-story house with full basement' containing kitchen, pantry and root Add eggs, one at a time, beating thoroughly after each addition. Continue beating until mixture looks satiny and breaks off when the spoon is raised. Using a pastry tube with a tiny opening, form the dough into 1-inch mounds onto un- greased baking sheets. Bake at 425 degrees F. for 17 to 20 minutes, or until golden brown. Cool. To fill, use pastry bag filled with sweetened whipped cream and pipe into side of each puff. Spread tops of each puff with a chocolate glaze or sprinkle with confectioners' sugar. Makes about six dozen puffs. cellcr was $1,899.07. Details for workers included 'the sixes of all materials — the number of bricks and so on — and their costs required for building each of 10 houses. With the book he could find the proper sash dimensions for 27 different size 12-light windows. A recipe for paint that avoids "the disagreeable smell . , . and iiYjreases the durability so that it could be applied even to the walls of damp houses . . ." substituted the blood of oxen obtained from butchers for the solution of glue or size. A good agreement for carpenters that seems to have gone by the wayside was one that called for him to receive at least 75 per cent of his work price as work progressed with the remainder paid at the completion. The author devoted the largest chapter to good architecture and went back to the scriptures, Solomon, the Tower of Babel and Egyptians, Greeks and Romans to prove his points and extol the feats of builders almost in a bedtime story vein, Noting the numbers used in building the Pyramids he pointed to an inter- e.sting sidelight that "it was expressed on the' pyramids•••:' . . the sums it cost only for' garlic, leeks, onions ' arid other vegetables of this description provided to the workmen." It may Wave: been an additional health tip. '. : ROBERT O. BATEMAN-M.D. Orthopedic Surgery New Address 4430 Sourh Loop 28? At Quaker- . (806) 792-2396 by Appointment Be a perfect sleeper... buy a Perfect Sleeper* •if. • TERMS • FREE DELIVERY • FULLY GUARANTEED The Perfect Sleeper Super Firm MATTRESS AND MATCHING FOUNDATION ONE HALF PRICE •TWIN •FULL »QUEEN •KING SLEEP CENTER 4202-50th 797-5300 DIRECT FROM THE MANUFACTURER lOUVEKED r. I ,. ' ».•.•-...'-,; ' HIS: 20" 24'' >2»f' 32" 36" ; MNEt WIDTHS '•l*Q' 3-M. *;95 ? j2S 9.SS. /8.9Q ' .7'.' i :?s 2.10 2.4J 2:75 3.16 -i'8" 1.90 7.30 2.60 2.95 3.35 ''"9" J.05 ^.<S J.»0 3.20 3.55 10" 2.20 2.60 2.95 3.35 3.80 11" 2.30 2.7S 3.15 3.55 4.00 •12" 2.45 2.90 3.35 3.80 4.25 OPEN FRAME • AMERICAN MADE • WESTERN PINE • READY TO FINISH f HIS, 20' 24' .?*' 32; 36' PANEL WIDTHS '*' V',55 '•t 2.* > b 735 *& 7" 1 70 2. 05 J.2S 2.45 J.6A 8" 1 «5 2:15 235 2.55 2.75 V' 2.00 2.20 = 2.45 2.65 2.80 10" 2.15 2.35 2.55 2.75 2.95 11" 2.20 2.40 2.65 2.80 3.00 12" 2.35 2.50 2.70 2.90 3.10 TO BCFITfED:Wf!|U '• FA**c* ; ' ? v ; • PLASTICS' " • PRESSBOARD5;: REMY-TO-HANG SHUTTER SETS SET HTS: 20" 24" 28" 32" 36" IpltVllfO Sn W10TKS OttH RtAMf SET WID1HS 14" 895 totss 1.1 .VO 1 3115 14.75 28" &70 U IS 12.65 14.10 1-5.60 k _32^ 10.15 l:i.,9o 13:35 T'4.95 16.55 36" 10.75 12.50 14.05 15.80 17.50 24" 8.90 10.50 11.65 12.55 28' 9.65 10.90 11.90 12.80 13.40)13.75 32" 10.10 11.30 12.40 13.25 14.15 36" 10.70 11.65 12.65 13.60 14.50 OUTSIDE BLINDS BAR DOORS BIFOLD DOORS COMPUTE WITH TRACK AND HARDWARE FULL LOUVER 15.95 l«.'U 19.00 20.45. 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