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r 3*000 More U.S. Troops in for Push Into Cambodia SAIGON, SOUTH VIETNAM (WEDNESDAY) (AP) - American infantrymen in helicopters and armored columns slashed across the Cambodian border today in the fourth" major foray into Cambodia under the go- ahead declared by President Nixon last week. A vanguard of 3.000 soldiers crossed the border about 40 miles north of the Parrot's Beak area and 18 miles north,west of Tay Ninh City. A U.S. Command spokesman said the new attack was "a continuation of "the previously announced action ... to deny the enemy use of supply and training bases in the Parrot's Beak area of Cambodia." Jet fighter-bombers pav.ed.the way for the new assault by 'troops of the U.S. 25th Infantry division who cracked across the frontier at dawn! ; The new thrust was into the heart of the area between two other massive allied forces that crossed into Cambodia- last Thursday and Friday. Those operations have 15,000 South Vietnamese troops sweeping through the southern half .of the Parrot's Beak and a joint task force of some 10,000 U.S. in- ^Demilitarized Zone SavjnrnkhetSv r ,-•-:•-. -v ' II - -. -'• ^L»"VM WW \ -' •<^&r^^^?&*& T^O^r^Ubon |M ^^^feS^Js PARROTS^ | Mekong- Delta tary of Stale William P. Rogers in ordering U.S. ground troops in.to Cambodia, a State Depart- m e n t spokesman indicated Tuesday. ' Rogers meanwhile denied that-he-hadr-in and South .Vietnamese -fantr-ymen—attacking—in—the Fishhook area farther to the north. 0 n Tuesday, U.S. troops opened another- front in Cambodia, moving across the frontier, in the central highlands 230 miles north of Saigon. About 6,000 allied troops were posted for that joint operation, but bad weather and heavy ground fire restricted the initial helicopter assault force to 500 American soldiers. _ . . If they are all committed, it will .place nearly 35,0(KLallied. troops, in Cambodia along the frontier from the Parrot's Beak to the highlands. The first heavy enemy re- sis t a n c c since American troops poured into Cambodia Friday came at Snuol, in the Fishhook operation being conducted by 8,000 U.S. and 2.000 South-Vietnamese troops. About 2,000 North Vietnamese dug in at Snuol and "in rounding rubber pi prevented a U.S. arm umn frpm occupying the town eight miles from South nam's border. The first front opened Wednesday in Cambodia's Par- ground beyond the border and the enemy presumably aware of the invasion plan, the command was lemma of left with the di- whether to follow through or change the mission. Some 200 miles south of the operation, American tanks blasted their way into Snuol. A prisoner said several hundred North Vietnamese waited in ambush for the U.S. armored column moving along Highway 7 toward Snuol, 40 miles from where the operation in the Fishhook began. The tanks and armored cavalry assault vehicles of the llth Armored Cavalry Regiment captured . the against -feeble the -column-rumbled ^inlo the sprawling town, the North Vietnamese troops opened fire with anti-tank weapons from, back yards and street bunkers. One officer said orders were given to "blow the town away." It was believed the civilians had fled. A U.S. officer and three enlisted men were wounded in the town's airstrip resistance. As hook* It is in the South Vietnamese troops American advisers and U.S. air and artillery support. Sources in the field si operation in northeast bodia ran into trouble from the start. The Americans' planned helicopter assault into the jungled mountains was stalled by thick mist in the target area. When the helicopters able to reach their I 'zones, several came heavy enemy fire. At least one battalion of some 500 men was forced to turn back to Vietnam. "Just as the choppers started settling in," one soldier "both sides of" the tr opened' up with automatic rifle fire." The first helicopter took at le.ast a dozen hits, but there was. no immediate report on whether there were any casualties or helicopters downed. ' With only one battalion on the amese "«>—• n sur . | American troops from anoth- tations ;d col- 5 town Viet- d last s Par- rge of s with .S. air id the Camm the i heli- ungled thirk blilvlk were anHinP 4llUillg under st one n was 11 IT OQ South tarted said, 'Celine c rifle ok at there art on casu- • j ned. on the er task force operating ..in the Fishhook region 80 miles northwest of Saigon moved into a large jungle hideout with about 500 buildings. It was spotted by American reconnaissance planes. U.S. officers said the complex apparently is a huge supply depot and not the command post of the Central Office for South Vietnam (COSVN), the Communist high command which reportedly directs all military and political operations in the southern half of South Vietnam. * ANOTHER RAID BARED WASHINGTON, D.C. (AP) The Pentagon disclosed Tuesday that U.S. warplanes carried out four— not three as previously reported— large-scale air strikes against North Vietnamese anti-aircraft gun and missile positions over the weekend. Secretary of Defense Melyin R. Laird and other top Pentagon officials had no knowledge of the fourth raid until Tuesday, according— to—Asst.— Secretary Daniel Z. Henkin. Henkin said he didn't know why information on the fourth raid was not available Monday when he announced that the series of attacks on North Vietnam targets ended with only three. ALL SCHOOLS IN VIET CLOSED SAIGON, SOUTH VIETNAM (REUTERS) -.All schOols_and universities in South Vietnam arc to be closed indefinitely beginning today, Saigon radio announced Tuesday night. The decision was made at a cabinet meeting Tuesday. No reasons were given, but it wa; rumored/the action was taken to nip anti-government peace Demonstrations planned by students for today. Heavily armed soldier burst into the National Pagoda in Saigon before dawn Tuesday and opened fire, on about 600 monks, nuns and students occupying the building, according to a military spokesman. The soldiers, after a two-hour battle, eventually evicted the anti-government Buddhists who took over the pagoda two days ago. Monks said 10 persons were killed and 20 were wounded. Police simultaneously drove about 100 students out of the former Cambodian embassy a few blocks away. The students took over the building 10 days ago to protest against reports that Vietnamese residents—of Cambodia had been massacred. Later they said they wanted the building as headquarters for their association. Court Upsets Chau's Conviction SAIGON, SOUTH VIETNAM (AP) - South Vietnam's Supreme Court ruled Tuesday night that the conviction of National Assembly Deputy Tran Ngoc Chau by a military court was unconstitutional. Chau was sentenced to 10 HINT ROGERS OPPOSED STEP WASHINGTON, D.G. (AP) President Nixon may have acted against the advice o'f Secfe- WILLIAM P. ROGERS an appearance- before a House committee, voiced opposition to U.S. entry into Cambodia even after the decision had been made. The question of Rogers' views on the Cambodian involvement — and whether he knew about the U.S. decision to intervene wjiile testifying on Capitol Hill —Beanie up at pfess officer RobeR, J. McCfoskey's daily jriefingror newsmen. McCloskey, did not dispute this quotation Said to have been in a transcript ofvRogers' remarks at a closed House appropriations subcommittee'" session Apr. 23, less than a week"--before the U.S. announced its hV ervention in Cambodia: "We recognize that if we escajate_and_we get involved Thant Assails Wider War, Urges International Talks UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (AP) - United Nations Secretary- General U Thant pleaded Tuesday for a new international conference as a step of utmost urgency to end "the old war in South Vietnafn and the new war in Cambodia." Breaking a long „ silence on Vietnam he declared: "This hideous war must be brought to an end." But he conceded the inability -of the United Nations t o play any decisive role in the conflict -thiis^Jar, andJ h c made no j move to bring the issue before the U.N. Secur- u THANT in Cambodia with our ground troops, that our whole program is defeated." Rogers, however, said the decision was not made until the jday after his testimony. McCloskey would say only 'no comment" to "questions on whether Rogers was opposed to putting U.S. ground forces into Cambodia. Rogers previously encountered criticism from Senate Foreign Relations Committee members who said that in his appearance before their group Apr. 27, the secretary had indicated President Nixon was not intending to commit American forces to fighting in Cambodia. WASHINGTON, D.C. .— Senator Eugene McCarthy (Dem., Minn.) called Tuesday for a special Democratic National Convention to take a clear stand against the Nixon administration's Indochina war policies. .._-—— ~~ ~ ~ Unless theJDemocratic Party to ' take a anti-war stand, new eration should be given to forming a third political party for the 1972 presi dential election, the 1968 anti-war presi dential candidate suggested. years in prison on Mar. 5 after a conviction on charges of pro- Communist activities — he had continued to see, on occasion, his brother, who is a Communist The Supreme Court ruling apparently opens the way for Chau's release. Chau was an outspoken member of the political opposition to President Nguyen Van Thieu. Many South Vietnamese claimed Chau was railroaded .into jail by the Thieu regime. • Red Troops Push to 27 Miles 's Capital S A M R 0 N G THOM, CAM BODIA (AP>- - Communisi troops, reportedly reinforced by Vietnamese they had freec from camps, Cambodian pushed to detention within 27 miles of Phnom Penh Tuesday. A Cambodian force of about 450 men stationed along Highway One, which leads into Phnom Penh, pulled back Mon day about two miles and dug in again about 2Q_miks from the capital. The major Commanding the force said he estimated the opposing forces at about 3,000. He said tt is a mixture of Viet Cong and North Vietnamese regulars aidjd by lib. crated Vtetwmese nationals He said that without reinforcements he would be unable to stem the drive effectively. There were a few minor probes against the Cambodian positions Monday night. Mercenaries Arrive Some help may come from 1,500 Cambodian mercenaries, flown from South Vietnam- to Phnom Penh in South Vietnamese planes without their Green Beret advisers. The Cambodians, bora in South Vietuam'5 Mekong Delta, came futiy armed and equipped and said they expected to be used primarily for the defense of the capital. They have been trained by the Green Berets ai a mobile strike force. They estimated it would take them about a week to acquainl themselves with the roads anc security problems before taking up positions. In their American uniforms and sturdy boots, they fur* nisbed a sharp contrast to the Cambodian troops, who wear a mixture of uniforms and tennis shoes. Tuesday morning, some villa gers came down the road to Cambodian positions and reported Viet Cong and Vietnamese nationals had moved into a village two miles away. They said there was no snooting and although the Viet Gong waved for them to return as they were leaving they kept going. Take U.S. Carbines Another villager said advancing enemy units were taking arms from the village defenders and handing them over to the liberated Vietnamese ac companying them. He said there was no resistance by the villagers, who were armed in recent weeks with American carbines provided -by U.S. military aid, which stopped in 1963. The government issued an order declaring that Vietnamese nationals would be allowed outi of .their homes only from 7 a.m to 11 a.m. each day. The action was taken because of the "menace of attacks by Viel Cong and North Vietnamese in the capital," the announcement said. The high command of the Cambodian national forces acknowledged the presence of U.S. and South Vietnamese troops in Cambodia. It said thejrwere fighting in two zones "occupied for three years by the Viet Cong am North Vietnamese with the complicity and secret agree ment of Sihanouk." Prince Norodom Sihanouk was over thrown as chief ol state in March, — _ The statement also declared: "Certain friendly countries have begun to send the essential material aid of arms and munitions.' 1 It did not specify the countries. Worried About FALSE TEETH Coming Uo*e? Don't bo co fttntd that sour I*JM teeth «UU come Icww «r c*op Ju»t ity Council. He can do so under the U.N. charter. Thant said he could not conceal his deep concern regarding the involvement of Cambodia in the war, and added that resumption of the bombing of North Vietnam has "given further cause for grave anxiety." He expressed apprehension also over intensification of fighting in Laos. Fear World Peril "I fear that, if- the parties involved-do not take urgent, decisive and courageous measures toward peace, it will be- comeNjncreasingly difficult to end a war which constitutes-a threat not only for, the peoples of Indochina, but for the whole of mankind," he declared. He recalled the suggestion made by France in April that a new conference be called to negotiate a peaceful settlement. This would be along the lines of the Geneva conference of 1954 and 1962. Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin said Monday a new 'Geneva meeting was impossible under the present circumstances. The Soviet Union and Britain can convene a new conference in their role as co-chairmen. He said that the reason the United Nations cannot play a decisive role in the conflict is twofold — several of the parties are not U.N. members and some permanent members of the council are not in favor of U.N. involvement. The Soviet Union and France have opposed such a step. U.S. Letter U.S. Ambassador Charles W. Yost sent a letter Tuesday to French Ambassador .Jacques oseiusko-Morizet—presiden^of the Security Council, describing the U.S.-South Vietnamese ac- tidns, in Cambodia as "collective s>K-defense" and "restricted in Extent, purpose and time." The letter said the Cambodian invasion is 'Trot for the t for lie^va purpose of expanding the^var." but is intended to end the^var and win "the just peace we,.all desire." / ' The letter said the United States will continue every possible effort to end the war through negotiations rather than through fighting. U.N. DISORDERS UNITED NATIONS, NEW YORK (REUTERS) - Garden-' ers and maintenance men were EXILE REGIME BY SIHANOUK By Stanley Karnow © tn» washinaton Post HONG KONG - Former Cambodian- chief of state Prince Norodom Sihanouk, apparently acting_under Chinese Communist auspices, Tuesday announced es tablishment of a government-in exile in Peking, Communist China. The announcement of the Si- hanouk government was promptly recognized by Red China as the '.'sole legal" Cambodian re- gin^ It came amid signs that- DesMoines Register Page TO Wsd., rfM«y *• I' 70 Peking Is, encouraging Conr munlst military escalation throughout IndBcWaa In response to the current United State's offensive tt Cambodia. Peking statements within recent days have strongly denounced U.S. intervention in Cambodia, indicating to Western analysts here that China may increase its supplies of weapons' and other material to the Communist forces in lhe x lndo-Chi- _,..' nese peninsula. These analysis doubt, however, that the Red Chinese are seriously considering the idea of -sending-troops-into-the-re-- gion at this stage. McCarthy Asks Anti-War Stand; Hints Third Party From Th» Register'! Washington Bureau issued nightsticks Tuesday to help regular security forces keep--2,000 demonstrators against the Indochina war off United Nations grounds. The mainly high-school-age protesters were also demonstrating against the shooting of four anti-war college students in Kent, Ohio, Monday and the trial of Black Panther Leader Bobby Scale. At one point some of them tried to scale ,a steel fence to enter the U.N. grounds-but sc- curit- v> ofWers kept them out. Later the public entrances to] the headquarters were blocked j and guards with billyclubs atj the ready took tip posit-iorts alj i key points. j ! Police reinforcements, in(eluding mounted police, were i brought in to control the crowd. j There was some scuffling and i one arrest was made. definite consid- Making the ' EUGENE suggestion at a MCCARTHY meeting of the New Democratic Coalition, a liberal faction with- n- the party, McCarthy would not say whether he would head uch a third-party movement. Harsh Remarks • ~ He made a number of harsh" remarks about the Nixon administration, charging that- it 'has more or less lost Control over the most serious issues acing the country." He mentioned the war, the state of the economy, and campus turmoil. McCarthy said he has "no strong opinion" on suggestions that President Nixon be impeached, but added: "With the kind of language being used by the President and by the vice-president, we have to question whether either is qualified to be President of the United States." The Minnesota Democrat also proposed that, in light of the Kent State University studeni deaths, governors be restrictec in their power to call ou armed national Guard troops. ~ He suggested that prior presi dential approval be required for such actions. The four Ohio students were killed by gunfire from Ohio National Guardsmen. "Purge Itself" McCarthy said the Democratic National Committee should call a special convention so that the party can "purge itself" of mistakes it made at its 1968 Chicago convention. This apparently was a reference to the party's rejection of anti-war platforms. The convention then should take clear stands on the war and other pressing national is- ;ues, he said. He called the Nixon administration's Cambodia action "a desperate and irrational way" of dealing with the war, and said Mr. Nixon apparently is being guided by "essen- t i a 11 y military decisions." This was the same mistake made by President Johnson, he said. The theory of going after enemy troops in sanctuaries really means "we can go anywhere to protect our fighting men," even to "Peking or Moscow," McCarthy warned. „ -^-ON-TRIAL— LISBON, PORTUGAL (AP)Three leaders of the pro-Chinese underground 'Portuguese Communist party went on trial Tuesday on charges of endangering state security by trying to incite an armed revolt against the government. $10-MILLION LOAN SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA (REUTERS) - The U.S. Agency for International Development has authorized a $TO-milfi6rfIoan for South Korean farm projects including reclamation, it was announced here Tuesday. 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