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PAGB.A4 ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH SATURDAY, JUNE 29,1968 Editorials • . . What we think about... s^uRe*um P twn Not Alone in Our Discomfort Announced resumption of Shell construe- .Won operations should bring great satisfaction to residents of the area, Much discomfort as the construction interruption there caused for s many families immediately affected, it carried with it a farther-ranging significance. Granted, Shell probably would not abandon the millions of dollars already invested in What had been built there with a long and even patient effort to get matters straightened out. For the location involves many advantages that could not be easily duplicated elsewhere. Nevertheless, the community cannot afford to take too much for granted with any of its industries—comparatively stable though practically all of them are. It could be extremely discouraging to a firm of Shell's size and flexibility of location to encounter too long a holdup of such a project. While sounding this alarm, we should also recognize that Roxana was not the only location where Shell was suffering difficulties over construction jurisdiction. Two other similar problems had arisen at the same time, and it was the answer to one of them in Washington that provided the eventual solutiori for the local one, Such circumstances can help folks In the area rest somewhat easier, Nevertheless, the promised resumption of construction at Roxana should provide con* siderable relief for all, Help From All Needed In an effort to fill vacant buildings in our retail trade areas the Greater Alton Association of Commerce has established what promises to be an enterprising, hardworking Trade Development Council. Chairman V. Joseph Wardein, himself, is a man of considerable experience in realty transactions. The rest of the Trade Development Council will be chosen from six retail districts of the city. The council has it within its power to perform a considerable service for the community. Dying retail centers are a drag on such a community as Alton. But once they begin to die, exertion of considerable foresight and effort is necessary to turn the tide. An important factor in revival of the business districts can well be the real estate owners. Alton is particularly disadvantaged In having a number of absentee landlords who must be reached and convinced that it is to their advantage to work with the Council. They, we believe, hold the key to the success of this problem, If they assume that the committee's promotional work will, by some magic, fill their buildings with teeming, profitable enterprises without any effort or sacrifice on the owners' part, the program can well fail. It will haye enough problems and difficulties without such an extra drag, A lot of the future prospects are up to the owners. U. S. Capital Takes Over Granite City Steel, one of our neighbors, has undertaken to supervise completion of a plant in Indonesia started by Russia, and will take it over, if negotiations with Djakarta are successful. While the plant originally was started by the Russians, its operation was interrupted when the Sukarno regime at Djakarta was ousted and Communists driven out of 'not only the government but the economy. Thus Granite City Steel will face the need to convert the plant so it can be operated under American guidance. We 'wish our neighbors every success in their foreign venture. However, it does illustrate a trend bound to grow among American steelmakers unless they can obtain added protection for themselves from competition of other nations, Impartial Or Irresponsible? As debate over filling of two United States Supreme Court appointments goes on, there is every chance that the participants will lose sight of the prime aim of all thisj To give the nation a high judicial tribunal in which it can have faith. One of the most referred to points of contention is the President's "Lame duck" situation at the time he is making the appointment. This, we believe, is not inherently an evil. It can present a plus. Much depends on whether the President is using it as the basis for impartiality or irresponsibility in his selections. Can it be proven, for instance, that selection of Homer Thornberry of Texas, the President's home state, as associate justice, was an act or cronyism? One contention about Judge Thornberry is that he never served a day on the bench until the President appointed him to a federal judiciary post, 'nor did Justice Fortas Trade Council until he was named to the Supreme ttibunal. We hope, however, all the arguments will consist of a generous number of men well seasoned in the judiciary, Yet, It should be pointed out that there are precedents even on the present court for the other approach, While we don't expect a loud hoorah to greet one- Illustration we give, we will give it. It's Chief Justice Earl Warren, While the Chief Justice has made himself the center of a swirling national controversy on many of his court's decisions, particularly those regarding the race question and criminal prosecution procedure, there can be little doubt he has been a courageous, calm man, well attuned to the bench. There are others, as well. Justice Fortas has been a national figure in the legal profession for a long time, The nation knows little of Judge Thornberry, who would be stepping up from the federal Court of Appeals at Austin. He should add a conservative southern element, to say the least. We hope, however, all the arguments will not continue to center on lame duckism, It can be an advantage. John Marshall, one of the great names in Supreme Court history, was appointed by a Lame Duck president. PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor Readers Forum Urges Heavier Gun Penalties I am one of many devoted sportsmen who really enjoy the hunting, fishing, and outdoor life that is still left in Illinois. If this country really wants to atop the killing and armed robbery, why doesn't the government attack the source and not the bystanders. We need a federal law that anyone (no exceptions — the President's son or the common laborer's son)' convicted of carrying a concealed gwn without a permit would automatically receive a minimum prison term plus heavy fine regardless of how- good a lawyer he could afford, with a longer term and fine if convicted of armed robbery and still longer sentence if convicted of shooting or discharging a firearm at another person. Stop the people who carry guns because they think it makes them big or because they intend to use them outside of the law. Then the people who carry guns for their own protection can put them away. Today someone caught carrying a concealed weapon is fined $50 and turned loose again. Then this country talks about abolishing capital punishment- even in the state where Senator Kennedy was killed. We don't need to ease up on our laws. b,ut to strengthen and enforce them. The Illinois gun law is a joke. Very few houses do not have a gun of some sort or another. Again, only the people who try to obey the laws will comply with this law. I would be wining to pay $5 a .montfc if this money was used to catch and convict the gun toters and put a stop to *he shooting and killing, but on the other hand I am against giving anyone $1 to put a card in a file saying that John Doe is a firearm owner. I read in Saturday's Telegraph of four separate gun incidents, and again I say, hit hard the people that violate the gun laws we already have, and the rest will wake up. I have taught my two sons how to use and handle guns in the field so they, too, can enjoy the outdoor hunting as I do. But this may have been a mistake if it comes to the point where they will have to go to the police station the night before they go hunting to check their own guns and account for each shell they use. I noted, too, that Sears Roebuck will discontinue advertising all firearms, ammunitions, toy guns, and toys of violence. I am ag?inst the mail order of guns and ammunition, but again I don't think the children should be restricted to dolls to play with Just because our laws are not enforced strongly enough on those who carry and use guns outside of the law. Where would we have been in the years 1941-46 if we hadn't had a few thousand boys who knew which end of a gun to look down? Can't you see your grandsons hitting the beaches like Iwo Jima and Guadalcanal with only a six- week course on how to load and shoot a rifle. Today's conditions are not caused by boys 4-7 years old playing cowboy and Indians or cops and robbers. As long as I have my pocketknife and a piece of. soft wood, my grandsons will play cowboys and Indians, and I bet the little woodcarved guns (like I used when I was a boy) will "shoot" just as many Indians as the modern plastic gun my boys used. D W. GURLEY, 128 W. Airline Dr., East Alton Arrest Contrasts A short time-ago TV watchers saw burning and looting in Washington with the police forbidden to interfere. Now we read that the same police have arrested the Rev. Ralph Abernathy for disobeying an order not to demonstrate near the Capitol. How can people respect law and order when those charged with its enforcement arrest a man for not obeying police orders, while permitting arson and looting to go undisturbed? ROBERT E. MELLING 2711 Godfrey Rd. Godfrey Fingerprints! The President wants a stronger gun law. He wants people to be fingerprinted and photographed. ; People should wake up and look beyond their noses. Part of our freedom could be in jeopardy. One freedom and another and another could be taken away by laws being passed by Congress. We shouldn't allow ourselves to be taken in, because it could happen in this country. HARRY MAUL 402 Condit Ave. Bar Free Counsel I can't possibly see where this gun control can help except to fill the state's pocket. We just lost a citizen (Swansey Martin) to some gunwielding idiot. Martin was shot down in cold W 1 doing his job. I want to see how long it takes ouf law enforcement officers to catch this assailant and bring him to justice. I be- lieve that if we had a law barring benefits of the public defender in murder cases, I believe the gun law might work. But these guys don't care for life. They know they can get a lawyer free and in case of conviction, can appeal and eventually get off with a light sentence. I hardly think it's right for the taxpayers to provide an attorney for murderers. This Martin was a friend of mine and I would like to see how quick his assailant can be brought in. Let's not run this guy over to England. He must be a resident of Alton. ROY DELP 1107 Hill Road ^Yardsticks Needed I will be a senior at Alton Senior High this fall, and if the controversial school regulations are put Into effect, we predict a rise in sale of yardsticks. We also predict the hiring of more personnel by the board of education because there will have to be someone at each entrance to measure skirt lengths as we come in. This might come as a surprise to a vast majority of Telegraph readers, but quite a few of our parents don't permit us to wear mini-skirts. GIVEN ROBERSON, 2 Sullivan Dr. PETITION TO RECALL . GOVERNOR REAGAN) SIGN UP// « kind of si/ly—you'll have to da it all over again if he's nominated and elected President!" Washington Merry-Go-Round Pvt. Decker Is Forced to Undergo Inoculation By DREW PEARSON And JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON — For the second time in two months, two burly sergeants pinned down Pvt. Richard Decker the other day while an army nurse inoculated him contrary to his religious convictions. His beliefs are so devout that, rather than submit to the second round of inoculations, he deserted the army and came to us to explain his reasons. He was willing to serve in Vietnam or accept a 20-year sentence at hard labor, he said, rather than violate "the Lord's commandments." We persuaded him to return to his post at Fort Knox, Ky., and promised to intervene with the army in his behalf. Al- Forum Writers, Note Wrlteri names and adi muit be publUhed with to the Readeri Forum. addreuei ' "i letter* must™|je"concise '(preferably not over 100 wordi.) All are subject to condensation. though we disagree with his religious views, we told his story to Secretary of the Army Stanley Resor, who took the case up with his top generals. He called back to report that they had decided Decker would have to be inoculated. We appealed to him to reverse their decision, and he agreed to reconsider the case. While he was reconsidering, here is what happened to Decker. He was summoned to see Lt. Col. Clark.Williams, the post surgeon general, who explained the medical r easons why he should take preventive medicine. A chaplain also tried vainly to persuade Decker to submit to inoculations. The slight, sincere young soldier said he felt the same way about compulsory inoculations as the chaplain might feel about being forced to commit sodomy. Suddenly two large sergeants entered the room and attempted to seize Decker. "I tried to run through them," said Decker "There was a struggle as they grabbed hold of me. They tried to pry and pull my arms apart. I kept squirming and pushing, trying to get away. They finally broke my grip and pulled my arms apart. I kept pushing the best I could until I finally pushed one of them up against a corner of the room "Then both men wrapped their leers around mine so that I couldn't push or kick anymore. The one man held my arm so I couldn't move at all. The nurse gave me one shot. As she started to give me the second needle, I was able to pry loose enough to squirm a little more. But the men held me even tighter, and she put the second needle in the same arm. "The doctor got an eye drop- .per which was filled with red liquid (polio vaccine). The doctor took my. bottom Up and pinched it as you would put a PEARSON ANDERSON twitch on a horse. He pulled my bottom Mp down. I kept my teeth together, so he put the medication between my teeth and my lip." After the ordeal, Colonel Williams grnned, grabbed Decker's hand and said: "No bard feelings." Believe it or not but Ronald Reagan, elected governor of California two years ago in a smashing surprise upset, may be out of office before too long. Under California law it's possible to recall a governor, and right now a grass-roots campaign to do exactly that has rolled up a total of 850,000 signatures. Allen-Scott Report Leaders of Poor in Not-So-Poor Setup WASHINGTON - The so-called "Poor People's Campaign" is turning out to be very profitable for the Southern Christian • Leadership Conference. While the loudly hooplahed propaganda drive and "Resurrection City" petered out in a wallow of mud, robberies, assaults and other violence, glaring bungling and chaos, SCLC coffers apparently are being enriched by some ?250,000 — and the total may run as high as $1 million. That's the estimate of congressional Investigators who are trying to get at the bottom of SCLC finances and operations. They are encountering many obstacles and barriers. As a non-profit organization, SCLC files no reports. Its officials, including the late Dr. Martin Luther King, have long refused to volunteer any information about the organization's affairs. They claim they receive no salaries, but refuse to reveal how their activities are financed. • It's assumed that is done through expense accounts. But on what basis and how much is also conjectural. But front various sources both in the outside of SCLC, the following has been learned regarding the flood of contributions still pouring in for the dismembered "Poor People's Campaign": As of last weekend, when the permit for "Resurrection City" expired and the government prepared to shut it down, more than $1 million in cash and pledges had been received. They included $250,000 from the Field Foundation, N. Y.; $100,000 from the United Presbyter- Ian General Assembly, of which half was cash and the balance pledged; $500,000 from actor Jack Lemmon, from movie earnings; $41,000 from St. Mark's Methodist Church, Chicago; $17,800 from Sammy Davis Jr.; $5,000 from the United Auto Workers in Los Angeles; $3,400 from United Packinghouse Workers. A large and steady volume of mailed contributions in bills of large and small denominations and checks was received at SCLC headquarters in Washington, Atlanta, Birmingham and other cities in the first month of the "Poor People's" Drive. How much'these donations totaled is a SCLC secret. But insiders beamingly hint they "ran into six figures." The volume of mailed contributions has slacked off con- Allen Scott siderably since the mud-mired and increasingly disorderly shantytown was shut down. But some money is still coming in daily. How much, of course, is unknown. U.S. taxpayers also contributed sizably to SCLC's propaganda operation. It will be some time before the full amount will be known. Costs are still being incurred— in dismantling "Resurrection City"; packing and storing the materials and abandoned personal possessions, including television sets, radios, fans and other electrical appliances; providing food and veterinarian care for the animals of the "mule train"; emergency police and national guard expenses; and other charges. Preliminary estimates indicate the total cost to taxpayers will be around $5 million. Senator Robert Byrd, D-W. Va., chairman of the appropriations subcommittee in charge of the District of Columbia's annual budget, has still - incomplete figures showing the cost to taxpayers of the capital alone vsjill be more than $600,000. On June 14, Rev. Ralph Abernathy, now serving a 20 -day sentence for unlawful assembly at the Capitol, told newsmen the "Poor People's Campaign" had cost SCLC $1.5 million and that contributions totaled only $1.3 million. The SCLC leader carefully did not explain how he arrived at either figure. When pressed by reporters, he curtly cut them off by changing the subject. There was good reason for Abernathy's touchy silence. Today's Prayer Even as our people debate political leadership, 0 Father, help us to recall that Thou are our true Leader and our God. Let us never, for earthly expediency, slight Thy sovereign law or deny Thy gospel of redemptive love. Make us God's people, and guide our choices by Thy will: in Christ's name. Amen. ' -B. Frank Hall, Wilmington, N.C., minister, Pearsall Memorial Presbyterian Church. What They Did Then — News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25 Years Ago JUNE 21,1149 * Tie BAF returned la great strength to Cologne Where 1,000 bombers had blasted 600 acres of destruction in May of 1942, and laid the pattern for the dty-by.c4ty raztog of German war industry. In a forked attack British Heavy bombers also struck overnight at Hamburg submarine building center, and continued the roinelayJng that official sources eald caused toe stating of at least W Axis vessels during the war. Thundering over toe scene of the world's first 1,000 bomber raid lor tiw 117tb time, the RAF lost only 25 craft. Tn« attack followed up • two-way foray by strong formations of American flying Fortws&es on two enemy targets ty occupied France, submarine yard and airdrome. All 100 Flying Fortresses flying roundtrip more than 1,100 miles smashed northern Italian port of Leghorn with several hundred tons of bombs, damaging a light cruiser and four supply ships, oil tanks, railroad yards, and industrial plants. Acceptance of the $00,000 quota assigned by the Madison County War Chest was voted by the board of directors for the Alton-Wood River Regional Community and War Chest. The sum represented 42 • per cent of the county's quota assigned by be state. Among temporary permits issued by the Illinois Commerce Commission to run bus lines to various plants was one to allow four lines to operate transportation from various surrounding towns to the Western Cartridge Co. plant at East Alton. As of July i, the Wood Rive^gpost Office would be advanced from second to first class; Albambra, Glen Carbon, and New Douglas from fourth to third. Miss Anna Faye Cartwright of Rogers Avenue would enter Midland Radio School in Kansas City to become a radio operator for commercial airlines. Clovls Wallis, coach of Carrollton High School, passed the army physical examination and would leave, with other Greene County men, for Induction. 50 Years Ago JUNE It, 1118 Allied airmen bombed railway centers and troop concentrations as artillery duels continued lively on tne Italian-Austrian front. Farewell to the community's latest draft con- tingent combined with raising of the Supreme Honor Flag won in the Third Liberty Loan campaign to draw the biggest crowd in Alton's history to the City Hall Square. Boy Scouts of Congregational Church Troop 5 were given tb* honor of 'hoisting the flag on the city ball pole. The train, due In at 8:50 p.m., failed to arrive until 10:30, then stayed here 20 minutes. It was loaded earlier with men from Greene, Morgan, and Jersey counties, whom women gathered at the station permitted to give them farewell kisses. Mayor Sauvage found It necessary to mount a bar in toe Immediate area and Issue wamlng that anyone selling liquor to members of tne contingent would be de-Ucensed. Alton's delegation had outnumbered that from iidwardsviUe toe day before ts a small crowd representing other cities in toe county aBserobled at county seat's WUdey Theater for awards of the Third Liberty Loan drive achievement flags. George S. Milnor, as the Alton campaign chairman, received toe special flag for this city. Three years of effort by Upper Alton school patrons to get Horace Mann School redecorated finally bore fruit when the board of education's building committee decided to call bids on the work. Alton's two-day War Savings Bond dour.to-door sales campaign resulted in purchases totaling 154,719. Calhoun County's apple king, Chris Binghausen, bad sold his crop to Cohen & Co, of Chicago, commission merchants, for mm, the largest price ever paid a grower to that area. The Third Street park, back of the Hotel Madison, was to be illuminated with three powerful atreeuigbta to end Qbjwttwabte ipoonlug and orgies there.