The Daily Register from Harrisburg, Illinois on January 17, 1948 · Page 4
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January 17, 1948

The Daily Register from Harrisburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Harrisburg, Illinois
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Saturday, January 17, 1948
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Mt(MmKMrW AOB FOUR UUU..^~'^~- TUB DAILY REGISTER, lIARKISBURG, ILL., SATURDAY, JANUARY 17, 1948 Ann u a M January /2 Southern Illinois '"Veterans Placed lOn 3-Year Probation .'«'' .DANVILLE, 111/. Jan. 17-UJ.W !_Two southern Illinois veterans '·pleaded guilty today to unlaw- ifully acquiring a total of $234 · iunder the Servicemen's Readjust- ment Aliowan-'c Act, and were placed OP three years probation Ralph Wyatt, 51, Murphysboro. and Lowell E. Chapman, 38, Anna, were charged in federal court with making false claims for $52 and S182 respectively. Wyatt was fined S50 and both men were ordered i to repay the government their 'share of the $234. JUJI, ·«fr tmi 1U i -vro ·*y»o OCCIDENT FEEDS THE COMPLETE L I N E . . . Tonnage Builders . . . profitable specialities . . . priced to win your market, built to hold it. YOUR GRAINS PLUS OCCIDENT CONCENTRATE FILLS ALL YOUR FEED NEEDS. CUSTOM GRINDING -- SHELLING -- MIXING -110 ftn* Hollands DORRISVILLE Mill 220 R Now is Time for Farmers To Plan Use of Hay for Feeding Livestock in '48 Now is the time for all good farmers to make definite plans to make greater use of pasture and hay in the feeding of their livestock in 1948. Why -- Because it is a good soil conservation practice on most southern Illinois farm land. This is No. 1. Why -- Because it will provide a cheaper source of protein for dairy cows, growing pigs, sows, and" poultry. This saves money and stretches feed supply. Wh" --- Because it a cheaper sourc-S of feed for all classes of livestock, again it saves money. Why -- Because it is a cheaper feed and make it possible to produce more animal products in 1948. This is necessary. Tested Suggestions 2. Rotation Pastures. By rotation pastures, arc meant use" of legumes following small grains in fall of year, and in second year sweet clover. To have such "pasture available, plans must be made to make the seedings this spring. Suggested mixtures are sweet clover, sweet clover and lespedeza. or if soil is acid, a mixture of alsike and lespedeza. Temporary Pastures Sweet clover and the mixture, seeded this spring, will be ready to pasture soon after the harvest of small grain, and will give several extra days of pasture in the fall of the year. 3. Temporary Pastures: Temporary cr emergency pastures can be used to extend the pasture season at both ends. Sev---* small grain can Saline Co. Soil District 70th Organized in State There are now over 82 Soil Conservation Districts in Illinois and more than 2.000 districts in the United States, covering 4 1-2 million farms and a billion acres of land, oaline county was the 70th district organized in the state. Soil conservation districts are the means farmers have taken to \\ork together to protect their top soil. Districts are government by the people and for the people and County Directors to Be Elected At Harrisburg All Farmers of County Urged to Attend Meeting The directors of the Saline Co. Soil Conservation District will be elected at the annual meeting which will be held in Harrisburg on Jan 21. at the Masonic temple, by the State Soil Conservation'law! directors of Hie Sict will be elected for a term of one or two years. Ine law provides that a nominating com- mittce be appointed, who w U ic- port their nominations at thei annual meeting: This report will be Deceived «"er Mr. Tale's discussion s completed and the election held immediately thereafter, Sutton stat- Cd All farmers of the county arc urged to attend by Mr. Sutton and he other directors of Saline County District. Many people are wondering, eral grasses an;What" can I do this spring to pro ll!" lair*" I - tt.ii /·.TM^ FOR THE HOME? FOR THE SHOP Compare these Prices vide more and better pasture for my livestock." Here are some tested suggestions: 1. Treatment of Permanent Pastures: Although, it is best to rennovate permanent pastures in the fall, it can be done in early spring if weather is favorable. There are five steps to follow in rennovating a permanent pasture They are: a. Test and treat soil. Have soil tested for lime, phosphate and potash. Apply needed lime -- disk in. Then if very acid, drill 400-500 finely ground limestone per acre when seeding pasture mixture. b. Disk well. Don't plow and destroy grasses already growing. c. Re-seed. Mixture will depend on soil test and treatment. However, one-half of mixture should be legume. Use sweet clover if sweet enough, if not use alsike. Control Grazing d. Control grazing until plants get well established. Divide field in two parts and graze alternately. e. Clip weeds -- at least twice yearly. If it is not possible tc rennovate the permanent pasture this spring, production can be increased thru use of (1) application of nitrogen, The So en District is administered by five directors elected by land owners of Saline county It is organized under the laws of tne Stale of Illinois and - * A · 1M ; m j nat j n g committee corn- po ' sec , of Franklin Bramlet, Ray- » d Vin eyard and Ewell Harris h becn askcd to prescn t names the directors are responsible only , of nominccs for consideration at be used. First, a few days pasture of barley and wheat can be obtained if season is favorable. » Next, to secure the earliest pasture, a few acres of oats can be seeded. These grow quickly, however, they do not last long. But it will save a lot of feed, and increase production of dairy cattle. Cheapest Feed A suggestion is to seed one-half of a field in oats as early as possible and seed this to sweet clever and lespedeza. The other half then should be seeded to sweet sudan around May 15. Pasture the oats down, then remove animals to permanent pasture, and allow sweet colver and lespedeza to grow. Sudan grass then should be ready to pasture by July 1 to 15 and sweet clover and lespedeza by August 1 to 15. These may be grazed alternately until frost. The next cheapest source of feed in southern Illinois is legume hay. Not only does an ample-supply of hay save grain and protein supplement, but hay is a soil conserving crop which fits into our land use program for Saline county. However, the problem of securing an adequate supply this" year is not as simple as securing'addi- to the land owners and operators of Saline county. These directors serve without pay and having no funds, have called upon the various government agencies to help them with their problems. The U. S. Soil Conservation Service has assigned Dick, Weise as farm planner for this district. Mr. Weise hopes also to have an assistant to help him with his conservation practice establishment this coming year. The Extension Service through the farm adviser, Paul Wilson, has assisted the district directors in their educational program and has held meetings and carried on a i varied program to acquaint the farmers of Saline county with the program of the district. Saline Farms Need Sod Crops U5" \JL \ JL / * tf M * » * w H * ' i V ^ A * ' "-·*. »»»*·«- **O"""? . J.J A.J.W \*J ,J*A*»£»4»», «*» fc/^X,M* **£, UUU* (2) fertilizing with super-phosphate tionai pasture unless you started or triple super phosphate, (3) cov-Jlast fall with seeding of alfalfa, ering with manure, (4.) harrowing. But here are several suggestions to spread dropping, and following j that are recommended for serious practices of controlled grazing and ' - ' - - - - - - - - clipping of weeds. . l l e p Your Farm Records : · TRIPLE DIPPED . ggfe * Galvanized E 8 Qt. Size Only consideration. Insure 1949 Supply First, it is possible to seed In ions alfalfa this spring if weather conditions are favorable. Second, red clover or alsike,clover can be seeded in fall and spring. Will Promote Soil Tilth and Check Erosion Saline county farms should have from one-fourth to one-half of their acreage in-sod crops each'year in order to raise good crops, promote this meeting. Nominations may also be made from the floor ac cording to Sutton. Five directors are to be elected. Two of these will serve for one year and three \\ill serve for two vears. Directors now are Frank Sutton, chairman; Noble Williams, secre tary and A. J. Tison, Ersal Vinyard and Gus McDonald. These directors meet once each month on the second Thursday at their office in the Rose building to govern the activities of the dis trict. They have a Memorandum of Understanding with the U. S. Department of Agriculture and £ working agreement xvith the Soil Conservation Service and other government agencies. In making the announcemenl of the meeting Mr. Sutton statec that a program has been preparec that will be educational as well as provide an opportunity to repori the progress of the district for the year, and election of new directors. "The morning program," he said, "will include the "address of welcome" and introduction of district directors." This will be followed by a discussion on Soil Fertility by Pat Johnson, who is in charge j of several of University of Illinois experiment fields in southern Illinois. Mr. Johnson will show a series of colored slides that show the results obtained on the various fields under different soil treatments. In the afternoon session, the Annual Report will be made by Noble Williams, secretary of the .board. This will be followed by discussion. entitled "The Con- Change to Winlt Gear Grease Noi LEO RICHMOND'*! SUPER SERVICE APEX WOMAN'S FRIEND j ' ^ lectric Washers 0 Lovel Wringer · Large 8 Pound Size · Fully Guaranteed IMMEDIATE DELIVERY $ 127.50 . C. F. Gidcuml) soil tilth, and check some of the a erosion. The flat lands of Saline serration Job Ahead presented by county would be greatly benefited Alfred Tate. Soil Cl V.C111 UG Ot^U\.U til hail U**14 .?£«»«". * " J ' C* ' T i Ordinarily, there will be a crop of by having better internal drainage .-Specialist suitable hay' that can be harvested if more sod crops were raised. "«««= *'«· ;9c 10 QUART HEAVY TINNED Strong-built! Flange Bottom! Order anything you wail from us by mail. AVe pay postage! « 0 * A We Give "Hardware for Hard We»r* ^/ A * £ 104 N. VU. P**- l« w KEYSTONE FARM RECORD BOOK We have a FREE copy for You Tne favorite record book for thousands of farmers for the past 6years.,.. It is easily kept, yet complete. Especially designed for helping prepare your income tax report ... Also very useful when dealing with banks and government agencies . - - Can help improve your farm operations, too... Prepared by competent accountants: approved by county agents and other farm authorities. So in 1948. keep better financial records of your farm operations with this 32- page. Keystone Farm Record Book. Ask for your FREE copy today! Harrisburg imber Co. in'the fall. Third, a mixture of sweet clover and lespedexa. or sweet clover alone, can be seeded in small grain and harvested for hay in fall. Fourth, lespedeza alone can be seeded. However, one can't be sure of lespedeza as a ,hay crop, especially in dry season or on the poorer soils. Fifth, one can aways seed soybeans for hay. However, this will be expensive this year, but maybe the only way some farmers will be able to secure a supply of hay this year. Sixth, and most important, make plans now to sow some alfalfa or alfalis-brome mixture next fall to insure a hay supply in 1949. Soil Analysis 55 Farmers Redeem E,arle Slamos t I I · *i « I t *t t · t t 1*2*2. «,?· :! V During 1947 Fifty-fix-e farmers in Saline county had a total of 2500 acres of crop and pasture land analyzed for min-! eral deficiencies in 1947. Paul T. | Wilson, farm adviser, reports. While this is only a little over two per cent of the crop and pasture land in Saline county, it is a sharp increase over the number of acres tested in 1946. and indicates that more farmers are be- A rotation of corn-grain-meadow on a three per cent slope in trials at DLxon Springs showed a soil loss of 3.6 tons per acre per year, while a rotation of corn-grain-meadow-meadow, on the same slope showed a soil loss of only 2.2 tons per acre per year. Trial plots of the Murrow Plots on the University of Illinois campus show that the plot having a rotation of corn, oats and clover will soak up an equal amount of water in one-half time that the plot raising continuous corn will. The Murrow plot with a rotation of corn. oats, clover with lime, phosphate and manure yielded 100 bushels of corn per acre in 1943 while the plot in continuous yielded 16 bushels per acre. Other plots on experiment fields show the same tendency toward lower yields and slower internal drainage when in a heavy corn-soybean rotation. Net Income Higher "I can't afford to have that much land in sod crops," is the statement often made by farmers. A farm record analysis made re-i Conservation of"Ilh'- Mr. Tate is well known by many farmers of Saline county and noted for his fervor in preaching the sound philosophy of Soil nois. £\. Aal HI IC\-V1U a»«c*«jo»»J ···*-*.v, ·*- j cently by E. L. Sauer, Conservation mng his farm. Economics specialist with the Col- "~ """"· 13,800 Acres in Saline Co. Mapped By Soil Scientists Thirteen thousand eight hundred acres of Saline county soils have been mapped by Soil Conservation Service Soil Scientists, according to Harry E. Gearhart, district conservationist. These soil maps are used in classifying land according to its capability, which means deciding what it is best suited for. Every farmer knows that soils differ, and that certain soil is beter adapted for growing pasture than it is for row crops. Most farmers fail to realize that sloping fields cannot be farmed as he farms his level fields. The muddy water running off these fields is ample proof of that. These maps showing the classes of land by colors bring this vividly to the minds of the farmer plan- lege of Agriculture and Soil Conservation Service, disapproves this statement. In his survty two groups of 19 farms in the central Illinois cash grain area were matched according to size and type of soils. One group scored high in conservation. practices and the other group scored low. An average of the years of 1941-1945 the high conservation j farms had just under half of the. land in corn and soybeans and one- scor-j Such maps arc available to the Soil Conservation District cooperators as a part of their farm plans. IF THE WEATHER THREATENS TO "GftOUND" YOUR CAR, SEE US We'll keep i» "flying" with a FORD WINTERTIME TUNE-U let o$ keep your car up · So it won't let you down BARHAM-GREEN Your FORD Dealer coming interested in the mineral wealth of their soils. Wilson stated.. ?TM in corn anu soywwm Much of this interest can be ?° urth 1R SO J C F°P S - r £ nc contributed to the fact that the in /J a . rins , ha . d ncarl %J directors of the Saline Countv Soil! of their .and in corn and Conservation District has adopted' ^"^ only seven per cent in lc- a policy of requiring soil tcsti on! »«"»«*. The annual net income of farms before approving farm plans, j the high scoring conservation farms This is onlv fair, for H is obvious « n SM! f **! acrc m ° rC lha " thC that an accurate farm plan cannot)low scoring farms. be made until the need for soil i In addition to this the low scor- trcatment has becn determined. Determine Need For Minerals | All soil samples arc tested to determine need for three mineral elements, limestone, phosphate, and potash. Wilson explained. The ·tests for lime and phosphate arc made at the Farm Bureau office, then the samples arc sent to Uni- icrsity of Illinois, where the potash needs arc determined. This service is free, Wilson said, and available to any farmers in the county. The results obtained so far.indi- catc that most land that ha? had no Jreatmcnt needs from three to four tons of limestone per acre: 1.000 to 1.500 pounds of rock phosphate for the light soils of the county with quite a lot of variation on the heavier soils; and phosphate requirement varying from none on some of the fields to as much as 300 pounds of muriate of potash in each three year rotation on other fields. Instruction Sheets Available The importance of securing an accurate analysis of soil needs cannot be stressed too much, Wilson said. To secure good yields ing farms showed a loss of S2.67 i per acre of plant food from crop» removals and a loss of $8.13 worth I of plant foods by erosion. The j high scoring farms showed very little loss for the period. Rotations with more sod crops in them will have better tilth, absorb more water for crop use, be ready to work sooner after a rain, and will give far better crop yields. . You cannot beat it. of legumes, the soil must have the j necessary mineral elements. Too ( little limestone will result in poor stands of legumes -- too much is I detrimental, as the limestone will j tic up phosphate in an insohiablc form, and thus decrease yields. Inadequate amounts of phosphate will hold down yields of legumes and other crops, and a shortage of available potassium vnl] adversely affect yiolds of crops, particular-1 ly corn and clovers. More farmers arc urged by Wil-, son to have their soil tested in , 1948. Instruction sheets for taking soil samples may be secured by calling at Farm Bureau office. HEAVY WINTER PRODUCTION \We~can Kelp you get lots of meat, ·milk and eggs.* Come in for all farm and feed needs. First Quality, State Tested Field Seeds make Godard's you * headquarters when shopping in Harrisburg. GODARD'S FARM MARKET Elm St Harrisburg %JR!NACHOWS WRM SUPPLIES T t 1EWSP4PERS J 1EWSP4PERS

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