Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on June 30, 1973 · Page 2
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June 30, 1973

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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 2

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Phoenix, Arizona
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Saturday, June 30, 1973
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Page 2
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> REPUBLIC v /MTV A*2 fte Arizona R4pdWI6 E6 VI ' Sat., June 3d, Associated Prm Loyalist army trooper in Santiago, Chile, watches outside of government house More about Chile quells armyrebels Continued from Page A-l of strikes, street violence and an economic crisis under the leftist regime. A government radio station said the i* dead in Friday's fighting included a •'•' * * -young married couple cut down by A ' machinegun fire on a street corner, a •^television camerman, a newsman, a .** '. bank employe hit by bullets in his office, !j» ~ an unidentified civilian and a soldier. *&'. It was. the first act of open rebellion \* * against Allende since he came to power ^ in 1970. ' v It was the second time this week that military men had made assaults on civilian rule in South America. The' government in Uruguay, acting under heavy military pressure, dissolved the 'Congress in Montevideo Wednesday and moved that country more firmly into the group of six South American nations where military men hold direct '^Control or have heavy influence on government decisions. About 130 million of South America's 200 million people live under some form ;j of military rule. " Neighboring Argentina switched over, last month to civilian government after nearly 10 years of military rule. "The situation throughout the country -is calm and'absolutely tranquil," Allende „ said over nationwide radio after the-at> tack. He was in his suburban; home ' when the assault began. • Allende said the majority of the rebels surrendered after the palace area was surrounded by loyal army troops. The rebels had arrived in the four tanks and half a dozen armored personnel carriers and trucks. <•"• They stationed a tank with its cannon •' pointing at the front door of the palace •• in Plaza Constitution, located outside its main entrance. The cannon did not fire. i^ir... The rebels swept the buildings sur- X- rounding the plaza with gunfire, break- r£; ing windows and pinning down pedes- /,*•£ "• |rians. p«v -.' Then palace guards belonging to the *;*£' icarabineros, Chile's paramilitary police, l *£ I returned the fire from inside the build£; ing. \''- Tanks and squads of rebel infantry- Vmen then attacked the Defense Ministry, 'Across the Plaza Bulnes at the rear of the palace. Ministry sentries returned the fire as loyal army regiments sped toward downtown from half a dozen other garrisons in the capital. Allende said the assault was led by a "small group of ambitious military men." Rush-hour pedestrians gaped as the rebel convoy roared past, forcing automobiles and buses to the sides of the streets. The rebel soldiers raked streets around the palace with long bursts from automatic weapons as the civilians screamed and stumbled for cover. Merchants who had just opened shops, rang down their metal shutters after allowing pedestrians inside. Half a dozen army regiments are based in the Santiago area, and the army chief, Gen. Carlos Prats, ordered several of them to cordon off downtown. A paratroop regiment was also brought in from its base just south of the capital. ' Allende, who celebrated his 65th birthday Wednesday, later drove to the palace in a convoy of 30 police vehicles. From there, he addressed .the nation again and told Chileans that Prats "obtained the surrender of the majority of the insurgent troops." \ •He pleaded with his countrymen ''to maintain the serenity that is needed in this moment" and warned them not to go near military garrisons. Jubilant leftist supporters marched through downtown streets by the hundreds chanting, "The left united will never be defeated!" Riot police firing tear gas had to disperse some of the crowd which had attacked the offices of La Tribuna, the newspaper of the right-wing National Party. The assault followed by a day the announcement by Gen. Mario Sepulveda, Santiago's garrison commander in chief, of the uncovering of a plot by several civilians and low-ranking military officers to take over a barracks. He said the plotters had been arrested and that the attempt was to have taken place in a unit within the army's 2nd Division, which covers the Santiago regiments. But Sepulveda refused to give more details. Bid for meeting o in Mideast fails PARIS (AP) - President Habib Bourguiba of Tunisia says his bid to arrange Israeli-Arab talks has failed, a Paris newspaper said Friday. Bourguiba said the plan failed because Israel refused to accept his suggestion that the basis for the talks be the 1947 partition plan for Palestine. He chose the 1947 borders, he said, because they were set by the United Nations "and at least have a certain legality." /•- Protestants keep reins in Ulster United Press Interaatioaat BELFAST — Gunmen shot and killed a Protestant and, jin a seaparate attack, a teenage Roman C a t h o 1 i c was wounded seriously Friday night in 'Belfast as Northern Ireland awaited the outcome of the assembly election, police said. Computer projections broadcast by Ulster Radio earlier showed that majority Protestants have retained the same overriding control of the province's new assembly as they held in previous legislatures. The killing raised the fatality toll in nearly four years of violence among Protestants, Catholics and security forces to 839. Police said gunmen in a car shot a 31-year-old Protestant about to enter his south Belfast home. The man, wounded in the stomach, died shortly afterward. An hour later, a similar attack by car-borne gunmen ieff a teen-age Catholic youth lying seriously wounded in a north Belfast street, a police spokesman said. In continunig election violence, bomb-laden cars exploded in downtown Belfast and at the cargo section of the city's Aldergrove Airport, .wrecking several buildings and injuring at least 11 persons, the army said. Gunmen in a speeding car wounded a soldier and a civilian passerby in downtown Balfast Friday night and a soldier suffered concussion when three blast bombs were thrown at a British patrol in Londonderry's Catholic Creggan area, an army spokesman said. Elsewhere in Creggan, a gunman used three small boys as a shield in an attack on an army patrol. No one was hurt, the spokesman said. Bonn's revaluation of mark knocks dollar to record low Untied Press International BONN — West Germany increased the international value of its currency Friday- by revaluing the mark upward by 5.5 per cent, a move that patched up a European economic crisis at the immediate expense of the already weakened dollar. West German Finance Minister Helmut S c h m i d t announced the revaluation at mid-morning, less than 12 hours after publicly denying any. plans for anotther revaluation of German currency this year. The announcement initially- prompted a freeze of activity on European currency exchange markets, but when business resumed the value of the dollar dropped to a new low in West Germany, Switzerland, Belgium and Sweden. The revaluation raised the official worth of the mark by 5.5 per cent not specifically against other European currencies, whose exchange rates for the mark had been fixed. Since March, when the value of the dollar was allowed to float, its worth has been determined primarily by supply and demand on the money markets rather than by fixed exchange rates. Schmidt said it was not the falling value of the dollar but the weakness of other European currencies against the mark that prompted the revaluation. He told a news conference West Germaiiy's booming export surplus is so strong it has been forcing the currencies of European Common Market countries down to the lowest rates permitted on the fixed exchange rates against the mark. When six of the nine European Common Market nations attempted to solve the dollar crisis last March by a "joint float" against the U.S. currency, they kept fixed exchange rates against each other. "In the last 12 days, our central bank had to buy more than 4 billion marks worth of French francs, Belgian francs, fiutch guilders and Danish kroner in order to keep the exchange rates of those currencies from breaking through the fixed parity floor," Schmidt said. In Brussels, a Common Market spokesman said "The revaluation has saved the joint float of our European currencies" and kept alive the market's drive toward eventual monetary union. Karl Klasert, president'of the West German Central Bank, said the United States and all affected European nations had been advised overnight of the revaluation and expressed satisfaction with the decision. Because it is floating in the exchange, the dollar theoretically was not affected by the revaluation of the mark. But its value fell anyway, dropping to an historic low of 2.4250 marks Friday within four hours of the announcement. 3 U.S. firms sign pact for Siberian natural gas Associated Press MOSCOW—Three American companies signed an agreement with the Soviet Union Friday that could deliver western Siberian natural gas to U.S. Atlantic Coast ports. Tenneco, Texas Eastern Transmission Corp. and Brown and Root signed a "protocol of intentions" with Deputy Foreign • Trade Minister Nikolai G. Osipov, according to a Soviet announcement. Harry Austin, senior vice president of Brown and Root, signed for the American companies but Was not available to comment on details. From earlier published reports the agreement could surpass the June 8 deal in which El Paso. Natural Gas Co. and Occidental Petroleum Co. signed a letter of intent for a 25-year project that would be worth more than $10 billion to develop eastern Siberian gas fields and ship it to west coast U.S. ports. Although there was no firm estimate available on the prospective value of the deal, earlier figures cited would indicate the project involving Tenneco is about 50 per cent larger than that involving El Paso and Occidental. El Paso and Occidental talked about a ,|4 billion Investment in pipelines liquefaction plants and tankers, Previously published figures from Tenneco and Texas Eastern referred to an investment of more than $6 billion. The Soviets will be paying with gas. The agreement , could total about $15 billion over 25 years.' • /• The El Paso-Occidental group is considering piping gas from Yakutak to the Vladivostok area for delivery to the west coast of the United States. The Tenneco group is discussing naturalgas deposits in the Urengoi area that would be piped to the Soviet port of Murmansk. Tass, the Soviet news agency, said the protocol "determines the basic lines along which the sides will carry out their further work. It is envisaged to grant the Soviet side credits for the purchase of equipment and materials in the United States." ;..., Protest strike spreads in Uruguay C- Associated Press MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay — A rgeneral strike protesting the abolition of Congress spread to hospitals Friday. Negotiations between the mili- tarydominated government and Jabpr unions collapsed. President Juan M. Borda- berry, under strong pressure from the af med, forces, dissolved parlferjferjt on , Wednesday and '*d|cWed 'Be would rule by'tiB, : :y. The 400?00>men$& > General Labor Convention- immediate* ly called a strike that has paralyzed the country, with employes occupying factories, municipal offices, railroad stations and public offices. Banners reading "Pown With Fascism" and "Dictatorship" from windows. Newspapers said an executive of the labor convention met with the commanders of the army, navy and air force who sought to have the unions call off the strike in exchange for a 35 per cent wage hike. The labor group apparently rejected the proposal. Union leaders said they wanted a wage increase somewhere 65 and 80 pr cent, to I make up for ground lost by earlier freezes. The cost of living rose more than 33 per cent in the first five months of this year and nearly 95 per cent last year. Interior Minister Nestor J. Bolentjni went on national television Friday night and said union opposition to the 35 per cent offer was "irrational and absurd." He ' said , the government would "use all legal measures at our disposal to keep this country operating." The U,S..Embassy announced the imminent arrival of Ernest V. Siracusa, a newly appointed ambassador whom leftist groups have denounced as "an expert in coups d'etat" and a Central Intelligence Agency official. Uruguay's sophisticated capital of Montevideo was outwardly calm, but most business has been paralyzed since Wednesday. Army trucks and foot soldiers patrolled the streets. "By Sunday tew cars will have gasoline and people won't have fuel for heating," said one distressed Uruguayan. Montevideo's newspapers reappeared but under strict government censorship. News stories and editorials were carefully worded, but some editors got their viewpoints across, The leftist (1 Ahora" left its editorial column blank except for a small-text block quoting the article in the Uruguayan constitution guaranteeing freedom of the press. The Arizona Republic Published every morning by Phoenix Newspapers; fiic, (J20 East Van Bureji) P.O, Box 1950 Phoenix, Arizona 85001 Telephone 271-8000 Subscription Prices Carriers or Dealers In Arizona Republic (Morn. & Sun.) 90c week Republic (Morning) 55c wk. (Circulation mail rates appear in the Classified section of each edition.) Second class postage paid at Phoenix, Ariz. 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