Lubbock Morning Avalanche from Lubbock, Texas on February 26, 1942 · Page 4
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February 26, 1942

Lubbock Morning Avalanche from Lubbock, Texas · Page 4

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Thursday, February 26, 1942
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EIGHT—THE MORNING AVALANCHE _Lub>ock, Texas, Thursday, Fet/rucry 26, T942 4343 For The Avalanche-Journal Offict* Stafford Cripps Makes Speech By DREW MIBDLETON Associated Preis Staff Waiter LONDON, Feb. 25.—Su- Stafford Gripps pledged the Churchill Kpvernmeat today to a swift decision on Itidia's political status and, in a forceful and Liberal first speech as the prime minister's House of Commons spokesman, de. clared it vital that the people oi India fight and "act with Britain" In defense of their vast country. The former Socialist, now official leader of a Parliament overwhelmingly Conservative, injected a spontaneous enthusiasm into the House which has been lacking since Winston Churchill's own great speeches oi the summer of 1940. Blame Is Placed Government Pledged To Swift Action On India's Political Status Brief Bits Of Locaf Facing squarely the grave problems in Asia, he blamed the "Colonel Blimp mentality" of reactionary military and governmental administrators for helping Britain lose part of her colonial empire. The lost lands can only be regained and the rest of the empire held together, he said, "on condition that we hold it in the ! interest of the world and the people live in those parts." On the home front, Cripps swore the government to uncompromising measures against "a small and selfish minority." There must, he said, be no "business as usual" or "pleasure as •usual," and he said that steps would be taken to halt dog racing and "boxing displays" which, he declared, "are completely out of accord with the solid and ser- achieve victory." Dealing with criticism offered earlier on this second day of debate by Leslie Hore-Belisha, former war secretary who is 'perhaps Churchill's harshest Commons critic, Sir Stafford said "everything possible will be done" to increase thr. active cooperation of the fighting services. He did not answer directly Hore-Belisha's charge that neither the army nor navy has the aircraft required for the present war — including dive-bombers, antitank aircraft and adequate transport planes. Of India, Crips said the government realized fully that it "must do its utmost" to make a full contribution toward empire unity. Then he promised the government decision on India's politi-' cal freedom, followed by a commons debate "very shortly." British Tanker Sunk Near Puerto Rico SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico, Feb. ' 25-f«v—The 5,5S5-ton British tank-- er La Carriere was sunk early today by a submarine attack 75 Miles south of Puerto Rico, survivors reaching the port of Guanica reported this afternoon. Two boatloads of survivors reached.here and two others were reported still adrift". In the two boats were 23 survivors and the bodies of four me, including the captain. ' The ship, lirst described from Ponce, as an American freighter, was torpedoed late last night and Bank four hours later, the survivors said. She wan unable to send &n SOS. Dr. Spies Hearing (Continued From Page One> the House of Representatives, that he had repeatedly offered to as- eume full responsibility for straightening out conditions, that the regents and he had wrestled long with the problem, but that his office had been largely "bypassed." Previously, Dr. Tom Spies, a re- searcn specialist, had defended Dean Spies against criticisms, and cenounced what he said were slurs reflecting on the University of Texas and a foundation which had put up money for research • The university president testi- ijed further that he doubted whether merely dismissing some peo- | P Ic , would bring about harmony. , 4u ?" that," he said. . lays deeper than Hockley Defense Bond Rally Is Conducted LEVELLAND, Feb. 25 (Special) Dr. Harry L. Kent, administrative assistant at Texas Technological college, spoke tonight at a Hockley county-wide defense bond and stamp sales rally here. County Judge JJ. A. Ellis presided. Levelland High school band pl&yed. It was announced that Wallace Blankenship, theater man, was buying the largest defense bond each month, of any announced. An exhibition was given by the Texas Defense guard under direction of Sgl. H. B. Johnson and j and Sgt. Richard H. Godfrey P'a- ' toon leaders ivere William R. Sew- ' ell .of Levelland and Claude Goen of Anton. Twer.ty-five junior and senior students in an advanced marketing class at Texas Technological college spent Wednesday afternoon visiting Forrest L. Lindsey, manager of the Coca-Cola company, and Garland Newsom, manager of Newsom-Gibson company. Both men discussed marketing aspects of thei.' businesses and effects of war-time restrictions. The students were accompanied by Dr. J. O. Ellsworth, head ol the college department of economics and business administration. Ronald K. DfFord 'A Midland, geologist, addressed 60 persons at a Tuesday night meeting of Sigma Gamma Epsilon, geological fratcv- nity at Texas Technological college, officials said Wednesday afternoon. The speaker emphasized the importance of geology in Hitler's calculations of tactics and pointed out that, just as the United States in the past few years has considered Russia radical, Benjamin Franklin, Mark Twain and James Fenimore Cooper were refused admission to Russia because they were thought too radical. Reports from Lamb county state that there has been new leasing activity in that county in recent weeks, particularly in 'the vicinity of Yellowhouse gin and also in the western part of the county. A large block was reported leased in the vicinity of Enochs, in Bailey county a short distance west of the county line. The block near Yel- lowhouse gin, which is between Littlefield and Anton, on the state highway, also was said to be a large one. Scattered report of offers of $1 an acre in other parts of the county h? u e hppn rprpived also. Lions Tuesday at their luncheon will have as their guests officers of the Lubbock Army air base at Hurlwood, Dr. Marshall Harvey, club secretary, announced Wednesday. Members of the club have been asked to get in touch with officers and Arlie Crites, chairman of the membership committee, said his group had asked members to be responsible for certain officers. Major Walter W. McCollom and Major A. E. Scroggs of the West Texas district Army recruiting office, have been given short leaves to visit their families in Stillwater, Okla. The two officers are expected to return Friday, said Major Perry C. Euchner, acting district commander. A Hotary club round-table luncheon is being held each Friday noon in Hilton hotel, Overton W. Ribble, secretary, announced Wednesday. First meeting was held last Friday. It is a informal gathering, Ribble explained. Members who hare to miss the regular Wednesday luncheon can make up on Friday, it was explained. B. Sherrod of Lubbock, long active on the board of trustees of Abilene Christian college, was reelected vice president of the board at a meeting in Abilene, at \vhich E. D. Chambers of Glenn was named president succeeding W. H. Free, Abilene, who resigned. G. L. Jennings, Abilene, also was reelected and J. B. Collins, Big Spring and S. N. Allen, Abilene, were named to two new vice-presidential positions. L. P. Bennett Plains and E. S. Lee, Spur, also members of the board, attended as did Sherrod. Yeats W. Causey, former student at Texas Technological college, who enlisted last June in the U. S. navy, has been promoted to pharmacists mate, third class, according ^to word received Wednesday by friends here. A former em- ploye of drug stores while attending Texas Tech, he has studied pharmacy at a navy training school. While residing here Causey resided at 2109 Thirteenth street. When member* of the board of supervisors of the Lubbock County Soil Conservation district meet Friday afternoon in the federal soil conservation area office, they will be given a suggested plan of action for the district, according to George Turner, economist of the service. Earl R. Davis of Acuff is president, of the board. Others include, Grover C. Gillett, T. L. Holt, W. O. Perkins and George Eklund. Turner, Walter F. Johnson, rural rehabilitation supervisor of Farm Security Administration and C. C. Jobson, county farm agent, were named a committee to prepare a report on what actions the board should take. Enlistments in the Texas De- Cense guard, aviation branch, will be accepted at a regular meeting at 8 o'clock tonight at the Municipal airport, M. F. Dagley, cap- ta-,n in the guard, announced Wednesday. Mrs. Anna Burt Gibson, who has been employed eight years as secretary to Dean Margaret W. Weeks of the division o£ home economics at Texas Technological college, Youths Face Charges Of Theft Of Mail C. E. Luce-, U. S. deputy mar- s.nal, brought J. B. Stewart, 18, and a 16-year-old juvrnile to Lubbuck county jail from Post Wednesday and will continue today to Dalia?. where the youths will face a :hargc of mail theft Another juvenile already js beins: held in Dallas in connection ivith the case. The youths are suspected of opening mail taken from Ir.c Post poslofficc and with cashing st least two checks. - j M a n r i quez Martinez, Mexican charsrad with violation of parole i conditions, also will be taken to | Dallas, &aiti Luce, at the college. this week as secretary at Lubbock National bank. She will be succeeded in Miss Weeks* office by Mrs. Esten Day who has been employed in the rural rehabilitation division of the state department of education Naval district headquarters ul New Orleans. Zarsfonetis, who recently returned to the Hilton staff after being employed by the Texas Raiiroad commission for a year, look his oath as a Navy msn before J. E. Calloway, district naval i-ccru'iting officer, Wednesday afternoon in the Federal building. "Facts About th« Student B«- ligious Council" will be topic of discussion for a radio broadcast this afternoon from 5:15 to 5:30 o'clock over KFYO. Activities to be included in the Religious Emphasis week, March 2 to 8, will be listed. Those to speak will include Dr. A. J. Bahm, Lattimore Ewing, Mary Sparks and Betty Rhea Cald- wcll, announcer. Jack Walker, circulation manager of the Odessa American, has returned from Washington where he appeared before a newspaper committee to tell of plans used in Odessa's successful campaign for sale of defense stamps. He was invited to make the trip to Washington by the committee. Waiker is a brother-in-law of Mrs. Wm. Blake, 2807 Twentieth street. Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Phipps of 702-A Avenue O are parents of a son weighing 6 pounds 12VS ouncse born in West Texas hospital at 7:20 o'clock Wednesday morning. Phipps is employed by Peel Wholesale Meat company. E. N. Redmond, who was charged Tuesday on three complaints with liquor law violation, was committed to jail Wednesday and had not been admitted to bond. Three Mexican youths, 17 to 19 years old, were being held Wednesday night by poJice fur investigation of theft of a $3.50 pair of shoes from C. L. Turner shoe shop in 1200-block Avenue H. The shoes were recovered. Man Held On Rape Charge Robert Francis Barnhart, 23, a farm worker, was brought to Lubbock Wednesday to face a charge of rape on his 16-year-oid half- sister. The youth had been arrested Aussie Commander Escapes To Bafavia BATAVIA, N. E. I., Thursday, Feb. 26 Gen. Henry Gordon Bennett, commander of the Australian imperial forces in Malaya, has reached Batavia after escaping from Singapore in a large Chinese junk which required four days to reach neighboring Sumatra. • The. assumption before his arrival was that he had been captured by the Japanese now in command of the fallen Allied bastion. With him were his aide-de-camp, Lieut. Gordon Walker, eight members of the Singapore volunteers and seven members of British regiments. (A dispatch from Canberra officially estimated that 17,000 Australians were among the imperial troops taken prisoner at Singapore. Vsry few- Australians get away and the number of casualties in the last of the fighting there was not known). Tech Publications Officers To Be Named Balloting begins at 8 o'clock- this morning on Texas Technological college campus for selection of student publications officials for 1942-43 college year. Harold Thompson, student president, said final plans for conducting the election were made at a called meeting of the student council Wednesday afternoon. Election officials were named. Ballot boxes will be located in the administration, engineering, home economics and agricultural buildings. Candidates, in the order they will be listed on the preferential ballot, arc: Toreador, student newspaper editor — Arlee Gowen, Lamesa: R. G. Edwards, Olton; Bill Latson Clarendon. Toreador business manager _ Clem Simpson, Graham: Leon Hughes, Lubbock. La Ventana, yearbook, editor — > Floyd Ross, Hereford; Kara Hunsucker, Matador. La Ventana business manager __ Bob Weddle, Bonham; Dick Ragsdale, Slaton. Rita Hayworth Files Suit For Divorce HOLLYWOOD, Feb. 25 c/p> _ Glamour Girl Rita Hayworth of thf; films filed suit for divorce late Tuesday against her oilman husband Ed, Judson. The shapely newcomer to movie fame, said: "Due to the fact that Mr. Hudson's business takes him to Texas and Oklahoma so much of his time, and my career is in Hollywood, we just came to a parting of the way. "There is no one else in either of our lives and I certainly wish him a world of happiness. Eddie is a grand fellow." Negro Tells Officer He Is 169 Years Old MEMPHIS, Tenn., Feb. 25 (*V- Maybe you '.vouldn't have blinked, but the desk sergeant did — violently. The gray-bearded negro, dockel- Geo. A. Zarafonetis, Texas Tech( ed on a minor charge, announced graduate and employe of the Hilton hotel, Wednesday received an appointment as an ensign in the mor< U. £. Naval Reserve. He will be I c ?l n . assigned to special ordnance service within the near future and is axvaiting orders from the Eighth SINUS INFECTION Dr. E. M. Whitacre Osleopaifcic PhysicJEn and Surgeon I Dia! 5642 1J!... . ._. 511 Myrick Bidg. calmly he was 169 years old. "I was bom in slavery and was more than 90 when President Lincoln was killed," he said. 'Tsc. too old to get ir, trouble with the law." Buy A Defense Bond TODAYI WOMEN AND DEFENSE .»« you for patriotic «rmce. Enrol] at once. BUSINESS — ^COLLEGE Labbock, Abilcnt, Dallu, WlchlU Tuesday by Sheriff Buck Bennett of Dawsou county when he and the girl were discovered living in makeshift manner in Lamesa. Both made statements to Sheriff Bennett. Lubbock county Sheriff Tom Abel went to Sweetwatea Wednesday afternoon to accept custody of a 22-year-old negro, who probably will be charged here with car theft, and returned by way of Lamesa to take Barnhart from Dawson county jail. Grady Harrist, a deputy, signed the complaint, filed in justice court of Walter Davies. Barnhart was not arraigned. Introduced As Wife A Lubbock county, farmer, who recently moved to Lubbock, said he had hired Barnhart to work on his farm in tending stock. He went to the place this week and discovered the youth was not there. Clothing of the girl, however, had bean left behind. The girl had been introduced to the farmer as the wife of Barnhart, sheriff's officials said. ' It will be charged that the ne- gro arrested at Sweetwater stole a car belonging to L. A. Hancock at Slaton. The machine was abandoned near Snyder, and the black caught a ride with a passing motorist. The motorist became suspicious. taking the neero to police headquarters ~at Sweetwater. A confession was obtained there, officials said. Sheriff Abel was accompanied to Sweetwater by Austin Yeats, chief of police at Slaton. California Raid (Continued From Page One) like the spreading of Fourth of July skyrockets, around the sky craft. In some areas ack ack shells exploded in residential districts, but no' one was injured. Fragments crashed into a bed which a woman and a girl had left 'moments before to look at the raid. The "flak" as gunners call it, also shattered a window. Planes Go Into Action One official source told the Associated Press that Army planes went into action as soon as the air raid signal was given, but another official source later reported the planes stayed on the ground because o£ the danger of being caught in their own anti-aircraft fire. He said ground crews saw unidentified planes. Police recalled that midnight was the zero hour fcr Japanese aliens to leave the coastal defense areas. Significant in this connection was the arrest of eight Japanese, some of them aliens, as authorities investigated reports from air raid wardens and civilians that lights blinked from various points of vantage in the blackout. The eight later were released, however, after Army authorities said the lights referred to undoubtedly were tracer bullets fired from heavy calibre machineguns. Flares Said Seen Flares also were reported .to have fallen in several sections, on the beaches azid far inland, some as late as 6. a. m. when many persons were walking to work because street can; were balked by the blackout. Police authorities in some areas said they were convinced Japanese had attempted to direct invading planes by use of red, green and white flares. The Army's silence on various phases of the blackout only served to intensify public .-speculation. Street car straphangers had a field day. One said he was positive at least one plane was shot down "because it went down in a crazy, corkscrew roll just like you see in the movies." Saw Not One Plane Reports from excited civilian observers, who \vere sure they ssw planes, ranged from one to 200. But one watcher near an aircraft factory said he had long-range field glasses trained to the sky areas raked by the long, slim rays of the searchlights, and saw "net one single plane in all the time the firing was going on." On the whole, the blackout was effective, showing the result of careful preparation for just such an eznergency. But it was not without its casualties. A state guardsman died of a heart attack while driving his ammunition warden fell Lingering Feud Between Mid-Continent And CIO Union Is To Be Concluded This Week (By The Asaoc!«l«<J Presjt f.\ TULSA, Okla., Feb. 25.—That v lingering feud between the Mid- Continent Petroleum Corp. and CIO's Oil Workers International union is approaching a milestone. Examiner Theodore B. Bland of the National Labor Re.'ations board expects a hearing into this historic scrap which has been" going on almost three years to be concluded this week. Does 'Sot End Care Long ago the hearing Bfoke the NLRB marathon record. The wier- ton Steel and Kansas City Ford cases, the previous endurance champs, lasted merely 18 months each, counting adjournments. Jones Denies Guilt In Rubber Shortage WASHINGTON, Feb. 25. M*)— Secretary of Commerce Jesse Jones today irately disclaimed responsibility for "the rubber shortage and declared' that neither he nor anyone ebe "expected we would lose entire control of the Pacific." He told Commerce the House committee Intertsate that the country had about 650,000 tons of raw rubber in storage, and that the nation would be producing a . maximum of 500,000 tons of syn- But the close of the hearing does | the tic rubber by the end of 1943 not end the case. It may be another year before the NLRB can prepare its final report. And after that the loser could appeal to the U. S. circuit court of appeals, then to the U. S. Supreme court, and prolong the dispute another couple of years. Began In 1338 Trouble began in 1938 when the union demanded wage adjustments, new seniority rules, a lib- —four-fifths of it in plants to be built under contracts let this year. "I am convinced," he said, "that if we use what we have carefully and sparingly, we will have enough to supply our necessary war demands and have some for essential civilian needs." He estimated that a "modest" amount —anywhere from 10,000 to 60,000 tons—would come in from Brazil. eralized vacation policy, checkoffs j T en J urnr tr KJnmpH In of union dues and commit™ -,,-- ! ' en J UrorS JNumeCl m Trial Of Mrs. Barr DALLAS, Feb. 25 (#)— Only ten of the twelve jurors had been se- f union dues and compulsory ar- ! bilration. Mid-continent declined these demands and the union filed a com- LRB hear 18 ' as back wages for the strikers. Court Reporter Charles W. Heumann says the record of the hearing will cover 51,500 typewritten psg€?_ Cost of the h"?!-'" mated at $150,000. ...... " is esti- Th*> NT T?P ha a .-!r.,r j-i.. l uie Lrial OI ivlrs - Juanua Barr, ; inaq LRB hearin e opened May j charged with murder of Mrs! is approximately $l,-!cer. ' *° ° U 3n ~ Mrs,. Barr is the estranged wife of a former Dallas newspaper columnist. It appeared for a time today that the jury might have to be discharged after District Judge Henry King received a letter from the U. S. Army air corps notifying him of the appointment of the third juror as an air cadet. The juror is Donald W; Boyd 22, who must be sworn in by the Army by Saturday or suffer delay in his appointment. Boyd, sworn in Monday, probably still will be on the jury by the deadline Saturday, so attorneys for both sides agreed to allow him to be sworn into the Army while still 3. juror. That probably -will occur Monday and there will be no legal aifficulties over a law which prohibits service men from serving on juries, since Boyd was sworn in as a juror before he received his appointment. truck. An air raid and broke his leg while chasing someone he thought might be a Jap. A woman was killed in the collision of her auto- rnobib and a milk truck. A Long Beach policeman was killed in a traffic crash en route to duty. A pedestrian was fatally hurt as he walked into the side of a moving auto. Fragments Studied At Santa Barbara there were repercussions from Monday night's shelling of an oil field by a Japanese submarine, and District Attorney Percy Heckendorf said there was "convincing proof that there were shore signals flashed to the enemy." Heckendorf said he would appeal personally to Lieut. Gen. John L. DeWiU of the Western defense command to make Santa Barbara county a restricted area Dr. Walter J. Howard DENTIST 403 Myrick Bldg. Dial 5621 Chicago Slaying (Continued From Page One) Broz was shot to death as she sat m the balcony of the Palace movie house—McDonald was arrested. Coroner A. L. Brodie announced that he had confessed and quoted him as saying: "We seen the picture and I kissed her and shot her. That's all. I didn't make up my mind to shoot her. It just happened," He related that he left the theater exit, hid the gun in a garage and went to another movie During the day, while the audience laughed at the film on the screen, McDonald re-enacted the killing in the strange half-light of the balcony. Spectators were barred from that particular section. Was Extremely Jealous The youth appeared nonchalant Subsequently, however, he told Detective Edward Kirby that he thought o£, committing suicide by leaping from the balcony but was guarded by too many policemen. Yeung McDonald informed *he coroner that he had kept company with Miss Broz "about two years, off and on, not steady." Frank Broz, the girl's lather, cmciosed that his wife had asked McDonald not to see Dorothy any more because she was so young. Elaine Mastney, chum of Miss Broz, advised investigators that Dorothy had told her McDonald was ex-tremely jealous and had threatened: "If I can't have you, nobody else will." False Registration . Charged Against Man HOUSTON, Feb. 25. (,3>) — Charles Peter West, alias Charles Peter Wisotsky, alias David Walton Fell, was indiqted today on a federal charge of making a false registration for the draft and of making false statements in his draft questionnaire. (Recently Dr. Horner'p. Rainey, president of the University of Texas, announced that a faculty member of the university's Medical School at Galveston going under the name of David Fell, had been discharged because he was an imposter. The indictment charged that the defendant on Oct. 16, 1940, registered with draft board No. 1 in Galveston county as David Walton Fell, gave his age as 30 and his birthplace as in Virginia. Actually, the government charged, his name was Charles Peter Wisotsky, and he was born in New York Aug. 28, 1916. for enemy nationals, and that the people would hold Gen. DeWitt responsible if he tailed to act. "We want absolute control of aliens and American-born Japanese alike," declared Heckendorf. "It is up to the federal government. We are giving all the warning we can." Army ordnance officers, meanwhile, were studying more than 200 pounds of shell fragments that caused only $500 damage to the EHwood oil field, 12 miles north of Santa Barbara. Roosters Crow, Hens Lay At almost (he instant San Diego's blackout was ordered the automatic switches that bring manmade daylight to the poultry barns in the county, created a bright illumiation, and roosters began crowing and hens laving. The idea behind all this is to get the hens to work overtime, but the switches probably will have to be abadoned, to avoid interference with blackouts. '•Many oi the poultry men did not know what was happening until authorities told them to turn off the lights, said Bernard Hall, assistant county farm advisor. German Alien Found Hanged In Garage HENDERSON, Feb. 25 (ff>) — Fritz Henry Patzolt, 56, who friends said had been despondent since he learned recently that he was a German alien, was found hanged in a garage at his home near New London today. A 'suicide verdict was returned by Mrs. M. G. Florence, justice of the peace. Friends said Patzolt, who was brought to the U. S. from Germany at the age of 3, had considered himself -a loyal American citizen until he discovered he had not been naturalized. Repeated efforts were made to cheer him up, they added. A gauger in the East Texas oil field, Patzolt had been employed by the Humble Oil and Refining company since 1919. His widow, son and daughter reside at Greenville where the funeral will be held. Vocational Training In State Is Extended AUSTIN, Feb. 25. (JP) — Vocational training in numerous subjects has been extended to 3,431 men in Texas military establishments by the state board for vocational education in cooperation with the federal government. State Director James R. D. Eddy said instruction in subjects ranging from clerical procedure to cooking, navigation, communication and aircraft mechanics was under way at Abilene, Corpus Chnsli, Dallas, El Paso, Galveston, Houston, Mineral Wells, Pasadena and San Antonio. Higher Prices Paid For West Texas Wool BRADY, Feb. 25. (3>>—Contract- :ng of 5o,000 fleeces at 40 to 45 cents a pound from White brothers of Brady and White &; Baker of Fort Stockton was announced today by Wilson Jordan of Brady buyer for Charles J. Webb, Sons Inc., of Philadelphia. The wool sale was one of the largest in the state, this year. The price was 2 to 7 cents a pound more than the contract price for clips from the same ranches last year. Two Dead, 7 Missing In Aberdeen Blaze ABERDEEN, N. C., Feb. 25 (<P) —Two persons \vere burned to death and at least seven others were missing in a fire that destroyed the Sandhill hotel here eariy today. The body of Jack Meador. the manager, and that of an unidentified woman were recovered from the still burning three-story structure and firemen continued the earch for other bodies. For Your Old Gold KING'S JEWELRY 1020 BROADWAY HEADS C. OF C. SAN ANTONIO, Feb. 25. (U.PJ—. R. R. Wilt will be inducted tomorrow as new president of the San Antonio Chamber of Commerce. He succeeds J. H. Calvert. Wilt i s president of the Builders' Supply company. DR. J.-B. McCORKLE OENTtET 307 Mynck Building Uibbex:k. Texas Phone R5S1 Knox Reports Navy Victories (Continued From Page One) time has elapsed for Berlin or Tokyo to become cognizant of their loss. Accuracy Not Determined It was particularly difficult, they said, to determine with ac" curacy whether a submarine had been sunk or not. The only sure sign was a large quantity of debris and this does not always rise to the surface. An oil slick on the water is not conclusive evidence, it was said, that a submarine has been sunk. Commenting on the Japanese losses authorized naval spokesmen said "they can't keep these losses up over a year with their building program." To win under these conditions, they added, Japan would have to "make a quick and fast" war. Knox broke down his summary of war against Japanese shipping as follows: Battleships — One of the "Kongo class" damaged. Aircraft carriers — One sunk, one believed sunk. Cruiiers — Two sunk. Destroyers — S«ven sunk, on» believed sunk. Submarines — Three sunk, on» damaged. Seaplane tenders — One believed sunk. Minesweepers — One sunk. Gunboats — One sunk. Fleet tankers — Three sunk. Transports — Thirteen sunk. two believed sunk. SuppJyshioE and merchant. men— Sixteen sunk. Miscellaneous (type unidentified) — Six sunk, two be- liered sunk, three damaged. Totals Are Given The totals were: 15 combattant ships sunk, three believed sunk, and two damaged; 38 noncombat- tant ships sunk, four believed sunk, and three damaged. The number o£ Japanese submarines sunk, said Knox, includes "only those sunk during the heroic defense of Wake island and during the recent raid on the Marshall and Gilbert islands. "In accordance with the established Navy department policy submarine sinkings are never announced until it is reasonably certain that the enemy has become cognizant of their loss. This explains the time lag in connection with various reports. Further Sinkings Evidenced "There is evidence, however, of further sinkings of enemy submarines in Pacific waters but their announcement will not be made until full reports have been made to the Navy department and absolute surety is determined." He went on to say that before the war began "the pride of the Japanese merchant marine consisted of three 17,000 ton luxury ships of the Yawata class." One of these, he added, was known to have been converted into an aircraft carrier. "The United States naval forces have sunk one merchantman of the Yawala class," he continued, "and one aircraft carrier of the same class, leaving only one such " in service vessel known to be with the enemy. Sub Situation Discussed Of submarine and anti-tufama- rine activities in the Atlantic, he had this to say: "During Januray, 1942. 22 ships m the United Nations registry had torpedoes fired at them in waters contiguous to the United States In addition 38 other ships were attacked in the area west of 30 degrees west longitude (which approximately divides the Atlantic in half). One enemy submarine is believed to have been sunk Three are believed to have been damaged and 34 additional attacks were inconclusive in evidence of damage. "In February, up to and including the 23rd instant, 23 ships of the United Nations have, been attacked by enemy submarines in U. S. coastal waters and 31 additional ships in the area west of 30 degrees west longitude. Two enemy submarines are believed to have been sunk and one damaged in these areas. In addition ?? attacks have been made or enemy submarines by our forces with inconclusive results." Island Evacuated The day's reports of United one Nations ships sunk included a British freighter, destroyed some 30 miles to the south of Puerto Rico. Twenty-five sur- an r« and told of two attacks at 8 p. m ?lght n " survivors were adrift in life boats An unnamed ship brought to BaUmiore the survivors six in B/int'ff 016 . No ™ c Sfc" freighter Blink, the sinking of which: was announced today by the Navy The ship was torpedoed without off the Atlantic coasti y spent 66 hours in a life the r* ' Th r ° USh> shar k-in fcstcd waters. They watched 17 shipmates Brother Of Lubbock Woman Is Drowned Mrs. Pearl Ballard of 1014 Twenty-fourth street was informed Wednesday night of the accidental drowning sometime during the day of her brother, Marion Carl Simpson, 43, formerly of Borger, at Brownwood. Police here first learned of the tragedy v.* h c n authorities at Brownwood sought to learn whereabouts of Mrs. Ballard. The victim carried in his pocket a letter sent him Feb. 13 at Mineral Wells from the sister here. Details of the drowning in a lake were not available here. Mrs Ballard said she had received no further informal ion late Wednesday night. A son, -AHus Simpson, lives in Hinsland, Okla. Burial probably will b'c in Brownwood, Mrs. Ballard said. Freight Rate Fight tContinued From Page One> everything in our power and our financial ability to press this •mat- tor. I, myself, have appeared on behalf of the two groups before ' the ICC and committees of Congress." Commissioner Jerry Sadler: "This is no time for petty poli- . tics: I appreciate the assistance renendered in the past bv the WTCC, FREF, and the attorney general. We must put our shoulders against the collar and keep the traces fight until the time comes when Texas freight rates are equitable, I have worked conscientiously toward that end." Commissioner Olin Culbersotr "In matters of this kind it is the prerogative and responsibility of the commission to act. The commission has urged the ICC to press its investigation." Survivors Rescued (Continued From Page One) St. Lawrence. Part Of Big Convoy The Navy in Washington yesterday listed 180 officers and men as lost in the recent double wreck The two ships were part of a large American convoy, the desination of which was not disclosed. The ships had been cast on the rocks fay a driving southeasterly gale some four hours before Newfoundlanders were aware of the fact, and it might have been much longer if Truxtun sailors had not managed to reach shore on a raft. The ships were smashed against the shore at 4:30 a. m., and at 8:30 a. m. one of the quartet on the raft walked into Iron Springs location of the St. Lawrence ~ fluorspar corporation, and asked the assistant manager, Howard 5 arrel, lor assistance. National Association Favors Sales Levy NEW YORK, Feb. 25. (JP>—Seventy-eight per cent of the members of the National Retail Dry Goods association favor a federal retail sales tax, the business organization announced today. go mad and die of thirst and exposure. From Aruba, the Dutch oil refinery island off Venezuela, came word that 110 American women and children had been evacuated by airplane. Enemy submarines have shelled the island. Formation Intercepted The War department reported that the action by the seven American fighter planes occurred over Java. The American Army pilots, flying P-40 pursuit planes, intercepted a formation of nine enemy bombers escorted by 14 fighting planes. In a swift and vicious attack the Americans shot down one bomber and one fighter, damaged four other bombers and two fighters, and forced the entire formation to turn back, its mission frustrated. No losses and no injuries were reported by the Americans. Their . destruction of two Japanese planes m the engagement brought to 50 the number of enemy aircraft de- the air or on the ground by American pilots in the Netherlands Indies since Jan. 1. Units Successful At the same time, the first clashes in several days between ground forces in Bataan, where Gen. Douslas MacArthur's army and Filipinos has advance of vastly greater numbers of the invading Japanese, were reported by the department. The fighting on the Bataan front was of a minor character. consisting chiefly O f sharp encounters between MacArthur's patrols and enemy troops, who ap- arent av a the - u which they have been un- able to push forward for several weeks. The commMnique reported that small elements of the American lorccs were uniformly successful SAVE YOUR MONEY Buy Defense Stamps and Bonds ROAST Baby Beef ft STEAK Loin Jt> PORK ^p, Fresh Side ft 25C HAMS Cured PORK, Ears, Feet, Back Bone ft BACON Squares ffc SALT Jowls tb BACON, Sugar". Cured (2 Ib*. More) Jo 1 — 2V 1212 Ave. G. LUBBOCK MEAT CO. J. T. Simmondi. Owner & Mgr. /t.

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