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16 / DE? MOINCS REGISTER Tuns., Aug. 26, 1975 Primitive art affirms refinement CHICAGO, ILL. (AP) - An exhibition of primitive art masterworks at the Art Institute of Chicago reaffirms the sophistication of so-called primitive peoples. This exhibition, which opened Saturday and continues through Oct. 5, includes 150 pieces from the collections of the Museum of Primitive Art in New York City. Areas of Africa, Oceania and the Americas where notable artistic achievements were made are represented in the exhibition, organized by the home museum and the National Endowment of the Arts. Many contemporary artists, including Picasso, drew inspiration from the work of their primitive forebears, who expressed themselves simply, reducing complicated objects and figures to a few expressive lines. A stone figure of an old man leaning on a staff from northern Veracruz in Mexico, dating from the 900-1200 A.D. period, is an extraordinary example of such simplicity. The exhibition includes masks, head pieces, ancestral figures, vessels and blankets. The media include . wood, stone, bronze, ceramics, fabric, fur, shell, beads and gold. The objects in the show^ were not intended to be v seT apart on display in a museum'. When created they served practical everyday or ceremonial purposes. Even an ordinary bowl could be a carved work of beauty, as one from New Guinea demonstrates. From the same area there is a tubal Wooden lime container topped with an ornate-carved bird. The African nations are represented by a notable group of masks, one of the most striking of which is a butterfly mask, from Upper Volta, with a 51-inch span, made of wood and hemp and brightly painted. The exhibition first was shown in Seattle, followed by Dallas and Houston. After closing in Chicago it will be shown in. Richmond, Va., Minneapolis, Toledo and St. Louis. WIREPHOTO (/VP) Short flight for a DC10 An American Airlines DCIO jetliner skidded into a marsh at the end of a runway at New York's Kennedy International Airport Monday. Tlic pilot aborted the flight when two tires blew out while taking off for .San Francisco, Calif. Fifteen persons, among the 229 persons aboard, suffered minor injuries. STORY: Page One. Attempts on lives of patients probed Yanks meet Tilo LJUBLJANA, YUGOSLAVIA (AP) — A U.S. congressional delegation led by House Speaker Carl Albert (Dem., Okla.) was received Monday by President J. B. Tito on his secluded vacation island of Brioni. By JOEL D. WEISMAN < 1975 Washinslon P«t ANN ARBOR, MfCH. - Multiple attempts were made on the lives of several patients who were victims of a rash of respiratory failure at the Veterans Hospital here, investigators said Mondav. Both hospital and FBI sources confirmed at least lS patients suffered several failures, referred to as arrests. All of the arrests were believed caused by the intravenous injection of Pavulon, a powerful muscle paralyzing drug into tubing used to deliver medicines and food to the patients. Victims Several Times Four unidentified pattents suffered a combined total of 18 arrests — and survived. A fifth Mark Hogan, 73, of Lennon, Mich., died after suffering his fourth arrest, the source said. Authorities were uncertain why these victims suffered multiple arrests, since many, others in the bizarre series of failures suffered only single incidences. One FBI source speculated the victims of multiple attempts may have been earmarked for death by the killer because they observed something that would lead to his apprehensfan. Excitement Theory Investigators are also weighing the theory that the suspect merely liked the excitement of hospital emergencies, and repeated attacks on the same people because they were most accessible." As the FBI intensified its interviews with the hospital's patients and the 700 full-time and 400 part-time staff members, Dr. Duane Freier, acting chief of staff, produced additional figures on the number of deaths and arrests during the period. In response to a request last week, Freier said Monday that since July 1 there have been a total of 56 arrests and 16 "arrest-related" deaths. (About 12 to 15 arrests would have been normal for the period.) Originally, the investigation centered on only 41 arrests and 8 deaths since July 28, but it has since been expanded to include an additional 15 arrests and 7 deaths, dating back to July 1. July 1 is a rotation date on which several new interns and residents join the staff. Authorities confirmed that virtually all of the "suspicious" — as contrasted with expected or natural arrests — occurred on the 4 p.m. to 1 a.m. hospital shift. But the FBI asserted its investigation still includes "all shifts." Certain Attacks Planned Both hospital and FBI spokesmen say they are certain that the attacks were planned. "It's not coincidence, tainted drugs, Auto industry fears U.S. crackdown on mileage ads By JAMES COATES re) Chicago Trlbunt WASHINGTON, D.C, - Fuel economy experts from the ;.uto industry, the government and consumers' groups agree on one thing about buying a car advertised at "34 miles per gallon" — it probably won't go 34 miles on a single gallon. Nonetheless, Detroit and its competitors from-overseas are conducting massive advertising campaigns keyed to exactly puch .claims, citing the U.S. government to back them. They .re also looking over their shoulders worried about a government crackdown on the ads. Imports Factor The problem is a combination of how the Environmental Pro- ection Agency (EPA) figures gas mileage and Detroit's need to compete with imports, which account for more than 20 per cent of all U.S. sales. Until 1974, American auto makers gave the EPA figures short shrift in their ads, partly because consumers weren't too worried about economy and partly because the earlier EPA figures were unfavorable to U.S.-made cars. Barry Hyman, an expert on the Senate Commerce Committee staff, said that pre-1974 EPA tests were patterned after driving in a Los Angeles rush hour, averaging under 20 m.p.h. and stopping 7 times per mile. 2nd Test But after the Arab oil embargo the EPA responded lo Detroit's complaints about lest results by selling up a seco'ivl l.esl — designed lo stimulate driving al a relatively steady 48 m.p.h. OM a four-lane highway with one stop every five milesj When those figures were first published the Great MPG Shootout began. Critics of the EPA lest distrust it because il was clone in a laboratory instead of under actual road conditions. Cars are put on a tesl stand and hooked lo a dynamometer — a sophisticated machine that figures the percentage of carbon atoms in the exhaust and shows how much gas is burned. Warv that the Federal Tr-iiV Commission would rule the EPA tests inaccurate, auto industry lawyers began planning about using per cent, off the highway figure. the FTC staff report said. Jackrabbit starts, cold weather driving, the number of times the engine is turned on and off and other variables make it unlikely that anybody, the government said, can objectively tell the buyer exactly what mileage for complaints them in ads. Last month General Motors, Ford, Chrysler and Volkswagen petitioned the FTC to set guidelines for just how far auto makers can go with fuel claims. The FTC had announced late last year it was looking into the fuel economy ads and EPA testing under its consumer protection authority. A report prepared by the FTC staff outlines what a Ford executive described as the "can of worms" opened by EPA's publishing of its gas mileage estimates. Agreeing that fuel scarcity makes necessary some sort of comparative gas mileage figures, the FTC report explores at length the reasons EPA's numbers have little to do with what most drivers actually get. Among crucial factors it says lab tests cannot measure such things as driving on cold daj's, driving in precipitation or high humidity, going up hills, and driving rough roads — all of which cut into mileage. Low, High Fliers Further, as Detroit officials also admit, not every individual auto coming down the assembly line will get the same mileage. Melvin J. Bernis, a Ford executive in charge of corporate fuel economy affairs said induslry insiders refer to "low fliers" and "high fliers" in the same production run. "Up unlil a couple of years ago Ford, as most other auto makers, steadfastly declined to ________ give out fuel economy results j (he highway figures, producing from proving ground testing, ''la lower but more realistic fig-; Bernis said. "The reason waslure. ', simple; no matter what number j However. Hyman of the Sen-' we gave out, no matter how ate Commerce Committee staff thoroughly and fairly we tested. someone, somewhere would get less gas mileage will get, the report concludes. Figures Valuable However, both the FTC report and industry spokesmen said that test figures are valuable because they allow a customer to compare his car with other cars. Bernis said Ford is using the admittedly inaccurate EPA city and highway figures for their comparative value "primarily because the FTC is seeking a common yardstick to measure fuel economy." When the "common yardstick" favors a competitor, however, Ford also complains about the validity of EPA testing. Bernis said that when EPA claimed the Volkswagen "Rabbit" gets 38 miles per gallon, his company bought several of the car* and tested them. "We get nowhere near 38 miles per gallon with the Rabbit," he said. Final Recommendations There have been numerous attempts both in the industry and outside to find a better test than EPA's off-the-road method. J. Thomas Rousch, head of consumer protection for the] FTC, said that among steps be-j ing considered is one requiring! the ads to average the city and ! com-: troit. For example, he said, it is possible thai some drivers., Passing alone, hecause the i carefully operating their autos aulo must change speeds I wice. | can get more mileage lhan can knock as much as l'i In 20; EPA tests show. \ I or human error," said a Washington-based Veterans Administration spokesman. For that reason a special VA unit has been withdrawn from Ann Arbor, he said, "leaving it strictly an FBI matter." The suspicious cases of respiratory arrests culminated Aug. 15 when there were four respiratory arrest deaths and three other cases of failure within 20 minutes on the same floor. Administrators called in the FBI and heeded a demand from an organization of staff doctors to halt hospital ..admissions — or warn patients they faced the risk of respiratory arrest when admitted. . $95 taken in Ankeny theft About $95 was taken in a sneak theft at an Ankeny service station Monday, police said. Sgt. Chris Kasper said a car carrying four men pulled into the Interstate 35 Standard Station late Monday afternoon. While two men in the car kept the attendant busy servicing the auto, the other two entered the station's office, Kasper said. The men apparently opened the cash drawer in the office and took the money while the attendant was busy, Kasper said. BEEF OFFICIAL NOT IN COURT COUNCIL BLUFFS, IA. (AP) — Robert E. Lee, vice-president in charge of livestock procurement for American Beef Packers, Inc.; did not show Up in Pottawattamie County District Court as scheduled Monday. A spokesman for the Pottawattamie County attorney's office said a conflict in Lee's schedule prevented the appear ance. Lee and Frank R. West, president of American Beef, were named in indictments returned by a Pottawattamie County grand jury that met in Avoca. They were accused on 30 counts each of conspiracy and obtaining livestock under false pretenses before the firm filed bankruptcy action in January. West was arraigned on the charges last Wednesday. He pleaded innocent, and was released after posting 10 per cent of the $60,000 bond set by Judge Harold L. Martin. Lee was to have been arraigned Monday afternoon, but authorities said he will appear later in the week. Resigns as press aide to FBI's Kelley WASHINGTON, D.C. (AP) William D. Ellingsworth said Monday night he has resigned as top press aide to FBI Director Clarence M. Kelley because he felt "non-productive at the FBI." Ellingsworth, 35, said he has accepted a job as director of media relations for the Fairfax County Police Department in suburban Virginia. Controversial Okoboji park plan to be heard ByOTTOKNAUTH A controversial master development plan for Gull Point State Park on West Lake Okoboji is to be presented Wednes day morning to the Iowa Conservation Commission by Hansen-Lind-Meyer, Iowa City ar chitects. A number of residents and organizations in the Iowa Great Lakes area have registered opposition to portions of the development plan, which was aired at two meetings earlier this summer in Milford. On Peninsula The park is located oh a peninsula on the west shore of the lake between Miller's Bay on the north and Emerson's Bay on the south. It is the only large state recreation area on Okoboji and usually is crowded with tent and vehicle campers all summer long. The park was recently enlarged by the purchase of a former Boy Scout camp adjacent to it on the west. The addition includes a large lowland and marsh area through which a system of canals was dredged about 75 years ago: The canals have now taken ort the appearance of natural waterways. Opposition to Dredging Part of the development plan calls for dredging out the canals and building a marina for powerboats in the lowland. It is this phase of the plan that apparently has aroused the most opposition. "Such a development would simply destroy this very impor- tant wetland," said Dr. Richard Bovbjerg, director of the nearby Iowa Lakeside Laboratory. "The area is rich in plants that purify the water and shelter spawning fish." Dr. Bovbjerg said he often takes students into the area to study the interactions of the various plant and animal communities. The town of Wahpeton, which adjoins the park, also has gone on record in opposition to the dredging project. Town "Dismayed" "The Town Council of Wahpeton is extremely dismayed that you would embark upon this project without giving full consideration to its ecological impact upon West Lake Okoboji and that in building a marina you would destroy vital wetlands that are necessary for the preservation of the water quality of West Lake Okoboji," the council recently wrote the commission. The commission has set aside a half-hour Wednesday morning for a presentation of the development plan by the architects, to be followed by representatives of the Okoboji Protective Association, the town of Wahpeton, Dickinson County chapter of the Izaak Walton League and the. Iowa Recreation Association. The meeting will be held in the commission's conference room on the tenth floor of the State Office Building at 300 Fourth St. It is scheduled to start at 10:15 a.m. »' — «.' BC'MflLDS TOtACpCO CO. If you smoke. We re not telling you anything you don't know when we acknowledge that a controversy about smoking exists. And since were in the business of selling cigarettes, you obviously know where we stand. If you don t smoke, we re not about to persuade you to start. But if you do, we'd like to persuade you to try a cigarette you 11 like more than the one you re smoking now. We mean Vantage, of course. Vantage gives you flavor like a full-flavor cigarette.With- out anywhere near the 'tar and nicotine. That's a simple statement of truth. We don't want you to misunderstand us. Vantage is not the lowest'tar and nicotine cigarette you can buy. Its probably the lowest'tar and nicotine cigarette you'll enjoy smoking. We just don't see the point in putting out a low 4 tar'and nicotine cigarette you have to work so hard getting some taste out of, you won't smoke it. If you agree with us, we think you'll enjoy Vantage. X/AISITAOE MENTHOL nicotint *^M. + ** FUER 12"* *WT4 G6 '•~ : '*«« saw* M: ****.; •W*. 0.8 mi i.'i *»*<,, nicotine said averaging the figures j would probably be unfair to De Warning: The Surgeon General Has Determined That Cigarette Smoking IsDangerous to Your Health. FILTER, 12 mg. "tar", 0,8 mg. nicotine, MENTHOL H mg. "tar". 0.8 mg.nicotine, av. per cigarette, FTC Report MAR. 75.