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THE BAYTOWN SUN Monday, Augutt 24, Jack Anderson High-tech sale old tale Unkindest Cuts of all? Police, fire City budget proposals for Bay town include cuts in the police and fire departments, as well as some other divisions. The police department allocation would be $4,993,244, compared to its current budget of $5^197,320. The fire department would be budgeted $3,235,208 in the coming fiscal year, compared to the current year's $3,370,781. In the police budget, three patrol officers' positions would be eliminated, along with a jailer's position. Police Chief Wayne Henscey says the reduction can be accomplished through normal attrition. About 14 patrol officers are assigned to each of the three regular shifts. In addition, there is a fourth shift consisting of extra officers who come in the evenings when the work load is the heaviest. The proposed cut in personnel probably will affect that fourth shift, says Henscey. Fire Chief V.H. "Buddy" McBride says three positions would be eliminated in his department. He plans to take a tank truck out of service, thus cutting the positions of three equipment operators or drivers. The three drivers, who rank a step higher on the pay scale than firefighters, would be bumped back to the firefighter rank. This move, in turn, would take three firefighters off the payroll. McBride hopes he can make the reductions through attrition. The department now is short one firefighter, and there is a possibility that another employee will retire soon. If there is not a third resignation, the last firefighter hired would be laid off. Ed Russell, president of the Baytown Firefighters Association, has been quoted as saying the city's firefighting capability would be severely hindered by any reduction in personnel. The final decision on any and all cuts, of course, is up to the Baytown City Council. It's council's difficult task to determine the total budget and tax rate before the new fiscal year starts Oct. 1. Reductions in the budget, somehow and somewhere, appear inevitable. The Sun believes, however, that most citizens believe police and fire protection rank at the top of the priority list of services. The very top. k From Sun files WASHINGTON - The U.S. intelligence community took far too long to discover the illegal sale of submarine propeller-making machinery to the Soviets by C. Itoh and Toshiba — especially since major clues on such diversions from Japan were available as early as 1984. We can say this with some authority because we were reporting that year on the Soviets' legal and illegal acquisition of high technology from Japan. Dale Van Atta flew to Tokyo to investigate the situation, while our associate Michael Binstein developed Washington sources. The result was columns in April and May 1984 that offered solid evidence that "the KGB has found Japan a rich source of high- technology products that can be turned to military advantage by the Kremlin." We reported that the CIA has uncovered "about three dozen documented cases of high-tech diversion by the Soviets through Japan since 1968." More than half of these, we noted, had been approved by the Japanese government, which "put short-term profits ahead of the West's long-term security needs." We even pinpointed the areas of Soviet interest, reporting that "the KGB has gone after micro-electronic equipment, machine tools, computers, telecommunications, automation devices and specialty steel." The Itoh/Toshiba sale was in the machine-tool category, and enabled the Soviets to develop quieter submarines that are much more difficult to detect. Even if the CIA brass wasn't reading our columns, they might at least have paid some heed to a highly sensitive report completed in 1984 by their own analysts. Still classified "secret," the report not only described the kind of tricks that Itoh and Toshiba later used to disguise their illegal sale, but actually identified Itoh as one of five Japanese companies to watch for illegal trade with the Soviets. The others were Mitsubishi, Mitsui, Marubeni and a small trading company. Tairiku. "If there is a truth in illegal trade it is that no two cases involving illegal shipments of goods to proscribed destinations are ever the same," the secret report stated. But it cited as a "typical example" the following scenario: "First the Soviets, through a foreign trade organization, would indicate to one of the 'friendly' Japanese companies that it is interested in obtaining a certain piece of ... restricted technology. "The friendly company . . . contacts a local wholesaler who would place an order with a major trading firm to import the equipment that contains the restricted technology from the United States. ... The wholesaler arranges to resell the item to either the friendly company or to a 'cutout' firm. "Ultimately, the friendly firm takes possession of the article and extracts the restricted portion of the equipment. The extracted portion is then installed inside a low- grade piece of machinery that is sent to an exporter for shipment to the Soviets. "The exporter and wholesaler are often unwitting of the illegal nature of the transaction, and the cursory check by Japanese customs officials is not sufficient to determine the exact nature of the machinery's internal components." In the Itoh/Toshiba case, this scenario was followed almost exactly. The Soviet foreign trade organization, Tekmashimport, contacted a "friendly" Japanese company, VVako Koeki, which then found a company that would supply the desired technology (in this case made in Japan): The company was Toshiba Machinery, a subsidiary of Toshiba Corp. Toshiba Machinery then asked its regular export broker, Itoh, to be the "cutout" firm that actually handled the sale. (WO)MAN BITES DOG: When a federal worker wins back pay and a promotion that was denied to her because she blew the whistle on illegal behavior, that's news. It h~o pened recently to Anastasia Miragias. a secretary in the Boston office of the Housing and Urban Development Department. During an internal investigation of a HUD grant to the city of Manchester. N.H., Miragias told an inspector general's interviewer that i. he -s had several phone calls about the grant with a former HUD official employed by Manchester — a violation of federal conflict-of-interest laws. Her boss. John C. Mongan. thereupon fused to approve promotions for y' -agias. even though other supervisors supported her. Miragias filed a formal complaint, and an administrative law judge decided in her favor. The judge was unimpressed with Mongan's explanation that he didn't think Mira- gias could be trusted with confidential information. Miragias was awarded a retroactive promotion with back pay — tier boss was or- dered suspended without pay for 60 days. MINI-EDITORIAL: " We've spent billions on defense, and this shows our technology is t worthless. It has certainly diminished our ! prestige as a military and scientific super- [ power." Was this an American taxpayer ex- i pressing outrage over the unswept, primitive i mine that blew a hole in the reflagged tanker i Bridgeton? Nope. It was a Soviet citizen ex- 1 pressing outrage over the penetration of So- • viet air space by a 19-year-old West German | pilot who landed his little plane in Red ', Square without ever being detected by the ( mighty Soviet air-defense system. Americans and Russians do have something in ! common after all, it seems. ~ UNDER THE DOME: Sens. William Proxmire, D-VV'is., and Charles Grassley, R-Iowa, , have asked the Justice Department for its voluminous files on the investigation of General Dynamics' submarine-building Electric Boat Division. The department has said it doesn't have enough evidence for a successful prosecution. But the senators , don't want Justice destroying the evidence it < does have. GUEST MINI-EDITORIAL — Like many media colleagues, we roasted Energy Secretary Donald Hode! for an asinine , remark that the ozone-depletion crisis could ' be solved by v- crfl ing sunglasses and skin !o- r lion. \o»v, in a remarkably good-humored letter. Hn-lel insists he never said it. "Where siKh a ludicrous suggestion came from re- k :.iains a mystery." he writes. Referring to |i the uproar as "my day in the sun." Model ••; adds: "From my viewpoint, it was an ex- j; cruciatingly long and hot experience. I'm not i; sun- I'd recommend it to anyone else." :; BETTER THAN PORK —. In a recent story L on members of the House Appropriations i Committee who use money from the general '; fund instead of the gasoline-tax trust fund to , f .y for road projects in iheir districts, we j. ed that the projects were "not necessarily jv useless." But an aide to Rep. Leon Panetta. | D-Calif.. thought we should have gone fur-; (her and included his reason for the widening '; of U.S. 101 in the congressman's district: an ; unusually high number of traffic fatalities on | the stretch that will be widened, United Fetturc columnist J*ci .Patterson M-JLJI by Dule Vtn AtU In »TlUng [<xt*y's story Bel I returns from Vietnam, 1967 From The Baytown Sun files, this is the way it was: 55 YEARS AGO Mrs. Nat Pace is injured in a car wreck on Goose Creek Street. J.M. Lawless teaches lifesaving classes for Tri-Cities Boy Scouts camping out on Trinity Bay. Bill Buelow of Baytown is being treated for a head injury. Struck by a baseball while watching a game last week, he was unconscious for more than a week at the Baytown Hospital. 50 YEARS AGO A gi ft of $204,454 is made to the school district by PWA (Public Works Adminstration). Dr. Harmon Lowman, superintendent, receives word about the funds from U.S. Sen. Tom Connally that the money, a direct grant from the PWA. has been released today by President Roosevelt. The PWA grant will augment the S250.000 bond issue voted by the district on the contingency the federal money would be made available. Young people from Grace Methodist Church stage a play at the Community House, directed by George L. Keene. Work begins today on a S3.000 building and modernizing program by R.C. Stephenson, pioneer Pellv grocer. 40 YEARS AGO J.W. Brannen, former Crosby school superintendent, is named deputy state superintendent for 11 Southeast Texas counties. Voters okay a S9 million road bond issue in Harris County. A total of 5557,000 worth of road work will be in the Tri-Cities area. More than three inches of rain pelt the Tri-Cities while the Texas Coast plays tag with a hurricane watch. 30 YEARS AGO Former Baytonians Mr. and Mrs. Buddy Ward are parents of a son, Mark Dean. Buddy and his wife, the former Gloria Lamb, are teachers at Normangee near Huntsville. Cecil Haffelfinger. minister of Lakewood Church of Christ, will assume pastorship of the Church of Christ in Belton Sept. l. Tom Browne of San Antonio is the new program secretary at the Baytown YMCA. Kim Worden, executive secretary, announced today. 20 YEARS AGO Cpl. Bill Bell returns home on leave after serving a year in Vietnam in the Marines. " Lynn Galloway is pictured on the front page with one of the new Robert E. Lee High School yearbooks. •P.F. Korbach is promoted to research associate at Esso Research and Engineering Co. in Bavtown. IT WOI/LP cnee* ' Today in history Bob Wagman Conservative Republicans block ambassador nominee By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Monday, Aug. 24, the 236th day of 1987. There are 129 days left in the year. Today's Highlight in History: On Aug. 24, A.D. 79, long"dormant Mount Vesuvius erupted, burying the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum in volcanic ash. An estimated 20.000 people died. On this date: In 410, Rome was overrun by the Visigoths, an event that sym- bolized the fall of the Western Roman Empire. In 1572, the slaughter of French Protestants at the hands of Catholics began in Paris on St. Bartholomew's Day. The killings lasted until October and claimed some 13,000 victims throughout France. In 1814, British forces invaded Washington and proceeded to set fire to the Capitol and the White House. In 1932, Amelia Earhart Leon Brown ............................................... Editor and Publisher Fred Hornberger .......................................... Assistant to Publisher Fred Hartmon .................................. Editor and Publisher. 1 950- 1 974 CDITMIAl MMKTMINT Wanda Orton ................................................. Managing Editor Romono Merrill ............ . . ......................... Associate Managing Editor ADVfRmmC MPAKTMINT Russell Moroney .......................................... Advertising Manager CIRCULATION Gory Dobbs ........................................ ... . • • Circulation Manager The Baytown Sun (USPS 0*6 1 80) -s enrered a* second class matter ot the Boytown, Te«os Post Office 77522 under The Act of Congress o* March 3, 1879 Published afternoon*, Monday through Friday ond Sundays at 1301 Memorial Drive in Baytown, Te»as 77520 Suggested Subscription Rotes By carrier. $5 25 per month. $63.00 per year single copy price, 25 cents Doily. 50 cents Sunday, Moil rates on request Represented nationally by Coostal Publications. POSTMASTER Send address changes to THE BAVTOWN SUN, P O, Bo- 90. Boytown. T « 77522 The Associated P*eM is entitled exclusively to the use for republicotion to any news dispatches credited To it or ftot otherwise credited m This poper ond local news of spontaneous origin published herein Rights of repubiicotion of oil other matter herein ore also reserved The Boytown Sun retains noTionally known svndicawi »hose writers' 'ii:' ore used throuohout the newspaper. There are t.ties when These articles do not reflect The Sun's iffWIWIKV Only fi^nw* l*ners will be considered for publication Names will be withheld upon request for good and sufficient fttmt keW lews short The Sun reserves the r,ohf to e»cerpt letters became the first woman to make a non-stop flight across the United States, traveling from Los Angeles to Newark, N.J., in just over 19 hours. In 1939. Germany and the Soviet Union signed a non- aggression pact. In 1954, the Communist Control Act went into effect, virtually outlawing the Communist Party in the United States. In 1959, Hiram L. Fong was sworn in as the first Chinese- American in the Senate. Daniel K. Inouye was sworn in as the first Japanese-American in the House of Representatives. Both were from Hawaii. One year ago: The world learned of a natural disaster in the central African nation of Cameroon. Toxic gas had escaped from a volcanic crater Aug. 21, killing more than 17,000 people. Bible verse Cause me to hear Thy loving kindness in the morning: (or in Thee do I trust cattM me to know the way wherein I should walk; for I lift up my soul unto Thee. Psalm 143:8 WASHINGTON - During the Iran/Contra hearings, many GOP members of the joint panels castigated Democrats for attempting to "micro-manage" foreign policy. Similarly, in the case of Robert Bork's controversial nomination to the Supreme Court, GOP members have argued that the president should be able to choose who he wants, subject only to a determination that the person is up to the job. However, conservative Senate Republicans now seem engaged in their own version of micro- management as they wage an ideological war over the confirmation of another Reagan appointee in a clear attempt to control foreign policy. Last October, the administration sent the name of Melissa S. Wells to the Senate to be the new U.S. ambassador to Mozambique. Wells has served in a series of diplomatic posts, including U.S. ambassador to Guinea. Since the late 1970s she has been the U.S. representative to several U.N. organizations dealing with African relief programs. She is now based in Geneva where she heads IMPACT, a major U.N.- sponsorcd African relief program. She is generally accepted as an expert on the problems of central and southern Africa. But a group of conservative GOP senators — led by Sen. Jesse Helms of North Carolina and minority leader Robert Dole of Kansas -- have blocked her confirmation because they object to current U.S. policy toward Mozambique. The United States has maintained good relations with Mozambique, which describes itself as a Marxist-Leninist state. since it became independent in 1975. For years Mozambique has been engaged in a bloody war with a right-wing insurgency called the Mozambique National Resistance or RENAMO. Conservatives believe the United States should recognize RENAMO and that we should aid the insurgency just as we aid the Contras in Nicaragua and the anti-communist guerrillas in Afghanistan. The Reagan administration has refused to do so. In fact, until very recently, no U.S. official has met with a representative of RENAMO. However, within the last few weeks, State Department officials have met with Louis Serapiao, RENAMO's representative in Washington, in an attempt to win the release of Kindra Bryan, an American nurse taken cap- tivir during a .May HK.N'A.MO raid, -State Department spokesmen stress that the contact Is for ••humanitarian" purposes only -- to win Bryan's release — and in no way implies any change in our policy of non-recognition. Some in the State Department speculate that the only reason KENAMO is still holding the American is that they believe negotiations for her release could lead to dc facto recognition, Meanwhile. Helms and Dole are holding firm, despite a personal plea by Secretary of State George Shultz to let the Wells nomination go through. Helms has even threatened a filibuster if the White House tries to force the nomination to a vote. Dole has said he will use his power as minority leader to keep the Senate from ending a Helms filibuster. Asked if Helms's stance does not represent precisely the sort of foreign-policy micro-management that Republicans have been decrying during the Iran-/Contra hearings, a Helms spokesman replied "Not in the least. It represents a serious policy issue on which the senator sharply disagrees with those in the State Department."