The Racine Journal-Times Sunday Bulletin from Racine, Wisconsin on July 4, 1965 · Page 14
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July 4, 1965

The Racine Journal-Times Sunday Bulletin from Racine, Wisconsin · Page 14

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Sunday, July 4, 1965
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fB RACMK JOORNAI /nMBS TOUCH OF FMtDOM 1 I Racihe, Wisconsin Sunday, July 4, 1965 Sober Thoughts for the 4th Racine's Goodwill celebration, now in Its 29th year, has lived through some trying periods. It was born as this community, along with the rest of the nation, was struggling out of the Great Depression. It spanned the six years of our participation in World War II, and later the Korean conflict. It has endured while a wide variety of troubles and problems beset the U.S. at home and abroad. And this 1965 observance comes midway in a year whose first six months have certainly tested American fiber, as will the remaining six—perhaps even more so. Charles Dickens wasn't, of course, thinking of today's America when, in speaking of an earlier 3"ear, he called it both "the best of times and the worst of times." But it's a pretty accurate description of the situation toda3^ as we celebrate the anniversary of the birth of American freedom. * * * At home, economic expansion continues apace, but the affluence it creates reveals in starker contrast than ever before the material and spiritual poverty in which millions of Americans still live. Each gain that has been made in social justice promises greater unrest in the future and shows how very far we have to go before all Americans can partake equally of freedom and opportunity. Abroad, more new nations breathe the heady atmosphere of independence, and more fall prey to political and economic chaos and the tug of war of competing ideologies. In Viet Nam, real war goes on at an ac­ celerating pace, bringing both hope that it must end in the best and fear that it will lead to the worst. It is not only the times when there are clear-out choices and unmistakable calls for sacrifice that try men's souls, as Thomas Payne wrote. This period of ambiguous crises and shadowy possibilities through which we are moving, of undeclared wars in which American soldiers die in handfuls at a time, is in some ways even more difficult than if we were faced with actual massive attack, upon the life of the nation. * s|: * For many Americans, international uncertainties engender fear and distrust of the awesome militarj^ power we possess and a desire to retreat into what historian Henry F. Graff of Columbia University calls "neoisolationism." For others, the .disruptions and demands of social evolution at home breed disillusionment with the American system, suspicion of neighbor and a longing to return to an individualistic independence that never existed. But America can neither abdicate its position as leader and defender of the free world, no matter how undesired and hazardous and costly that role may be, nor can it wish away the domestic challenges brought on by growing population, technology and changing human needs. It is the best of times and the worst of times. It is a time to try our souls. It is also the beginning of the 190th year of the independence of the United States of America. Compounding Past Mistake The State Highway Department and Sheriff Joseph Blessinger seem to be involved in an argument over the right time to conduct radar speed checks on Highway 32 south of Racine. He had requested that the limit be lowered. This the department denied, after some tests. However, he declares that they were made from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m., and it's earlier and later in the daj^—when workers from Racine are hurrying to or from Kenosha, and workers from Kenosha are hurrying to or from Racine—^that the highway really becomes dangerous. * * * For purposes of this editorial, we are not concerned about the proper time to make the speed checks. But from personal observation, and from the records of tragic accidents, we have long been convinced that traffic travels too fast on this main highway in Racine County. The limit on Highway 32 in Kenosha County is 45 miles an hour. Speed on the same highway north of Racine is limited to 40 miles an hour, except for a relatively short stretch near the Milwaukee County Line where it is 50. So why should it be 65 in the daytime and 55 at night only on the 1.7 miles between Racine and Kenosha in Racine County? •'f A- It may be "water over the dam" to point out that this highway should never have been made three-lane when it was reconstructed a relatively few years ago. This type of road was recognized as highly dangerous * even when the concrete was being poured at that time. Eventually, it will be made into, a divided four- lane highway. But in the meantime, it is folly to allow expressway speeds on an admittedly hazardous road with a middle lane or "no man's land" which invites accidents. The Highway Department made a mistake when it rebuilt the road. It shouldn't compovmd this error by stubbornly refusing to make the speed limit sensibly safe. The World in Focus Contrast in California: Weather, Politics, Swimsuits Frye Robert M. Hutchins Does Education Cause, Result from Prosperity? Hutchins There is a high correlation between the per capita Gross National Product of a country and the amount of schooling its population has received. The question is, which is cause and which is effect? Does the GNP result from the schooling or the schooling result from the GNP? Js the United States a great industrial power because of its educational system—or in spite of it? A country has to have a tremendous income to spend so much on education as the United States does. Only we can afford the kind of educational system we have. If other countries work toward an educational sj'stem like ours, will they, because they make this effort, achieve an income like burs? Rich Get Richer As GNP grows, education Is likely to grow with it. A poor country will feel that it cannot afford to withdraw young people from gainful employment. A rich country, on the other hand, is likely to be rich because its technology makes its labor highly productive, and it may put its young people in school because it cannot offer them employment. But this parallel growth of education and GNP does not necessarily take place. It has increased from around 6 million in 1900 to around 15 mil- ion in 1950. Apparently the causes of economic growth are more complicated than is commonly supposed. In Japan, for example, the expansion of education accompanied the industrialization of the country, but did not produce it. The causes of the economic growth of Japan appear to have been the release of the energies of the people through the abolition of feudal limitations on rising in the society, the maintenance of small businesses that did not require new skills or much education, and the habit of saving. Change Objective The figures on the last two points are of some interest. As late as 1957, more than half the labor force of Japan was working in plants employing fewer than 50 workers. The rate of saving in Japan has ranged between 15 and 20 per cent since 1900. The Japanese example supports the statement of Prof. Bert F. Hoselitz of the University of Chicago that "it is futile to argue that a big push in education by itself is an adequate means of promoting the developmental objectives of a new country." His conclusion is that the applicability of any educational policy depends upon the social, cultural and material environment in which it is applied. Unfortunately, we do not Reading a Columnist's Mail With Tex Reynolds From a Grateful Exchange Student Dear Tex: I am an exchange student who left Racine this week for my home in Peru, and I would like to address this letter to my friends. It has been wonderful to spend this year in your beautiful city with so many nice people. "Thanks" is a small word, but it conveys a thought that I shall never forget. I am especially thankful to Park High School, where I spent such an enjoyable and profitable school year and learned, I hope, to be "an American guy." Also, my most sincere gratitude to the wonderful family with whom I lived. I can't possibly express in words my love for them or how much I owe them. But they have given me something that will be good for all my generation, and all my people. Also, I will never forget the AFS and all the other groups that made my year in Racine such a great experience. I would like to hear fromj my friends. —ADOLFO REINOSO 212 Laticia (IV Centerorio). Arequipia, Peru Looking Backward 40 YEARS AGO July 4, 1925 — Maximum *; Minimum Holiday. No paper. *—Temperatures not available. By William R. Frye SAN DIEGO, Calif.—Some 1,600 people still pour into California every day, and once here, are captivated and stay. Horace Greeley, updated to 1965, might read: "G o-g o west, young man"; but the direction of the compass has not changed, Calif ornia has sun and sea and sand and some of the most spectacular scenery this side of Valhalla. It also has, side by side with some of the country's most fanatic political conservatism, a paradoxical zest and daring and willingness to innovate. This is the state of the topless female. In San Francisco's night spots, it is not just the performers who thrust their pride to th? fore. Waitresses, too, bust into" the act. The things they're wearing on Laguna Beach this season might almost as well be topless, and what "is more, they have become so commonplace the men scarcely look any more. Automobile dealers have gotten into the swim. They advertise their convertibles with banners reading, "Come in and see our topless models." Lively Feud The feud between San Francisco and Los Angeles is still lively, and is still taken seriously by many in both towns. The Los Angeles Times has just done a blistering series on the rival burg, concluding that it is in danger of becoming "the Knott's Berry Farm" of northern California. Knott's is a miniature Disneyland featuring a ghost town and scenes from the '49 gold rush. The San Francisco Chronicle printed the series in full, and it has been causing near- riots in bars on Powell Street. San Franciscans are a rare lot. Even in the fog, theirs is an enchanting town, but a man dressed for summer does need long-handled underwear as the wind whips a chill 55- degree. dampness up Nob Hill. On my fifth day there, the sun finally came out, the water glistened under the Bay Bridge, the cable cars clanged gaily, and the temperaiture soared all the way to 75 degrees. I raved to a cab driver. "What? he said, turning three-quarters of the way around in his seat and looking at me in amazement. "You like this hot weather?" San Diego's Bid San Diego is neutral territory. Once the town you passed through on your, way to wicked Tijuana, San Diego is itself now making a serious bid for tourists and settlers. Of the 1,600 people who come to California daily, some 300 settle here. The city and its environs have 60 miles of beach, more than 15,000 registered pleasure boats, 60 golf courses, and a climate free of both fog and smog—which encourages San Diegans to look down their noses at both their big northern neighbors. They will tell you, with just the proper degree of indulgent superiority, that Los Angeles suburbanites would rather drive two hours to play golf here than wait interminably on their own crowded links. This town remains to be "discovered" in the sense of a runaway boom. It is fighting off the effects of cutbacks in aircraft production. Still, some land values have Walter Lippmann Martin, Administration in Economic Conflict Lippmann or a Los Angeles or a Miami; and although the Chamber of Commerce would like to be "discovered,", the people. are just as happy to be a little off the beaten path, still paying $2.39 for a steak dinner, still renting cars for $3.00 a day and 3 cents a mile. There are fewer billboards here advertising cheap air fares to Vegas. You get the idea that people are not quite so restless, not quite so mad for a quick gambling buck, not quite so pleasure-hungry. The emphasis is oh outdoor living. There is a race-track, a "speakeasy" or two—after all, this is a Navy town — and some other relatively conservative night life with Tijuana still backstopping it all; butjthe tone and tenor of the WASHINGTON — Havirig great respect for William McChesney Martin, the chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, I' have been reading and rereading his celebrated speech of June 1. The reader will remember that it was called "D o e s monetary history repeat itself?" The burden of it was that as our prosperity proceeds on its record - breaking path, we must look for the warning signs of another great depression. Martin found enough "disquieting similarities" with the years before 1929 to warrant his saying that only by heieding the truths that were disregarded in the 1920s do "we have a good chance to avoid another such disaster." During the month that has followed the speech, the administration's economists and their colleagues in.the univer sities have been answering Martin's foreboding and trying to reassure the financial community and the investing public. The discussion has been unsatisfactory; and this may well be, it seems to me, the most important thing about it. For what it reveals is the existence of a conflict at the highest levels of economic policy. Different Reading Martin and some of the governors of the Federal Reserve Board on the one hand, and the president, his Council of Economic Advisers, his secre tary of the treasury, and his director of the budget on the other, have a very different reading of the country. Martin's speech did not contain specific recommendations or announcements of a change of policy by the Federal Reserve Board. But somehow San Diego seems more like a place to take your wife than your secretary. The people like it that way. San Diego is California in a one-piece bathing suit, conservative, covered-up, maybe] a bit old-fashioned. Like most such girls, she sees little need for change. The day may come when she goes brash, blonde and topless. But San Diegans are not going to hold their breaths until it happens. Do You Know Q—Are any American plants cannivorous? A—The three American plants that catch and eat insects are the sundew, the pitcher plant and the Venus's flytrap. speech seems to imply that the boom should be braked by restrictionary measures, such as reducing the supply of money and credit, and raising the interest rate. Martin, moreover, seemed to be saying that the defense of the dollar and the continuation of economic expansion may be incompatible one with the other. The crucial question raised by his remarks is whether we are on the verge of having two conflicting policies—that of the administration, which is to encourage the.continued expansion of demand, and that of the Federal Reserve Board, which is to hold back the expansion. Road to Confusion Whatever one's opinion of suppose that anything but confusion and a loss of confidence could come from trying both of them at once. This brings us to the fundamental problem that has been revealed by the conflict between Martin and the administration. In conformity with the traditional role of central banks, which was written into law in the Banking Act of 1935, the Federal Reserve System, though its governors are appointed by the president, is an independent institution. It is a public but not a governmental institution. Thus, Martin is not, like Treasury Sec. Henry_ H. Fowler, a member of 'the Johnson administration. The independence of the Federal Reserve Board derives from the time when the management of money and credit was the function of the bankers alone. This traditional position of a central bank was radically impaired by the great depression of 1929 and by the revolutionary changes in economic thinking that stem from John Maynard Keynes. At the end of World War II, Congress passed the Employment Act of 1946, which gives the president,'a mandate to use his power J.o keep unemployment low, to keep prices reasonably steady and to promote an adequate rate of economic growth. Untidy But Flexible This has left us with two separate sets of officials, both of them responsible for. management of the economy. There is the Federal Reserve Board with power over the supply of credit and the structure of interest rates. There is the administration with power to spend and tax, to finance the debt and to give grants in aid. The two sets of powers have to be exercised harmoniously. The problem raised by Martin's speech is how to ensure harmony in action without producing a conformity that prevents critical debate in the formation of policy. It is hard to see how this can be written into law. Almost certainly what we must fall back upon is an understanding that in high financial policy the Federal Reserve Board can advise and can warn, but it must not act at cross purposes with the i administration. Thus, Martin, for example, Would remain free to say that credit should be restricted and interest rates increased, but the Federal Reserve Board should not carry out such a policy if it is contrary to that of the president. This is, to be sure, untidy. But it is the kind of untidy arrangement by which so often old institutions are adapt- the two policies, no one caned to changing conditions. Roscoe Drummond Republican Trouble Deeper Than Disorder Somebody ought to come out and say it: the Republi- nearly doubled .j" . ^he past seven years, fnd the down |^ ^ town skyhne has been trans-;' _ ^_ formed in the past three. There is a feeling of impending boom, of the Miami of the 1920s. Coronado Peninsula, a spit of land between a bay and an ocean, could easily become the Miami Beach it physically resembles when a bridge is built across the bay. Good or Bad? But San Diegans are not sure whether this is good news or bad. They do not want to be a San Francisco Drummnnd know what edi^cational policy not in Brazil. That country I in what environment will pro-j 30 YEARS AGO has one of the fastest grow-|duce economic growth. Since] July 4, 1935 — Maximum ing economies in the world, we do not, it would seem wise 86; Minimum 64. Yet its educational level is;to renounce economic growth Holiday. No paper, lower, in proportion to the as an aim of education and; ' — population, tlian it was before|to adhere to a different pur-' 20 YEARS AGO pose—helping human beings! July 4, 1945 — Maximum its economic expansion began. The number of illiterates over 15 years of age in Brazil 1 to develop their human pow-j77; Minimum 56. ers. Holiday. No paper. e )965 br NEA, Inc "Tlic only thing to do is set up a reactionarj', incompetent government, THEN ask for American support!" gomg cured talking about the need of winning the suburban vote and b e I; t e r ways of raising money. President Eis e n h o wer is beginning 1 0 bring it into the open and he is speaking more in sadness than in anger. He has joined National Chairman Ray Bliss in criticis­ ing the splintering of the party by ideological factions and in sternly larhenting the "hoodlum" disorder of the 1964 convention. That's a good beginning and Eisenhower has earned his credentials to speak to his party—and to be heeded. But what neither Eis.enhow- er nor the other leaders have attempted to determine is whether the malaise within party ranks i? cause or effect. It is clear, however, that the struggle to get the GOP back to the political center is being held back by it. Smear of Kuchel The malaise I am referring to is illustrated by too many incidents to be lightly dismissed. It is illustrated by the right wing Republican zealots in California who circulated an |ex-policeman's fabricated report attempting to smear one of the party's most respected and valuable senators, Thomas H. Kuchel. It was a false and baseless libel, now admitted by its perpetrators and apologized for. It is illustrated by the farce in which a pro-Goldwater ma'n, who was soon to leave as GOP finance director, had to be!his desk jimmied at night by by just I a once-trusted Bliss aide for the ostensible purpose of cap turing some lists of contributors he thought were going to be abused. It is illustrated by Eisenhower's publicly expressed "horror" at the confusion, intolerable deportment and booing of fellow-Republicans at San Francisco where, he said, there was "hoodlum harassment" of the wife of a speaker and of his own niece, who was a page on the floor. What can be the state of mind within a party to bring about such goings on? I am not suggesting that only Republicans have created unedi- fying scenes at national conventions. It is a part of the frenzied hoopla of any convention. Last summer the Democrats at Atlantic City put on more of a carnival than a convention. But the Republican malaise goes deeper than convention excesses. It is compounded of miasmic suspicions among themselves, mutual distrust and an apparent willingness on the part of the more extreme conservatives to tear the party apart rather than to try to build a workable consensus at the center. Only Beginning President Eisenhower is making a constructive beginning by urging that the convention be made a more orderly, businesslike and respectable instrument. But I cannot escape the conviction that something more fundamental is needed and soon. I believe that the dominant leaders of the party —senators, congressmen, governors and the National Committee—must decide where they want the party to go, what they want it to stand for —this year and into 1968. And then go there even if it means leaving the extremists on either side of the party to desert if they wish. Ideally the services of Barry Goldwater would be valuable within the party leadership. But outside the party his influence through his new Free Society Assn. is divisive —as divisive as a Nixon splinter group would have been if he had organized one like it after hit I960 defeat. I believe that the Republican leaders can succeed at re-grouping the party at its political center if they see it as crucial to do so—even at the risk of losing the extremes. The Republican party will not cure its malaise until itis leaders determine what they want the party to be. So They Say The law is set up so that it takes us too long to process a case. The public gets impatient with the slow working of government. And so do I. —Mrs. Virginia Brown, the only woman member of the Interstate Commerce Commission, * * • The time will undoubtedly come in the not too distanit future when the inflated costs of medical and, hospital carie will arouse sufficient public reaction- to result in government action. —Dr. George Baehr, chairman of the Public Health Council .df the State of New York. 4

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