Lubbock Avalanche-Journal from Lubbock, Texas on April 4, 1975 · Page 27
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April 4, 1975

Lubbock Avalanche-Journal from Lubbock, Texas · Page 27

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Lubbock, Texas
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Friday, April 4, 1975
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By K«nn«th May SUGAR AS SWEET as that made from cane now can be made from corn, researchers report, Goody, says My Neighbor Twice Removed, now we can have cornflakes that not only snap, crackle and pop but that also are self-sweetening. * A reader notes that one Guv'ment-financed research project was a $20,000 investigation of the German cockroach. Only ?5,000 went into a study of Yugoslavian intertidal hermit crabs. International bias against the Yugoslavians, that's what it is, * TO RAISE money to help send some of the residents to Disneyland within the next few • months, staff members at the Lubbock State School held a "roast" dinner at which Supt. John Gladden was the roastee. Staffers and special friends of Gladden's took turns hurling verbal brickbats at him. Texas Tech's Dr. Bill Locke got off the best line. "Some men cast large shadows," he said. "In" John's shadow, I've always gotten sunburned." * A PUBLIC opinion survey, as cited by Sen. John Tower, showed three out of four of those questioned are opposed to creation of a federal Agency for Consumer Advocacy. The survey found that 59 per cent believe they're usually treated fairly by business. That 'was one per cent more than the 58 per cent who believe they're usually treated fairly by government. Advocates of the new government agency to protect consumers from business immediately labeled the survey—you guessed it—"unfair." Potomac Fever: Advertising rules as proposed by the Federal.Trade Commission would outlaw calling a food "nutritious" unless it contained government-decreed levels of nutritional values. That'd rule out all fruits, most vegetables, and milk. * Texas legislators almost fell into the same protectionism trap before defeating—by seven votes—a bill that would've required service stations to post their prices on signs visible from the roadway. A service, maybe, but hardly a governmental responsibility. * Economists say the recession is about to bottom, out. What?! You mean before the Guv'ment's $24.8 billion tax give-away comes rushing to the rescue? * TODAY'S MAY BOUQUET: To the Texas Highway Commission, for creating "a" Dallas-to- Lubbock highway by initiating action to redesignate legs of five different routes as U.S. 114. U.S. 114, when finally approved by highway numbering officials and "activated" next Jan. 1, will continue westward from Lubbock through Levelland and Morton into New Mexico, connecting with U.S. 70 at Elida. It will, in short, be a logical route for interstate traffic—after some straightening out in New Mexico—and should bring nearer the day when it will be a four-lane divided facility all the way. STARTING NEAR Texas Stadium in Irving and going past the D-FW Airport, U.S. 114 will connect with U.S. 380 at Bridgeport into Jacksboro, from where Texas 199 will be renumbered into Seymour. From Seymour to Lubbock, the route will carry both the existing U.S. 82 and the new U.S. 114 designation. While the new number carries no construction money with it, there will be benefits a'plenty: Travelers' maps will show a solid one-highway line from Dallas through Lubbock into New Mexico and it no longer will look like you've gotta go out of your way or over second-class facilities to get to Lubbock. THIS THROUGH-HIGHWAY concept has been a "pet" project for about three years now and the Chamber of Commerce can rejoice with me that victory is in sight. Oliver Thomas, chairman of the CC's Highways Committee, diligently pursued the matter with the state officials. Naturally, four-laning the route is more important than the numbering, but we'll get that, too, in time. "Approximately 122 miles of this road already are constructed to the four-lane divided standard," Highway Commissioner Charles E. Simons of Dallas notes. ADDITIONAL MILEAGE will be improved, he adds, "when the traffic increases sufficiently to justify construction of a four-lane divided highway, and when funds are available." Even before it got its new name, the four-laning of U.S. 114 was the Number 1 highway priority of the Chamber of Commerce. And well it should be. U.S. 114 will connect the nation's eighth-largest city with the state's eighth-largest'city. It should be first class all the way. BILLY GRAHAM: MyAns\ver QUESTION: What is your opinion on cremation? Do you feel it is a sin in the eyes of the Lord? My wife and I would prefer to be cremated — G.G.Y. ANSWER: This is a recurrent question, so it is a subject of some concern among Christians.- The first Christians to be cremated lived in the Roman empire, when this practice became part of the general persecution. It was really a punitive measure, designed to mock the faith in a resurrection. In the following years, burial became the standard arrangement until in the French Revolution in 1797, it was reintroduced. • Now in many parts of the world, for reasons of hygiene and lack of space, cremation has gained new acceptance. We know, however, that there is no case in the New Testament of cremation and, ' of course, the example of Christ was one of burial. Probably, if some survey were taken among .Christians today, the preference would be for burial. The Scripture's glad promise, however, is that nothing can separate us from God's love (Romans 8), and that whatever our condition, the resurrection to meet Christ (1 Corinthians 15) will take place on schedule. Will PLO Hit U.S.? Reviewing The Troops WASHINGTON — Government security; officials have been quietly alerted that the breakdown of Arab-Israeli negotiation attempts by the U.S. could lead to a series of terror attacks in this country by the Palestinian Liberation Organization. The alert is being circulated at the highest levels of government by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and- the Justice Department. It is based on information gathered by FBI informants and from the latest intelligence estimate prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency. The warning from the CIA notes that several of the militant Arab terrorist groups, operating under the umbrella of the PLO, have contingency plans for terror activities in the U.S. PRINCIPAL TARGET of these attacks would be individuals and industries which have made large contributions to Jewish organizations collecting funds for Israel in the U.S. Since the opening of PLO offices in Moscow earlier this year, U.S. intelligence officials report that large shipments of Soviet arms have begun to flow directly to Palestinian terror groups in the Middle East. The arms are being paid for out of the large grants the PLO is receiving from oil-rich Arab governments. Inprivate talks with other Arab leaders, Yasir Arafat, the chameleon leader of the PLO, is taking the position that his organization must become more militant and expand its terror operations to support of its current diplomatic offensive. « STRESSING THAT the U.S. is the main base of diplomatic, military and economic support for Israel, Arafat contends terror attacks are needed in the U.S. to pressure the Ford administration into cutting back or abandoning U.S. support. The short, flabby and balding PLO leader believes this type of pressure is needed to remind President Ford and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger that there can be no peace in the Middle East until the question of Palestine refugees is settled. In Arafat's view, this means the establishment' of a separate Palestinian state on'territory now occupied by Israel. There are an estimated 3.5 million Palestinians. ANOTHER SIGNIFICANT factor in the proposed PLO terror attacks in the U.S. is the influence of the Soviet Union, according to U.S. intelligence experts. For several years, the KGB, the Kremlin's worldwide secret intelligence and espionage organization, has been trying to organize terrorist groups within the U.S. The objective is to disrupt vital communications in time of national crisis. By arming and training PLO terrorists, the KGB will have a friendly front that its agents can use in this country and overseas to undertake more violent espionage operations. As one top U.S. security official puts it: "The PLO is just the front that Moscow needs to finance and help arm terrorist and other radical groups in the U.S. Most of the PLO leaders are Marxist and a number of them have been trained in Russia." THIS POTENTIAL threat to U.S. security will be considered in the coming review of Middle East policy ordered by President Ford following the collapse of Secretary, of State Kissinger/s negotiation efforts. This 'is the private report given security officials by White House aides. With Yasir Arafat scheduled to play a major role in the coming Geneva conference - on the Arab-Israeli dispute, the President is taking the position that the PLO activities 'should be considered because of the impact they can have on U.S. relations with Israel.- While the CIA and FBI express their concern about the new danger, State Department officials have attempted to play down the new PLO threat in recent inlra-Administration meetings. THEIR ARGUMENT: The PLO has too much to lose to launch a terror campaign in the U.S. They point out the enormous success of the PLO's' international diplomatic activities since the group was sanctified by the Arab leaders at their summit conference in Rabat, Morocco, last fall. In their assessment. State Department officials follow Secretary of State Kissinger's line of ignoring the significance of the growing So'viet influence in the PLO's strategy. Whether the CIA-FBI or the State Department's assessment is correct will be answered in the next six to eight weeks as Arafat shows his hand in public. Lightly Speaking We have the report of a boys' camp where such strong emphasis is put on character building that they even have a goodminton court — Clyde Moore in Columbus Dispatch. Overheard: "By the time you acquire a nest egg, inflation has turned it into chicken feed." — Mori Edelstein in Chicago Daily News. Says Chuck Norman: "Jf you don't think there is strength in numbers, consider the fragile snowflake. If enough of them stick together they can paralyze the whole city." — Bob Goddard in St. Louis Globe Democrat. Berry's World "This year, the kids aren'f going to summer camp"WE are!" SYLVIA PORTEfr. Hot Issue: TODAYS EDITORIAL; Auto Workers'Dilemma SINCERE SYMPATHY should go to any person who loses a needed jqb. However, in some cases, although sympathy still is felt, it is tempered by a few thoughts about such things as lack of foresight. For example, no one dreamed up those news reports about auto workers in Detroit and lesser car-making centers who, with leisure time while receiving unemployment benefits up to 95 per cent of their take-home pay, took off on vacations in Florida or on the West Coast. THESE FUNDS have come from Special Unemployment Benefit setups in the auto industry, with supplements from state unemployment payments. Now, the outlook is bleak, especially for Chrysler Corp. workers, whose SUB fund is running out.. The ; same will be true in a few weeks for General Motors employes,' although the Ford Motor Co. fund is said to be '-'in good shape." HOLMES ALEXANDER: It is being recalled, belatedly, that .SUB never was intended to cope with recession- depth cutbacks in auto production, but rather to tide workers over temporary layoffs. IT WAS'HAILED as a great victory for United Auto Workers bargainers when SUB was won from the industry a. few years ago. Now, realization is sinking in that the 95 per cent provision was top high. As oiie observer contends, "half pay is better than no pay at all." If SUB payments had been considerably lower, there would now be enough in the Chrysler and GM funds to last into 1976. State unemployment payments simply are not high enough to permit auto workers to support mortgage and car payments and to feed their families properly. Members surely are asking United Auto Workers leaders why. someone did not have the foresight to make tapping of the SUB funds flexible, so that they could be extended as signs persist that layoffs are long-term. Rocky Presents Contrast In Fraternizing, 4 Caring* WASHINGTON — It happens that the last time I saw Nelson Rockefeller he was standing inside the main door of the Senate Chamber, under the clock, effusively greeting each member who entered. A Rockefeller greeting is not like any other salutation, not even like any other political salutation. Gov. (later Chief Justice) Earl Warren had what became known as the Big Hello. The unforgettable Floor Leader (later Vice President and President) Lyndon Johnson gave senators the Treatment, which included encirclement by the longest arm in Washington. But Rocky goes for the elbow-clutch, the handclasp and a half-encirclement, all the while grinning, winking and verbally fraternizing. WHILE THE vice president was chumming it up. the Senate clock was running, the Senate was in session, and he should have been presiding. But in February, Rocky ran into the buzz saw of Senate disapprobation by what these sensitive statesmen considered his discourtesy. Since then the vice president often allows agreeable members to be his stand-in. He has been spending considerable time in another place as chairman of the presidential commission to examine the CIA. Although the Senate is his only official place of business. Rockefeller tries too hard, and isn't much at ease there. He lately proved to be out of place in an unofficial task of vice presidents — that of attending funerals. PRESIDENT FORD sent Rocky to pay respects to the memory of King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, a diplomatic faux pas considering that in 1966 then-Gov. Rockefeller snubbed Faisal who was visiting New York. It's questionable whether Rocky sacrificed more Jewish respect, or conserved more Jewish votes, by this cheap politics, but it's certain that his solemn journey to Riyadh, capital city of Saudi Arabia, raises another question about his fitness to be vice president. In as few words as possible, how would a man so callous to the feelings of the Muslim world be regarded if he succeeded to the presidency of the United States? WHILE HE WAS en route to the country which contains the holy city of Mecca, and while the world was hungering both spiritually and physically for the sustenance it draws from America, the vice president was exposed in the Wall Street Journal (which also exposed Rocky's predecessor, Vice President Agnew) as having an apparent conflict of interest between bis public position and private business affairs. Had the 93rd Congress hot taken him at his word ("I have no active part, no interest in business affairs") it is quite certain that Rockefeller today would never be (as was Agnew) "a heartbeat away." THE VICE PRESIDENT doesn't need any more bad luck, but he is a central — and unsympathetic — character in Tom Wicker's book about the 1971 prison riot at Attica, "A Time To Die" (Quadrangle). The book, I think, is not enhanced by Wicker's guilt complex at being born a white Southerner, nor by his inferiority complex at not yet being accepted as a creative writer. (Cheer up, Tom, how many make it as New York Times columnist and associate editor?) But it is bull's-eye journalism. At the target center is the irresolvable problem of social crime and punishment. Within- the innermost concentric circle is Nelson Rockefeller, along with quite a few Black Muslim prisoners. One of the richest and most powerful men in the world, the governor of New York found excuses to keep his distance while the Attica riot consumed the lives of 43 inmates and hostages. Nowhere does Wicker question Rockefeller's courage or.wisdom. But he does make you wonder whether Rocky "cares" about people, and whether a man who doesn't care should ever govern. LUBBOCKAVALANCHE JOURNAL P. O. Box «1. Lub&ock, Texas 79401 An independent newspaper published every week day evening except Saturday and Chrulmaj Day by Southwestern Newspapers Corporation rn its but MIM at 1th St. and Avi. J.. Lubbock. Texas Corporation, Second cli» poiLijj pjW it Lubbock. Texas. ROBERT R. NORRJS Vice Prwklem- General Manager J. C. RICKMAN DAVID E. KNAPP 8 ""*""'""" JAY HARR]S Executive Ediur rtl vl, " Jft BU * LEp EJTIT KENNETH MAY Managing Editor Ajiociate Edilo? CARL N : CANNON ROBERT CMcVAY Adverliwif Director Full leaMd wire, member of Associated ' ***** Page <, Section A HOW MUCH of Uw electricity w« as* in this country comes from privately-owned utilities and how much from publicly-owned compute*? A. About 80 per cent of oior electricity comes from some MO investor-owned utilities (blown as lOUs). • .. ••;,;•; - •. ..,--. .;" '-".; ;,•'.' . The remainder is supplied by about 3,000 public power' systems. Of these, most are either municipal or .regional systems; the rest, rural electricity cooperatives. Public power companies function in every state except Montana and Hawaii. More than three-fourths serve comrnunities of 10,000 or less, but others exist in such major cities as Seattle and Los Angeles. Q. WHAT ABOUT other countries? A. The U.S. is among the few in which electricity production is largely managed by private firms. In Europe, as in Canada, almost all utilities are publicly owned .— and in these countries, electricity rates have risen much more slowly than here. This is despite almost identical pressures of increased fuel costs, expensive new construction, high interest rates. Q. ARE PUBLIC power rates lower than IOU charges? ' . A. Yes, on average. According to a 1972 Federal Power Commission study (most, recent available), private power costs the average residential user 2.4 cents per kilowatt hour as compared with 1.63 cents for public power. Throughout-the country, local governments aVe under conflicting pressures from irate utility customers and financially strapped utility firms — and in response are considering public takeovers of private, investor-owned utilities. FEASIBILITY studies have been commissioned by such states as Massachusetts, New Jersey and Vermont along with such communities as Fairfax, Va. and Erie County, N.Y. The reasons are as complex as the problem: the hope that public ownership will help curb electricity rate hikes; reduce the danger of future blackouts; turn local utilities into a source of much needed new revenue for local governments. Above you read answers to some of the questions being asked about the highly charged issue. To continue: Q. HOW CAN public, utilities charge lower rates? Don't they face the same rising costs, as private firms? A. Unlike private companies, community- owned utilities pay no taxes and no dividends to stock holders. Municipal and regional power companies can issue tax-exempt bonds, borrow government funds at comparatively low interest rates to finance new construction, and buy low- cost power from government-run generating systems. Many of these are hydropower operations and thus, offer bargain-basement prices especially in contrast to costly fossil-fuel plants. But of course — public systems also face the problem of higher operating costs. Their rates are going up but not as rapidly as the rates of the JOUS. , ' Q. SINCE publicly-owned utilities pay no taxes, doesn't the community lose valuable revenue? A. Yes. .The Edison Electric Institute estimates that other revenues received by. local treasuries from publifrutilities amount to only 25 per cent of what lOUs pay in taxes. Q. Government-run corporations (the Postal Service) are notoriously inefficient. Are public power systems different? . A. Despite'IOU claims to the contrary, labor unions and consumer groups which support public power argue that Federal Power'Commission reports show that community-owned utilities handle their accounting, promotion, advertising — and collections — more economically than private firms. . THEY ARGUE, too, that customer-controlled utilities must respond to local demands for good service and are more receptive to citizen pressure for pollution controls, underground power lines and controlled expansion. Q. Other than public takeover, what are alternative solutions to the huge problems facing the utilities? A. Government assistance in a variety of other ways; improved technology; widespread consolidation and restructuring of the industry along regional lines with the government assuming ownership of the generating facilities while leaving management of sales and service under private control; and of course, more rapid rate increases. JEAN ADAMS: Teen-Age Forum Friday Eve»w, April 4,1»7S the small society ANOTHER BOY: (Q.) The first time I took Tina out we had a great time. Then I found out that she used to go out with a boy who is in college now. I know sne still likes him. How can I get her mind off him? I asked her to talk about it but she said she was confused and had to think. I don't want to Jose her. What should 1 do? — Competititon in Connecticut. (A.) Give Tina time to do her deciding, but do not keep reminding her of the other boy. Every time you do, you hurt your own chances. Enjoy being with her and show her that you enjoy it. Talk t<? her about youmlf and her. If she decides it's you she prefers, she will let you know. by Brickman

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